فهرست مطالب

Analytical Research in Clinical Medicine - Volume:7 Issue:3, 2019
  • Volume:7 Issue:3, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/07/07
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
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  • Mehrdad Ghaemmaghami, Maryam Sepehri, Sara Farhang* Page 69
  • Ali Tabrizi*, Javad Aghazadeh, Habib Pirnejad, Iraj Mohebbi, Mohammad Heidari Pages 70-74

    Public health monitoring and evaluation is one of the basic goals in every healthcare system. In this regard, registration system can be used as a powerful tool in disease monitoring, understanding the types of treatments and outcomes, testing effective factors in disease prediction and quality of life, describing care patterns such as care adequacy and care delivery differences, evaluating the effectiveness, and monitoring the safety, damage, and quality of care. In Iran, especially in the northwest of the country, significant steps have been taken in this field which could have important implications for the study design and planning of therapies in the future.

    Keywords: Disease Registry, Iran, History, Research Program
  • Saeideh Mansoori, Arash Mohagheghi, Akram Rezvanizadeh, Alireza Karimpour, Javad Kazemi, Maryam Vahedi, Hasanali Ramazani* Pages 75-82
    Introduction

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of group counseling based on self-knowledge sources in increasing assertiveness of male addicts in rehabilitation program.

    Methods

    This was an experimental study and the statistical population included individuals being rehabilitated in the center of dependence to drugs in Razi Psychiatric Hospital in Tehran, Iran. Thirty individuals were selected through targeted sampling and assigned to experimental and control groups. Random assignment was used to control the disturbing variables. Ten group counseling sessions were conducted based on the theory of self-recognition sources for the experimental group and after the end of the study, the control group was also intervened to observe ethical considerations.

    Results

    To analyze the results at the descriptive level, the mean and standard deviation (SD) and at the level of inferential statistics, the t-test (t-difference) were used to compare the scores of self-expression of the experimental and control groups. The analysis of the results showed that group counseling in the way of self-recognition sources was significant and effective in the increasing of self-expression in patients addicted to the drugs being rehabilitated at the level of P < 0.01.

    Conclusion

    Based on the findings, it can be concluded that group counseling education in the way of self-recognition sources increases the self-expression in addicts.

    Keywords: Group Counseling, Self-knowledge, Assertiveness, Addiction, Rehabilitation
  • Hamideh Nouriasl, Behnam Talebi*, Hamid Reza Morteza, Bagi Pages 83-90
    Intrduction

    Smartphone-based learning is a novel learning technique in medical education. Smartphones have good potentialities to be used as a learning tool for their wide application among students. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of training airway management by utilizing smartphones on the learning of undergraduate medical students.

    Methods

    In this semi-experimental study, it was tried to intervene in the students’ way of learning by using smartphone training application. The participants included 120 undergraduate medical students of School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Forty students were randomly selected and divided into two groups of control and experimental. Then, teaching through two methods of traditional method (face to face) and combined method (traditional + smartphone-based software) was performed for control and experimental groups, respectively. After that the teaching was finished, the level of knowledge and practical skills of both groups were evaluated. Students' practical skills were assessed using a standard checklist on the moulage. The knowledge score was obtained using a multiple-choice written test. Finally, data were analyzed by SPSS software using independent samples t-test.

    Results

    There was a significant difference between the mean score of knowledge and practical skills of the experimental group when compared to the controls (P < 0.05) and the smartphone application was efficient in improving student learning.

    Conclusion

    Utilizing smartphone application can be a complementary method for traditional education in enhancing medical skills. Accordingly, the use of blended training in medical education is suggested.

    Keywords: Clinical Skills, Smartphone, Learning, Medical Education, Airway Management
  • Hajar Zolfaghari, Arezou Khezerlou, Mahmood Alizadeh, Sani, Ali Ehsani* Pages 91-99
    Introduction

    Food-borne-related illnesses are important worldwide, as they are responsible for considerable morbidity, mortality, and economic costs.

    Methods

    This cross-sectional study was conducted on 384 women in Tabriz, East Azerbaijan, Iran, who were chosen through stratified random sampling method, using a validated and reliable questionnaire prepared by the researchers. The aim of the present study was to examine the knowledge, attitude, and behaviors related to food-borne diseases among women in Tabriz who had the main responsibility for food preparation at home.

    Results

    Women had a good level of knowledge, attitude, and practice on most important factors related to food poisoning. There was a significant relationship between women's attitude and practice, and their knowledge.

    Conclusion

    Our results showed a good level of information of the women in Tabriz about protection against food-borne diseases; however, some practices were threats to food safety. There is a need for further education and information on the disadvantages of eating raw or semi-processed foods.

    Keywords: Attitude, Knowledge, Practices, Food-borne disease, Women
  • Saba Nemati, Sheida Shaafi, Seyedpouya Paknezhad*, Mahboob Pouraghaei Pages 100-103
    Introduction

    Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an uncommon monophasic idiopathic inflammatory demyelinating disease. ADEM typically presents with non-specific symptoms including nausea, vomiting, fever, and headache. This then progresses to neurological deficits such as motor weakness, altered sensorium, and often significant morbidity or mortality. Typically, the infectious insult is thought to be in transient viral infection or vaccination. Case Report: We describe a case of ADEM in a 15-year-old girl that came to emergency department with dizziness and general weakness; she was unable to speak, and lethargic, with no positive past history. Her laboratory tests and spiral brain computed tomography (CT) scan were normal. She was admitted to neurology ward, and threated with high-dose corticosteroids. Our patient responded well to corticosteroids.

    Conclusion

    In patients with neurologic deficits in emergency department, the physician must think about ADEM although it is rare.

    Keywords: Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis, Demyelinating Diseases, Vaccination