فهرست مطالب

Caring Sciences - Volume:8 Issue:2, 2019
  • Volume:8 Issue:2, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/03/26
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Sedigheh Abdollahpour, Nahid Bolbolhaghighi, Ahmad Khosravi * Pages 69-74
    Introduction
    the implementation of the baby’s nine instinctive stages as a sacred hour after birth is very effective in starting breastfeeding. About half of newly delivered mothers have reported a traumatic childbirth experience often associated with mental health problems. The present study aimed to examine the effect of the sacred hour on the depression in traumatic childbirths.
    Methods
    In this clinical trial, 84 mothers who had experienced a traumatic childbirth were randomly allocated into the intervention (n = 42) and control (n = 42) groups. The intervention group received sacred hour (baby’s nine instinctive responses), but the control group received only the routine care. Postnatal depression was evaluated as primary outcome at 2 week, 4-6 week and 3 month intervals after the delivery. The data were analyzed using t test, chi-square test and the repeated measures analysis of variance.
    Results
    The results showed that the marginal total mean (SD: standard deviation) scores of depression in the intervention and control groups were 7.5 (2.6) and 9.6 (2.6); therefore, the mean difference (95% CI) between the groups (-2.1, (-3.2,-0.95)) was significant.
    Conclusion
    The implementation of the sacred hour is recommended as a preventive approach to reduce the postnatal depression in women with a traumatic childbirth experience.
    Keywords: The sacred hour, Traumatic, Childbirth, Postnatal depression, Breastfeeding
  • Bahman Pangh, Leila Jouybari *, Mohamad Ali Vakili, Akram Sanagoo, Aysheh Torik Pages 75-81
    Introduction
    Reflection is formed through deep reflection on the event or a certain clinical position. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of reflection on nurse-patient communication skills of nurses working in emergency departments.
    Methods
    This interventional study was conducted on intervention and control groups and with a pretest-posttest design. 142 nurses working in the emergency departments of hospitals affiliated to Golestan University of Medical Sciences were enrolled in the study in 2015, and randomly divided into two groups. During eight weeks of the study, the intervention group was asked to write their clinical experiences with regard to communication issues with their patients. Before the intervention, the communication skills of both groups were compared using a questionnaire. Data analysis was performed, using independent t-test, paired t-test, Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon tests.
    Results
    Of the 142 nurses, 122 nurses had full participation. In the intervention group the mean scores of verbal communication skills, non-verbal communication skills, general communication skills and communication skills based on patient safety were statistically significant, but there was no significant difference in the control group.
    Conclusion
    The results showed that eight weeks of reflection by nurses is an effective intervention in dimensions of communication skills. We therefore suggest that a reflective writing be encouraged as a vital tool for improving communication competency among emergency department nurses.
    Keywords: Narration, Communication, Emergency nursing
  • Mahnaz Rakhshan *, Hojatolah Najafi, Gholam Abbas Valizadeh Pages 83-88
    Introduction
    Cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of death in most countries, such as Iran. Cardiac arrhythmias, including Atrial Fibrillation (AF) comprise an important category of these diseases. During recent years, AF has become a serious medical condition. This study aimed to investigate the effect of self-management interventions on the lifestyle of patients with AF.
    Methods
    In this Randomized Clinical Trial study, 88 patients were selected and randomly assigned to intervention and control groups. The intervention group received self-management interventions, including education and telephone follow-ups. The data were collected using a demographic questionnaire and Walker’s health-promoting lifestyle profile II, before the intervention and four and twelve weeks after the intervention. The significance level was considered to be 0.05.
    Results
    The results showed a significant increase in the intervention group’s lifestyle mean score, four and twelve weeks after the intervention as compared with control group However, this increase was not similar in all the lifestyle dimensions.
    Conclusion
    In conclusion, implementation of self-management interventions could improve the lifestyle of the patients with Atrial Fibrillation. The results can help nurses to conduct self-management interventions into such patients’ care plan and prevent many physical, psychological, and social problems that negatively affect patients and their lifestyle.
    Keywords: Cardiovascular diseases, lifestyle, Atrial fibrillation, Self-management, Nursing care
  • Ali Sadeghi Akbari, Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Anoushiravan kazemnejad, Mahin Nomali, Maasoumeh Zakerimoghadam * Pages 89-93
    Introduction
    Because of the chronic nature of Heart Failure (HF), low Quality of Life (QoL) and poor self-care are prevalent among patients with HF. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of illness perception correction- based educational program on QoL,and self- care in patients with HF.
    Methods
    In this randomized controlled trial, 78 eligible patients were included in the study from Rajaei Heart Center (Tehran, Iran) and randomly assigned into intervention and control group with 1:1 allocation ratio. The intervention was a combination of illness perception correction- based education program (30- minute sessions over 3 consecutive days) and 10-minute phone calls made once a week in the course of 8 weeks. The control group received usual care. The primary outcome was quality of life and secondary outcomes were self- care and illness- perception which were measured at baseline and at the end of the study. SPSS version 13 was used for the analysis.
    Results
    Out of 76 eligible patients, 70 patients with HF finished the study. Although the mean of quality of life, self-care, and illness perception were not different at baseline, QoL (45.2 (8.3) VS 66.8 (15.4); P<0.001), self-care (18.5 (4.5) VS 37.1 (7.2); P<0.001), and illness- perception (183.6 (8.4) VS 151.2 (24.5); P<0.001) improved following the program in the intervention group in comparison to the control group.
    Conclusion
    According to the study findings, this program can be applied by nurses for patients with HF as a discharge plan in order to improve their QoL, self-care, and their illness perception.
    Keywords: Patient discharge, Perception, Quality of life, Self – care, Humans, Heart failure
  • Samira Ebrahimzadeh Zagami, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari *, Roksana Janghorban, Seyed Mojtaba Mousavi Bazaz, Maliheh Amirian, Helen T Allan Pages 95-104
    Introduction
    Infertility is a major medical issue. Investigations and treatment of infertility are the beginning of a complex, time-consuming and stressful process for couples that may fail well. The present study explored the needs of infertile couples following treatment failure with Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs).
    Methods
    A descriptive qualitative study was conducted in an Iranian infertility center, in the Northeast of the country between April 2016 and June 2017. The researchers recruited 29 individuals including 9 couples, 9 women and two men with primary infertility through purposive sampling. The data were collected using semi-structured interviews and analyzed iteratively, using conventional content analysis with MAXQDA software.
    Results
    The main concepts obtained from the data were classified into one theme titled: ""The need for support"" and four main categories along with their subcategories, and included the need for psychological support, the need for more useful information, the need for social support and the need to access to supplementary services.
    Conclusion
    The findings show that following treatment failure, the infertile patients’ expressed needs and preferences were not met. Identifying and meeting their needs may help the infertile couples to deal with ARTs failure and to reach a decision about future treatment.
    Keywords: Infertility, Treatment failure, Assisted reproductive technology, Qualitative study
  • Vahid Naseri, Salahshour, Hamid Abredari, Mahbobeh Sajadi, Masoumeh Sabzaligol, Mahmood Karimy * Pages 105-110
    Introduction
    The use of different models play a significant role in health education and its promotion. Therefore, the present study aims to investigate the effect of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) on early dental decay in elementary students.
    Methods
    This study was a single-blinded, cluster randomized controlled trial, in which 470 elementary students in the fourth, fifth and sixth grades in Saveh, Iran were participated. A demographic questionnaire and a 5-item questionnaire consisting of questions on awareness, attitude, practice, tooth brushing, diet and referring to dentist, were used to data collection. The samples of the intervention (n=234) and control (n=236) groups filled out the questionnaires before intervention (pre-test), immediately after intervention and one month after intervention. The educational intervention based on the TPB was held in three 45-minute sessions. Finally, the data were analyzed, using the SPSS version 13. For analyzing, the Independent t-test, Chi-square, and repeated measures ANOVA were used.
    Results
    This study showed that there is a significant difference in the mean scores obtained from knowledge, attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, behavioral intention and behavior among students in the experimental group (immediately after and one month after the intervention) and students in the control group.
    Conclusion
    The results of this study showed that using of TPB, as a framework for providing behavior-led training, can be effective in promoting oral and dental health of students. Nurses as an important member of the treatment team can use the results of this study in school health programs.
    Keywords: Oral health, Dental decay, Nursing education, prevention, Health promotion
  • Vahid Pakpour*, Mansour Ghafourifard, Sedigheh Salimi Pages 111-116
    Introduction
    Although nurses and physicians are known to share the common goal of improving the quality of health care, there has traditionally been a relational gap between them. The aim of the present study was to investigate the attitude of Iranian nurses about physician-nurse collaboration and its relationship with their job satisfaction.
    Methods
    In this cross-sectional study, a total of 232 nurses were recruited from three educational hospitals of Zanjan University of medical sciences. Three questionnaires were used in this study; (a) Demographic data questionnaire, (2) Jefferson Scale of Attitudes toward Physician–Nurse Collaboration (JSAPNC), and (3) Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire.
    Results
    In this study, the mean age of the participants was 33.22(SD= 6.13) years, 83.8% of nurses were female, 90.8% had a baccalaureate degree in nursing, and 82.5 % had rotational work shifts. The mean score of physician-nurse collaboration was found to be 48.07 (SD= 8.95) (ranged from 15 to 60), and the mean score of job satisfaction scale was 57.78 (SD = 14.67) (ranged from 20 to 100). There was a significant positive correlation between the attitudes toward physician–nurse collaboration and job satisfaction among the nurses (r=0.59, P≤0.001).
    Conclusion
    The results indicated that the collaboration between nurses and physicians increases the job satisfaction of nurses working in clinical settings. Therefore, nurses and physicians should develop a new culture of collaboration with each other with the mutual goal of high quality patient care. Moreover, health care administrators should implement the strategies that strengthen the development of physician–nurse collaboration.
    Keywords: Interprofessional relations, Physician, Nurse, Job satisfaction
  • Hamideh Mohaddesi, Marzieh Saei Ghare Naz*, Maryam Najarzadeh, Mitra Yeganehpour, Hamidreza Khalkhali Pages 117-119
    Introduction
    Micronutrient deficiency is one of the common problems in women of reproductive age. This study was conducted with the aim of determining the correlation between the depression with serum levels of vitamin D, calcium and magnesium in women of reproductive age.
    Methods
    This study was a cross-sectional study .In this study 100 women 15-44 years old with inclusion criteria of the study were called through an invitation in Urmia Motahari hospital in Iran. Demographic and obstetric information as well as the short form Beck Depression Inventory were completed, and then ten ml of venus blood was obtained from the subjects after about 12 hours of fasting. The data were analyzed, by SPSS software.
    Results
    The mean of the depression score was 5.24, and the mean (SD) of the serum levels of vitamin D, calcium, and magnesium were 15.53 (13.41) (ng/ml), 9.14 (0.24) (mg/dL), and 2.07 (0.13) (mg/dl), respectively. Women's depression scores showed a significant inverse correlation with the serum level of vitamin D (r= -0.21, P= 0.03).
    Conclusion
    It is recommended that interventional programs should be carried out for women of reproductive age to improve their vitamin D status.
    Keywords: Vitamin D, Calcium, Magnesium, Depression, Women