فهرست مطالب

مطالعات جامعه شناختی جوانان - پیاپی 35 (Autumn 2019)
  • پیاپی 35 (Autumn 2019)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/07/09
  • تعداد عناوین: 7
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  • Nabi Ollah Akbarnetaj Shoob, Ghodrat Ollah Abbasi *, Bahram Mirzaian Pages 9-28

    The present century is the era of information and communication, and learning English language can pave the route; however, some young learners face psychological barriers in English classes. This research was done to compare the efficiency of TBILT and TBLT on the youth’s morale of inquiry. The statistical population included all 4200 Babol Azad University students of whom 320 were volunteers to participate in English language classes via public invitation. Then, 90 students were selected using available sampling model and were placed randomly in three groups (two experimental and one control). Before starting teaching, Moslemi and Akbari’s Morale of Inquiry Questionnaire with Cronbach’s alpha of .786 was administered, and then using three methods namely TBILT in the first experimental class, TBLT in the second one, and Traditional method (GTM) in control group, the teacher taught English in 20 sessions, 90 minutes each. After the post test, the two-way single variable co-variance and the Post Hoc Tukey Test revealed that both experimental groups did much better than the control group (p <.001). On the other hand, the TBILT group acted much stronger than the TBLT one in giving morale of inquiry skill to the youth (p <.001).

    Keywords: TBILT, TBLT, Morale of inquiry, Heterogeneous class, Youth
  • Hossein Barzegar Valikchali * Pages 29-52

    The marginalization not only shows the exterior face of the city in a bad light, but also causes to more irreparable and undesirable consequences. Identifying the social impacts of marginalization is one of the most important urban issues to consider. Thus, this study aims to investigate the relationship between marginalization and social damages in eastern Mazandaran province. The research method was quantitative, survey and the population includes the people living in the suburbs of eastern Mazandaran province that 384 people were selected as the sample size by using Lin's table and were selected by cluster and simple random sampling method. The research tool was a researcher-made questionnaire analyzed by using structural equation modeling and AMOS software. The findings showed that marginalization has positive effect on the formation of social damages (tendency to violence 0.88, alcohol consumption 0.81, and lawbreaking 0.89, the sense of insecurity 0.80, mental disorders 0.68, social health disorder 0.90, and tendency to addiction 0.79, distrust 0.73, social isolation 0.82, social alienation 0.67, economic poverty 0.84, and deprivation 0.75). Furthermore, the structural equation results showed that GFI values ​​for the model is 0.820 and the RMSEA value for the model is 0.029, indicating that the theoretical model is fitted and acceptable. In fact, the phenomenon of marginalization in Mazandaran is the result of tied social and structural problems, and it causes many social problems. Therefore, policymakers and authorities should pay more serious attention on planning and addressing the defeats and shortcomings of the suburbs.

    Keywords: Marginalization, Social Damages, east of Mazandaran province, Violence, Social Health Disorder
  • Fatemeh Hosseinzadeh, Abdoullah Ebrahimi *, Ali Rahmani Firouzjah Pages 53-66

    Urbanism in third world and developing countries compared to that of developed countries has been increased with much more speed. From consequences of the population increase and accelerated growth of population in cities, reference can be lead to many problems such as increase of unemployment rate, housing problems, social anomalies, increase in crime and delinquency. Vandalism in public spaces is from among undesirable social phenomena in most of the cities in the country, followed by serious damages. The research has been necessary to be performed as for identifying the roots of vandalism among juveniles and youths between 13 to 34 years of age. The research is an analytical descriptive study; and, data have been collected through questionnaire. Statistical population of the research in 2016 included 13 to 34 years old juveniles and youths in Amol City (271169 individuals). Through usage made of Cochran’s method, 400 juveniles and youths from among them have been selected as sample size to fill the questionnaire through simple random sampling method. To analyze data, independent t-test and path analysis have been applied. According to the findings there is significant relationship between contextual variables, socio-economic status, cultural status, environmental factors and vandalism among juveniles and youths. As a result, taking action in the socio-economic, cultural, and environmental fields can be resulted in reduction of damages caused by vandalism.

    Keywords: Vandalism, environmental design, Juveniles, youths, public spaces, Amol city
  • Yousef Khan Mohammadi *, Masoud Kaveh Pages 67-86
    In this study, the impact of youth identity crisis is investigated on the national security of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The research method is qualitative; the library method is used for data collection; and data analysis is carried out with descriptive-analytical method. The main research question is how does the identity crisis in youth affect the national security of the Islamic Republic of Iran? For this question, the hypothesis was that the identity crisis in young people would undermine national security by undermining indigenous values ​​and beliefs as the most important components of identity. The findings of the study indicate that the identity crisis in young people is manifested through the lack of social security for them, the duality, and indecision in the fundamental values ​​of the ruling system in the form of asociality, social alienation, mass uprisings and social anomalies, and it has threatened Iran's national security.
    Keywords: Identity Crisis, Youth, National Security, Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Marziyeh Mokhtaripour * Pages 87-96

    This study investigates the impact of social and cultural factors on the patterning of western patterns in Isfahan city and presents some strategies to deal with it. The objectives of this study were: 1- Determining the effect of social and cultural factors on the patterning of Western models from the perspective of the children of martyrs and victims; 4) Determining the difference between the impact of social and cultural factors on the modeling of Western models in terms of gender and educational level. The method used in this study was descriptive survey and factor analysis. The statistical population of this study was all the children of Isfahan city in 2006 that were over 11601 people. The sample size was 310 persons by using stratified random sampling method. The instrument used in this study was a researcher-made questionnaire.The findings of the study showed that western models, creating sports facilities and healthy cultural recreation with 38.7% maintenance and space. Some of the war zones in the city with 39.3 percent, strengthening the spirit of religion in the community with 34.5 percent and providing the ground for youth marriage with 38.3 percent and reducing consumption and import with 31.6 percent of the most important strategies. The pattern of youth is one of the western patterns and There is a significant difference between the effects of social and cultural factors on the pattern of western patterns according to gender and educational level (p <0.05)

    Keywords: Pattern selection, Western patterns, Children of witnesses, Victims, cultural engineering
  • Faranak Salarian, Ali Reza Homayouni *, Jamal Sadeghi Pages 97-106
    The research has been performed to the aim of predicting social adjustment based on alexithymia and psychological vulnerability of students in Department of Human Sciences of Payam-e Noor University in Sari. Statistical population of the research included all B.A. students from Department of Human Sciences of Payam-e Noor University in Sari in academic year of 2018-19, from among whom 234 individuals have been selected through multi-stage random cluster sampling. To measure research variables, three questionnaires of Toronto alexithymia scale, short form of symptom checklist of mental disorder (SCL-25), and social adjustment of students have been used. Validity and reliability of questionnaires have been respectively checked and confirmed through content validity and Cronbach’s alpha. To analyze data, descriptive statistics, Pearson Correlation Coefficient, and multivariate regression have been applied via SPSS 24. According to the results obtained, alexithymia along with high level of psychological vulnerability are potential sources of affecting social adjustment in students; and, they directly predict students’ social adjustment. So, students’ social adjustment can be predicted based on their alexithymia and psychological vulnerability.
    Keywords: social adjustment, alexithymia, psychological vulnerability
  • Ghasem Yaghoubi, Ali Reza Homayoni *, Yahya Yarahmadi, Omid Moradi Pages 107-124
    The purpose of the study was to model the relationship between the temperament characters with a dependency on social networks in Babol. The method of this study was a correlation with Structural Equation Modeling and covariance based approach. The statistical population included all women between 20 and 40 years of age who were in five counseling centers in collaboration with Babol Justice Divorce Service. According to Cochran formula, 432 people were selected as the sample. Regarding the importance of family in the individual and social processes of the community, it is suggested to strengthen the relationship between couples counseling and providing appropriate information and training for families in improving marital satisfaction. Consideration should also be given to culturally appropriate use of social media and groups or social networks in society by the social values of the community.
    Keywords: Temperament, character, Social networking dependency, emotional divorce