فهرست مطالب

  • پیاپی 132 (زمستان 1398)
  • بهای روی جلد: 50,000ريال
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1399/06/20
  • تعداد عناوین: 7
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  • Farideh Pishvaei, Tayyebeh Heydari rad Page 7

    One of the doubts raised in the book “the Critique of the Holy Qur’an” is about women’s marriage portion mentioned in some verses related to marriage portion. Given the importance of the issue of marriage portion and based on the holy Qur’an as one of the main sources of deriving Islamic rulings, it is necessary to answer these doubts. Using analytical-descriptive method and library-based resources, particularly the books on commentaries and narrations, this paper tries to answer these doubts. Using the rules of interpretation, it is proved that the word “marriage portion” in the Qur’an cannot be replaced by “Bai” and “Hala”; rather, the words such as “Nahle”, “Sadoqat”, “Misaq”, “Fariza” and “Ajr” have been used in the Qur’an. Hence, marriage portion is not the price for selling girls to be used for men’s sexual pleasure; rather, it is a precious gift from a man who offers it as a sign of his sincerity in a bilateral marriage contract, which brings nothing but benefit to the woman. In Islam, after getting married, men and women have some duties and rights that have been wisely and justly specified; that is why if those duties are not performed, part or all of the rights, including marriage portion, will be removed. This is true for men neglecting their duties, and if a man practices disobedience or collaborates with others in accusing a woman of prostitution, he will be in demand to give woman’s rights.

    Keywords: Saha, doubt, women’s marriage portion, the Quranic verses
  • Fatemeh Tahmasebi Page 33

    The verses including the virtues of the Ahl al-Bayt (AS) are those that indirectly indicate the merit of the Imams for caliphate and Imamate over others; therefore, throughout the history of Islam, Sunni commentators have taken different positions against it. Using analytical-library method, the present paper has tried to study these verses in the commentary of “Ibn Kathir Dameshqi”, the commentator and historian of the eighth century and an important figure among the Sunnis, who in terms of beliefs was a follower of Ibn Taymiyyah and in terms of history and commentary was a follower of Tabari. The paper has compared his commentary with other earlier interpretations of the Sunnis, especially Tabari, and clarified how he dealt with these verses. Examination of this interpretation shows that Ibn Kathir acknowledged some of the virtues of the Ahl al-Bayt in these verses and at the same time considered others as sharing some of the virtues. However, he has either denied or attributed to other people those virtues of the Ahl al- Bayt that emphasize the merit of the Infallibles (AS) to gain the position of guardianship over the Ummah. The result of the research is that contrary to his commitment to state the truths of the Qur’an, Ibn Kathir engaged in personal inferences and in interpreting these verses, acted on the basis of his religious prejudices and did not even mention the story of Laylat al-Mubayt and Ghadir Khumm which he discussed in detail in his history book.

    Keywords: Ahl al-Bayt (AS), verses of virtues of Ahl al-Bayt (AS), Ibn Kathir, Tafsir Al-QuranAl-Azeem
  • Firoozeh Deldari, Narjes Sadat Mohseni Page 59

    The issue of knowledge, one of the essential attributes of God the Exalted, is one of the most important philosophical and theological issues with a special position in the works of philosophers and theologians, and various opinions have been presented about it. A superficial attitude towards the attributes of God, including knowledge and lack of attention to and sufficient understanding of the philosophy of afflictions has led to questions that have been discussed in detail by great figures such as Fakhr Razi and Allameh Tabatabai in their works. The ideas of these two commentators is due to the fundamental difference between their principles and viewpoints. Fakhr Razi has a deterministic view of the subject of the divine test, whereas Allameh Tabatabai emphases on the issue of man’s free will. Arguing for the eternal divine knowledge, Allameh believes that the divine knowledge is the entity of essence and eternally, in a non-detailed yet detailed way, includes all the information and secrets of beings, and man’s affliction, despite free will, has been in the realm of divine knowledge. However, Fakhr Razi considers the divine knowledge to be related to the essence and believes that the divine knowledge has eternally been detailed to the beings. He does not believe in human affliction because it would indicate ignorance in the divine realm. He also considers the acceptance of divine foreknowledge to be the basis of determinism. Allameh considers this idea to be distorted and believes that Fakhr-e-Razi’s mistake lies in the idea that God’s knowledge is acquired. Allameh believes that all creation is in the presence of God and is subject to the intuitive knowledge of God.

    Keywords: divine knowledge, tradition of affliction, determinism, free will, AllamehTabatabai, Fakhr Razi
  • Tal’at Hassani Bafrani, Narges Sa’dabadi Page 79

    Given the educational wonder and the impact of Quranic verses, it has become necessary to address the educational teachings of this divine book in its various fields and dimensions. Confrontational illustration, one of the most attractive and effective formats in conveying educational concepts, has been used in several verses of the Qur’an. Due to the high efficiency of this format, the present study seeks to investigate such illustration in Surah Zumar and discover its educational implications. For this purpose, relying on interpretive sources and Islamic educational sciences, the authors collected the data through the library method and then carried out the study analytically-descriptively. In Surah Zumar , in three sections concerning the mental and spiritual states of human beings, the reward and punishment for deeds, and the conversations about the inmates of hell and heaven, confrontational illustration are used prominently. The main function of using the element of confrontational illustration includes deep and effective transmission of the educational teachings of divine knowledge and its subfunctions, creating a suitable ground for providing correct patterns, increasing knowledge, motivation and desire for a happy ending and intensifying hatred and loathing for the ominous ending that awaits the evildoers.

    Keywords: confrontational illustration, contrasting scenes, Surah Zumr, educational interpretation
  • Somayeh Sadeghi Page 99

    Different views have been expressed by commentators about the occasion of the revelation of the initial verses of Surah Ma’arij. Citing a narration, some consider the occasion of revelation to be related to the appointment of Imam Ali (as) to the Imamate on the day of Ghadir, and others, considering the Meccan nature of Surah Al-Ma’arij, object to this idea and suggest some other occasions of revelation. The present paper aims to examine the views of commentators in this regard, analyzing their approach to the occasion of the revelation of these verses and its relationship with the Meccan or Medinan nature of the surah. The findings of the research show that the most acceptable narration about the occasion of the revelation of these verses is the narration that considers it related to the events of Ghadir. There are several justifications for the connection between this occasion of revelation and the Meccan nature of the surah: First, the common point of all the occasions of revelation is that these verses are related to verse 32 of Surah Anfal which is a Medinan surah. Second, it is possible that this occasion of revelation is one of the examples of the verse. This interpretation is obtained according to the meaning of the occasion of revelation and its difference with the cause of revelation, because in terms of definition, the occasions of revelation is not necessarily an event after which the verse was revealed. Third, the verse has been re-revealed and this has happened in cases where a verse or surah was revealed once in Mecca and the second time for another reason in Medina. There is also the possibility of recitation of these verses by the Prophet or Gabriel at the time of the occurrence of that event. Therefore, this occasion of revelation for Surah is the most correct occasion of revelation and does not contradict the Meccan nature of Surah.

    Keywords: Saala Sael, the occasion of revelation, Imamate of Imam Ali (AS), Ghadir, SurahMa’arij
  • Saeed Davoodi Limoni, Seyedeh Marzieh Alavi Page 117

    The present study titled “an Interpretive-jurisprudential study of women’s clothing from the perspective of Islamic sects” has been conducted using a descriptive-analytical method. The words hijab, khamar and jilbab are among God’s interpretations of the type of covering used by human beings, which have been discussed and explained in Shiite and Sunni commentators’ interpretations of verses 30 and 31 of Surah Noor and verse 59 of Surah Al-Ahzab. Shiite and Sunni commentators do not disagree on the necessity of the principle of women’s hijab, but have made different statements about the limits of hijab. All commentators, both Shia and Sunni, agree that except for the face and hands, the rest of the female body is considered as private part for a non-mahram man and its covering is obligatory. In the verses of the Qur’an, in addition to emphasizing the necessity of keeping the hijab, the necessity of covering the head, neck and chest, hiding one’s ornaments and not showing off is stated. The study and analysis of the commentators’ views on the above verses shuts the way for those who claim that hijab and covering do not have Qur’anic support, and will be a prelude to responding to the doubts raised about these verses.

    Keywords: hijab, covering, veil, woman