فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:5 Issue: 2, 2020
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1399/06/16
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
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  • Kambiz Karimzadeh Shirazi* Pages 316-317
  • Zeinab Bazvand, Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian*, Sahar Boozari, Shahnaz Shahrbanian Pages 318-328

    Aim One of the most important musculoskeletal injuries in health system is neck pain. Therefore the effect of a virtual educational program based on ergonomics principles and at-work exercises regarding prevention of neck pain among nurses working in Imam Khomeini hospital in Pole dokhtar city, Lorestan province of Iran will be studied. Methods and Instruments: This is a semi-experimental study that will be performed on nurses working in Imam Khomeini Hospital in Pole dokhtar city of Iran. The nurses will be randomly selected and divided into two intervention and control groups. The frequency of MSD as well as nurses’ knowledge, attitude and behavior will be assessed using a standard Nordic questionnaire and a researcher-made questionnaire. Principles of ergonomics and at-work exercises will bw practiced just for intervention group. Reassessment will takes place after three months and the results will be compared to the control group through descriptive and analytical analyses.

    Keywords: Nurses, Educational Ergonomic, Exercise Intervention, Principals, Attitude, Behavior Change, Neck Pain
  • Seyedeh Somayeh Kazemi, Reza Maghbouli*, Mohammad Rafighi Pages 329-335
    Aims

    To determine the effects of the in-person interventions in employees suffering from Low Back Pain (LBP).

    Method and Instruments

     A quasi-experimental methodological design was utilized for this study. Participants were employees with LBP who participated in the Back School program workshop. The demographic questionaire, Visual Analog Scales (VAS), and behavior questionnaires were filled at baseline and 2 -onths follow up. The data were entered into SPSS and analyzed through the paired T-Test.

    Findings

    Thirty-one participants (27 males, 4 females) completed this survey. The study participants’ mean age was 40 ± 9.04 years. The intervention led to a decrease in the LBP scores of the employees (P< 0.0001) and improving behavior related to LBP.

    Conclusion

    This program can be suitable for the reduction of pain and improving behavior related to low back health among employees in the workplace.

    Keywords: Back School Program, Low Back Pain, Behavior, Employees
  • Fatteme Raiisi*, Fereshteh Amini, Mohammadmahdi Khani Pages 336-343
    Aims

    Quality of Life (QOL)is a basic and pervasive term for the quality of the various domains in human life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of skeletal-muscular pains on the quality of life in nursing and midwifery students.

    Method and Instruments

    This cross-sectional study was done in 120 nursing and midwifery students of Tehran University of Medical sciences (TUMS) aged between 18-22 years old. The students were selected by simple random sampling. They standard Nordic pain questionnaire and WHO-quality of life scales were applied to collect data. Mean / standard Deviation (SD) and T test were used to analyze data through SPSS-25 software.

    Findings

    The findings of tis study showed that midwifery students were better than nursing students in social health and environmental health, but in other quality of life dimensions, both students were almost similar (P>0.05). Moreover, the rate of musculoskeletal pain in nursing and midwifery students was almost the same. There was no significant difference between students` quality of life dimensions based on having or not having musculoskeletal pain (P>0.05).

    Conclusion

    To conclude, it seems that Skeletal-muscular pains do not have a significant effect on students’ quality of life due to their youth.

    Keywords: Musculoskeletal Pain, Quality of Life, Nursing, Midwifery students
  • Faezeh Moeini Badi* Pages 344-349
    AIM

    Musculoskeletal pain, the most common cause of disability globally, is most frequently managed in primary care. People with musculoskeletal pain in different body regions may have similar demographic characteristics. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the relationship between educational level and reducing musculoskeletal pain.

    Method and Instruments

    This cross sectional study was conducted among academic people working in Tarbiat Modares University from Apr to August 2020. The volunteer subjects were entered into this study after being informed about the aim and procedure of the study and signing the consent form. A researcher – made questionnaire based on the objectives of the study as well as a demographic characteristics questionnaire were used to collect data. In the objective based questionnaire, the participants were asked about their exercise doing and musculoskeletal pain. Data were entered into SPSS version 26 software and analyzed using descriptive/ analytical test.

    Findings

    Totally 93 participants with mean age of 36.15±11.42 years old were participated in the study. Of all participants, . Furthermore, 51 participants (54.8%) were male and 42 participants (45.2%) were female. Mann Whitney’s test showed that there was a significant relationship between gender and exercise activity (P value =<.001), which was higher in men than women. However, there was no significant relationship between musculoskeletal pain and educational level. (P = 0.401).

    Conclusion

    This study showed that the muscloskeletal pain were in similar severity in different level of education. However, doing further researches with larger sample size is recommended.

    Keywords: Educational Level, Musculoskeletal Pain, Relationship
  • Fatteme Raiisi* Pages 350-356
    Aim

    Pain in addicts is a physiological and psychological variable that can affect Quality of Life (QOL). The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between pain perception and (QOL) in addicts.

    Method and Instrument

     This study has a descriptive – correlational method. In this cross-sectional study 100 addicts who were referred to addiction treatment centers and aged between 20 and 55 years old were studied. The sample was selected by purposive sampling method. They completed the WHO-QOL scale and McGill pain questionnaire. To test the hypotheses, Pearson correlation & multiple regression tests were used. Data were analyzed by SPSS-22.

    Findings

    The results of this study showed that there is a significant relationship between pain and QOL in addicts. According to the results of this study, 18.1% of the variance in QOL variables were explained by pain.

    Conclusion

    To conclude, it seems that addicts who percept more severe pain percept lower QOL. Therefore, it is possible to predict the QOL of addicts through their pain severity perception.

    Keywords: Pain Perception, Quality of Life(QOL), Addicts