فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:8 Issue: 1, 2019
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1397/12/10
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
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  • Sara Jalali, Zohreh Davoudpour *, Manouchehr Tabibian Pages 1-14
    As the pilgrims and tourists have been always present in Mashhad, meeting their needs has been constantly prioritized in urban planning especially the renewal and reconstruction projects carried out in the holy shrine surroundings. However, recent years have seen a change of perspective toward pilgrims. These changes have been induced by both global and national politics. That is why great changes can be observed in the urban form and structure which are faster than ever before. The present research aims to analyze the discourse of the ninth and tenth boards of government to explore the effect of policies made in the tourism sector and see how tourist attraction has been perceived in urbanistic discussions. It eventually aims to explore the trend of changes made to the form of Mashhad city influenced by those  policies the research adopted Laclau and Mouffe's discourse theory and conducted a content analysis of higher-order documents and the interviews made by the main decision-makers published about religious tourism in Mashhad. It delve in to the discourse of the ninth and tenth boards of government and how it affected the national tourism sector. It further delved into the effect of this perspective on the revolutions made to the urban form of Mashhad during the target era. The present findings show that there have been traces of changes in how pilgrims and tourists are perceived in Mashhad and how they induced changes to the urban form and structure of the city as well as the urbanism decision making.
    Keywords: Urban Form, Mashhad, Pilgrimage tourism, Discourse, Ninth, tenth boards of government
  • Mohamadreza Farahnaki *, Naser Barakpur Pages 15-33

    Physical development without proper planning has limited ecological capacity and the ability of natural ecosystems. Urban river structure as one of the most important ecological infrastructures in the city provides a variety of ecosystem services, including landscaping, climate change, etc. which is strongly dependent on the structure and functional status of the river. This study was conducted to examine the effects of land use on the vitality and life of urban rivers, and evaluate and analyze various factors involved in this issue. In this study, the study area was the area around the Abshooran River in Kermanshah. The data was extracted using important and effective indicators and was analyzed using SPSS and the geographical information system GIS and the role of urban management in this area were examined. In order to do the final and general analysis, the problem tree/solution tree analysis method has also been used. The results of the research indicated that both in terms of standard per capita and in terms of distribution of applications, radius performance and access, there are various deficiencies and issues and the existing uses have many incompatibilities with each other and the river's natural environment.  As a result, it can be said that the area of studies differs considerably from the current situation with the indicators of the green city approach. Virtually the principles and concepts of applications relations with nature, especially in the green city approach, are not considered. Finally, in order to achieve the research objectives, in accordance with the principles studied, it is proposed to use land in the area and consider the surrounding as a green area.

    Keywords: Planning, land use, Urban river, Green city, Kermanshah
  • Neda Khatami Far *, Mahmoud Ghalehnoee, Pirooz Hanachi Pages 35-51

    After the passage of several decades of having the experience of employing regeneration plans through conservation and development, examining the results of these policies can be a topic for extensive investigations. These are the topics that inattention toward them has so far resulted in the circumstances in which not only regeneration plans have been frustrated in the realization of their objectives, but also, the weakness in foundations and implementation of these plans have imposed injurious impacts. This article has sought to answer this question that: What are the real consequences of the plans for regeneration in historic urban texture and to what extent these policies have been able to realize their desired objectives? This study intends to provide the circumstances for analysis of the process and consequences of the implementation of regeneration plans in the historic urban by utilizing the Grounded Theory. For this purpose, the construction of the Faculty of Architecture has been selected as one of the regeneration policies in the historic urban texture of Bushehr. This article delineates the factors and conditions governing the policy of conservation and the results accrued from the development experience, and it proceeds to reconstruct and compare the circumstances by which the inhabitants of the city and the officials responsible perceive and interpret the consequences of development and conservation. In the end, a model is provided based on the Grounded Theory which includes the three dimensions of conditions, interactions, and consequences, to find the root causes of existing problems, as well as to determine the criteria assessing the efficiency of such schemes in a realistic and comprehensive manner.

    Keywords: regeneration, Historical fabric, development, Conservation, Grounded Theory
  • Samaneh Soltanzadeh, Masoud Yousefi Tazakor *, Iman Raeisi, Mostafa Kiani Pages 53-65
    Glancing through the contemporary architecture of Iran and its different generations during the Pahlavi era, it seems that there have been notions and ideas regarding the architecture which can be considered as a specific current in the architecture of Iran based on different elements of architecture criticism; then the aim of this study is to scrutinize those notions and ideas and their transformation process.  The following research, in terms of goals, is a development-research project and it is an exploratory research in the terms of essence and quality. The data collection method is library and field research. This research aims to identify the tendencies and approaches of the different generations of contemporary architecture base on the case study method and analyzing the notions and intellectual currents of the architects in the context of their works and answer these questions: What are the concepts and thoughts that have been employed by the architects in this era? Are there any meaningful transformations in these concepts and thoughts? And finally, how have  these transformation been? It is presumed that defining the tendencies of the contemporary architects during the Pahlavi era, from Iranian modernism to nationalism, renaissance like or market-related classicism can evaluate the value of each work in relation to the historical context of the country, in addition, by defining reliable roots and indexes, the existing theoretical current in contemporary history of the architecture of Iran will be recognized. According to the achieved results from the analysis of architectural works in this era, and also by referring to the descriptions of experts, it seems that the ideas and notions in the contemporary architecture can be categorized into three eras and in the framework of different subjects like structure-forming ideas, stylistic references, etc.
    Keywords: Contemporary architecture of Iran, Pahlavi Era, Shift in the ideas, modernism, Criticism
  • Fouad Kheirabadi *, Hooshmand Alizadeh Pages 67-76

    Religion as the most important relationship between mankind andGod plays an important role in human mental relaxation. Jung considered religion as one of the most important archetypes of the collective subconscious mind and believed that the archetypes are primarily the result of human generations’ experiences, created like the human instinctive adaptations and affect human behavior and perceptions. Therefore, psychological adaptations, like physical adaptations, are influenced by the environment and different environments will lead to different adaptations. Religion as a mental adaptation has three main components of fear, hope and loving God. The environment plays an important role in the effectiveness and superiority of each of these components over man's relationship with God; however, how understanding religion, which results from diverse environmental characteristics, is reflected in the religious uses and urban spaces. To investigate this question, the historical context of two cities of ‘Sanandaj and Yazd’ that are very different in terms of environmental conditions are compared using the inductive method and library studies. Finally, it was observed that various environmental conditions cause different understanding of religion and hence caused the superiority of its components on the residents of the two cities. In fact, the merciful and giving environments lead superiority of the element of hope in God, and hazardous environments cause fear of God in man's relationship with God that both perceptions are reflected in the design and site selection for religious uses. Therefore, urban planners should pay special attention to environmental characteristics as the causative agent of psychological adaptations to create spaces harmonious with spirits and historical identity of citizens.can be categorized into three eras and in the framework of different subjects like structure-forming ideas, stylistic references, etc.

    Keywords: Archetype, Religion, Natural environment, Sanandaj, Yazd
  • Bahram Alizadeh *, Morteza Mirgholami, Hashem Dadashpoor, Nayyer Farabiasl, Andrew Allan Pages 77-85
    In recent years, tenure security has been one of the main objectives of improvement projects in ‎urban poor settlements. Despite lots of international studies initiated in this field, it has received ‎little attention in Iran. The main aim of this paper is to assess the influence of tenure security on ‎the level of household investment in housing. Survey method is considered as the methodology ‎of this research hence questionnaires were prepared and filled in EslamAbad Neighbourhood of ‎Tehran, Iran. In this study, Legal, extra-legal, perceptive fear of eviction, and the probability of ‎eviction were four main indices used to measure tenure security with household income index as ‎a controller variable. The findings of the research showed that there is‏ ‏a significant relationship ‎between three different kinds of tenure security. In addition, it revealed that between five ‎indices used, only three indices (e.g. legal, household income and perceived fear of eviction) ‎affect the level of investment in housing by household. In comparison to other indices, fear of ‎eviction was the most important factor that affects tenure security.‎
    Keywords: Land Tenure Security, housing quality‎, Investment in Housing, EslamAbad Informal Settlement, Tehran