فهرست مطالب

Health and Life Sciences - Volume:6 Issue: 1, 2020
  • Volume:6 Issue: 1, 2020
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/11/28
  • تعداد عناوین: 7
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  • Fateme Shekarian Yazd, Nafiseh Abbasi Gharib, Amir Bavafa, Nasrin Jaberghaderi * Page 1
    Background

    Academic motivation is a very important issue in university students. Studies have revealed the relationship of academic motivation with perfectionism and anxiety sensitivity.

    Objectives

    The purpose of this study was to assess the predictability of academic motivation based on perfectionism and anxiety sensitivity in university students.

    Methods

    In this descriptive and cross-sectional study, 425 students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences were randomly evaluated by three questionnaires in 2018 - 19: Inventory of school motivation, the positive and negative perfectionism scale and anxiety sensitivity index-revised. Cluster sampling was used to randomly select 60 students from each faculty.

    Results

    Anxiety sensitivity and academic motivation were significantly different between male and female students (P < 0.05) but perfectionism was not (P > 0.05). The highest correlation between the components of anxiety and academic motivation related to fear of cognitive symptoms while the lowest correlation related to fear of physical symptoms. Anxiety sensitivity had a greater impact and higher ability to explain the variability of academic motivation than perfectionism.

    Conclusions

    The findings of this study supported the ability to predict academic motivation based on anxiety sensitivity and perfectionism. As a result, this study could help design and implement interventions to improve parenting and increase academic motivation of students. The study’s implications are discussed.

    Keywords: Kermanshah, Anxiety, Students, Perfectionism, Motivation, Medical University
  • Roland Nnaemeka Okoro*, Emmanuel Peter Page 2
    Background

    Availability and prompt access to medications are crucial for effective healthcare delivery, but the quantity of pharmaceutical waste generated from unwanted/unused and expired medications is of great concern globally.

    Objectives

    The present study aimed to investigate the medicines disposal knowledge, attitudes and practice of the residents of Maiduguri metropolis, northeastern Nigeria.

    Methods

    This cross-sectional, population-based survey was done using a pre-validated questionnaire, during a one-month (November) period of 2018. Conveniently selected residents of the 22 units or wards of the metropolis completed the survey instrument. Statistical analysis was performed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 21. The relationship between variables and demographics of the study population was investigated using the chi-square test. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

    Results

    About 35.0% of the participants kept unused/unwanted medicines at home for future use/until expiration, followed by giving them to friends and relatives (30.2%). More than one-half (59.7%) of the study population got rid of expired medicine through household garbage, while a few (1.3%) gave them to friends/relatives and buried in the ground. There were relationships between participants’ gender, age, marital status, educational status and unused/unwanted medicine disposal practices. Similarly, there were relationships between participants’ gender, age, marital status and expired medicines disposal practices. Most (80.0%) of the study population knew the harmful impact of inappropriate discarding of expired and unused/unwanted medicines to public well-being and the environment.

    Conclusions

    This study showed that the most common methods of disposal of unused/unwanted and expired medicine were keeping them for future use or until expiration, and throwing them in the household garbage respectively. The results have shown that a sizeable proportion of the participants were aware of the negative impact of improper disposal of medicines, although appropriate discarding behaviors were lacking, making it a priority for concerned authorities in our country to formulate and implement guidelines to protect public health and environment.

    Keywords: Nigeria, Unused, Unwanted Medicines, Medicine Disposal
  • Payman Abduljabar, Najmaldin Hassan, Hazhir Karimi* Page 3

    Nowadays, the growing population is demanding freshwater resources, and the availability of water influence the population distribution and its activities. Groundwater sources such as springs and wells are the major source of water for drinking, agricultural, and industrial consumptions. However, water resources are always exposed to industrial, agricultural, and residential pollutions. In the current study, water samples were collected from twenty-two springs sources from February to October 2017 in Amadiya districts, in the Kurdistan region of Iraq. The physicochemical characteristics including temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), biological oxygen demand (BOD5), electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids (TDS), total hardness (TH), calcium hardness (Ca2), magnesium hardness (Mg2), turbidity (NTU), total alkalinity (TA), and nitrate (NO3-) of the samples were analyzed. The findings showed that most of the water samples were within the permissible limits for drinking usage according to WHO (World Health Organization) standards, while few samples were without the permissible level for TDS and EC. Also, higher concentrations of TDS and EC reported for some samples attributed to agricultural and residential contamination, which require water treatment for drinking purposes. The statistical analysis illustrated an acceptable correlation between analysis.

    Keywords: Water Quality, Amediye District, Springwater, Physio-Chemical Parameters
  • Mehdi Mirzaei Alavijeh, Seyyed Nasrollah Hosseini, Hossein Ashtarian, Behzad Karami Matin, Toraj Ahmadi Jouibari, Ameneh Ghartappeh, Razieh Pirouzeh, Farzad Jalilian* Page 4
    Background

    Job involvement is one of the psychological constructs of organizational behavior and is considered as an important variable in organizational productivity. Understanding the status and the determinants affecting job involvement may enhance organizational efficiency.

    Objectives

    The purpose of this study was to determine job involvement status of faculty members of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences and its relationship with some professional variables.

    Methods

    This descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was performed among 150 faculty members of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences who were selected by simple random sampling with probability proportional to the size of each faculty. Data were collected using Lodahl and Kejnar job involvement, demographic and professional characteristics questionnaires and analyzed by SPSS-16 software using descriptive and analytical tests such as independent t-test, one-way ANOVA and Pearson correlation at significance level of 0.05.

    Results

    Job involvement mean score was 65.11 ± 7.84, of which 81.25% was obtained from the maximum achievable score (high job involvement). Job involvement had a positive and significant correlation with age (r = 0.213) and job history (r = 0.170), but not with sex (P = 0.272, academic rank (P = 0.400), employment status (r = 902), and place of work (r = 0.141).

    Conclusions

    It is suggested that job involvement and promotion conditions be improved for young faculty members with patience and some bylaws be passed specific to working conditions of clinical faculty members.

    Keywords: Iran, Job Satisfaction, Faculty Members
  • Seyedeh Hoorieh Fallah, Asieh Khalilpour*, Abdoliman Amouei, Mojgan Rezapour, Hajar Tabarinia Page 5
    Background

    Iodine has undeniable effects on human in all stages of life and its deficiency during fetal stages causes mental retardation, which incurs huge costs for treatment and care.

    Objectives

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of heat, humidity and light on the iodine content in iodized salt.

    Methods

    In this analytical-descriptive study, five brands of refined iodized salts were randomly selected from supermarkets in Babol City. All tests were performed in the Chemistry Laboratory of Paramedical School in Babol University of Medical Sciences. In the current study, the samples were kept for three months under different conditions of humidity, without humidity, light, darkness, and temperatures of 37°C, refrigerator and ambient. The iodine amount of samples was tested every 15 days using titration method based on Britain Pharmacopoeia. Data were analyzed with ANOVA in SPSS.

    Results

    The results showed that iodine was reduced in all samples of refined salts: 9.69 ± 1.3 for refrigerator temperature with humidity, 8.34 ± 1.4 for refrigerator temperature without humidity, 8.85 ± 1.2 for 37°C with humidity, 7.80 ± 1.4 for 37°C without humidity, 13.96 ± 1.3 for ambient temperature with light and humidity, 9.61 ± 1.5 for ambient temperature with light and without humidity, 8.64 ± 1.1 for ambient temperature with humidity in darkness, and 5.41 ± 1.2 mg/L for ambient temperature without humidity in darkness.

    Conclusions

    The results indicated that ambient temperature, darkness and non-humidity were the best conditions for keeping iodized salt.

    Keywords: Iodine, Humidity, Heat, Light, Iodized Salt
  • Bahar Faryadian*, Naser Behpoor, Vahid Taedibi Page 6
    Background

    Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common endocrine disorder in women, which causes many disorders including diabetes.

    Objectives

    The present study aimed to determine changes in adipose levels and visceral adiposity index after 12 weeks of intense interval training in women with polycystic ovary syndrome in Kermanshah city.

    Methods

    This quasi-experimental study recruited 24 women with polycystic ovary in Kermanshah in 2017. First, 24 women were selected by convenience sampling and then they were divided into two groups of 12 patients. Interval training was performed continuously in the study group 3 sessions per week for 12 weeks. Serum levels of adipose and visceral adiposity index were determined before and after the exercise program through blood sampling and in laboratory conditions. Data was analyzed in SPSS software version 20 using paired t-test and independent t-test.

    Results

    The results revealed no significant difference in adipose levels after 12 weeks of intense interval training in the study group (P < 0.05). But a significant difference was observed in visceral adiposity index before and after the intervention in the study group (P < 0.05).

    Conclusions

    Intense interval training has a favorable effect on the visceral adiposity index in women with polycystic ovary syndrome and can be recommended as a safe treatment for these patients.

    Keywords: Woman, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Adipose, Intense Training, Visceral Adiposity Index