فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:6 Issue: 2, 2020
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/12/01
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
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  • Farideh Ghavasi, Iman Akbarzadeh, Benyamin Siran Hesari, Jamal Shams, Rasoul Mohammadian Ghezelghabr, Mahdi Fatemizadeh Pages 1-9
    Introduction

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of group dialectical behavior therapy on emotional regulation and rumination among female students with traumatic experiences. The traumatic experiences among teenagers and young females have various negative impacts on their future life.

    Methods

    With reference to the Counseling Center of Education Ministry of Mashhad City. 24 female students with traumatic symptoms were selected in this quasi-experimental study to participate in this study. They were assigned randomly into control and experimental groups using the traumatic events questionnaire and the Structured Clinical Interview (SCID). In the pre-test, post-test and two-month follow-up, the difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale of Gratz and Roemer (DERS) was conducted. The experimental participants spent 14 sessions of group dialectical behavior therapy.

    Results

    The results demonstrated that there were a significant difference between mean scores of emotional regulation difficulties in girls with traumatic experiences who received group dialectical behavior therapy and the mean scores of emotional regulation difficulties in girls with traumatic experiences who did not receive the intervention (P<0.05).

    Conclusion

    With the impact of dialectical behavior group therapy on the cognitive and emotional aspects of female participants with traumatic experiences, students were able to increase their emotional regulation and manage rumination.Declaration of Interest: None

    Keywords: Dialectical behavior therapy, Rumination, Emotion regulation, Traumatic experiences
  • Mojgan Agahheris, Katayoon Ezzati, Akram Dousti, Abbas Pallooji Pages 10-18
    Introduction

    Self-deception and other-deception can be understood as lying to themselves and others. This research aimed to evaluate the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral intervention on improving self-deception and other-deception in women with irrational beliefs.

    Methods

    This quasi-experimental study was conducted with two groups of experimental and control and by implementation of pre- and post-test, and using sample of 30 participants (15 in experimental group and 15 in control group). The sampling method was convenient method among volunteer women eligible to inclusion-exclusion criteria of research object. Measuring tools were Self-deception and other-deception and irrational beliefs questionnaires. Data were analyzed using MANOVA test.

    Results

    Cognitive-behavioral intervention reduced self-deception, other-deception, and irrational beliefs in the experimental group compared with the control group (P<0.05).

    Conclusion

    According to this results study, cognitive-behavioral therapy can be an efficient intervention for the correction of irrational beliefs, self-deception and other-deception.Declaration of Interest: Non

    Keywords: Cognitive-behavioral intervention, Irrational beliefs, Self-deception, Other-deception
  • Hadi Hashemi Razini, Ruhollah Mansouri, Vahid Meshki, Shahab Beheshmat, Marzieh Hamzehzadeh Pages 19-25
    Introduction

    According to previous findings, visual scanning approaches may play a main role in cognitive styles, which is also important in learning processes. This study aimed at comparing field dependent (FD) and field independent (FI) groups in their visual scanning indicators during performance on a set of stimuli.

    Methods

    68 undergraduate students of Shahid Beheshti University participated in this study through purposive sampling method. Participants were assigned into FD and FI groups through the scores of Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT). Participants’ eye movements, including fixation details, were tracked by a binocular remote eye-tracking system (SMI-RED120Hz) during their performance on the GEFT.

    Results

    Mixed MANCOVA analyzing was used in this study. Comparing to FD group, FI group fixated their eyes more on the stimuli in shorter time. Revisits were less in FI group and they had longer fixations. Moreover, there were some significant interactive effects among groups and different areas of GEFT.

    Conclusions

    It seems that FI individuals use some practical strategies in their visual scanning which enables them to succeed in differentiating components of a whole picture. These strategies are related to time management and taking new perspectives from which, they can probe the stimuli in more effective methods.Declaration of Interest: None

    Keywords: cognitive styles, field dependence, independence (FID), visual scanning, eye tracking
  • Mitra Tavighi, Javad Khalatbari, Shore Ghorban Shiroudi, Mohamad Ali Rahmani Pages 26-34
    Introduction

    Acceptance and commitment and metacognitive therapies are considered as third wave therapies. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and Metacognitive therapy (MCT) on the mind-wandering index in adolescents.

    Methods

    In a randomized clinical trial, 45 female adolescents in Karaj were estimated using a Cloninger sample volume estimation method and were selected through purposive screening sampling. They were randomly assigned into three groups. Two ACT and MCT were presented to the experimental groups in the form of ten sessions of 1 hour. The data were collected at three time intervals through a demographic checklist, a structured clinical interview and a mind-wandering questionnaire. Analysis of covariance and Bonferroni analysis tests were used.

    Results

    The primary outcomes showed that both ACT and MCT had a significant effect on the mind-wandering index (p<0.01), although this effectiveness was more favorable in the MCT group (P<0.05). The secondary outcomes also showed the stability of the results in the follow-up stage (p<0.05).

    Conclusion

    The results of this study suggest the effectiveness of third wave therapies on psychological indices. These findings can be combined with clinical applications in planning new therapeutic and educational perspectives.Declaration of Interest: None

    Keywords: metacognitive therapy, acceptance, commitment therapy, mind-wandering
  • AmirMaziar , Niaei, Jafar Hasani, Alireza Moradi, Seyed Alireza Ebadi Pages 35-51
    Introduction

    The present study aimed at presenting and testing a model to describe the adaptation phenomenon among the patients engaged with type 2 diabetes (T2D).

    Methods

    This is a correlational research design wherein a total of 350 individuals referring to four special medical centers for diabetes at Tehran (Iran). The research instruments included the Jackson’s five-factor questionnaire, demographic and social support subscales of diabetes care profile, cognitive appraisal of diabetes scale, problem areas in diabetes survey, Billings and Moos coping strategies scale, appraisal of adaptation to diabetes scale, and HbA1C level.

    Results

    The outputs of the tests on the final model of the research showed that the behavior activating system, fight, flight and freeze system, global social support, and “Get” social support impose significant effects on the cognitive appraisal. Moreover, the “Get-Want” & Global Social support, Fight, Flight & freeze System and the cognitive appraisal affected the adaptive tasks significantly. The Fight, Flight & freeze System and the adaptive tasks imposed significant effects on the problem-focused emotional-physical coping. The Problem focused socio-cognitive coping and the emotional-physical coping affected the initial adaptation significantly. Behavior inhibition system, all the three components of social support, and Problem focused Socio-cognitive coping imposed significant effects on the secondary adaptation. And finally, Global social support and initial adaptation affected the HbA1C significantly. In addition, a number of intermediate effects were verified.

    Conclusion

    Upon accessing the model of adaptation to disease for a particular individual, one can access his/her adaptation profile and evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of his/her adaptation structure and formulate the required interventions accordingly.Declaration of Interest: None

    Keywords: adaptation, structural equation modeling, Ecological model, type 2 diabetes
  • Samaneh Farahani, Amin Rafiepoor, Tayebeh Jafari Pages 52-59
    Introduction

    High blood pressure is one of the chronic medical conditions in the general population. The aim of this study was to investigate the mediating role of cognitive emotion regulation strategies in the relationship between mindfulness and perceived stress in patients with high blood pressure.

    Methods

    A total of 216 high blood pressure patients who referred to medical centers in Tehran in 2018 were selected by available sampling method and participated in this study. Participants in the study completed The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ), and The Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ). For data analysis, Pearson correlation and path analysis were used. AMOS 22.0 was used to examine the fitness of the proposed model and path analysis.

    Results

    The results of this study showed that there is a significant negative correlation between the adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies and mindfulness with perceived stress and positive correlation between the maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies with perceived stress (P <0.01). The results of path analysis indicated that the indirect effect of mindfulness on perceived stress was statistically significant through adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies (0.09) and maladaptive cognitive-emotional regulation strategies (0.11), respectively (p <0.01).

    Conclusion

    Based on the findings of this study, it can be concluded that the variables of mindfulness and adaptive cognitive-emotion regulation strategies contribute to the reduction of stress in people with hypertension, which in turn leads to prevention and control of blood pressure. It is necessary to consider these factors in health-related interventions related to blood pressure control.

    Keywords: Stress, Emotion Regulation, Mindfulness, Blood Pressure