فهرست مطالب

  • شماره 60 (1397)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/08/16
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
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  • Azadeh bozorgi, Khosro Bagheri, Akbar Rahnam Pages 20-44

    Developing a sense of responsibility in individuals is one of the most important goals of educational systems. It seems there are major problems in achieving this goal in Iranian educational system. The problems are emphasizing the cognitive dimension in students, reducing responsibility to accountability, the presence of controller, and marketing knowledge. Responsibility is one of the most commonly used concepts in philosophy, as well as in the philosophy of education, which is closely related to the educational system. Since Levinas has focused on heteronomy and responsibility towards the other, it seems his view can be a good starting point for introducing the category of responsibility into education. Levinas claims that responsibility arises against Other who is faced and it leads to a sense of sacrifice, without waiting for any reward since Other is preferable to me. Levinas knows teaching as a relationship with Other that reflects the face of Other. In other words, Self exposes himself to Other in learning and Other is beyond Self. It should be noted that according to Levinas, teaching and learning are not prescriptive, but it is an ethical relationship between Self and Other who have face to face relationship. Students who are trained on this system are no longer indifferent to others and critically make wise decisions as well as make right solutions for their own life and others.

    Keywords: responsibility, Levinas, education, self, other
  • Neda Ebrahimi Moghadam *, Hossein Khanifar, Kamal Dorrani, Noroozali Karamdoost Pages 45-65

    In the field of bullying in educational settings, many of the studies have been focused on peers; However, bullying behaviors can be seen in adults, and even teachers. This study aimed to develop and validate teacher bullying scale which measures the various forms of bullying behaviors displayed by teachers. The initial stages of the scale design were determined by defining the target structure, creating items and receiving and reviewing the views of the experts (faculty members of the Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences of the University of Tehran). The psychometric characteristics of teacher bullying scale were examined by implementing a questionnaire in 20 primary and secondary schools in Tehran. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) showed that the teacher bullying scale comprised 28 items in 3 components of physical bullying (11 cases), bullying (10 cases) and verbal bullying (7 cases). In the confirmatory factor analysis, the3 components that were obtained were validated. The teacher's bullying scale also had a good internal consistency for the overall score scale and its sub-dimensions.

    Keywords: Teacher bullying, scale development, Physical bullying, Psychological bullying, Verbal bullying
  • Hamide Haditabar, Ali mohamad Nazari, Zohreh Moayeni Pages 67-88

    Anxiety is a common disorder that occurs as a result of conflicts and failures The person has experienced in life and is not able to correctly deal with,Besides Spiritual intelligence (SQ) is considered an important issue in today's day-to-day life more important it is felt.But yet still coherent research in the field of spiritual intelligence and its practical effect or not its education and research gaps are found in this section yet. This study aims to study the impact of training on spiritual intelligence of existential anxiety in female high school students was conducted. The sample included 28 participants who were high school students as well as control group were selected by sampling.Existential Anxiety Questionnaire Goode (1974) for the pre-test and post-test data were used in the sample.Components of spiritual intelligence were trained in 12 sessions of 90 minutes. Between-group analysis of covariance was used for statistical analysis. Although anxiety scores, results indicate a significant decline (05/0> P) anxiety following training.

    Keywords: Spiritual intelligence, existential anxiety, female students
  • Ali Zekavati Pages 89-128

    The issue of student communication with the alumni association is one of the forms of socialization and social participation, communication and social interaction, and is part of the process of forming social capital and human capital and is one of the criteria for ranking universities.

    Method

    The success of a formal or informal set or organization of the main elements and components of organizational culture represents conventional and intangible capital, collective wisdom, in addition to tangible assets, social capital, including capital and intangible assets including four the most important factors, namely knowledge, talent and ability, reliability and brand, were considered as the key elements of the success of the leading and successful collections. Consolidation of sustainable organizational commitment, ethics promotion, human productivity, ethical sensitivity, performance and higher education .

    Results

    The main theories related to processes of socialization and organizational culture and ways of enhancing actors' relationship with structures are described. Consolidation of sustainable organizational commitment, ethical promotion, human productivity, ethical sensitivity, performance, and higher education results. The experience continues and results in individual and collective reflection. Through collective wisdom and partnership action, motivations provide the context for the interactions and interactions of both to survive and to develop in any set of knowledge-based and continuous organizational culture (here associative culture).

    Keywords: alumni, conventional, intangible capital, association, higher education
  • Ismail Ali Akbar, Reza Mokhtari Malek Abadi, Seyyed Chamran Mousavi Pages 129-148

    City livable is one of the basic foundations for sustainable urban development. The livability approach can be due to increased awareness of the unstable patterns of urban life, which in the long run reduces the capacity of environmental resources. The present paper seeks to provide a basis for understanding the state of affairs in the urban environment through a quality of life approach. In order to achieve this goal, using a library-survey method and a researcher-made questionnaire, 384 residents of Yasouj city were evaluated using probability sampling (simple random sampling method) and collected data using One-sample T-test, ANOVA and path analysis were analyzed using SPSS software. The results showed that the life span of the city of Yasuj with an average of 2.28 and T statistics was 9.29. The numerical desirability of the T-statistic is acceptable. All dimensions of Yasuj's urban viability are acceptable. Be The results also showed that in the urban areas of this area, the conditions of bioavailability are not the same and there is a significant difference between the areas of Yasuj city in terms of the difference of the livable index (one and two areas at the highest and five, nine, And ten are at the lowest bioavailability level respectively). Using the path analysis, the magnitude and effect of each dimension in the amount of biomass in the city of Yasuj has been investigated. The effect of the whole dimension, for the education dimension (the most significant dimension on the biomass of Yasuj city) was 479/0, Housing 138 / 0, culture and stability is 100/0, and the rest is not significant and is a random coefficient. As a result, the development and improvement of the above dimensions will improve the quality of life in the city of Yasuj.

    Keywords: livability, City livable, Sustainable Development, Urban Areas, Yasuj City