فهرست مطالب

Future of Medical Education Journal - Volume:10 Issue: 2, 2020
  • Volume:10 Issue: 2, 2020
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1399/03/12
  • تعداد عناوین: 9
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  • Abdolreza Gilavand, Yadollah Mehralizadeh * Pages 3-8
    Background

    One of the most important factors in assessing the success of a health system reform plan is the periodic review of the satisfaction of health care providers. Hence, this study was conducted to evaluate the clinical faculty members’ satisfaction with the implementation of the health system reform plan in Iran.

    Methods

    This research is a descriptive and cross-sectional study. The research population of this study included all clinical faculty members employed in the university, 90 of whom were randomly included in this study. A 13-item researcher-made questionnaire was used to assess their satisfaction.

    Results

    The mean score of general satisfaction was 2.17 ± 0.56. The highest dissatisfaction was related to the way of payment of salaries and benefits (93.4%) and the highest satisfaction was related to work hours and work shifts after implementation of the health system reform plan (16.7%) compared to before. In addition, variables of age (P = 0.019) and type of employment (P = 0.027) of clinical faculty members had a significant effect on their satisfaction with the implementation of the health system reform plan. However, the effect of other variables was not significant (P <0.05).

    Conclusion

    Based on the results of this study, the satisfaction of clinical faculty members with the implementation of the health system reform plan was at an undesirable level. It is necessary to pay more attention to the dimensions in which people had the highest dissatisfaction in future planning aimed at periodically monitoring this plan and resolving potential problems.

    Keywords: Health System Reform Plan, Job satisfaction, Clinical Faculty Member, Iran
  • Majid Farahian *, Farshad Parhamnia Pages 9-15
    Background

    Quality of education plays a key role in the development of education. Having this perspective in mind the researchers explored the quality of ESP courses from ESP instructors point of views and investigated the role of quality of education of ESP courses in information-seeking behavior of the students. They also probed the possible relationship between EFL instructors reflective practice and the quality of ESP courses.

    Methods

    79 ESP instructors, were given the researcher- made quality of education in ESP and the English language teaching reflection inventories. At the end of the term, 317 nursing students received an information-seeking behavior questionnaire. To consolidate the findings, 15 volunteer students were interviewed.

    Results

    Based on the findings, the quality of ESP courses as reported by ESP instructors was poor. As the responses to the questionnaire of quality of education in ESP revealed, the instructors reported that they do not have sufficient information on subject matters, the content of the lessons is not updated and is not motivating. It was also reported that not all language skills are included in the course and at the same time the teacher-centered courses are not communicative.

    Conclusions

    It was disappointing to find that students are not encouraged to use resources other than their coursebook and their needs are not taken care of. The instructors reflective practice was also under the expected mean. It was also found that there was a significant correlation between EFL instructors reflective practice and the quality of ESP courses.

    Keywords: quality of education, ESP courses, information-seeking behavior, reflective practice, nursing students’
  • Tahereh Ghaffari, Fahimeh Hamedirad *, Ahmad Kak Darvishi Pages 16-19
    Background

    The purpose of this study was to identify differences and similarities in teachers' and students’ viewpoints about the factors affecting this evaluation.

    Methods

    In this cross-sectional study, 70 teachers and 148 students (34.86 % females and 65.13 males) of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences were selected by convenience sampling. Data were gathered using a questionnaire which included demographic characteristics of teachers and students, separately. For comparing opinions of teachers and students in four general factors, mean and standard deviation were calculated.

    Results

    There was no significant difference between the mean score of students' and teachers' viewpoints considering factors related to teachers' individual - personality characteristics and theoretical - clinical conditions of education . But a significant difference was observed between their mean score regarding factors related to practical course and educational activities .

    Conclusion

    According to results, teacher's educational activities were considered the most effective factors.

    Keywords: University Teacher Evaluation, Teaching evaluation, Teaching
  • Fatemeh Babadi, Mohammad Shooriabi, Hamed Saberikia *, Maria Cheraghi Pages 20-27
    Introduction

    Assessment of student clinical performance is one of the most difficult tasks of faculty members. Logbook is one of the most effective methods for educational assessment. The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy of logbook from the viewpoints of Ahvaz dental students and faculty members of Department of Oral and Maxillofacial medicine.

    Methods

    The present cross-sectional study was conducted on the 70 students and six faculty members of Department of Oral and Maxillofacial medicine, School of Dental Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. The questionnaire was prepared from previous studies and included four areas of necessity, quality, format, and implementation process and how to complete the logbook. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical analysis, independent t-test, and SPSS ver.18.

    Results

    The viewpoint of faculty members regarding the four features of logbook and the overall view of the logbook was more than the students. However, no significant difference was found between the viewpoint of students and faculty members. 50.7% of the students and more than 50% of the faculties considered the use of the logbook necessary to ensure consistent educational standards in clinical training. They also showed that the logbook meets all 50% of the educational standards both in format and implementation process.

    Conclusion

    Faculty members and students showed a positive view of logbook, but positive overall view of the faculty members was more than the students. Therefore, reviewing the logbook is not necessary, but more familiarity with the logbook content seems necessary.

    Keywords: Logbook, Students, dental, Educational Measurement
  • Hamid Abbaszadeh * Pages 28-33
    Background

    The traditional medicine constitutes an integral part of the culture of the Iranians. After Birjand dental school presented traditional medicine course for dental students for the first time in Iran, this study aimed to evaluate dental students' viewpoints about traditional medicine course.

    Methods

    After approving optional traditional medicine course for dental students in the relevant councils of Birjand University of medical sciences, Birjand dentistry students' viewpoints were evaluated in two separate semesters through open ended questionnaires which their validity and reliability were confirmed. The questionnaires were designed on a five-point Likert scale. The mean of scores for each question and the mean of student scores on all 16 questions were calculated and by comparing with median, positive or negative viewpoints were evaluated.

    Results

    In the first and second runs of course, only two questions (teachers' mastery on the content, student satisfaction from final and exam) scored above the median. In the first run of the course and totally,” student's willingness to repass course” acquired the least score. All of mean students’ score for sum of 16 questions were below than 3 in two runs of course. Students were generally dissatisfied with the inappropriate timing of classes, the high amounts of content, the impracticality of the subjects, and the lack of relevance to the field of dentistry.

    Conclusion

    All of dentistry students had negative viewpoint to traditional medicine course in this form. It is recommended that ii is provided to dental students in a more practical way and as workshops.

    Keywords: Traditional Medicine, Dental Student, Opinion, Curriculum
  • Mohsen Hajizadeh Saffar *, Mohsen Asadinejad, Javad Arianmanesh Pages 34-39
    Background

    In this article "Student to Staff Index" was improved by implying student grades and staff academic ranks in every institute as a new "Standard S. to S. Index". Also "Utilized S. from S. Index" was introduced for controlling and ranking the private universities.  

    Methods

    This index uses the numbers of classes and students attended in each class, and also the grade of the staff and their teaching hours during each semester or academic year, and are presented as a descriptive study.

    Results

    Data for calculation of these indexes were used from two universities of non-private and private using mostly wide range of specialist teachers as part-time or fee staff. The SSU Index of these two institutes for BSc students and assistant professors were respectively 1.14 and 1.33.

    Conclusions

    The results showed that the institutions can use more staff via invited part-time and hence select those with expert knowledge and more specialization.  Utilizing Student (BSc.) to Staff (assist. Prof.) Index showed that it can be used for comparing and ranking of educational situation or qualifying the educational services in universities.

    Keywords: Standard Student to Staff Index, Student, Staff Utilized Index, Staff allocation Index
  • Ebrahim Nasiri, Meysam Heydari *, Omid Zadi Akhuleh, Naval Heydari, Seyyed MuhammadMahdi Mahdavinoor Pages 40-46
    Background

    Clinical education is the most critical component of surgical technology and anesthesiology student’s education. Therefore, this study was designed to determine the amendable challenges and barriers of clinical education from the viewpoints of operating room and anesthesia students and clinical instructors.

    Methods

    In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 132 students (surgical technology and anesthesiology) and 17 clinical instructors of Sari Allied School were selected by consensus method. Data collection was performed using the Demographic and researcher-made questionnaire about the amendable challenges and barriers of clinical education. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 20.

    Results

    From the viewpoints of students, the most challenge and barrier was “lack of suitable space for clinical education”. Also, the most amendable barriers were “lack of clinical educators”. From the clinical educators’ perspective, the most challenges and barriers to clinical education were respectively; a large number of students in the ward and low motivation of students for teaching.

    Conclusion

    The challenges and obstacles that can be corrected in clinical education from the perspective of surgical technology and anesthesiology students were the lack of instructors in the clinic. And from the point of view of clinical educators, there were a large number of students in the clinic; however, there was less motivation for students to learn. It is necessary to improve the quality of clinical education in these two fields and improve education.

    Keywords: Clinical training, educational challenges, surgical technology, Anesthesiology, Students
  • Fateme Shalbaf Zadeh, Hakimeh Baseri, Seyed Reza Moallem, Seyed Mojtaba Mousavi Bazaz * Pages 49-56
    Background

    Nurses are the largest group of medical caregivers in the world. Having highly capable nurses in a healthcare system is directly associated with more favorable outcomes for patients. The rapid development of new medical procedures and equipment necessitates constantly developing new skills and competencies. Thus one of the effective means towards their efficient training is to identify and assess their educational needs. The purpose of this investigation is to study educational needs of nurses by ISO 10015 method.

    Methods

    A descriptive survey research was designed surveying all of the nursing staff of Razi Hospital of Torbat Heydarieh. At the first stage of the study, necessary competencies and skills were identified using two methods of Delphi and job analysis, and then educational needs assessment was done according to ISO 10015 steps. The tools used were researcher designed questionnaires and their reliability and validity were tested by achieving a Cronbach's alpha of 83.9%, and by content validity method, respectively. Data analysis was done using version 16 of SPSS software.

    Results

    Three hundred and sixty-one skills were identified and were categorized into three categories of general (48 skills), specialized (303 skills), and management (10 skills). Nurses had acceptable competencies in 312 of the identified skills, while there were educational and structural gaps found in 8 general, 36 specialized and 5 management skills, as well as the solutions to overcome the gaps were proposed by a group of experts. At the end, 7 general, 33 specialized and 5 management skills were identified and recorded as knowledge gaps.

    Conclusion

    In this study we found out that the specialized skills are the most important educational needs (ABG interpretation, ventilator settings, and cardiac arrhythmias for nurses; and staff and patients’ needs assessment for head nurses) followed by general nursing skills (hemovigilance), and management skills (quality management). The identified knowledge gaps were considered in planning for the future trainings of the study population.

    Keywords: Educational Needs Assessment, ISO 10015, Nursing competencies, Delphi technique, Job Analysis technique
  • Roghayeh Zardosht * Page 57

    As a historical era, postmodernism signifies transition from inflexible and logical positivism and entry into a new view to science. Postmodernism offers a number of nursing practice revise that including humanism, conditions, and borderless, multi-voice, view, and multicultural world, changes in meaning of knowledge, and life-long learning. Demographic changes, technological advances, ethnic and cultural diversity, poverty, and other issues have thus encountered nursing profession more than before with demanding challenges in the field of health care services. I personally believe that nurses’ philosophical thinking can have significant effects on development of patient care programs. Under the influence of postmodern assumptions, nursing care can also put emphasis on plurality, respect for cultural and individual differences, relativism of truth or reality, constructive discourse, different views to special knowledge, positioning, as well as listening to different voices. Besides, postmodernists reject traditional of truth and any kind of centralism and work against consideration of a central truth in life.

    Keywords: Nursing care, Nursing, Postmodernism