فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:7 Issue:3, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/04/01
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
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  • T. Rahimi, Z. Khazir* Page 1
    Aims
    Down syndrome (DS), as the most common cause of mental retardation causes many health problems for families. This study aimed to investigate the experiences of life problems for parents with a DS child.
    Participants & Methods
    This qualitative research was conducted using the conventional content analysis method on 21 Iranian parents with a DS child of over one year of age. Data were collected using online asynchronous interviews in 2017. Snowball sampling was continued until the data saturation was reached. Data collection and analysis were conducted simultaneously by qualitative content analysis.
    Findings
    Participants included 21 parents of children with DS in the age range of 28-49 years old. The analysis of qualitative data led to the extraction of three main themes, including "continuation of a difficult life", "inappropriate atmosphere of the community for acceptance of a child with DS", and "perceived future concerns".
    Conclusion
    The findings showed that parents of children with DS had major common concerns about taking care of their children. It is necessary for health policymaker and healthcare providers to pay more attention to the implementation of medical care and education programs for children with DS. Also, informing the community about DS helps to raise awareness and appropriate social interactions among the families and community members.
    Keywords: Down syndrome, Parents, Qualitative research
  • F. Pourhaji*, F.A. Ghofranipour Page 2
  • S. Oveisi, F. Zahedifar*, E. Atashgar, Z. Yadegary, N. Amole, S. Taherkhanee Page 3
    Aims
    One of the most important factors in public health is oral and dental health. Determining the level of knowledge and attitude and the applicable criteria are effective factors in reducing dental problems. This study was conducted to determine the effective factors on oral hygiene based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) in students of Paramedicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences.
    Materials & Methods
    This is a descriptive-analytical. The present study was conducted on 300 students that were selected by using a multi-stage random sampling method. The data collection tool was based on a standard questionnaire of health belief model. The obtained data were analyzed by SPSS 20 software, descriptive statistics, and Pearson coefficient tests, variance analysis, Turkey test, and linear regression logistic regression was taken as a significant level of 0.05.
    Findings
    The mean of health behaviors among students was moderate (52.38±5.95). The regression analysis showed that constructs perceived barriers, self-efficacy and perceived benefits predict tooth decay prevention behaviors (p≤0.05). Pearson's test showed a positive and significant relationship between perceived barriers and behavior (r=-0.471, p=0.00).
    Conclusion
    In order to promote health behaviors among the student’s perceived barrier self-efficacy and perceived benefits, as the most important predictors of student behavior for holding educational courses should be used.
    Keywords: Preventive Behaviors, Health Belief Model, Students, Dental Caries, Prediction
  • Sh. Khosravan, A. Alami, M.R. Mansoorian, M. Kamali* Page 4
    Aims
    Health-promoting behaviors have a major role in healthcare. The present study was conducted to assess health-promoting behaviors and its related factors in Iranian female household heads based on Pender's model.
    Materials & Methods
    The present cross-sectional study recruited 106 female household heads selected according to census sampling from Gonabad Health Centers, eastern Iran, from January to August in 2015. Data were collected using the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II (HPLP-II) and a researcher-made cognitive and emotional factors questionnaire based on Pender's model. Data were analyzed by SPSS 16, using descriptive and analytical tests, including ANOVA and independent student t-test.
    Findings
    Participants' statistical mean age was 40.16±7.21 years, and most of them (61 women, 57.5%) were widowed and the rest were divorced. The statistical mean score of health-promoting behaviors was 123.16±20.42, in moderate level, and showed significant relationships with cognitive and emotional factors of self-efficacy, barriers, and interpersonal relationships (p<0.05). Among health-promoting behaviors, spiritual growth had the highest Statistical mean score (24.91±5.3), and physical activity (12.83±3.5) and stress management (17.83±3.9) the lowest mean score.
    Conclusion
    Health-promoting behaviors in Iranian female household heads need improvement. The results can be used by these women and the healthcare system to identify related factors and develop interventions for modifying health-promoting lifestyles.
    Keywords: Behavior, Health, Household head, Health Promotion
  • P. Mostafazadeh, Z. Ebadi, S. Mousavi, N. Nouroozi* Page 5
    Aims
    The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the implementation of mindfulness training on depression, anxiety, and stress in high school students in Ahvaz in the academic year of 2017-2018.
    Materials & Methods
    This is a quasi-experimental study with pre-test post-test design with control group. The statistical population included all of high school female students in the academic year of 2017-2018. The sample size consisted of 40 students, who were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling and randomly divided into experimental (n=20) and control (n=20) groups. For the experimental group, 8 sessions (each session 90 minutes) of the mindfulness program were performed, but no experimental test was performed for the control group and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) was used for collecting data. To test the hypotheses, covariance analysis and multivariate analysis of variance was performed, using SPSS 21 software. In addition, Levin test was used to test the equivalency of variances. After completion of educational programs, post-test was performed on both groups.
    Findings
    The results of data analysis indicated that the effect of mindfulness training on decreasing depression, anxiety, and stress has been shown and there was a significant relationship between mindfulness education and anxiety reduction, depression, and stress (p<0.01).
    Conclusion
    Based on the results of this study, it is worthwhile for educators to teach students how to train their mind-learning skills to be able to manage their self-control coping processes and reduce the amount of anxiety disorder in psychological conditions.
    Keywords: Mindfulness, Training, Anxiety, Stress, Depression
  • Pirzadeh A, Shoushtari Moghaddam E*, Ebrahimi Araghinezhad Z, Baghaie Ardakani T.S, Torkian S Page 6
    Aims
    Locus of control (LOC) refers to the extent to which individuals believe that they can control events that affect them. Health Locus of Control (HLOC) refers to beliefs that related to how one’s health is affected by oneself, others, or fate; and also it is one of the most broadly measured factors of health beliefs for the scheduling of health education programs. The aim of this study was to assess HLOC among Students at Isfahan University of Medical Sciences.
    Materials and Methods
    This cross‑sectional study was conducted in 297 students in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in Iran selected by simple random sampling method in 2018. Data collection was done by the demographic questionnaire and Form “B” of Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC) scale. Statistical analysis includes (ANOVA, t-test, Pearson test) was performed using SPSS version 20 and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant.
    Findings
    The mean±SD of three dimensions of HLOC were 26.41±3.98, 16.64±4.36 and 21.67±4.37 for internal, chance and powerful others respectively. There was a significant relationship between internal and powerful others locus of control dimensions with sex (p=0.035, p=0.041). Further, there was not a significant relationship between HLOC dimensions with students’ age, major, parent’s education and occupation.
    Conclusion
    Since the most scores were relating to an internal locus of control dimension and fewer scores were relating to the chance locus of control dimension, it can be concluded that personal behavioral factors have more influence on students' health and their beliefs about chance, luck or fate has less influence on their health.
    Keywords: Locus of Control, Students, Iran