فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:4 Issue:3, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/06/10
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
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  • Ali Ghanjal*, Monireh Motaqi Pages 202-206

    MusculoSkeletalDisorders( MSDs) are injuries and disorders that affect the human body’s movement or musculoskeletal system.Different therapeutic approaches have been proposed to treat musculoskeletal disorders. This article summarizes the common treatmentsfor treating these disorders.

    Keywords: Musculoskeletal, disorder, Common treatments
  • Nazila Nejaddadgar*, Fatemeh Yaghoubi, Fatemeh Dadashi Pages 207-210

    According to the statute of the World Health Organization (WHO), health is considered as an individual and social value, and one of the most obvious human rights and needs. The carriage of heavy schoolbags by children is a concern for all those involved in student health and well-being. Backpacks are the most commonly used type of bag, and overweight backpacks are associated with several health issues, including increased spinal curvature, discomfort, and back and shoulder pain while the majority of students were carrying as much as 30% to 40% of their body weight. In this way posture modifications have been reported when children carry a load that corresponds to more than 10% of their body .
    In addition Items carried by students in their daily school bags have been found to include, but are not limited to books, pencil cases, scientific calculators, and sport-specific training clothing,  lunch boxes and full water bottles. Even an empty backpack can distort posture and cause pain. There is no way to safely carry weight in a backpack, no matter how light the load, because it disrupts our body mechanics by design .

    Keywords: Ergonomic Backpack, Ergonomic
  • Seyedeh Somayeh Kazemi, Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian*, Ali Montazeri Pages 211-221
    Aim

    LBP in the nursing profession remains an important health issue. This study aims to assess whether a theory-based interactive social media intervention could change job-related risk behaviors among nursing personnel.
    Instrument and

    Methods

     This is a community-randomized controlled trial. Three settings of hospitals will randomly be assigned to the study arms: Intervention setting 1 receiving an in-person educational package; intervention setting 2 receiving the same material a web-based, and a control setting receiving nothing. The intervention would contain materials related to occupational risk behaviors and will try to promote the knowledge, attitude, skill, and self-efficacy of nurses on low back pain (LBP) preventive behaviors. The primary outcome will be reduction in low back pain. The study also will assess whether the intervention could reduce pain-related disability and improve the quality of life.

    Discussion

    Occupational (LBP) among nurses could adversely affect both patients’ and nurses’ health. This study is an attempt to see if social media could play a role to guide the development and implementation of future interventions.

    Keywords: Occupational Low Back Pain – Social Media – Risk Behavior – Disability – Quality of Life
  • Sadighe Sadat Tavafian*, Sarralah Shojaei, Ahmad Reza Jamshidi Pages 222-226
    Aim

    Nursing has obtained the second rank regarding Work – Related MusculoSkeletal Disorders (WRMSDs). This study aimed to assess if self –efficacy could be the best predictor for back Pain Prevention Behavior among health care workers.

    Method and Instruments

    In this cross-sectional study, 452 healthcare workers who were working in different wards of the 6 general hospitals affiliated to Qom University of Medical Sciences were randomly selected through convenience sampling method. Data were collected through 3 scales such as demographic questionnaire, Work Related Low Back Pain Predictors Questionnaire (WRLBPPQ) and a checklist for assessing the preventive behaviors of spinal damage and analyzed through descriptive and analytic tests through SPSS version 16.

    Finding

    A total of 452 individuals participated in the study (289 males and 163 females) with a mean age of 37± 8.3 years. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that self-efficacy was the most important predictor for back Pain Prevention Behavior (Standardized Coefficients: 0.218, P value < 0.0001)

    Conclusion

    The results of this study can be used to develop an education program based on self-efficacy training/promoting among healthcare workers.

    Keywords: Self- efficacy, Low Back Pain, Predictor, Prevention, Health Care Worker
  • Hanan Darweesh, Soha Abu Raya*, Mai Mohamed Kamel, Marina Makram Pages 227-233
    Aim

    This study proposed to detect sensitivity of different electrophysiological techniques in early diagnosis of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) compared to the standard technique as Median Sensory Latency. 

     Methods and Instrument

    The present study included 70 hands (40 hands with clinical evidence of idiopathic CTS and 30 hands as control group). The following tests were done for both groups: 1- Sensory

    nerve conduction study

    median nerve, ulnar nerve, median versus ulnar latency difference between second and fifth digits, median versus ulnar latency difference (ring finger)  2- Motor nerve conduction study: median nerve, ulnar nerve, median versus ulnar motor latency difference.

    Findings

    The most sensitive (92%) two tests were median-ulnar sensory latency difference recorded from second and fifth digits and median-ulnar sensory latency difference recorded from fourth digit, while median-ulnar motor latency difference and median motor latency showed lowest sensitivity  (61, 53%) respectively. 

    Conclusion

    Median-ulnar sensory latency difference recorded from digit two and digit five and that recorded from digit 4 have highest sensitivity for early detection of CTS.

    Keywords: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Median Versus Ulnar Latency Differences, Nerve Conduction Study
  • Mohammad Hossein Navabian Ghamsari, Azam Goodarzi*, Aliakbar Torabi Pages 234-240
    Aims

     Due to Human’s physical and psychological dimensions interaction so that  both dimensions includes human integrity and general health, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between Low Back Pain(LBP) severity and depression among employees of the  Education Ministry.

    Instrument & Methods

    In this researching as a descriptive-analytical study, 100 employees of the Education Ministry who were selected through available sampling, included. . Study tools included demographic questionnaire, Visual Analog Scale (VAS)  and Beck Depression Inventory. Data were analyzed by using SPSS 23 and Pearson correlation coefficient (г) and independent t-test.

    Findings

    The results showed that 62% (N=62) of employees were suffering from LBP with different severity. In addition there was a positive and significant correlation between low back pain and depression in participants (P <0.05). However, no significant difference between mean pain intensity in male and female employees was observed (P> 0.05).

    Conclusion

    The relationship between LBP and depression among the staff in this study was revealed. It is necessary to pay attention towards physical-psychological factors and also mental and physical vitality for preventing and treatment of LBP.

    Conclusion

    the relationship between (LBP) and depression among the staff in this study, it is necessary to pay attention towards physical-psychological factors and mental and physical vitality for preventing and treatment of (LBP) will be advised.

    Keywords: low Back Pain, Depression, Employee staff