فهرست مطالب

  • شماره 59 (2018)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/08/14
  • تعداد عناوین: 7
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  • Saeedi Z., Estaji M Pages 1-12

    Although the effects of such neurolinguistics variables as sleep pattern on learning are often cited, few research studies have examined the impact of insufficient night sleep on the students' achievement in different courses, in general, and language learning, in particular. This study made an attempt to investigate the role of this almost forgotten factor in language learning as one of the most complex learning phenomena. A total of 232 students (201 females & 31 males) were included in the study for two academic semesters. The required information was collected through a developed questionnaire. The average sleep time was 5.7 hours for female students and 4.9 hours for male participants. The correlation analysis via Pearson formula for the total population was carried out for the first and second term of their BA studies. A significant correlation (.01) was observed between their sleep pattern and academic performance for both terms. The difference between the two sets of scores in the first and second term was that there was a negative correlation for the former while it turned to positive for the second term. When the same analysis was performed adjusting for age, university and residential status similar results were obtained that is the correlation was significant for the scores of both terms with the first term as negative and the second as positive. The study bears some practical implications for students/teachers and those involved in educational planning and designing syllabi in relation to taking the educational neurolinguistics variables into more serious considerations.

    Keywords: neurolinguistics, language learning, sleep deficiency, academic performance
  • Sadaf Khalijian, Gholamreza Shams Pages 13-29

    The present study aimed at examining the pathology (weaknesses and threats) in Education. The study, which was conducted through semi-structured interviews and examination of documents, is developmental in objective and qualitative one in data gathering. Content analysis through categorization was employed for analyzing the data. Afterwards, a total number of 124 research institutes were selected through convenient sampling; in addition, eleven faculty members of Education, the deans and employers of the education graduates were purposively selected and interviewed. Results showed that there existed 37 sets of weaknesses in Education, which could be divided into educational, research, economic, administrative-structural and sociocultural factors. From applicants’ points of view, Education has undergone weaknesses and challenges in all five aspects. In educational aspect, inappropriateness of syllabuses with social needs, and lack of resources for conducting research were reported. In addition, the program was proved to face economic-based problems, the most important of which could be mentioned as inappropriate relationship between the field and the job students selected. There were, also, some problems in the administrative-structural aspects such as strict rules and complicated process of decision-making in the course. Furthermore, the conflicts between professors and students were reported as the main challenges in the area of sociocultural aspects.

    Keywords: Pathology, Education, University
  • Jamal Salimi*, Arash Abdi Pages 31-56

    The purpose of this study is recognize Dimension and components that constituent Students University Image and also assessment of the credit and effect of this components among students. The Approach of Research is Mixed-Exploratory. Research Method in Qualitative part Is Colaizzi Descriptive phenomenology. Semi-structured interviews is used to data collection and twenty students (in 6 colleges in university of Kurdistan) participate in the study and data collection is continued until the data reaches saturation. The results of the Qualitative part are Consists of 3 descriptive categories That Including: Educational status (Quantitative and qualitative), Research Status, Welfare and Accommodation facilities. In section 2 (Quantitative part) Descriptive research methods is used. In this section Research Tools is a self-made questionnaire Consists of 9 parts and the content of this tolls is selected based on qualitative data and also subject literature. For Reliability coefficient Cronbach's alpha has used (0/754). Statistical Society In the quantitative part was Includes 270 people of Students that study in 6 College that chosen In accordance with Cochran formula and using a stratified sampling approach. Analyze of data is doing by software SPSS and AMOS and showed in by Descriptive and inferential statistics (Friedman's non-parametric statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, Independent T-test).

    Keywords: University image, University functions, Higher Education, Student's attitude, perceptions
  • Naser Shirbagi*, Sharareh Sadeghi, Shahab Nasriniya Pages 57-73

    The professional training of teaching candidates has a great importance in any education system; and one of the key strategies in this regard is their teaching internship experience. The purpose of this study was to analyze and represent aspects of candidates’ experience in schools by applying an interpretive approach. In order to collect data episodic interviews were used to collecting data. The potential participants of the study were the graduated students from Kurdistan Farhangian University who had at least one semester of teaching internship experience in schools. They were selected based on purposive sampling method. After interviewing with 30 participants, the data were inductively analyzed and classified based on thematic analysis using Nvivo10 software. The analysis showed that the internship experience in schools resulted in the development of teaching and classroom management skills for teaching candidates. Three of the most important themes represented by teacher applicants were: teaching internship experience as practicing classroom management, professionalism and self-development. In addition, the data revealed that that the teaching candidates were able to develop professional and communicative skills by using the teaching internship experience in the school; that is, they could communicate and cooperate with each other, teachers and principals in their activities. These activities include administrative as well as individual and independent teaching and learning processes. Based on the findings of the study it can be concluded that the experience of teaching internship in schools as a bridge between university and school led to the application of knowledge in the field of practice to students. Moreover, the findings recommend that, given the importance and impact of school internships for students, teachers should be more carefully planned in terms of curricula to prepare students for this process by the Ministry of Education.

    Keywords: Narrative studies, internship experience, teachers training
  • Abdol, Azim Karimi Pages 76-78

    Despite the advances in science and technology, it could be argued that mankind still lags in advancing and improving its own self. Although we are benefitting from the most advanced means of livelihood, we seem to be unaware of the true meaning of life. As we try to maximize the pleasant external motives for living, we seem to empty ourselves from the very internal sources of happiness that we have. Therefore, the need for a change of perspective towards good life is apparent. To fulfill this need, we can benefit from Molavee's teachings. From Molavee's perspective, the way to improve one’s life is to improve one’s view of life. If our perspective towards life is positive and peace-seeking, all our life events would be meaningful and joyous, as all divisions would turn into unity; all disappointments would change into success; and all threats and barriers would turn into facilitators in discovering one’s potentials. Molavee's view of life, as manifested in his ‘Masnavee Ma’navee’, is laced with the lost wisdom with which we need to be acquainted in order to have our hearts and minds librated from the pains of modern life.

    Keywords: Molavee, Masnavee, Mysticism, Art of living
  • Zahra Jamebozorg, Fatemeh Jafarkhani Pages 90-107

    The web-based conversational environment has been effective for medical education. The purpose of this study was to determine the components of the localized Web-based conversational learning environment and investigating its effects on the levels of learning and academic motivation among medical students. Qualitative method was used to specify the components of the conversational learning environment design. Then, with a quasi-experimental method the impact of the model was determined on learning levels and academic motivation. To measure the levels of learning a test and to determine the academic motivation as well as the attitude, skill levels and the time of using the web and the internet (moderating variables) a questionnaire were used. To analyze the data, at the first stage coding and then at the second stage descriptive and inferential statistics (T-test of independent groups and multi-variable regression analysis using the step-by-step method) were used. The obtained pattern was characterized by eight components in three levels with five strategies. A quantitative analysis of the data showed that the model was effective at the levels of learning (p = 0.03). The difference between the mean score of the experimental and control group (p = 0.02) was significant and indicates its effect on the students' educational motivation. It is concluded that a web-based interactive and learner-centered learning environment following local components, in addition to being effective at high-levels of learning, also increases the motivation for academic learning.

    Keywords: Localization, conversational, Learning Environment, Learning Levels, Educational Motivation, Medical science