فهرست مطالب

مطالعات جامعه شناختی جوانان - پیاپی 34 (Summer 2019)
  • پیاپی 34 (Summer 2019)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/04/10
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
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  • Saeed Ahmad Khosravi, Babak Hosseinzadeh *, Jamal Sadeghi, Ali Asghar Shojaei Pages 9-24

    The research has been performed to the aim of modeling the structural relationship between perfectionism and life expectancy through the mediating role of moral and spiritual intelligences in young Islamic Azad University directors (Mazandaran Province). This applied method of research in terms of objective is considered as a structural study as far as method of research is concerned. Statistical population of the research included all 524 directors in Islamic Azad University from among which 225 individuals have been selected based on stratified random sampling as the statistical sample. Perfectionism questionnaire developed by Asadpour, life expectancy questionnaire developed by Schneider et al., moral intelligence questionnaire developed by Lenik and Kiel and spiritual intelligence questionnaire by King have been used for data collection. In present research, structural validity of tools has been verified and their reliability has been computed through Cronbach’s alpha coefficient test and combined reliability which is statistically confirmed. According to the results, perfectionism, spiritual intelligence, and moral intelligence have direct and significant effect on life expectancy; and, considering the indirect path and effect of perfectionism on life expectancy through mediating role of spiritual intelligence and moral intelligence has been confirmed. In general, research model has been confirmed and research variables have been 70% capable of forecasting life expectancy variable. Considering the role played by moral intelligence and spiritual intelligence on life expectancy, planning has to be made in organizations for promotion of spiritual intelligence and moral intelligence; and destructive and negative effects of perfectionism have to be identified and trained.

    Keywords: Perfectionism, Life expectancy, Moral intelligence, spiritual intelligence, Young directors
  • Elham Dindar, Mohammad Sadegh Mahdavi *, Seyyed Mohammad Seyyed Mirzaei Pages 25-38

    The present study investigated the relationship between demographic characteristics and marital life skills of the young Iranian clients using descriptive-survey method in 2017. The studied population was all young married people in Shiraz. The sample included 384 individuals who were selected by cluster sampling method. Data was measured by a researcher-made questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results of descriptive statistics indicate that the participants benefit from desirable life skills. The inferential results showed that there was no significant difference between the life skills variables and gender, and marriage length and occupational status at the p value

    Keywords: Life skills, Demographic characteristics, Marital life
  • Majid Fani, Seyyed Mehdi Jalali *, Shadan Vahabzadeh Pages 39-62

    This research aims to study the effect of using digital (web-based) analyses in performance measurement and optimization of digital marketing in digital-based companies in Tehran. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire. A panel of experts and supervisor were asked to measure the validity of the questionnaire. For reliability analysis of this tool, Cronbach’s alpha test was applied; the alpha value was higher than 0.7, indicating the required reliability. The statistical population of this research is marketing managers and specialists of web-based commercial companies in Tehran. The questionnaire was distributed among 110 young marketing managers and experts of web-based corporations in Tehran. Structural equation modeling (SEM) test was performed via Smart PLS software in order to scrutinize the research hypotheses. The results of data analysis showed that web-based analyses have a positive and meaningful impact on performance measurement and optimization of digital marketing.

    Keywords: Web-based analyses, web-based companies, Digital analyses
  • Seyyed Yasser Ghorbanpour Ganji, Seyyed Yaghoub Mousavi * Pages 63-82

    The purpose of the present study is to investigate the sociological impact of social factors on the electoral behavior of citizens of Mazandaran province by comparing the two age groups of youth and adults. In this regard, a descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was conducted using a researcher-made questionnaire. Statistical population of this study is men and women over 18 years old that are divided into two groups: 18-35 years old and 36-60 years old; Through Cochran formula, 384 individuals were selected as sample from the whole target population and finally, using multi-stage sampling method, the selected sample participated in the questionnaire. The theoretical foundations and framework of the research are the Pippa Norris theory and other theories of electoral behavior. The results of the comparison tests showed that the two age groups had different electoral behavior. In the youth age group, there was no statistically significant difference in electoral behavior by gender, place of residence, marital status, and type of occupation, and only by education; and the same tests were similar for adults of the same age group by residence, marital status, education, and statistically different electoral behavior by gender and occupation. The results of linear regression between the two groups showed that the age group of youth of national identity and in the age group of adults' social networks had the most influence on their electoral behavior.

    Keywords: Electoral Behavior, National Identity, Social Networks, Social Institutions
  • Masoud Heidari * Pages 83-94

    Social capital, due to its content lies in the social damage's realm. Considering the mutual effects therein, the objective here is to assess the correlation between social capital with identifying the correlation between social capital and crimes among convicted young prisoners in Greater Tehran prison. The method adopted in this study is of survey type by applying a random sample of 190 prisoners. To analyze the data, two-dimensional tables and Pearson Correlation Coefficient are applied. It is revealed that there exists a statistically significant correlation between social capital and youth crime rate, indicating that the higher the social capital level, the lower the crime rate among the youth. The young who commit crimes are grown in social conditions with low social capital. Hence, by planning and capitalizing social capital, the misdemeanor and crime rate of the subjects here would be decreased.

    Keywords: Social capital, Youth crime, Social integrity, Misdemeanor
  • Ali Khaneh Keshi *, Rajab Ali Mohammadzadeh Pages 95-108

    This study aimed to determine the relationship of intelligence beliefs, academic self-regulation, and metacognition with school refusal behavior in female secondary high school students in Amol. This study was a descriptive one with correlational design. The statistical population consisted of all the female secondary high school students of which 214 students were selected using multistage random cluster sampling method from second and third grade of secondary school and were asked to fill in the questionnaires of intelligence beliefs (Babaei), self-regulation (Buffard), metacognition (Trier & Rich) and school refusal behavior (Kearney). In order to analyze the collected data, Pearson’s correlation coefficient was used. The results of the study showed that there is a negative significant relationship between self-regulation, metacognition, and school refusal behavior. The findings of multiple regression analyses also showed that among the predictor variables, only self-regulation with the highest amount of Beta (0.17) was the best predictor of school refusal behavior.

    Keywords: Intelligence beliefs, Academic self-regulation, Metacognition, Refusal behavior