- Volume:4 Issue:1, 2019
- تاریخ انتشار: 1398/08/08
- تعداد عناوین: 6
Urban Recreation a Cultural Approach in Historical Textures (Case Study: Moses Beyki Historical Complex, Yazd, Iran)Pages 7-24
Historical textures of each city are a reminder of the city's identity, and the lack of attention to this valuable work led to destroy the identity of the cities over time. Some of Iran's cities have valuable historical textures that, unfortunately, some of them due are destroying to lack of sufficient attention. Conserving and recreating historical texture, which is a component of the cultural constituents of every society, is essential and its realization requires to the continuous cultural activities. The studies done by planners and designers of the city, architects and others show the fundamental role of culture in organizing and restoring cities. The restoration of monuments in different regions makes culture a value and attraction, and it is very effective in keeping alive the native and local cultures of each city.
The data of this research is collect in the form of documentary, library and field studies. The present study by improving the existing situation of the desired site try by considering the culture of society provides strategy and policies. By determining the position of the studied area in SWOT matrix, the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats have been identified and strategies have been identified for recreation of the desired area. Then, using the QSPM method, the prioritization of the strategies presented in the previous step was done. Finally, the strategies obtained from the QSPM method were selected with the scores of 220.127.116.11, 7.98 and 7.86, respectively as top strategies. The results show that the role of internal factors and offensive strategies or strength-opportunity and as well as some conservative strategies are more effective in achieving to the recreation of this siteKeywords: Recreation, Culture, Historical Texture, Yazd City
Presenting a Consciousness Empowerment Model through Interactions between Architecture and Thought TechnologyPages 25-32
The main objective of this study is to provide a consciousness empowerment model through interactions between architecture and technology of thought and also investigating the effectiveness of this overlap and communication in improving the current situation of society via designating an educational and social counseling complex, we were about to answer the question that weather interaction, deployment and implementation of concepts and technology of thought components and architecture can be effective or not. By acting and manifestation of these criteria and concepts in which they are a measure to address some of the problems and concerns of most people in the community and also contribute to the success of the community, arise here and can significantly make improvements. To this end, we described dimensions for measuring the performance of concepts and components, and accordingly hypotheses were proposed. Then, according to the results of the analysis, inferences about the relations studied in the research were carried out and conclusions were drawn about these relations and presented in two models and conceptual model.Keywords: :Empowerment Model, Consciousness, Architecture, Thought Technology
As one of the most significant geotechnical hazards, earthquake often threatens Iran’s plateau areas. In Iran, the earthquake risk has increased due to the intensification of the expansion of cities and the concentration of population and capital. Iran is one of the five seismic countries in the world due to the Alpin-Himalayan seismic. According to the experts, on average, there is a 6-magnitude earthquake each year and a 7 Richter earthquake occurs every 10 years. In addition, historical surveys also indicate that vast areas of Iran have suffered financial and life losses due to this natural disaster. Therefore, we have to accept the fact that there is an earthquake and we need to use the best solutions to reduce losses. In this research, which is done by the library method, initially, we will suggest the factors that make it possible to see the increase of earthquake damages and then by investigating the factors affecting the reduction of earthquake damages and especially the role of architects in this regard, we present the results at the end.Keywords: Earthquake, Damage, Structure, Architects
This study is focused on Walter Benjamin’s[i] thought about one of the modernity consequences: the phenomenon of fashion. After industrial revolution, which took place from the 18th to 19th centuries, fashion appeared in the second half of 19th century in Paris as could be seen in Impressionist paintings. In the beginning, it was considered as mere covering style but in the early of 20th century, especially after World War II, while women’s social and commercial activities decreased, it started to play an important role as an important kind of arts in all modern life fields as economy, power policies, sexism and even protestant movements.
Walter Benjamin, one of the most renowned philosophers, art theorists and literary cultural critics of the20th century, and famous thinkers of Frankfurt School, who called Paris capital of the 19th century and Charles Baudelaire[ii] a lyric poet in the era of high Capitalism in his unfinished luminous work: The Arcades Project. In some sections of this book, Benjamin criticized the modern period as the age of technological reproduction, and also studied the fashion issue. Moreover, regarding to the works of Surrealist painters, he studied the collection of The Devil in Paris of Grandville[iii] as an urban organism.
The purpose of this research is to study Benjamin's thoughts on the phenomenon of fashion and its relationship with the industrial communities in Europe. The main questions are: According to Benjamin, what factors caused the birth of fashion phenomenon? And how did it become one of the most important form of modern art. My approach in this study is a descriptive-analytic method to explain the ideas of Benjamin in the field of fashionKeywords: Walter Benjamin, Charles Baudelaire, Fashion Philosophy, Roland Barthes, Surrealism
The Effectiveness of Art Therapy on Improving Self-Esteem and Social Skills of Mental Retardation BoysPages 57-64
Mental retardation is problematic due to cognitive limitations in two basic aspects of their lives, including social skills and self esteem. A review of the research background has proven the effectiveness of art therapy in dealing with mental retardation and the reduction of negative psychological factors, such as aggression in them. As a result, the aim of this research is to examine the effectiveness of art therapy on improving social skills and subjective mental self-esteem, which so far has not been studied by researchers. For this reason, mental retardation was assigned to the control and experimental groups and then under the treatment painting sessions. To analyze the data, covariance analysis and SPSS software were used. The results showed that art therapy affects the improvement of social skills and the increase of mental retardation self-esteem.Keywords: Art Therapy, Social Skills, Self-Esteem, Mental Retardation
Islamic textiles include the textile produced in Islamic countries and regions, as a reflection of art and poetry of this religion. When Islam came to power, the tax paid by the non-Islamic countries to the Islamic government included valuable fabrics and textiles. Their style and early designs of the fabrics were inspired by the traditions and art of the tribes. But gradually the method of texture and decoration on the fabrics was influenced by the Islamic art of that era. So that on some of the pieces one can observe the Quranic verses and religious ritual. In this article, the textile motifs have been studied in the Ottoman Empire and Saudi Arabia. The weavers in this region other than paying attention to the customs, tradition and Islamic poetry’s also looked for innovation so as to prevent textiles with religious application. The paper is based on descriptive-analytical method and data collection were from library studies.Keywords: Textile, Motifs, Ottoman, Saudi Arabia