فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:5 Issue: 4, 2018
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1397/08/10
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
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  • Toorj Sepahvand* Page 1
    Background

    Nowadays, marital satisfaction is not easily achieved. Therefore, understanding how to help couples have lasting and satisfying marriages is very important.

    Objectives

    This research examined the effectiveness of integrated model of self-regulation-attachment couple therapy on dimensions of marital satisfaction of insecure couples.

    Materials and Methods

    The research was a pseudo-experimental study with a pretest-posttest design and control group. For select the research sample, among the couples referring to the counseling centers of Khorramabad city, couples that at least one of them had insecure attachment style based on the Adult Attachment Inventory, were selected using the purposive sampling. Then these couples randomly assigned to experimental (11 couples) and control (11 couples) groups. Before the performing of the couple therapy program, the ENRICH questionnaire was conducted for all of the couples as pretest. Then the couples of the experimental group participated in therapeutic program during the 8 weekly sessions, but the control group remained on the waiting list. After the completion of the therapeutic sessions, the couples of the two groups completed this questionnaire again as posttest. Thus, the data of the two groups were collected and analyzed by ANCOVA and MANCOVA.

    Results

    The results of ANCOVA indicated that self-regulation-attachment couple therapy is an effective treatment in increasing the marital satisfaction. The results of MANCOVA also indicated that this therapeutic program increase the marital satisfaction based on the sexual relationship, marriage and children, and spiritual beliefs subscales.

    Conclusion

    Integrated model of self-regulation-attachment couple therapy could be an effective treatment for promoting the marital satisfaction of insecure couples.

    Keywords: Integrated model of couple therapy, Self-regulation, Attachment, Marital satisfaction
  • Mohammadreza Esmaeilnia, Yarali Dousti*, Bahram Mirzaian Page 2

    The method of this research is descriptive-correlational, which was implemented using a structural equation model. The statistical population of the study included women referring to Ghaemshahr Dermatology and Dermatology Centers in the first half of 2018. Among patients referring to Ghaemshahr skin and hair treatment centers, a sample was selected based on the number of variables and for each variable 50, the sample size was 300 and the sample was selected. For data collection, a body abnormality disorder questionnaire, the short version of the initial maladaptive schema, perfectionism, anxiety test, anxiety test, documentary questionnaire, and anxiety questionnaire was used. By increasing the amount of mixed thinking variables with mean (standard deviation) of 3.53 (0.51), anxiety with mean (SD) 3.53 (0.49), meanwhile (3.51) (0.33) and documentary style with mean (Standard deviation) of 3.55 (0.52) as intermediary variables, the effect of the early maladaptive schema on disordered body disorder was (0.48) (0.44), (0.44) and (0.51) respectively (0.42), and the impact of perfectionism through the mediation of thought mixing, anxiety, metaphor, and documentary variables were (53/0), (48/0), (50/0) and (0.50), which is more than the direct relation between them (0.45).

    Keywords: Early Maladaptive Schema, Perfectionism, Body dysphoric disorder, Thought fusion, Meta-worry, Anxiety, Attributes style
  • Majid Barati, Fatemeh Heidari Moghis, Babak Moeini, Mohammad Babamiri, Maryam Afshari, Mohammadhasan Saati Asr, Ghazaleh Kalantarnia, Saba Eslami, Atefe Ostad, Abdollahpour* Page 3
    Background

    Due to the increasing use of virtual networks and, on the other hand, ambiguities towards the positive or negative effects of these networks on the level of social interaction and social capital of users.

    Objectives

    This study aims to determine the relationship between the motivation to use virtual mobile networks and social capital among students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences.

    Materials and Methods

    This was a cross-sectional study was carried out on 350 students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences in 2017. Participants were selected by stratified sampling method with the proportional assignment. Data gathering tools included the demographic variables and questionnaires of motivation to use the virtual networks and social capital, which were completed through the self-reporting by the subjects. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and linear regression tests with SPSS24 software.

    Results

    Most students used virtual networks for 3 to 5 hours a day (42.6%). Entertainment and pastime were the most reasons and motivations for using the virtual networks among students with 59% and 58.8% of the average score of the maximum achievable score, respectively. There was a positive and significant correlation between bonding and bridging social capital and the rate of virtual networks usage. Among the related factors studied, gender, nativeness, self-disclosure, immersion in the media, pastime, information search, individual status, maintaining relationships, entertainment, and linking social capital have a significant role in explaining the variance of the motivation to use the virtual network among the students (P<0.05).

    Conclusion

    Considering the increasing use of virtual networks among students and the lack of familiarity of students with other aspects affecting the health and life of these individuals, further research is needed. It is also imperative that the university counselling centres provide the required training for the students about the positive and negative consequences of the use of virtual networks based on the documentation.

    Keywords: Internet, Social capital, Students, Iran
  • Zhra Ebadi*, Reza Pasha, Fariba Hafezi, Zahra Eftekhar Page 4
    Background

    If the couples do not acquire communication skills and conflict solution, the conflicts will continue verbally and then behaviorally. Thus, the gradual destruction in the marital intimacy will begin. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy on couple's intimacy and identification of basic psychological needs in couples referring to counseling centers.

    Materials and Methods

    This is a quasi-experimental study with pre-test, post-test design and control group. The statistical population of the study consisted of all couples referring to counseling centers of Ahvaz city, Iran in the year 2018-2019. The sample size trough convenience sampling was 40 couples that were randomly selected and assigned to the experimental and control groups (n=20 in each group). In order to collect information, Thompson and Walker's (1983) Marital Intimacy Scale and Glaser basic Need Questionnaire were used. The experimental group underwent cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy (8 sessions 90 minutes), but the control group received no intervention. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (repeated measure ANOVA).

    Results

    The results showed that cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy was effective in increasing marital intimacy and identifying the basic needs of couples (p <0.05).

    Conclusion

    Based on the results, cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy was effective in improving the intimacy and identification of basic needs in couples of couples referring to counseling centers.

    Keywords: Cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy, Marital intimacy, Basic needs, couples
  • Fereshteh Bagheri, Mohammad Rezaei, Vahid Rashedi* Page 5
  • Mahdi Alimohammadi*, Kianoush Zahrakar, Farshad Mohsenzadeh, Abdulrrahim Kasaee Page 6
    Background

    In today's highly competitive world, organizations are constantly looking for new methods to improve the performance of their employees.

    Objectives

    The main purpose of this research was to determine the effectiveness of group counseling based on motivational interviewing on employees' organizational citizenship behavior.

    Materials and Methods

    The research method was semi-experimental with pretest-posttest design with a control group. The statistical population of this study was all employees of the Hadid Sazeh Pishro industrial group, which worked in 2018. To complete the questionnaire, all staff completed organizational citizenship behavior questionnaire. Then, among those who had a lower score than others, 24 subjects were selected and divided into two experimental and control groups, randomly. Then, group counseling based on motivational interviews was held in 18 sessions, two hours a week for two sessions for the experimental group. During this period, the control group did not receive any intervention. After the sessions were completed to measure the effect of intervention, again, both groups were taken the post-test. To evaluate the impact of intervention during follow-up, two months after the implementation of post-test, re-evaluation and of staff was undertaken. Data were analyzed by SPSS-22 software with one-way multivariate and covariance analysis.

    Results

    Findings of the present study indicated that the group counseling based on motivational interviewing had a positive impact on employees' Organizational citizenship behavior (P<0.01). So that the mean scores of the staff in the experimental group in the post-test and follow-up stage were significantly increased compared to the control group.

    Conclusion

    In this research, the effect of group-based motivational interviewing counseling on the promotion of employee's organizational citizenship behavior has been confirmed and this can help managers of different organizations to prepare and plan appropriately to improve the organizational citizenship behavior of the staff.

    Keywords: Motivational interviewing, Organizational citizenship behavior, Employees