فهرست مطالب

Islamic Political Thoughts - Volume:6 Issue:1, 2019
  • Volume:6 Issue:1, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/06/31
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
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  • Hossein Mohammadi Sirat* Pages 1-21

    According to the Islamic discourse “rituals” are concepts related to obedience and submission to God’s commandments and attempting to honor the Islamic rituals. On the other side, Western sociologists such as Durkheim as the pioneers of social rituals concept try to represent a reductionist approach toward religion and limit it within symbolic rituals and give a minimal role to transfer values and create social solidarity. But the different nature of Islam in comparison to other religions indicates that the Western version is not suitable for the Islamic world, because Islam has its own serious role in the society, and the Islamic social rituals play a maximal role in transferring values and creating solidarity among Moslems. The Islamic social rituals and especially Arba'een is not limited to such rituals as related to identity, or ethnic, national and lingual rituals. In fact, it goes even higher than religious identity borders and represents a social ritual that encompasses different tribes, nations, and languages. The ritual of Arba'een creates civilizational subsystems the most important of which are as follows: Cooperative-based economy pattern, cultural and artistic civilization concept, modern social order, positive security, and civilizational identity.

    Keywords: Arba&#039, een, social rituals, identity-related layers, promised civilization, civilizational capacity making
  • Mostafa Ghaffari* Pages 23-43

    Framing is a familiar concept but with a scattered history in several fields of the humanities and social sciences, which seems can be widely used in socio-political studies in the case of a conceptual-operational revision. In this paper, after conceptual rethinking of the term in several theoretical contexts, and especially in the media domain, the author strived to present a consistent and uniform understanding of it to the reader and provide it at the level of a powerful guide concept for social and political research by reviewing the types, strategies, models, and consequences of the framing.

    Keywords: Framing, Communication Theories, Election, Voting Behavior, Social Movements, Cyberspace
  • Mahdi Zolfaghari* Pages 45-61

    The relationship between religion and politics is the most important issue that has nowadays engulfed the minds of many theorists of political science. This issue becomes more important when it comes to the phenomenon of Islamic Government (State). In the present world, there are many different interpretations of Islam. Some traditionally believe in the religion’s wide-ranging intervention in politics and some believe in the non-intervention of religion in politics based on the human experience. Theorization on the realm of the presence of religion in politics has entered a new stage. The present research sought to answer the following question: “How religion plays a role in the politics?” Answering the research question, the hypothesis is that the Islamic law, based on the human needs and the epistemological source of revelation, with a maximally reading and interpretation of Islam and in the refuge of the divine theory of the state, has developed a new concept called the “Political Islam”, which is considered the evolved form of the divine theory of government.

    Keywords: Religion, politics, Islamic Government (State), Political Islam, The Divine Theory of Government
  • Sayyed Ali Latifi* Pages 63-85

    The occurrence of the Islamic Revolution in the “Age of Information” and the development of rational relations based on materialism have surprised the world due to its soft power. Hence, in this research, we sought to clarify “what identity threats may expose the true structure of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the risk of infiltration and influence of any foreign culture or their domination?” In response to this question, we must say that the foundations of soft power in the Islamic Republic of Iran are based on components such as Shiite Islamism, Iranian nationalism, independence, fighting with the global arrogance, and revolutionism, which form the power structure in the Islamic Republic of Iran and have associated with many successes both inside and outside the country. However, in some cases, due to the failure of building the macro-policies based on those components and the one-dimensional and non-systematic attitude toward these components, which are defined around the central axis of Shi ̓a Islamism, they turn into anti-agent and threatening factors. In this research, we tried to identify and examine such potential and actual threats based on the software resources adapted from the theoretical framework relying on the theory of threat in the field of security using a descriptive-analytical method according to views and ideas of the Majesty Imam Khomeini (PBUH) and the Supreme Leader as the leaders of the Islamic Republic.

    Keywords: Islamic Revolution of Iran, Soft power, Hard power, Soft threat, Shiite Islamism, Majesty Imam Khomeini, Supreme Leader
  • Amir Mohammad Esmaeili Esmaeili* Pages 87-104

    The Ummah's unity has been shattered by the divide-and-rule machinations of the US through its "Global War on Terror", seemingly rendering the dream of pragmatic geopolitical cooperation between the world's majority-Muslim states a political fantasy. The so-called "Clash of Civilizations" hasn't just been weaponized to provoke inter-civilizational conflicts, but also intra-civilizational ones too, which in the Ummah's case took the form of violent sectarianism. While "conventional knowledge" would suggest that there's no surmounting these obstacles in the near future, Iran might actually be able to pioneer a breakthrough if it revives and reforms the Old Cold War-era CENTO alliance of itself, Pakistan, Turkey, and Iraq in order to symbolically contradict the sectarian trend and enter into mutually beneficial strategic relations with its three most important neighbors.

    Keywords: Ummah, Iran, Pakistan, Turkey, Iraq, CENTO, Clash of Civilizations, Multipolarity, Sectarianism, Hybrid War
  • Morteza Nourmohammadi* Pages 105-115

    The contemporary political and economic relations between Iran and India, two major Asian powers are affected by various domestic, regional and international elements, especially after the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979. The gradual increase of economic and political power of India in the regional and global interactions and the dominance of Look East Doctrine in the attitude of some of the Iranian decision-makers have caused both countries plan and pursue a new level of relations in terms of a strategic relationship framework. The relations between Iran and India have gone through many changes in the recent years such as energy security, nuclear program, relations between India and America and developments in Afghanistan. These developments have, on the one hand, created many limitations and on other hand many opportunities for the extension of bilateral relations between both countries. The question that arises now is whether Iran and India could enter the field of strategic alliance with each other? Iran and India share historical and cultural relations with strong roots and both countries are after a balanced and multi-polar power system against the America's unipolar system. It is to be noted that the way is paved for their political, economic and transportation cooperation among others. The hypothesis is that common interests and mutual vulnerabilities have strengthened the capacities for bilateral cooperation in the fields of economy and security. However,  the formation of  a strategic relationship between the two countries seems difficult due to the strategic relations between India and America, India and Israel and a lack of common vision on the power structure in international system.

    Keywords: Iran, India, strategic relations, energy