فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:9 Issue:6, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/03/22
  • تعداد عناوین: 3
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  • Lili Amirsardari , Ali Khademi * Page 1
    Objectives
    The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of Rusbult’s relationship investment scale based on the main components’ analysis, through varimax rotation, and obtaining a precise instrument for Iranian samples.
    Methods
    The statistical population of this study consisted of all 1416 married students of Qazvin Payame Noor University in the academic year of 1396 to 1397, from which 302 subjects were selected by convenience sampling. The statistical population consisted of 300 Payame Noor University students in Qazvin, who were selected by convenience sampling. Overall 176 of the cases were female and the rest were male.
    Results
    The results obtained from the main components’ analysis using varimax rotation based on four factors converged with the English version of relationship investment scale and only some subscales needed to be modified as follows: Satisfaction (including questions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 21, 22, 23, 24, and 25), alternative relationships (including questions 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 35, 36, and 37), investment (including questions 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 33, and 34), and commitment (including questions 11, 12, 13, 14, and 15).
    Conclusions
    The results of this study revealed that Rusbult’s relationship investment scale is a suitable instrument to assess the quality of relationship between couples in Iran’s society and since one of the effective variables in sustaining marital life is couples’ investment in this relationship, Rusbult’s relationship investment scale is an appropriate instrument to achieve this goal
    Keywords: Relationship Investment, Exploratory Factor Analysis, Standardization
  • Jamshid Ayatollahi , Seyed Alireza Mousavi , Masoud Hafizi , Mohsen Sadeghi , Seyed Hossein Shahcheraghi * Page 2
    Background
    From the past and till now, infectious intestinal parasites have been widely distributed across the world. Parasitic diseases are a major health-economic concern in developing countries. The high prevalence of parasitic infections is mostly related to issues such as poor personal hygiene, unhealthy water supplies, and lack of health education. Due to geographic location and diverse climate conditions, Iran has a variety of human and animal parasites.
    Objectives
    In this study, the prevalence of intestinal parasites was reported in the samples collected from the Central Laboratory of Borujen, Iran.
    Methods
    The sampling method was a survey sampling from all individuals referred to the Central Laboratory of Borujen. All of the stool specimens were prepared through a direct method (phylogenetic serum) and examined by light microscopy.
    Results
    Among positive cases, 42 (53.8%) were male and 36 (46.2%) were female, thus there was no significant correlation between the prevalence of infection and sex. The highest level of contamination was for Giardia lamblia to the extent of 75 cases (96.1%), two cases of Enterobius vermicularis (2.6%) and one case of Blastocystis hominis (1.3%). Out of the total number of positive cases, 76 cases (97.4%) infected with protozoa and 2 cases (2.6%) with helminths.
    Conclusions
    The findings of this study showed that due to the good level of hygiene in addition to cold and dry weather of Borujen, the frequency of intestinal parasites in this city has been low. However, similar to other parts of the country, the most prevalence of contamination was related to young ages and Giardia
    Keywords: Intestinal Parasites, Protozoa, Iran
  • Mojgan Barati , Sara Masihi , Razieh Mohammad Jafari, Farideh Moramezi * Page 3