فهرست مطالب

Jentashapir Health Research - Volume:10 Issue:2, 2019
  • Volume:10 Issue:2, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/05/14
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
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  • Ümran Muslu, *, Engin Şenel Page 1
    Context
    Hydatid disease is a zoonotic infection caused by several species of Echinococcus. Although medical literature had numerous articles related to hydatid disease and hydatid cyst surgery, no bibliometric analysis has been reported.
    Evidence Acquisition
    We aimed to perform a detailed bibliometric evaluation of hydatid disease and hydatid cyst surgery literature in our study. We extracted our data from four databases titled Web of Science Core Collection, Korean Journal Database, Russian Science Citation Index, and SciELO Citation Index. All documents published between 1975 and 2017 were included.
    Results
    A total of 6928 articles were found related to hydatid disease. Turkey was found to be the most productive country with 1459 items (21%) followed by India, the UK, Spain, and the USA (561, 493, 392, and 391 papers, respectively). Tunis El Manar University in Tunisia was found to be the most productive institution with 122 papers. A total of 3410 documents were detected as we performed a search in the literature of hydatid cyst surgery. Turkey produced 26.16% of all literature with 892 items followed by India, France, and Spain (248, 219, and 187 articles, respectively). World Journal of Surgery ranked first with the publication number in this field with 66 articles.
    Conclusions
    Researches from the regions and countries having a high prevalence of hydatid disease should be encouraged and funded to carry out novel studies. Physicians from the countries with a high publication number in this field should produce more citable articles.
    Keywords: Hydatid Disease, Hydatid Cyst, Surgery, Bibliometrics, Scientometrics, Analysis
  • Aghdas Pourahmad, Nasrin Saadati, Mojgan Barati, Farideh Moramezi, Razieh Mohamadjafari* Page 2
    Objectives
    The study aimed to assess the frequency and type of abnormal karyotype in Khuzestan, Iran by amniocentesis before 22 weeks of gestation.
    Methods
    We conducted a retrospective analysis of 1197 amniotic fluid specimens in Khuzestan province, before 22 weeks gestations for fetal karyotyping.
    Results
    The incidence of abnormal aneuploidies was 4.9% (59 of 1197) for all specimens. The highest chromosomal abnormality was Down syndrome (64.4%).
    Conclusions
    The rate of chromosomal abnormalities was higher than other reports from Iran and all over the world. The detection rate of Down syndrome similar to other reports remains high.
    Keywords: Chromosomal Abnormalities, Amniocentesis, Down Syndrome, Second Trimester
  • Davod Ghaderi, Lili Amirsardari *, Mansoor Agashteh Page 3
    Background
    Research in the field of personality has tried to recognize the main traits that reflect the building blocks of personality. For instance, personality dimensions, especially the five-factor model, deals with the field of personality disorder, especially the psychopathic personality disorder.
    Objectives
    The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare the personality traits of psychopathic prisoners, non-psychopathic prisoners, and non-prisoner patients separated by gender in Tehran.
    Methods
    This descriptive-comparative study was conducted on 355 participants including 202 male prisoners, 105 female prisoners, and 48 non-prisoner patients. All the participants filled out the Hare Psychopathy Checklist and the Revised Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness Five-Factor Inventory. The data were analyzed by the Pearson correlation coefficient, regression analysis, one-way analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA), and Scheffe’s post hoc test.
    Results
    The results showed that there was a significant positive correlation between psychopathy and extraversion and a significant negative relationship between psychopathy and openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness in male prisoners. The relationships were significant at the level of 0.1.
    Conclusions
    By comparing male psychopathic and non-psychopathic prisoners, female psychopathic and non-psychopathic prisoners, and non-prisoner non-psychopathic patients, it was found that psychopathic prisoners had lower levels of agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness than the other groups.
    Keywords: Personality Traits, Psychopathic Prisoners, Non-psychopathic Prisoners, Non-prisoners
  • Majid Movahed, Farzaneh Mosahebfard, Khadijeh Asadi Sarvestani, * Page 4
    Background
    Female sexual satisfaction is one of the main issues that can affect women’s physical and mental health as well as their family life. Although physiological and pathological changes are the main reason for the reduction of libido and sexual satisfaction in postmenopausal women, sociocultural and demographic factors are involved in this regard as well.
    Objectives
    The main goal of this study was to examine some demographic and sociocultural factors affecting sexual satisfaction among postmenopausal women in Shiraz, Iran.
    Methods
    This cross-sectional study was performed on 400 married postmenopausal women aged 45 - 59 years in Shiraz in 2018. Data collection tool was a questionnaire, which consisted of four sections: demographic questionnaire, menopause attitude questionnaire, lifestyle questionnaire, and sexual satisfaction questionnaire. The results were analyzed in SPSS V. 20 using Pearson and Spearman tests and multiple linear regressions.
    Results
    The findings showed that sexual motivation of about 70% of respondents had declined after menopause. In addition, 45% and 32% of respondents, respectively, had a sexual relationship once or twice and less than once a month. The results of multiple regression revealed that the main predictors of sexual satisfaction are lifestyle (B = 0.378, t = 2.09, P < 0.05), number of monthly intercourse (B = 0.199, t = 4.81, P < 0.01), and positive attitude towards menopause (B = 0.242, t = 5.99, P < 0.01).
    Conclusions
    Demographic and sociocultural factors significantly influence sexual activity and sexual satisfaction of postmenopausal women. Accordingly, researchers and health planners should pay more attention to these factors alongside physiological and psychological dimensions.
    Keywords: Menopause, Sexual Activity, Postmenopausal Women, Sexual Satisfaction
  • Zahra Tolou, Ghamari Page 5
    Background
    Colorectal cancer (CRC) as the most frequent malignant disease of the gastrointestinal tract, shows around 9.5% of all incident cancer internationally. However, different countries report dissimilar rates in incidence, but the rates change with time.
    Objectives
    The aim of this study was to provide information associated with the CRC rate of incidence in Isfahan Province, Iran.
    Methods
    This investigation was accompanied by Isfahan Kidney Transplantation Research Center. Data were collected from the Isfahan Cancer Registry. Period prevalence (PP) and incidence rate (Irs) were considered and reported per 100,000 persons.
    Results
    In all, there were 2623 patients with CRC comprised of 2112 alive and 511 deceased reported individuals. For the total population, the PP was calculated as 52.6 and Irs significantly increased (P < 0.01) from 10.3 to 15.1 per 100,000 people. The mean (SD, range) age of the patients was 62.0 (14.4, 3 - 98) years. The total PP was corresponded to a value of 22.6 for females and 30.1 for males.
    Conclusions
    There was a 47% increase in the rate of incidence over the investigated period. The PP was 6.8% higher in males than in females. In relation to the age, cancers occurred in 82% after 50 years old of life. Therefore, for allocation of health-care resources and attention toward strategic-based decisions, further studies in this direction seem to be advantageous.
    Keywords: Colorectal, Bowel, Colon, Rectum, Cancer, Prevalence
  • Gholamreza Rajabi Page 6
    Background
    The people with morningness orientation wake up early morning, and people with eveningness orientation wake up with difficulty.
    Objectives
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the content and convergent validity of the Persian Morningness-Eveningness Personality Questionnaire in employees and a personality profile distribution.
    Methods
    The current study is a descriptive type of survey, which 200 employees of Shahid Chamran University Ahvaz were randomly selected among the population of Shahid Chamran University employees. They completed the Morningness-Eveningness Personality Questionnaire, and Late/Early Sleep Preferences Scale.
    Results
    The content validity ratio indicated that the total of experts agreed on that there was an association between the items and domain of 0.54 to +1. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.82 for the entire questionnaire. The coefficients of each item with the total score of MEPQ ranged from 0.25 to 0.57. The convergent validity coefficient for this questionnaire with Late/Early Sleep Preferences Scale was significant (P < 0.001). The personality profile revealed that about 143 (71.5%) of the 200 participants fell into the intermediate category.
    Conclusions
    Given the validity and reliability of the Morningness-Eveningness Personality Questionnaire, this questionnaire can be used in professional, industrial, and occupational environments to assign people to specialized and non-specialized jobs.
    Keywords: Content, Reliability, Validity, Mourning Orientation, Evening Orientation, Personality