فهرست مطالب

Social Behavior Research & Health - Volume:3 Issue:2, 2019
  • Volume:3 Issue:2, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/08/10
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Zahra Rahimi, Ali Reza Bakhshayesh*, Maryam Salehzadeh Pages 369-377
    Background

    Music therapy as a scientific approach plays an important role in the treatment of some psychopaths. Therefore, the present study aims at investigating the effectiveness of music therapy on the quality of life and improvement of syndrome in women suffering from dysthymia.

    Methods

    The research project was quasi-experimental study with pre-test, post-test and control group. All the women suffering from dysthymia who approached to psychological clinics of Yazd in 2018 contained the statistical population of the study. 30 of them were selected by purposive sampling method and were randomly categorized into experimental and control groups (15 persons). Quality of Life Questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) were filled before and after intervention by people. Music therapy has been experimented on experimental group for 4 weeks and during 1 month. The findings were analyzed by SPSS-21 and covariance analysis.

    Results

    Findings showed that the scores of subjects in the variables of life quality were significantly different from those in the variables of syndrome development and music therapy had a significant effect on quality of life and the improvement of syndrome among women in experimental group.

    Conclusion

    As a result, participating in music therapy sessions could increase the level of life quality and syndrome improvement among women suffering from dysthymia.

    Keywords: Quality of Life, Music Therapy, Women, Disorder Dysthymic
  • Zahra Aramideh, Faezeh Sahbaeiroy* Pages 378-384
    Background

    Addiction is one of the most complex diseases of the century that for it's treatment various methods have been proposed. In this regard, one of the non-pharmacological methods with a profound effect on drug withdrawal involves the participation of addicted individuals in a 12-step anonymous addiction recovery program. The purpose of this study was to compare the sustained remission from drug addiction among individuals taking part in an anonymous recovery program and those attending a rehabilitation center for drug withdrawal.

    Methods

    This descriptive study was conducted on 300 participants (150 individuals of the anonymous recovery program and 150 patients of the rehabilitation center) in Mashhad, Iran, using a random sampling technique. Data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire consisting of two parts, namely demographic information and information related to sustained remission from drug addiction in the attendees of the two groups.

    Results

    The obtained results indicated that there was a significant difference between the two groups in term of withdrawal from drug abuse  (χ2 = 0.08; P < 0.001). Addiction resumption occurred in 40.7, 48.4, and 10.9% of cases in the first, second, and third months, respectively. Regarding addiction relapses, 42% and 70% of patients in the rehabilitation and anonymous groups failed to accomplish the recovery, respectively. Regarding sustained remission from drug addiction among the investigated subjects, 40% of the cases in the anonymous addict group and 51.6% of individuals in the rehabilitation canter could persistently withdraw from drug abuse for more than  6 and 3 months, respectively.  Accordingly, there was a significant difference between the two groups in terms of sustained remission from drug addiction (χ2 = 0.08; P < 0.001).

    Conclusion

    On the basis of the obtained results, it can be concluded that attendance to anonymous addict meetings can be a useful strategy to continue the addiction withdrawal after the detoxification period.

    Keywords: Continued Withdrawal, Drug Addiction, Meetings of Anonymous Addicts, Addiction Dropout Camps
  • Fatemeh Mehrinia*, Leila Shokri Pages 385-392
    Background

    The emergence of chronic physiologic diseases in the people causes their mental health damage. Therefore, the present study aimed to compare emotion cognitive regulation, alexithymia and neuropsychological skills among teenagers with type-1 diabetes and healthy ones.

    Methods

    This was a causal-comparative method. The statistical population included teenagers with type-1 diabetes and healthy ones in the city of Rasht in 2016. The sample size was 100 teenagers with type-1 diabetes and 100 healthy ones who were selected through convenient sampling method. The applied questionnaires included alexithymia questionnaire, emotion cognitive regulation and neuropsychological skills questionnaire. After collecting questionnaires and extracting raw data, the data analysis was done through two-group independent sample t-test.

    Results

    The results of data analysis showed that there is a significant difference between emotion cognitive regulation, alexithymia and neuropsychological skills among students with type-2 diabetes and healthy ones (p < 0.0001) in a way that the teenagers with type-1 diabetes have lower emotion cognitive regulation and neuropsychological skills and higher alexithymia than healthy ones.

    Conclusion

    According to the findings, teenagers with type-1 diabetes have lower emotion cognitive regulation and neuropsychological skills and higher alexithymia due to treatment and psychological involvement in their sickness; so, there needs to use treatments related to these components such as mindfulness and acceptance and commitment treatment to improve them.

    Keywords: Emotion Cognitive Regulation, Neuropsychological Skills, Alexithymia, Type-1 Diabetes
  • Maryam Zahedi* Pages 393-401
    Background

    The occurrence of marital conflicts decreases the quality of communication between couples and marital intimacy. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine the effect of compassion-based counseling on marital intimacy of conflicted couples in Isfahan.

    Methods

    The research method was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest design and control group. The statistical population included all couples referring to Isfahan counseling centers in 1396. The sample size was 30 couples who were selected by purposive non-random sampling method and were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The intervention group received compassion-based counseling intervention for 8 sessions which lasted an hour and a half for 2 months. Then, subjects in both groups were examined. The instruments used were the marital conflict questionnaire and marital intimacy questionnaire. After collecting the questionnaires and extracting the raw data, data were analyzed by SPSS (version 23) using descriptive statistics and covariance analysis.

    Results

    The results showed that compassion-based counseling had a significant effect on the marital intimacy of couples in the post-test phase (P < 0.0001). This treatment could increase the marital intimacy of conflicted couples.

    Conclusion

    Based on the findings of the present study, it can be concluded that compassion-based therapy using techniques such as mindfulness training, empathy, and sympathy for oneself and managing difficult emotions can enhance the marital intimacy of the conflicted couples. In this regard, compassion-based therapy can be used as an effective treatment to increase the marital intimacy of conflicted couples.

    Keywords: Compassion-Based Counseling, Marital Intimacy, Marital Conflicts
  • Shima Hajiriloo, Elaheh Khoshnevis*, Sima Ghodrati Pages 402-409
    Background

    Unfamiliarity with the process of self-care training and sexual education can make sexual education volunteer instructors stressful and create incorrect attitudes for them. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of self-care training on cognitive distortions in volunteer instructors of sexual education to children.

    Methods

    This quasi-experimental study was conducted using a pretest-posttest and control group design. The statistical population included all individuals who volunteered to take part in the courses of instructor training on sexual self-care skills and sexual education. These courses were held by the Civil Society Forum for Child Rights in 2018. Among the volunteers, 30 people were selected by purposive sampling and were randomly replaced into the interventional (15 individuals) and control (15 individuals) groups. The questionnaire of cognitive distortions was used to collect the required information and the collected data were analyzed via ANCONA by SPSS23.

    Results

    The results showed that self-care training was effective on cognitive distortions of volunteer instructors of sexual education to children (P < 0.001). In other words, this training decreased cognitive distortions of the volunteers. The effect of this training on cognitive distortion was 78%.

    Conclusion

    According to the Results, self-care training can decrease cognitive distortions of the volunteers by employing concepts such as training technique of stopping anxieties, principles of positive and optimistic thoughts, nurturing healthy personality, and raising self-awareness. As a result, they can show higher efficiency in training sexual safety to children.

    Keywords: Self-care training, Cognitive distortions, Sexual education, volunteer
  • Fahimeh Mosavi Najafi*, Fatemeh Rasoli Jazi Pages 410-418
    Background

    The children’s acute and chronic psychological and physical diseases cause their mothers’ mental health. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of spirituality therapy on social stigma and worry in the mothers of the children with autism.

    Methods

    It was a quasi-experimental study with pretest, posttest, control group and two-month follow-up period design. The statistical population included the mothers of the children with autism visiting the autism centers in the city of Isfahan in the last three months of the lunar year 1396. Convenient sampling method and random replacement were used in the present study in a way that 40 mothers were selected from the ones with children with autism and they were randomly replaced into experimental and control groups (20 in each group). The experimental group received eight ninety-minute sessions of spirituality therapy interventions during two months. The applied questionnaires included Social Stigma Questionnaire and Worry Questionnaire. The data of the study were analyzed through repeated measures ANOVA and SPSS 23.

    Results

    Results showed that spirituality therapy has influenced social stigma (f = 18.81, P < 0.0001) and worry (f = 24.84, P < 0.0001) in the mothers of the children with autism.

    Conclusion

    According to the findings of the present study, it can be concluded that spirituality therapy using techniques such as knowing values and deep belief in God can decrease social stigma and worry in the mothers of the children with autism

    Keywords: Autistic Disorder, Social Stigma, Spirituality Therapy, Test Anxiety Scale, Mothers
  • Maryam Kian*, Dennis Beach Pages 419-427
    Background

    Studies in educational and health areas are sometimes accompanied by the adoption of a qualitative research approach. Qualitative research claims to achieve natural and first-hand data in a variety of ways. In this regard, the purpose of the present study was to explain the implications of ethnography research method in educational and health settings.

    Methods

    An analytical-deductive method was used. However, analysis of the research experiences of the authors of the paper were proceed to reach the aim of the study. Accordingly, the reliable sources as well as the background studies of the researchers were used and analyzed.

    Results

    The findings showed that ethnography in education can provide insights into in-depth analysis of the beliefs, values, and experiences about the academic trends. Also, ethnography in health researches can lead to improving health care processes, modifying high-risk behaviors, timely prevention, managing stress in the face of illnesses, emphasizing sensitivity of local communities, health knowledge creation and, in general, influencing the entire health programs in societies.

    Conclusion

    Given the importance of ethnography method in obtaining first-hand and in-depth results, it is recommended to provide more awareness about the effectiveness of the method, and more attention to its implementation among the research projects both in educational and health research areas.

    Keywords: Education, Health, Qualitative Approach, Ethnography Research Method
  • Hossein Afrasiabi*, Fatemeh Zareei Mahmoodabadi, Hassan Zareei Mahmoodabadi Pages 428-435
    Background

    In vitro fertilization (IVF) is one of the most important treatments of infertility for couples. The purpose of this study was in vitro fertilization experiences of women in Maybod city.

    Methods

    This study is based on the qualitative approach and Grounded theory method. Under-study populations were infertile females of Maybod City. Cases of the study were 14 women which were selected with purposive sampling up to data saturation. Data of this investigation were collected from semi-structure interviews. After data collection, open, axial and selective coding was performed.

    Results

    After the first step of coding 348 primary codes were collected and they categorized into five main groups including turning to spirituality, keeping the stability life, overcoming on mutual challenges, mental occupation, and common acceptance.

    Conclusion

    According to the findings of this study, for women with several unsuccessful experiences of IVF, the main problem related to their infertility is unstable family.

    Keywords: Fertilization In Vitro, Infertility, Women, Family