فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:24 Issue: 1, 2020
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1399/03/18
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
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  • Azam Noori Frothagh, Akhtar Jamali*, Nadergholi Gourchian Page 1
    Background

    Educational environments are an integral part of the development of educational programs. Therefore, to improve the quality of clinical education environment, its status should always be evaluated. The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of teaching environment and learning the aids of cardiology residents of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences.

    Materials and Methods

    The study was a descriptive study, which evaluates the quality of the learning environment - the teaching of cardiology residents in a full-scale way. 33 people were included in the study. The questionnaire consisted of two sections of demographic information and 50 questions in five areas of learning, professors, student perception of their academic ability, educational atmosphere, student perception of their social conditions. Face validity was determined by medical education specialists and its reliability was 0.83 in Cronbach's alpha. Data was entered into SPSS-25 software and analyzed by descriptive methods and Independent t-test.

    Result

    The average scores earned in five areas were 4.99 out of a total of 200 points, which was relatively favorable with a tendency towards positive. In comparison with the educational groups, there was a significant difference in the attitude toward the teacher (p<0.01) and the individual's attitude toward their academic ability (p<0.01) between the second and third year residents. This was relatively favorable with a tendency towards positive. In comparison with the educational groups, there was a significant difference in the attitude toward the teacher (p <0.01) and the individual's attitude toward their academic ability (p <0.01) between the second and third year residents.

    Conclusion

    Although the quality of teaching and learning environment of the cardiology residents of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences tends to be positive and relatively favorable, but there is room for change. Therefore, the attention of the professors to create an appropriate educational environment should be emphasized on qualitative criteria in assessing the professional capabilities of the students.

    Keywords: Quality, Teaching, learning environment, Assessment, DREEM
  • Abdol Rashid Amanjani, Reza Zandi*, Saeed Saber Samandari Page 2

    Due to the existence of different races and ethnicities and their different life styles, anatomical structure of people vary from one region of the world to another. The goal of this study is to determine the anterior femoral bowing to length ratio, which can be useful for planning major medical and therapeutic projects as well as designing medical equipment (including nails, orthoses and prosthetics). Lateral X-rays of femur bones of 250 patients who referred to Taleghani hospital in recent years (2011-2016) were retrieved from hospital archives and studied. 150 patients were females and 100 were males, ages ranging from 16 to 57 years old. All patients were Iranians with different ethnical backgrounds that referred to radiology centers of Tehran and Taleghani hospital and their records were saved in these centers archive. Based on femoral length, X-rays were categorized into eight groups; 300mm, 320mm, 340mm, 360mm, 380mm, 400mm, 420mm and 440mm, which are standards for manufacturing femoral nails in Iran as well as imported nails to Iran. Results showed significant difference compared to available femoral nails on the Iranian market, which indicates that these nails are not standard for Iranian population. Data analysis was based on anterior femoral bowing to length ratio alone. Gender and age were not considered for data analysis in this study and results were conclusive for all ages and genders.

    Keywords: Femoral nail, Anterior bowing of femur, Iranian population, Femur
  • Alireza Mooghali, Bahador Kazemi* Page 3

    The aim of this study was to design and explain a social entrepreneurship model in the field of health. In the present descriptive-correlational study, the statistical population of the qualitative section of the health and health sector experts consisted of all the employees of the health area. The qualitative sampling was purposeful judgments. The sampling of a small, simple random sample with Morgan's table consisted of 290 health workers. In order to collect data, Delphi method was used in qualitative section and a questionnaire was used in the quantitative section. Descriptive statistics (means, standard deviations, frequencies and percentages) and inferential methods (Pearson’s correlation coefficient and factor analysis) were used to analyse data. SPSS 16.0 and Amos 8.5 software programs were used. The results of this research indicated that different aspects of financing, promoting entrepreneurship level awareness and identifying entrepreneurship opportunities have a positive and significant effect on social entrepreneurship in the field of health. In conclusion, by enhancing and appropriate financing arrangements, one can promote the level of entrepreneurial consciousness and identify entrepreneurial opportunities that are in fact the gate to enter entrepreneurship.

    Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Social entrepreneurship, Health
  • MohammadHossein Shabahrami, Farideh Dokaneh-I Fard* Page 4

    Psychologists believe that there is a relationship between personality and criminal behavior. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between personality disorders and criminal thinking styles in prisoners convicted of violent crimes. To what extent is there a link between the types of personality disorder, the type of criminal thinking style, and the type of crime in prisoners convicted of violent crime? Is there a relationship between personality disorders in prisoners convicted of violent crimes and their gender? To what extent is there a relationship between the type of personality disorder of prisoners and the frequency of committing violent crimes? These are the factors that led to the research. The research method is a descriptive-correlational study, in which a sample of 996 offenders were selected in terms of demographic characteristics. Data were collected using a questionnaire in two sections: demographic information and Christian Texas Intellectual Thinking Questionnaires and Millon Personality Disorder. The results show that there is a relationship between the type of personality disorder and the type of crime in prisoners sentenced to violent crimes. Different styles of criminal thinking lead to certain forms of violent crime. It was observed that based on tables and inferential tests, different criminal thinking styles are related to the prevalence of different types of crime. It has been clearly observed that some disorders are more common among women offenders and others are more common among men. However, there are some disorders that are similar in men and women. Different styles of criminal thinking relate differently to the number of crimes, the history of the crime, and the history of the same crime, and this shows that different styles of criminal thinking can create different patterns in the commission of a crime.

    Keywords: Personality disorders, Criminal thinking, Violent crimes
  • Fatemeh Ferdowsi, Anousheh Haghighi, Mitra Barati, Fatemeh Shirani, Hossein Keyvani, Mehri Naghdalipour, Nahid Kianmehr* Page 5
    Background

    The role of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in triggering or exacerbating systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) remains a subject of debate. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence rate of CMV infection between individuals with and without SLE.

    Materials and Methods

    This cross-sectional comparative study recruited 52 consecutive patients with SLE (based on the criteria determined by the Systemic Lupus Collaborating Clinics, 2012) and 52 healthy subjects. The exclusion criteria were immunodeficiency and other background diseases. CMV infection was assessed according to serology (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR).

    Results

    Immunoglobulin G (IgG) was positive in all participants. Immunoglobulin M (IgM) was positive in eight SLE patients (15.4%) and none of the controls (p = 0.003). The PCR was positive in four SLE patients (7.7%) and none of the controls (p = 0.041). IgM level was not related to age, gender, literacy, marital status, family history, SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI), or duration of the disease (p > 0.05).

    Conclusion

    According to this study, CMV infection was higher in SLE patients but was not related to the type of organ involvement, type of immunosuppressive drug, or SLEDAI.

    Keywords: Cytomegalovirus, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Infection
  • Mahdiyeh Sarraf Razavi, Mahdiyeh Rahmanian*, Maryam Zamani, Parivash Purabassi, Sara Ramezani, Hadis Ghaffari Khaligh Page 6
    Background

    Self-esteem, the value we place on ourselves, has been associated with effects on health, and life satisfaction. Many studies reported that children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suffer from low self-esteem has been associated with negative life outcomes. The present study investigated neural correlation of self-esteem in this group compared with typically developing children using the event-related potentials (ERP).

    Materials and Methods

    A total number of 10 children with ADHD were compared with 10 typically developing children matched with their age, gender and IQs. We employed the event-related potential (ERP) technique to explore neural manifestations of implicit self-esteem using the Go/Nogo association task (GNAT). Participants generated a response (Go) or withheld a response (Nogo) to self-words and good or bad attributed.

    Result

    ERP results showed delayed N200 response in frontal areas in bad condition in normal children compared to ADHD children (p <0.05), indicating positive self-esteem.

    Conclusion

    The present study provides neural evidence for probably low self-esteem in ADHD children.

    Keywords: ADHD, Event-related potentials (ERP), N200 component, Self-esteem