فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:17 Issue: 1, Summer 2020
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1399/08/20
  • تعداد عناوین: 10
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  • Faisal Muhammad* Page 1
  • Mehrdad Haghighi, Shahin Salehi*, Mehrdad Ghasemian, Mahmoud Nouraei Page 2
    Background

    The COVID-19 pandemic has caused many changes in the educational structure of hospitals, so much so that the educational systems tend to use online education. In this regard, the Deputy of Education of Imam Hossein Hospital designed an application to expand this form of education in the hospital.

    Objectives

    The purpose of this study was to review various software used in online education in Imam Hossein Hospital, to obtain the strengths and weaknesses.

    Methods

    The present investigation was a scholarly approach study performed in Imam Hossein Hospital in Tehran in several stages during the COVID- 19 outbreak (beginning of March 2020). First, the necessary infrastructure was examined through meetings held in the educational deputy of the hospital. Then, a system was created by the deputy by which teachers could upload educational files in different formats. Finally, the files uploaded by the faculty members were evaluated by the observers.

    Results

    In this study, professors uploaded 234 files in various formats to the hospital website. PowerPoint was the most frequent format in these files, of which 105 (44.8%) were uploaded. 42 (17.9%) files were sent as images. 27 (11.5%) were multimedia files in different formats. And 17 files (7.2%) were about the evaluation of the residents, which was conducted via Google form. Other files in total 43 (18.3%) included other formats. The average score of the educational files uploaded by the faculty members was 17.79 ± 3.26.

    Conclusion

    Since medical education is mostly based on students' clinical practice, the lack of an exclusive platform in this area is quite noticeable. The present study showed that professors at first do not necessarily choose the best platform for providing online education, but the most familiar software available. This trend, however, may change with experience. Therefore, it is better to suggest the best platform for professors from the very beginning of online education.

    Keywords: Distance Education, COVID-19, Teaching hospital
  • Ali Khaki Sedigh*, MohammadReza Ahanchian Page 4
    Background

    After the COVID-19 pandemic and the consequent restrictions assigned by the National Committee on Combating Coronavirus (NCCC), the Ministry of Science, Research, and Technology (MSRT) set up committees to trace and analyze the outcomes of the pandemic.

    Objectives

    This paper aimed to explain the policies, programs, and activities executed by MSRT and analyze the points of strength and weakness.

    Methods

    In this report, the MSRT experience during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Iran higher education (HE) system is briefly reported by referring to pieces of evidence documented by MSRT and analyzing strengths and, predicting the outcomes toward the future. The evidence was analyzed descriptively.

    Results

    The policies, plans, and actions were based on three key policies including participation, adaptation, and tolerance.

    Conclusion

    Iranian HE system has changed in many aspects during the recent months due to the COVID-19 pandemic. MSRT instantly reorganized its activities to coordinate its decisions with NCCC

    Keywords: Higher Education, Coronavirus Pandemic, Iran
  • Reza Malek Pourafshar, Reza Shojaeipour, Payam Khazaeli, Azam Bazrafshan, Amin Beigzadeh, MahmoudReza Dehghani* Page 5
    Background

    Currently, many medical universities in Iran use e-learning programs to educate and evaluate students. This teaching and assessment method is highly significant during the coronavirus epidemic.

    Objectives

    The present study was conducted to compare the analytic indices of in-person vs. online exams at the Kerman University of Medical Sciences, (KMUS) Iran.

    Methods

    This descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in 2020. The study samples included all exams given at the KMUS and midterm exam scores obtained from inperson and online courses in the first and second semesters in the academic year 2019-2020. The exams were selected based on courses, and the same courses were offered both in-person and online; thus, only one group was studied. Course exam indicators, including difficulty and discriminative index, were examined. Data analyzed using SPSS software version 22.

    Results

    The mean of the difficulty index related to in-person and online exams were (0.62 ± 0.1) and (0.68 ± 0.1), respectively. (P=0.01). The mean of the discriminative index related to in-person (0.30± 0.07) and online (0.33± 0.08) exams had no statistically significant difference (P>0.05). The frequency of easy questions in online exams was significantly higher, (55% vs. 43%) (p = 0.008). The frequency of questions with an appropriate discriminative index was significantly higher for in-person exams compared to online exams (58% vs. 54%) (p = 0.01).

    Conclusion

    The difficulty index was acceptable and appropriate for both in-person and online exams. Both exams had appropriate quality according to the discriminative index Therefore, it seems that e-learning programs and assessments can be a good alternative to in-person teaching in emergencies

    Keywords: Online Education, Student Evaluation, Coronavirus, Online Exam, DifficultyIndex, Discriminative Index
  • Sara Shafian, Peigham Heidarpoor, Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy, Shahram YazdanI* Page 6
    Background

    The outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) caused a pandemic in most countries, and how to face the pandemic is a major issue that needs to be addressed worldwide.

    Objectives

    The current study aimed at determining the competitive advantage and scientific strength of medical sciences universities to face this pandemic

    Methods

    A mixed-methods was employed to conduct the current study from May to April 2020 in three steps: a) identifying the academic departments with the most exposure to this pandemic; b) designing the protocol to calculate the scientific strength and competitive advantage, c) allocating the mission to academic departments.

    Result

    The scientific strength and competitive advantage were calculated for clinical and non-clinical departments in all medical sciences universities. The obtained results indicated that some universities, for instance, Tehran, Shahid Beheshti, Iran, Isfahan, Mazandaran, Shiraz, Kerman, and Mashhad, had the most competitive advantage that would increase their responsibility to face this pandemic.

    Conclusion

    Policy-makers that clearly identify the mission and objectives of their institutions and define the relevant tasks may have better performance based on the capacities and abilities of the medical sciences universities

    Keywords: Coronavirus, COVID-19, Academic Departments, Scientific Strength, Competitive Advantage, Mission Differentiation
  • Zahra Ayazi*, Soleiman.Ahmady Page 7
    Background

    In the current COVID-19 crisis, the necessity for respecting social distancing and making the new decisions by officials, and the closure of universities moved the classrooms to entire online home learning. Strategic planning allows the university to adapt its activities to meet the changing needs of the environment.

    Objectives

    The present study aimed at explaining the viewpoints of students and evaluating the phenomenon of virtual education of students during the COVID-19 pandemic in the Virtual School of Medical Education and Management of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in the academic year 2020. Internal and external factors affecting this system were identified and analyzed.

    Methods

    The present descriptive-survey described the conditions and characteristics of virtual education and surveyed students' viewpoints on factors affecting this system of education. Using the TOWS (Threats, Opportunities, Weaknesses, Strength) matrix, the internal and external factor evaluation matrices were plotted, and the final score of each factor was achieved by determining its coefficient and rank, and proper strategy was formulated after analysis.

    Results

    The TOWS matrix analyses showed the overtake of threats by opportunities and the exceed of strengths over weaknesses in factors affecting the virtual education, indicating the strategic status of the virtual education of the virtual school in the ST (strengths-threats) cell.

    Conclusion

    Coronavirus outbreak is not the end of a pandemic, and there is still the risk of the emergence of other diseases and crises. The valuable experience learned from the Coronavirus era can be used in the development of virtual education in the studied and other faculties. Fortifying strengths, benefitting from opportunities, reducing weaknesses, and fixing threats can provide a suitable strategic basis for planning virtual education in Iran

    Keywords: TOWS Analysis, Distance Education: Virtual Education, Student, COVID-19
  • MahmoodReza Dehghani, Somaye Noori Hekmat, Amin Beigzadeh* Page 8
  • Maryam Alizadeh, Mahboobeh Khabaz Mafinejad* Page 9