فهرست مطالب

International Journal of Applied Arts Studies - Volume:3 Issue:4, 2019
  • Volume:3 Issue:4, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/06/05
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
|
  • Hossein Soltanzadeh*, Ahmadreza Khalili, Seyed Hadi Ghoddusifar Pages 7-22
    During various art periods of Iran, three art fields of pottery, architectural decorations and ca rpet weaving have had a significant contribution to the artistic trends of the Islamic period. The purpose of the present research was to explain and analyze the geometric patterns used in the Islamic artworks of pottery, architecture and carpet weaving an d the influence of these three fields of art on each other. Other research objectives were also to examine the common features of above - mentioned fields of art in order to provide a schematic model based on their artistic nature. The main question of the p resent research were as follows: 1.What are the common features of Shamsah, in terms of geometric shape, in the three above - mentioned fields of art, given their different historical intervals and art periods? 2. How is it possible to achieve similar shapes through changing the geometrical parameters in the mathematical algorithm of these Shamsah? This research was conducted using a comparative - analytical approach. Data were collected using desk studies – due to the research literature – and field studies – because of observing and taking pictures of some decorations in three above - mentioned fields of art. Finally, computer simulation was used to do data analysis. The results of this study indicated that the principles of composition of geometric patterns in the three studied fields of art were based on the order, arrangement and organization of motifs to achieve a coherent format.
    Keywords: Shamsah, Pottery, Architectural Decoration, Carpet Weaving, Smart Algorithm, Shape Grammar
  • Vajihe Abedini, Nasser Barati* Pages 23-48
    Cities as complex systems are highly vulnerable to nature threats,human activities,droughts. The characteristics of human activities make cities more desirable to live. It is a natural risk factor that could disrupt the activity of cities. Urban design could improve the quality of cities,has a major role in sustainability,identity. Neighborhood squares is one of the urban design structure's that makes Isfahan city one of the most important cites of Iran,as a classical identity.The canals network gives Isfahan beautiful effect. Reducing air pollution,creating attractive environment are some of these effect. Today drying ofthese canals changes the appearance of old squares,some of them have been destroyed. The Zayanderod River,the cause of the life of the canals,is being destroyed,so canals become dry so these squares lose their boom. This study evaluates the effect of dryness on Neighborhood Squares as well as tracking urban projects for their reconstruction. In this study,using the combination of SWOT,student t tests,we first evaluate and identify the current situation,we recommend solutions for the reconstruction of neighborhood squares to achieve optimal implementation methods. Given the current state of the squares,using the AHP method,the execution priorities are specified and,three -dimensional model is presented. Here,the main approach is to find ideal method for the reconstruction,renovation of the neighboring square.
    Keywords: Neighborhood Squares, Canals, SWOT, AHP Prioritization
  • Seyyed Mojtaba Mirhosseini, Mojtaba Ansari *, Mohammadreza Bemanian Pages 49-60
    The principle of hierarchy is one of the fundamental principles that dominate the universe. This principle is considered in the Muslims architecture and in Islamic thought. In this research, initially the position of hierarchy in Islamic art i s explain ed in order to find out its importance and necessity . Afterwards, study the various spatial hierarchies through sam ple analysis of Iranian mosques (Jame mosque Yazd). The main research question is how the hierarchy of space is understood in the field of architecture? And how this meaning was manifested in Iranian mosques architecture? The research process is based on descriptive - analytical techniques and the required data is collected through library and field studies. The research and inference process is based on a case study analysis, and the extraction of qualitative and quantitative data. The research results show that "proportions" and "shape and form" are the most important factors in creating the spatial hierarchy in architecture of the Jame mosque in Yazd and to create a spiritual preparedness to enter the building and to understand the correct conduct from one space to another space in architecture .
    Keywords: Hierarchy, Iranian Architecture, Jame Mosque, Yazd
  • Mahbobeh Esrafilian, Ali Nazari * Pages 61-70
    Sunlight has energetic radiations like ultraviolet that exposed to it for sp ecific time limit causes making vitamin D and bone in body. On the other hand, prolonged exposure to ultraviolet energetic irradiations available in sunlight could lead to irremediable damages such as eye and skin diseases for human beings. In this researc h, it is tried to create durable design using photochromic dyes sensitive to light and printing conventional process in order to safety against ultraviolet utilizing coloured diversity. To do this, polyester fabrics were put under printing treatment and pr inted samples were exposed to different irradiations such as sunlight, fluorescent, and D65. Finally, coloured changes were measured and compared with each other by evaluating monochromatic compounds amounts (red, blue, and yellow) of each printed sample a nd under mentioned irradiations. One of the findings of research is durable and effective protective alarm against ultraviolet through created coloured diversity for child’s garment that was successfully obtained by conducting this research .
    Keywords: Gar ment, Photochromic Dyes, Protective Alarm, Ultraviolet Irradiation
  • Leila Taghipour, Salar Zohoori *, Sayed Javad Derakhshan Pages 71-76
    One of the problems that our communities face is the issue of environmental graphics in the cities, with respect to the pollution of environment is one of the concerns of the authorities. It is based on empirical - descriptive research. The graphic design of environmental billboards and bus stops are designed in a way that visually the design can create a sense of attraction for the audience. On the other hand, Titanium nanoparticles were used so that it can remove the colors and designs from the billboards after few days and to create new designs on them. Therefore, fabric base has been used to create the design, and the spectrophotometer was used t o determine the amount of color evaporation. The results showed that the fabric used can eliminate the colors and designs created on them after some time; and prepare the base again for new advertisement with colors and designs. Therefore, the green enviro nment advertisement was implemented.
    Keywords: Environmental Graphic, Green Advertisement, Nano-titanium
  • Kevin Spencer, Hon K. Yuen * Pages 77-82
    The aim of this study is to describe the development and content validation of a magic performance evaluation checklist . Content validation process consisted of two stages. Stage 1 was item generation and stage 2 was item evaluation where 16 professional magicians evaluated items generated from stage 1 for relevance. In Stage 2, each magician independently rated the releva nce of each item in the checklist. A content validity index was used to determine the percentage of agreement among the ratings. Stage 1 resulted in a 5 - item checklist which included essential skills needed to perform magic. Each item was rated on a three - point scale. The scale content validity index of the checklist was 0.99, which was well above the set criterion of 0.8. Content of the magic performance evaluation checklist was considered relevant to evaluate the ability of rehabilitation therapists to de monstrate magic tricks which provides a benchmark of competency for them to teach magic tricks to children .
    Keywords: Magic Tricks, Content Validity, Teaching, Rehabilitation Therapists