فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:3 Issue:1, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1397/10/11
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
|
  • Mina Mozaiiani, Masoumeh Oladian*, Mohammad Taghi Imani Pages 1-12
    Introduction
    This study aimed to provide a model in order to educate professional citizens through knowledge-oriented era of Iran's education system.
    Methodology
    The statistical population of the research consisted of all female and male principals and deputies of governmental elementary schools within cities of Tehran province (N = 11382). The sample size estimated to be 362 people based on the Cochran formula. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire based on a 5-point scale.
    Findings
    Data analysis was performed by Cronbach's alpha test, Average Extracted Variance (AVE), Square root of AVE, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Exploratory Factor Analysis, Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Friedman ranking test. Reviewing the research literature for understanding the complexity and extent of theoretical and practical domain of the research in training professional citizenship, and also reviewing the models, theories, and the study components, a global model of educating professional citizens was developed including the components of philosophy, goals, Perceptual framework, procedure of implementation, and system of evaluation and engineering. A survey was conducted through 30 experts of this field in order to determine the degree of quality of the proposed model for presenting the final model through an evaluation questionnaire including the philosophy and objectives of the model, the theoretical foundations, dimensions, components, indices, and mechanisms for educating a professional citizen in the knowledge-oriented era of Iran’s education system. In addition, this questionnaire was confirmed with a scale of 4.64 out of 5.
    Conclusion
    Using this model, the country's education and training system can provide knowledgeable, committed, skilled, and professional citizens for society, knowledge economy and knowledge management in response to the third millennium generation.
    Keywords: Professional citizenship education, knowledge-oriented era, Iran’s education system, Citizenship education
  • Atefeh Moradian, Farshideh Zameni*, Kioumars Niazazari Pages 13-22
    Introduction
    This research aimed the effectiveness the dimensions of university education on women's social resilience to develop small and medium enterprises.
    Methodology
    The research was applied in terms of purpose and an exploratory blend in terms of the method type. The statistical population of the study in the qualitative section of the research included all faculty members, and in the quantitative phase, all female graduates of the Governmental and Azad universities in Babolsar, Ramsar, Babol, Behshahr, Joybar, Chalous, Sari, Savadkouh, Noor, Noshahr, Neka, Amol, Tonekabon, Ghaemshahr, and Mahmoudabad. Through the qualitative section, the purposeful sampling method was utilized and the sample size was determined based on the saturation law of 15 individuals. In the quantitative section regarding the unlimited size of the society, 384 individuals were selected as sample using the cluster random sampling method. The measurement tool consisted of two researcher-made questionnaires based on the data obtained from theoretical foundations and interviews with the due experts in which included a 28 questions on university education with the aim of identifying small and medium enterprises and 35 questions on social resilience. In order to analyze the data, in addition to the encoding, the descriptive statistics indices (mean and standard deviation) and the inferential statistics indices (confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis) were used in the framework of structural equations using the SPSS21 and Amos software.
    Findings
    The results of structural equations showed that entrepreneurship education, university in-service training programs, virtual education, formal education, side skills training, and basic work and theoretical education affect the social resilience of graduated women. In addition, according to the standardized regression coefficients (β), in-service training programs with an impact level of 0.510 had the most impact and formal education with the effect of 0.264 had the least effect on the social resilience of female graduates of Universities of Mazandaran.
    Conclusion
    Based on the findings of the research, the decision makers and the appropriate policies of the university administrators help to make more and better university education to promote social resilience of their students.
    Keywords: university education, social resilience, job creating small, medium enterprises
  • Hadi Radee, Hossein Habibi Tabar, Zeinolabedin Amini Sabegh*, Ehsan Sadeh Pages 23-31
    Introduction
    Social responsibility is defined as the voluntary efforts to eliminate or minimize the negative effects of business activities on stakeholders that are done by the organizations. The aim of this article is to present a model of Islamic social responsibility with an emphasis on good governance, with an interpretative structural modeling approach in the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology.
    Methodology
    In this study, fuzzy screening technique and interpretive structural modeling (ISM), were used to identify the criteria and the relationship between the criteria. After studying the relevant literature review and interviewing with the managers of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology.
    Findings
    After analyzing the data, the variables were classified into eight different levels and were plotted according to the relations of the ISM graph. After analyzing, the variables were categorized into three groups: independent or key variables, communication variables and the dependent variables and no variables were included in the group of autonomous variables. Social responsibility in Islamic style was studied in five economic, social-political, ethical, legal, and altruism dimensions, and aspects of good governance from the scientific point of view under the five dimensions of participation, accountability, justice and equality, rule of law, and efficiency and effectiveness of the government.
    Conclusion
    According to the results, the components of financial responsibility and economic security, attention to the benefit of society, citizens' participation, social accountability, law enforcement, equal rights, rule of law, respect for norms and values, and beliefs have high dependence and conductivity power. In the other words, the impact of these criteria is very high, and any small change on these variables causes the fundamental changes in the system.
    Keywords: Islamic Social Responsibility, Good Governance, Interpretative Structural Modeling
  • Mohammad Javad Ezzatinia*, Sona Esmaeeli Pages 32-38
    Introduction
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the Comparison of Personality characteristics and Clinical syndrome owners Pets keeper and People without Pets.
    Methodology
    The research method was causal-comparative. The statistical population included all pets and non-domestic animals resident in the 20th district of Tehran in 2018. The sample consisted of 160 individuals with pets (80) and non-pets (80) who were selected based on available sampling. Measurement tool was McCrae and Costa's Personality characteristics questionnaire (1992) and clinical checklist Drogates and colleagues (1973). Data analysis was carried out through questionnaire implementation through spss22 software in two descriptive and inferential sections (Multivariable Analyze of Variance).
    Findings
    The results showed that the difference between the two groups was significant in all personality traits, except for neuroticism. According to the comparison of the averages, it is evident that pet owners and owners have extraversion, less openness to experience, duty, and acceptability than non-pet animals. Also, the results of multivariate analysis of clinical syndrome showed that the difference between the two groups in all clinical syndromes was significant except for obsessive-compulsive disorder.
    Conclusion
     Regarding the comparison of the averages, it was found that pets owning and having pets have higher levels of physical complaints, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, aggression, paranoid thoughts, and psychosis.
    Keywords: personality characteristics, clinical syndrome, depression, anxiety
  • Zahra Nikookar, Qodsi Ahghar*, Amineh Ahmadi Pages 39-53
    Introduction
    The purpose of this study was to design a stress management training program and determine its effectiveness on the quality of work life, career engagement and professional ethics for high school teachers.
    Methodology
    The research was done in a mixed method in two stages. The first stage was qualitative that training package was created and the second stage was quantitative, implemented in the form of factor analysis. The statistical population in the qualitative section included scholars and academic experts (psychologists and educational management) as well as those who had specialized research studies in this field. Purposeful sampling method was used to determine the samples. The sample size in this section was 12 ones based on the saturation principal. The statistical population of the quantitative section included all first-grade female high school teachers in Shahriar City in 2018. 474 ones were randomly selected and filled out the questionnaires. After designing the program, it was validated based on theoretical foundations and semi-structured interviews with teachers and experts in the field of psychology. According to the literature review, seven factors were identified using the exploratory factor analysis.
    Findings
    Based on the study on this field, the first factor was the recognition of tensions, the second one was expression, the third one was the anger management skill, the fourth one was replacing rational thoughts, the fifth one was the rational behavior skill, the sixth one was the time management, and the seventh one was called self-relaxation.
    Conclusion
    Stress management techniques are used successfully in many emotional and physical problems such as anxiety, depression, insomnia, and career problems, and are effective.
    Keywords: Stress Management Training Program, Female High School Teachers
  • The Effectiveness of Life Skills Training on individual-social adjustment and Psychological capital in high school students
    Zahra Rabani* Pages 54-62
    Aim
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of life skills training on personal-social adjustment and psychological capital of high school students in Tehran during 1397.
    Methodology
    The method used in this study was applied in terms of purpose and in terms of data collection, a quasi-experimental design with pretest-posttest design with control group and random sampling. The statistical population consisted of all female secondary school students in 1397. Using random sampling, 30 students in both experimental and control groups (15 subjects) and control (15 subjects) were considered as the sample size. The experimental group received 8 life skills training sessions, and the control group did not receive any treatment. In order to collect information, two questionnaires, personal-social adjustment (California, 1953) and McGee's Psychological Capital questionnaires (2011) were used. In order to determine the reliability of the questionnaire, Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used and the coefficient for each questionnaire was higher than 0.7. Content validity was also used to assess the validity of the questionnaire, which was approved by the relevant experts. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software in two sections: descriptive and inferential (covariance analysis).
    Findings
    Findings showed that life skills training increased personal and social compatibility of students. Based on the results of the findings, life skills training increased the psychological capital and its components in students(P> .0 / 01).
    Conclusion
    Therefore, it seems that life skills training can enhance students' adaptation and provide effective techniques for increasing psychological capital.
    Keywords: life skills, individual-social adjustment, psychological capital
  • Explaining Model for student sexual education in the age of Communication
    Maryam Shirbaigy*, Zohreh Esmaeili, Bahman Saeidipoor, Mohamadreza Sarmadi Pages 63-75
    Purpose
    In the age of Communication, all aspect of education, especially sexual education, will be changed. Threats will be revealed, by inappropriate use of concepts related to sexual education. Therefore, the goal of this research was to explore the main elements of student sexual education in the age of Communication to design a model based on grounded theory.
    Methods
    This study has a qualitative approach and grounded theory has been used as a research method. For gathering data, high level documents have been studied and interviewed 25 experts who were aware of the subject. The participants were selected through purposeful sampling method and the data were analyzed simultaneously by continuously comparisons based on Corbin and Strauss method.
    Results
    The findings of study formed the basis of a conceptual model including the following components: Casual Condition (necessity: Awareness, directing, lack of appropriate program), phenomenon(opportunities and threats of sexual education in  Communication), context conditions(Time, place and method of sexual education), intervening conditions(social-cultural structures including incorrect beliefs, parents' attitudes, family structure), strategies(Principles and Indicators of Sexual Education in the Viewpoint of Islam)and consequences(development all aspects of intercultural education at individual, national levels).
    Conclusions
    Basis of a conceptual model, necessity, education and social-cultural structures effected phenomenon (opportunities and threats of sexual education in Communication) in Iranian society. And strategies include of Principles and Indicators of Damage and Health of Sexual Education in the Viewpoint of Islam had to lead to development all aspects of intercultural education at individual, national levels.
    Keywords: Sexual Education, Communication, Student, Grounded-Theory
  • The Effectiveness of Motor Skills Training on Improve the Ability to Assembly Work in University of Applied Science Students
    Sahar Rahimian, Khadije Aliabadi, Darius Norozi, Esmaeil Zare Zavaraki, Mohammad Reza Nili Ahmadabadi Pages 76-88
    Purpose
    The purpose of the present study was to investigate the Effectiveness of Motor Skills Training on Improve the Ability to Fitter in University of Applied Science Students.
    Methodology
    The present study was a quasi-experimental study with pretest-posttest design with control group. The statistical population of the study was all students of Applied Academic University (a subset of the motor skills industry sector) in Tehran during the academic year 2017. 60 non-random sampling methods were selected. Thirty of those in the experimental group were students who had high grades in the courses and the control group of 30 were randomly selected with high and moderate scores. The experimental group consisted of 9 sessions under Pede and Pegboard training with the proposed model, and the control group remained on the list. Data collection was performed on the basis of Purdapog board test. Data analysis was performed using SPSS-23 software in two sections: descriptive and inferential (covariance analysis).
    Findings
    The results showed that the motor skills training model was able to increase the agility of dominant, non-dominant hand agility, as well as the experimental group assembly compared to the control group (P <0.05).
    Conclusion
    Implementation of the proposed model of motor skills training can improve students' assembly ability.
    Keywords: Motor skills training, Improve motor skill learning, Assembly work