فهرست مطالب

Journal of Health Management and Informatics
Volume:9 Issue: 3, Jul 2022

  • تاریخ انتشار: 1401/11/04
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Seyyede Fatemeh Mousavi Biagi, Atefeh Sadat Mousavi, Khalil Kimiafar, Masoumeh Sarbaz * Pages 119-128
    Introduction

    Sensory disabilities, including hearing or speech and vision loss, are thesecond biggest contributor to rehabilitation needs in terms of the number of affected people.Therefore, the aim of this systematic review of randomized clinical trial was to investigate theeffect of telerehabilitation on people with sensory disabilities, including hearing, speech andvisual impairments.

    Methods

    A systematic review was conducted in a randomized controlled trial (RCT), pilot,and protocols for RCT studies without time limit by searching for keywords in the title,abstract and study keywords in valid scientific databases Embase, Web of Science, Scopus,and PubMed on October 23, 2021. We followed the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items forSystematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines.

    Results

    In total, 1080 documents were initially retrieved through scientific databasesearching. Finally, 8 eligible studies were found through this review. The quality assessmentresults showed that there was no significant bias in the studies and all quality studies wereincluded. The sample sizes in the studies ranged from 21 to 203 participants. Follow-upperiods ranged from 6 weeks to 12 months. Of the 8 included studies, 4 were experimentaland did not provide definitive results. However, in 4 studies, patients reported improvementsin hearing, speech, mental status, quality of life, and self-care skills.

    Conclusion

    The results of the present systematic review revealed that using telerehabilitationimproves the provision of rehabilitation services in patients with sensory disabilities (hearing,speech, and visual impairment). Hence, telerehabilitation is a safe, effective, and feasible toolfor providing telerehabilitation services.

    Keywords: Telerehabilitation, Remote rehabilitation, Disability, Telemedicine, eHealth
  • Abolfazl Khosravi *, MohammadReza Fathi, Mohammad Javad Habibi, Seyed Mohammad Sobhani, Ali Younessi Pages 129-138
    Introduction

    In recent years, organizations have attempted in pursuit of preserving andsupporting their talents and human resources and have also increasingly enhanced theirhuman resource (HR) productivity to maintain their sustainability in HR and marketingthrough the facilitation of different aspects such as work and life balance. Therefore, the mainchallenge of the companies is maintaining the long-term customer relationships.

    Methods

    This is an applied research which used a descriptive correlational study in terms ofpurpose. The statistical population comprised nearly all hospitals in Tehran. The sample sizewas 115 interviewees. The data collection tool was a standard questionnaire, the reliability ofwhich was confirmed using Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient of 0.842. SmartPLS 3 software wasused for data analysis.

    Results

    The results suggested that socially responsible Human Resource Management, greenHRM, triple bottom line HRM, and common good HRM all had positive and significanteffects on sustainable marketing. Also, sustainable marketing had a positive and significanteffect on customer equity.

    Conclusion

    The research results can be used to build brand equity in pursuance of asustainable HRM implementation and sustainable marketing, leading to a basis for theprogression and development of other hospital brands.

    Keywords: human resources, Equity, Marketing
  • Mahtab Mortezaei, MohammadJavad Jamshidi *, Mahdi Hosseinpour Pages 139-144
    Introduction

    In recent years, Business Intelligence (BI) has become an obvious necessityand an important element for the survival of any business. This study aimed to investigate theeffect of BI on organizational agility and innovation.

    Methods

    This research is quantitative in terms of paradigm and descriptive-correlational in termsof the type of study. The population of this study was the IT experts in Kermanshah hospitals (375people); they were selected using total number method, but after distributing the questionnairesamong all of them, only 97 complete questionnaires were collected and used for data analysis.Data were collected by a researcher-made questionnaire. Data analysis was performed by PartialLeast Squares (PLS) structural equation modeling using Smart PLS software.

    Results

    There was a positive and significant relationship between BI and organizationalagility and innovation in hospitals. In other words, if BI is used in a hospital, it will lead toorganizational agility, which will increase the ability of hospitals to respond to environmentalchanges and turn environmental threats into opportunities. Further, BI leads to moreorganizational innovation, i.e. the hospital will be able to deliver innovative services to thetarget community and gain more market share than its competitors.

    Conclusion

    Since hospitals are facing increasing pressure to find new ways to competeand deal with increased operating overhead costs, they need to establish BI to cope withthese changes, which will reduce the costs, increase the speed and efficiency, enhance theeffectiveness, and gain competitive advantage by promoting organizational agility andinnovation.

    Keywords: Business intelligence, Hospital information systems, Hospitals, Organizational innovation
  • Alireza Mirahmadizadeh, Alireza Heiran *, Roya Sahebi, Fatemeh Azadian, Reza Shahriarirad, Mohammadhossein Sharifi Pages 145-153
    Introduction
    Like many countries, in our country schools were reopened by September2021, mainly because of massive personal and social costs due to the social distancingstrategies. With the emergence of Omicron variant, questions are raised and still not fullyanswered about the causes of a noticeable increase in pediatric ICU admissions. Currently,schools have reopened. In this retrospective study, the parents’ willingness to September 2021school reopening was investigated.
    Methods
    We extracted data from approximately 3,700 parents. The data gathering tool wasa self-administered, semi-structured, web-based survey, which was filled by the parents fromJuly 18th, 2021 to August 3rd, 2021.
    Results
    Only 38.4% of parents agreed with school reopening. The most common reasonparents were concerned with, irrespective of their agreement status, was full vaccinationof students, teachers, and staff (83.6%); also, the most common concern that might haveenforced the parents to consider school reopening was lower learning achievements at homeusing the online platforms (55.6%). Furthermore, full-time online learning was still themostly preferred mode of reopening by the parents (43.48%).
    Conclusion
    The agreement with school reopening was low among the parents and theirhighest concern was full vaccination of students, teachers, and staff. During the longerclosure, the impact on students will worsen; policymakers should accelerate and encouragethe vaccination of young ages, supply safety measures, and retain the trust of the communityfor school reopening.
    Keywords: COVID-19, children, Student, Parent, School, School reopening, Reopening, Vaccine
  • Mohsen Khosravi *, Narges Sadat Nasabi, Ehsan Gouraki, Fatemeh Ramezani Pages 154-161
    Introduction
    With emergence of the Covid-19 pandemic, hospitals, as the core organizationalstructure of the healthcare sector providing services to the patients affected by the virus, wereconfronted with several issues. The aim of this study was to investigate the challenges andproblems of hospitals during the corona virus pandemic.
    Methods
    This is a qualitative phenomenological study using a content analysis approach byencoding the data retrieved from 41 hospitals in Fars province, Iran.
    Results
    The content analysis of the data yielded 4 themes, 15 subthemes, and 1140 codes.Factors like lack of managerial knowledge, lack of medical knowledge, impairment in hospitalinformation system (HIS), and lack of resources were shown as the major contributors leadingto inefficiency and ineffectiveness in hospitals during the pandemic.
    Conclusion
    This research highlighted the issue of ‘lack of managerial knowledge’ among thehealthcare staff as the most prominent weakness of hospitals when faced with the pandemic,which urgently needs to be addressed by scholars and managers in the scope of study toenhance the theoretical and practical framework in knowledge of management within theemployees.
    Keywords: COVID-19, Pandemics, Hospital planning, Hospital costs, Hospital Administration
  • Narjes Alsadat Nasabi, Najmeh Bordbar *, Mohsen Varzandeh, Ali Yusefi Pages 162-169
    Introduction
    Human resources are the strategic capital of any organization. In addition toemployee training, human resource development includes career development consideringappointment indicators. Therefore, the present study aimed to identify general and specificindicators of career path development for administrative staff of Shiraz University of MedicalSciences.
    Methods
    This descriptive-analytical study was performed in 2021. The study populationconsisted of managers, directors, and experts in administrative affairs of Shiraz Universityof Medical Sciences who were selected using the census method. A researcher-madequestionnaire including demographic information, semi-open questions, and open-endedquestions was used to collect data. Descriptive statistics on SPSS23 as well as a five-stepframework analysis were applied to analyze the data using MAX QDA10.
    Results
    A total of 107 questionnaires were completed and returned. Public Administration(Human Resource) field (53.27%), Bachelor’s Degree (46.73%), 1-5 years’ employmenthistory (50.47%), and indigenousness (56.07%) were general indicators of the career pathdevelopment among the individuals in administrative positions. Gender (86.92%) andemployment status (56.07%) were not among the minimum qualifications for administrativecareer path development. Communication skills and familiarity with employment laws andregulations with 22 repetitions were the most important training needs of the administrativeemployees, and practical, experimental, and fieldwork with 27 repetitions was the mostappropriate administration training method.
    Conclusion
    Particular attention should be paid to the indicators of staff appointment in anyorganization. Therefore, the indicators identified in this study can be used by human resourcemanagers for career path development among administrative staff.
    Keywords: Indicator, career path development, administrative staff, Health, Iran
  • Ommolbanin Hassanloofard, Hassan Amiri *, Koroush Parsa Moein Pages 170-183
    Introduction
    Nowadays, the reduction of behavioral emotions among employees oforganizations is of great importance and extent. Moreover, the component of strengtheningmindfulness is an important issue based on mental psychological responses in reducingthe damage caused by behavioral emotions. The current research aimed to determine thecomponents of an appropriate model to reduce behavioral emotions through the mindfulnessof social security organization employees.
    Methods
    In order to achieve the goals of the research, firstly, the theoretical foundationsand the background of the research related to the regulation of behavioral emotions throughmindfulness were investigated, and the indicators of this type of evaluation were determined;consensus was reached using the fuzzy Delphi method and the opinion of experts. Then, todetermine the factor loading of the indexes of each of the components, we used confirmatoryfactor analysis test in structural equations and Smart PLS software. Therefore, the currentresearch with its method of mixed exploration can be considered as developmental researchand an applied one in terms of its objective. In the qualitative part, the statistical populationincluded 30 experts using a non-random and snowball method, and in the quantitative part,a sample of 200 managers and employees of the social security organization was included.
    Results
    According to the results based on the review of the literature and interviewsconducted, 76 factors were identified based on the literature and interviews. Furthermore,12 sub-indices for behavioral emotions were categorized in the form of components such asdescriptive observation, mindful action, acceptance without judgment and non-reaction, aswell as 12 sub-indices for the construct of mindfulness in the form of components such asanger, anxiety and stress, fear, and sadness.
    Conclusion
    Mindfulness-based interventions can help strengthen coping strategies to dealwith this reality and maintain the employees’ mental health and well-being.
    Keywords: Behavioral emotions, Mindfulness, Stress, Employee Performance, Social Security Organization
  • Ali Pakdaman, Mehrdad Karajizadeh *, Mahdi Nasiri, Roxana Sharifian Pages 184-191
    Introduction
    The present study aimed to investigate the impact of business intelligencedashboards on creating healthcare reports.
    Methods
    This is a cross-sectional study conducted in 2018 based on the type of data inoccupational medical records of Shiraz Oil Company. First, based on non-structuredinterviews with occupational health authorities, the weaknesses of the existing healthreporting system, the required indicators, and requirements of a business intelligence (BI)system were gathered. Then, according to the type of information available in the occupationalmedical records, business intelligence system including data warehouse and dashboardswere implemented. Finally, to find out the effect of dashboards on the process of creatinghealthcare reports, the authors investigated the taskcomplexity, speed, and usability of thesystem using the cognitive walkthrough method, System Usability Scale (SUS), and SoftwareUsability Measurement Inventory (SUMI) questionnaires.
    Results
    Findings indicated that the existing system was not user-friendly, was difficult to useand very slow, and required a lot of experience to work with. Results show that BI dashboardscan tackle these problems. Moreover, the results of the usability evaluation of BI dashboardsusing the SUS and SUMI questionnaires were 90/100 and 67/73, respectively.
    Conclusion
    Based on the results, it can be concluded that the business intelligence dashboardcan solve the problems of traditional reporting systems such as slowness and difficulty inproducing analytical reports. Also, usability of BI dashboards was acceptable. Results indicatedthat BI dashboards could solve the mentioned problems, were much faster and user- friendlierthan the existing system, and needed a little knowledge to work with. BI dashboard drasticallydecreases the problems of health managers in creating reports.
    Keywords: Clinical decision support systems, Business intelligence, Clinical dashboard, Data Analysis, Usability evaluation