فهرست مطالب

Applied Behavioral Sciences - Volume:5 Issue:4, 2019
  • Volume:5 Issue:4, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/06/15
  • تعداد عناوین: 5
|
  • Leila Hashemi, Changiz Rahimi*, Nurollah Mohammadi Pages 1-9
    Introduction
    Many patients with incurable disease, like multiple sclerosis (MS), experience depression and anxiety, therefore, this study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of quality of life therapy (QOLT) among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), depression and anxiety.
    Methods
    The design of the study was semi-experimental with an experimental group and a control group, including three phases; a pre-test, a post-test and a follow-up test. Statistical population consisted of patients suffering from MS referring to health centers in Shiraz, Iran. 24 patients were selected using convenience-sampling method. They were randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups (each 12 members). The experimental group received QOLT during eight 50minute weekly sessions. The control group received no treatment. All participants completed the Beck Depression Inventory–II and Beck Anxiety Inventory. The data were analyzed using the analysis of covariance method.
    Results
    Comparison of the means of depression and anxiety scores of two groups in post-test phase showed that quality of life therapies had significant effects on reduction of depression (p<0.001) and anxiety (p<0.001) rates in MS patients. Comparing two groups in a follow-up phase showed that the effect of intervention was stable.
    Conclusion
    This research showed that quality of life therapy has decreased depression and anxiety rate significantly in MS patients. It seems that using psychological intervention can improve the well-being of MS patients and they can benefit from the positive effects of a quality time program. Therefore, it is recommended that, in addition to prescription of medications, psychological interventions be done for these patients. Declaration of Interest: None
    Keywords: Multiple Sclerosis, Quality of life therapy, Depression, Anxiety
  • Khirollah Sadeghi, Ali Akbar Foroughi, Meysam Bazani*, Shahram Amiri, Aliakbar Parvizifard Pages 10-18
    Introduction
    Growing evidence shows that mindfulness based on self-help interventions have advantages for physical and psychological health in different populations. The mindfulness based emotional balance is a new program and efficacy of which has not been investigated in self-help format.
    Methods
    This study was a randomized control trial (RCT) with wait-list control. After screening and applying inclusion and exclusion criteria eighty students of Kermanshah University of medical sciences were assigned randomly to the mindfulness-based emotional balance self-help or the wait list control group. Anxiety, depression, stress, and mindfulness were measured prior to the intervention after the intervention, and two-month after end of intervention as follow-up. DASS-21 and MAAS were used.
    Results
    Significant decrease in anxiety, depression, and stress in addition to a significant increase in mindfulness in the experimental group in the posttest. However, there were no significant changes in any of the aforesaid measures in the wait list control group. The resultant benefits were persistent in the two-month follow-up.
    Conclusion
    Based on the results of this study, this type of treatment can be used as an efficient and cost-effective method to improve psychological problems such as stress, depression and anxiety. Declaration of Interest: None
    Keywords: Mindfulness based emotional balance, Anxiety, Depression, Stress, Self-help
  • Akram Dousti, Jaffar Pouyamanesh*, Ghorban Fathi Aghdam, Asghar Jafari Pages 19-28
    Introduction
    the purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of play therapy on reduction of symptoms of insecure attachment and separation anxiety of preschoolers.
    Method
    the present study was experimental with a control group design and included pre-test, post-test. Sampling was purposeful in which 20 preschoolers from Garmsar preschools and kindergartens who were received high score in pre-test were selected and randomly divided into 2 groups (experimental and control). The instruments that used as pre-test and post-test were RADQ and CSI-4 questionnaires. The Experimental group received 8 sessions of group play therapy weekly and the control group received nothing. After sessions both groups participated in post-test and the data were collected. Analysis of the data was done by descriptive and inferential analysis such as covariance analysis.
    Results
    the result showed that play therapy was effective on reduction of symptoms of insecure attachment and separation anxiety (𝛂 < 𝟎.𝟎𝟓)
    Conclusion
    The application of play therapy is effective on reducing level of separation anxiety and problems of insecure attachment in preschool children. It could be concluded that considering the capabilities of group play therapy, its application in decreasing children's anxiety and emotional, behavioral and interaction deficits, is effective and by this intervention they can promote personal and social adjustment. Declaration of Interest: None
    Keywords: insecure attachment, separation anxiety, play therapy, preschoolers
  • Pardis Varshosaz*, Farazmand Kalantari Pages 29-35
    Introduction
    Breast cancer is considered to be the most common cancer diagnosis in the world. Psychological distresses lead to increase in the mortality rate among patient with breast cancer. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on resiliency, anxiety and stress in women with breast cancer.
    Methods
    In a double-blind randomized controlled trial, during May to August 2017, 32 women with non-metastatic breast cancer who referred to oncology department of three public hospitals in Ahvaz were selected using a respondent-driven sampling (RDS) and were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups via block randomization method. ACT was provided to the experimental group for eight consecutive weekly ninety minutes and the control group was merely received the treatment as usual (TAU, Pharmacotherapy). Resiliency, anxiety and stress indices were evaluated at two intervals of pre-test and post-test. Data were analyzed by covariance analysis and Pearson correlation by SPSS software, version 22.
    Results
    The primary outcomes showed that eight weeks of acceptance and commitment therapy were effective on the three variables of resiliency, anxiety and stress (all P<0.001). Secondary outcomes also showed that there is a significant reverse relationship between resiliency variable and anxiety and based on the stress (P<0.05).
    Conclusion
    These results suggest that the therapeutic models of the third wave are effective and could be associated with clinical applications in the field of cancer prevention and treatment.
    Keywords: Acceptance, commitment therapy, Resiliency, Anxiety, Stress, Breast cancer
  • Javid Takjoo, Mohammad MehradSadr, Peyman Mamsharifi*, Zohreh Rafezi, Zahra Dehghani Ahmadabad Pages 44-52
    Introduction
    conformity is the change of behavior or attitude influenced by real or imagined presence of others. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between cognitive emotion, integrative self-knowledge and conformity among young people in Red Crescent Society in West Azerbaijan.
    Methods
    Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and hierarchical regression analysis. 260 members of Red Crescent Society in West Azerbaijan were selected through random cluster sampling method. Participants completed group conformity L-72 (GCL-72), cognitive emotion regulation (CERQ) and integrative self-knowledge (ISQ) questionnaires.
    Results
    The results showed there was a negative significant relationship between integrative selfknowledge and adaptive strategies of cognitive emotion regulation with conformity. (p<0.01). There was a significant negative relationship between integrative self-knowledge and conformity (p<0.01) and). There was also a significant negative relationship between integrative selfknowledge and conformity (p<0.01). The results of hierarchical regression analysis showed that integrative self-knowledge and adaptive strategies of cognitive emotion regulation could explain 23% of conformity variance significantly (p<0.01) and Partial Beta Coefficient of integrative self- knowledge (P<0.01) and adaptive strategies (P<0.01) are respectively (-0.074) and (0.156).
    Conclusion
    Overall the results showed integrative self-knowledge and adaptive strategies of cognitive emotion predict conformity Declaration of Interest: None.
    Keywords: Conformity, Integrative self-knowledge, Cognitive emotion regulation, Social influence