فهرست مطالب

تاریخ پژوهی - پیاپی 77 (تابستان 1398)
  • پیاپی 77 (تابستان 1398)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1398/06/25
  • تعداد عناوین: 9
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  • Ali Allahjani Page 7

    Having been released from Seyed Zia al-Din Tabatabaei’s prison, Firouz Mirza Nosrat al-Dowleh entered the parliament (Majlis) from Kermanshah in its fourth period. Nosrat al-Dowleh, who regarded the British policy towards himself and his family as hostile at the time of coup d’état of 1921, employed anti-British policy during the fourth period of Majlis with the cooperation of Qavam al-Saltaneh (the Prime Minister). However, some incidents at the time of elections for the fifth Majlis made him change his attitude towards Britain. During two years of activity in the fifth Majlis, Firouz recovered his relationship with Reza Khan-e Sardar Sepah and became one of his allies. Undoubtedly, Nosrat al-Dowleh is one of the great men of politics in our country whose position and role in contemporary history are not fully explored. The present study seeks to criticize and evaluate the role and activity of this outstanding grandee during the fourth and fifth periods of Majlis.

    Keywords: Nosrat al- dowleh, Firouz, Reza khan, Sardar sepah, Majlis
  • Mohammad Bagheri Page 39

    Tabas is one of the ancient cities of Ghahestan and the great Khorasan, which has passed the turbulent period and in the field of political, cultural, and civilizational history has played a significant role. The purpose of this paper is to introduce the first scholars who have contributed to the field of Tabas's history and civilization, and also the pathology of Tabas studies. It was decided that the best method to adopt for this investigation was to using a library-based descriptive-analytical method for introducing above- mentioned the researchers and works, moreover their pathology of works. The article is divided into two parts — the history of Tabas studies and the pathology of Tabas studies, each of which has several branches of its own. In the part of the history of Tabas studies, the period of studies of Tabas is since the time of first works until 1979. It is noteworthy that there is no book or article on the history of Tabas research and also the pathology of Tabad studies, and this article is the first of its kind. However, there have been no articles or books about the background of Tabas studies and pathology of studies about Tabas. Hence, this paper can be considered as the first works.

    Keywords: Local History, Tabas's History, Civilization, the background of Tabas studies, Pathology of Tabas Studies
  • Sara Hosseininejad, Omid Akhavi Page 57

    Configuring the basis of modern barbershops' emersion can contribute to our insight into the history of Iranian culture. As such, the purpose of the present study is to investigate the roots of emersion of modern hairdressing saloons in Reza Shah's era in order to realize how the barbershops in that era have come to existence. In response, this research shows that social transitions of the public in that era, magazine advertisements on the concept of beauty and encouraging the public to visit barbershops have contributed to the advent of modern hairdressing saloons. Current research, with a descriptive-analytical basis, is an attempt to illustrate the so-called roots.

    Keywords: culture, hairdressing saloons, Reza Shah's era
  • Haniyeh Tolofakor Page 73

    The Russian government for detaching Georgia from Iran's territory took two stages of the war, the first war in 1804/ 1218 which was ended to the Golestan pace, And the second war in 1826/1241 stated and concluded with Turkmenchay. There are some provisions in the chapters of the treaties which made slow Iran's development pathway. This research seeks to address the causes and roots of Iran's underdevelopment through the two treaty. This article shows that the implementation of the provisions of the treaties had led in lack of progress and development, which had irreparable effects on the socio-economic life of the people and the Iranian state. Russia's meddling in internal affairs of Iran in accordance to the provisions of the treaties made internal chaos in the country and had a devastating effect on the economic, political, cultural and social conditions in Iran. So, the set of factors which had a significant impact on Iran's lack of development are going to be assessed one by one.

    Keywords: Gulistan Treaty, Turkmenchay Treaty, Iran, Russia, Underdevelopment
  • Sara Aliloo Page 95

    Arg was a part of a city in which the king or ruler used to live there. Moreover, it was a place for the state's installations. The Arg-e Zanjan, which was rebuilt and reconstructed during the period of Aga Mohammad Khan, had the same function. During the Qajar period, the Arg-e Zanjan played a significant role in the constitutional revolution, Bábism, and upheavals. Besides, the Arg-e Zanjan, as one of the defensive structures of the city, has various psychological effects on the people of Zanjan's inhabitants. Moreover, from a physical viewpoint, it has lasting effects on the architecture and shape of Zanjan buildings and houses. Hence, its physical appearance is introverted, and the house's walls and fences are very high.

    Keywords: Qajar era, Zanjan, Arg, Constitutional Revolution, Bábism
  • Roghayeh Keshavarz Page 129

    The reaction of every community which had being attacked against enemy comes from the traditions, culture, and historical and social capacities of the society. In the meantime, in pre-modern societies, the share of political and cultural elites has been greater than the masses. The assessment of the practice of the two families, Barmak and Juvayni, in two different periods of Iranian history; the dominance of the Abbasid caliphate and the Mongols will be a facilitator in identifying the course of the cultural and social developments of Iran. This paper seeks to address the following question:How did the Barmaky and Juvayni families contribute to the reconstruction of Iranian culture? The researcher tries by enjoying the historical texts related to the courses mentioned above and employing a documentary and library research method with a comparative approach to explain the role of two families in the reconstruction of the Iranian culture. The findings of this study show that the two families, like the other bureaucrats of Iranian history, had been a carrier of Iranian culture and identity. The scientific and cultural situation of these two families, the ability to carry out divine affairs, and the political and economic need of rulers, had linked them to the power apparatus. These families take advantage of the opportunity and supported science and culture, as these supporting of physicians, poetries, and other men of pen helped to survive Persian Language and Culture.

    Keywords: bureaucracy, Abbasid caliphate, Barmaki family, Ilkhanate, Juvayni family
  • A Comparison between two translations of the Cambridge History of Iran / (An emphasising on the translation of the fourth part of Volume V by Hasan Anousheh and Teimour Ghaderi)
    Javad Navaeian Roodsary Page 153

    One of the ways to transfer scientific achievements and expanding the boundaries of knowledge in the current world is translating scientific researches. The extent of studies related to Iranian studies and Iranian history in foreign languages, especially in the English language has doubled the necessity and importance of translation of this field. Over the last two centuries, hundreds of books in this field have been translated into Persian. One of the most important collections in the field is the Cambridge History of Iran which contains many Iranian and non-Iranian scholars' works. Over the past thirty years, some translations of the collection have been put on the market. At first, translations of different volumes of the collection were put by several people on the market, and then, in recent years, translation of the collection again got attention. This paper seeks to address the necessity and achievement of the retranslation. So, to that end, a part of volume V of this collection has been investigated. The results show that retranslation has not been able to achieve a new achievement for Persian-language readers in comparison with the previous translation and sometimes has faced some problems.

    Keywords: Cambridge History of Iran, Translation, Teimour Ghaderi, HasanAnousheh