فهرست مطالب

Journal of Holistic Nursing and Midwifery
Volume:33 Issue: 1, Winter 2023

  • تاریخ انتشار: 1401/12/08
  • تعداد عناوین: 9
|
  • Rasoul Tabari-Khomeiran, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Fateme Jafaraghaee, Marzieh Jahani Sayad Noveiri, Nastaran Mirfarhadi* Pages 1-14
    Introduction

    Understanding the unmet care needs of breast cancer survivors is one of the important aspects of healthcare service.

    Objective

    This study aimed to identify the unmet needs of breast cancer survivors.

    Materials and Methods

    This research is an integrative review of evidence-based studies from five electronic databases (Web of Science, PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, and Google Scholar), which was conducted with no time limit until December 2020. Eligible articles were critically reviewed and scored using the mixed methods appraisal tool (MMAT).

    Results

    A total of 28 articles were reviewed, including 7 qualitative, 19 quantitative, and 2 mixed methods studies. “Survival care needs” are referred to information needs, unmet communication needs, and management of disease symptoms and complications. The “unperceived support needs” are referred to six themes of self-change, hurting hope, uncertain faith, unmet occupational needs, impaired sexual function, and forgotten social support.

    Conclusion

    As the survival rate of breast cancer increases, developing flexible strategies for long-term and changing unmet needs of these patients should be a priority for health policymakers to promote care for breast cancer patients.

    Keywords: Needs assessment, Women, Breast cancer, Integrity review
  • Fereshteh Abdolrahmi, Marzieh Kaboudi*, Hamid Kamerzarin, Bijan Kaboudi, Parastoo Mohammadi, Mozhdeh Horriat Pages 15-24
    Introduction

    Premenstrual syndrome has several physical and psychological complications. Since healthy family relationships and normal marital interactions are affected by a woman's physical and mental health, any disorder in this area decreases marital satisfaction and consequently endangers the mental health and survival of the family.

    Objective

    This study aimed to determine the effect of Fordyce happiness training on marital satisfaction and mental health in women with premenstrual syndrome.

    Materials and Methods

    This randomized controlled trial was performed in 2018-2019. A total of 40 women with the premenstrual syndrome were selected by convenience sampling and randomly divided into experimental (n=20) and control (n=20) groups. The experimental group received six sessions of the Fordyce happiness training program at weekly intervals in groups of 10. In both groups, the level of marital satisfaction and mental health was measured by Enriching and Nurturing Relationship Issues‚ Communication‚ and Happiness (ENRICH) marital satisfaction questionnaire, and the Goldberg Mental Health questionnaire three times: before, immediately after, and 45 days after the training sessions. The Chi-square test, Fisher exact test, independent t test, and repeated measures analysis of variance were conducted to analyze the obtained data.

    Results

    The Mean±SD ages of the experimental and control groups were 32.45±7.33 and 33.10±6.25 years, respectively. The mean scores of mental health in the experimental group compared to the control group in the pretest, post-test, and follow-up (43.95±4.38, 41.20±5.73, 40.25±5.88) had a decreasing trend (P<0.05) but the mean scores of marital satisfactions in the experimental group (81.90±7.18, 86.35±8.16, 86.80±7.96, respectively) increased (P<0.05). However, no significant change was observed in the control group. Time significantly affects the mean changes in mental health (P=0.002) and marital satisfaction (P=0.001) in the samples. The time-group effect also shows a significant change for both variables (partial eta-squared for mental health=0.174 and marital satisfaction=0.165); the changes in the mean mental health and marital satisfaction of the research samples over time are different between the experimental and control groups; there are changes in the mean score of the two variables in three time points.

    Conclusion

    The findings of the present study showed that Fordyce happiness training is effective in improving the level of marital satisfaction and mental health of women with premenstrual syndrome. Therefore, it is suggested that this training program is used to adapt women psychologically to the mood and physical changes of premenstrual syndrome.

    Keywords: Premenstrual Syndrome, Marital Satisfaction, Mental Health, Happiness
  • Reza Nemati*, Hakimeh Vahedparast, Yaghob Rashedi, Kamran Mirzaei, Masoud Bahreini Pages 25-33
    Introduction

    Diabetes is a serious, progressive, and costly disease that creates many limitations for its patient. Diabetes disrupts a person’s psychological and social adjustment and coping strategies, resulting in psychological complications for the patients.

    Objective

    This study aims to determine the role of personality traits in predicting resilience and coping strategies of patients with type 2 diabetes living in Bushehr City, Iran.

    Materials and Methods

    This cross-sectional study was performed on 120 patients with diabetes who were referred to healthcare centers in Bushehr. They were selected through the convenience sampling method. The study data were collected using the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, 60-item Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness Personality Inventory, and Coping Strategies Questionnaire. In addition, descriptive statistics and linear regression tests were employed to interpret the data.

    Results

    About 60.8% of the participants were female, and more than 90% were married and lived in urban areas. Based on the study’s results, there is a significant positive association between neuroticism and emotion-oriented (B=2.68, 95% CI; -0.666 to 4.701, P=0.01) and avoidance (B=2.60, 95% CI; -0.961 to 4.248, P=0.002) coping strategies. The results illustrated that neuroticism predicted resilience in patients with type 2 diabetes (B=-6.186, 95% CI; -11.632 to -0.741, P=0.026;), and the model predicted 9% of resilience (Adjusted R2=0.096).

    Conclusion

    According to the results of the present study, most patients with type 2 diabetes had neuroticism, which could decrease their resilience. Therefore, due to the increasing trend of diabetic patients in Iran, and considering the etiological factors, it is necessary to pay attention to the psychological and personality components of these patients to know and adapt more to their physical and mental conditions.

    Keywords: Coping strategies, Personality factors, Psychological resilience, Type 2 diabetes
  • Farhad Mohandespour, Razieh Maasoumi, Hassanali Pourmand, Sayed Najmedin Amir Shahkarami, Faezeh Daemi* Pages 34-42
    Introduction

    Sexual education programs are necessary for adolescents. According to the literature, adolescents find theater-based interventions more acceptable and memorable than traditional didactic teaching methods.

    Objective

    This study aims to summarize all the available primary research with theater-based interventions for sexual health education to adolescents.

    Materials and Methods

    In this systematic review, studies were searched in the databases of Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, ProQuest, Magiran, SID, and IranDoc, which were written in English or Farsi from 2011 to 2021. Quantitative and mix-method studies with a theater-based intervention for sexual education were selected.

    Results

    All of the 7 selected studies determined the impact of theater-based sex education on sexual activity and sexually transmitted diseases, and four studies on “psychological issues related to sexual health “or “healthy relationship” or “sexual violence.” The outcomes of the studies included increasing knowledge and self-efficacy and improving attitudes regarding sexual health, the intended age of first sex, and less risky behavior in condom usage. Also, two studies determined the appropriate method for theater-based sex education for adolescents.

    Conclusion

    Theater is an attractive and effective method of sexual education for adolescents. It is recommended that further interventional theater-based studies on adolescents should not only emphasize the biological aspects of reproduction but also focus on acquiring healthy behaviors.

    Keywords: Theatre, Sex education, Sexuality, Adolescent
  • Randa Mohamed Abobaker, Majed Sulaiman Alamri, Baderjamaan Alshaery, Ayman M. Hamdan-Mansour* Pages 43-51
    Introduction

    Employing innovative teaching strategies is urgently needed for nursing education systems.

    Objective

    This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of the jigsaw cooperative learning strategy on nursing students’ academic achievement and opinions.

    Materials and Methods

    This research is a randomized controlled trial. The study sample consisted of 160 nursing students randomly selected and assigned to the intervention (80 students in 8 groups of 10 students each) and the control group (80 students in another 8 groups of 10 students each). The study data were collected at two time points after the intervention. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data about students’ academic achievement and opinions regarding the jigsaw cooperative learning strategy (only for the intervention group). The Chi-squared test and repeated measure analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used for data analysis.

    Results

    The mean age of the experimental group was 20.8±0.74 years, while that of the control groups was 20.7±0.81 years. There is a significant difference in mean scores of academic achievements between the control and intervention groups (P=0.001) over time based on repeated measure ANOVA, and a significant difference between the two groups over time group effect by using repeated measure ANOVA (P=0.001). The paired t-test showed a significant difference between students’ academic performance in time I and time II (P<0.05). In the control group, the descriptive statistics show that students’ academic achievement (time I) was slightly higher in the posttest (time I) and dropped slightly in time II. The paired t-test showed a nonsignificant difference between students’ academic performance in time II and time I.

    Conclusion

    The results indicated the substantial need for using novel nursing education models in nursing education to enhance learning outcomes in training settings.

    Keywords: Collaborative Learning, Academic Achievement, Student Opinion, Nursing Students
  • Roya Sanginabadi, Farideh Kazemi, Azita Tiznobaik, Farzaneh Soltani* Pages 52-60
    Introduction

    Adolescents are at higher risk for mental health problems during pregnancy.

    Objective

    The present study was designed to investigate the impact of couple-centered counseling on pregnancy anxiety and concerns in female adolescents.

    Materials and Methods

    The present quasi-experimental study was conducted on primigravida adolescents referring to health centers in Hamadan City, Iran. Using the convenience sampling method, 90 pregnant adolescents were assigned to two groups (intervention group=45, control group=45) using a randomized block design. Both groups completed the demographic questionnaire, pregnancy-related anxiety questionnaire, and Cambridge worry scale. The intervention group received five counseling sessions with the presence of their spouses, in addition to routine pregnancy care. The control group only received routine prenatal care. Posttest was taken four weeks after finishing the consulting intervention. The groups were compared in terms of pregnancy-related anxiety and pregnancy worry scores using the independent t-test, the Chi-square test, the Fisher exact test, and the analysis of variance or covariance. In case of a significant difference between the groups, Cohen’s d effect size was calculated.

    Results

    There was no significant difference between the two groups regarding age, education, and occupation of adolescents and their spouses, duration of the marriage, housing situation, family members, and economic situation. The mean scores of pregnancy concerns in the intervention group (10.80±4.78) were significantly (P=0.001, Cohen’s d=2.41) lower than the control group (22.33±4.78). The mean scores of pregnancy anxiety in the intervention group (35.86±8.04) were significantly (P=0.001, Cohen’s d=2.74) lower than the control group (57.93±8.04).

    Conclusion

    Couple-centered counseling can reduce the anxiety and concerns of primigravid adolescents. It is recommended to use this effective, accessible, and acceptable approach to maintain and promote the mental health of pregnant adolescents.

    Keywords: Pregnancy in Adolescence, Anxiety, Consultation
  • Alemeh Sultani, Zahra Mirhosseini, Sedigheh Rastaghi, Mostafa Rad* Pages 61-68
    Introduction

    Poor sleep quality is a common problem among hemodialysis patients. Aromatherapy has few complications and is an effective approach to this problem.

    Objective

    The present study aimed to assess the effect of aromatherapy with jasmine essential oil on the sleep quality of hemodialysis patients.

    Materials and Methods

    This double-group clinical trial was conducted on 54 patients undergoing hemodialysis with poor sleep quality living in Sabzevar City, Iran, in 2021. The patients were divided into the intervention and control groups (21 in the intervention and 25 in control group) using the random allocation method with permuted blocks. The study data were collected using a demographic questionnaire and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), completed at the beginning of the study. The patients in the intervention group inhaled a piece of cotton smeared with jasmine essential oil every night for one month. The concentration of jasmine extract was 70%, the duration of inhalation was about 7 hours, and the distance between the place of cotton soaked in jasmine and the patient’s nose was 30 cm. Afterwards, the PSQI was completed again. Data analysis was performed using descriptive indices, the Chi-square test, the independent t-test, paired t-test, the Fisher exact test, and univariate analysis of variance. P Values less than 0.05 were considered significant.

    Results

    The patients were 18-70 years old. Comparing demographic data between the two study groups showed no significant difference in terms of age, gender, marital status, employment status, and education. In the intervention group, the Mean±SD of sleep quality decreased from 9.90±2.70 to 6.16±2.15 after aroma therapy. In the control group, the score decreased from 8.48±2.98 to 8.16±2.68. The analysis of variance for overall sleep quality after the intervention by modulating the effect of overall sleep quality before the intervention showed a significant difference among the groups in terms of overall sleep quality after the intervention (the effect size=0.24, P=0.001).

    Conclusion

    According to the results, aromatherapy with jasmine essential oil could enhance the sleep quality and sleep duration of the patient’s undergoing hemodialysis.

    Keywords: Chronic Kidney Disease, Sleep Quality, Hemodialysis, Oils
  • Hadis Biranvand, Mehdi Birjandi, Fateme Goudarzi, Heshmatolah Heydari* Pages 69-77
    Introduction

    Families of patients with low consciousness have an important role in supporting them and should acquire the necessary capability for patient care.

    Objective

    This study aimed to examine the effect of family-centered interventions on the self-efficacy of the families of patients admitted to the intensive care units.

    Materials and Methods

    This research was a randomized clinical trial with a pretest-posttest design conducted in intensive care units of hospitals in Khorram abad City, Iran, in 2019-2020. Seventy family members of patients were selected by convenience sampling and were assigned to the intervention (n=28) and control (n=28) groups by stratified random blocks. The study data were collected through the self-efficacy questionnaire and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. The intervention was carried out using a family-centered model. The collected data were analyzed using the statistical tests of the Chi-square, independent t-test, and paired t-test. Also, the generalized linear model was used to compare changes in self-efficacy scores of the two study groups after adjusting demographic, anxiety, and depression variables.

    Results

    Data analysis showed that most samples were male (53.8%) with a mean age of 38.15±8.68 years. The results showed a significant difference in the mean scores of self-efficacy, anxiety, and depression between the intervention and control groups (P=0.001). The intervention significantly increased the Mean±SD of caregivers’ self-efficacy (40.14±14.35, P=0.001) in the intervention group. The results showed that the self-efficacy mean score of the intervention group was 36 scores higher than the caregivers’ self-efficacy of the control group (95% CI; 20.6-51.4, P=0.028).

    Conclusion

    The participation of family members of patients with low consciousness in the care of the patients in the intensive care unit has an effective role in the self-efficacy of caregivers of these patients.

    Keywords: Family nursing, Self-efficacy, Consciousness disorders, Intensive care units
  • Sepideh Hajian*, Marzieh Bagherinia, Fereshteh Yazdani Pages 78-86
    Introduction

    An educational system that responds to the needs of society, besides needs assessment and community-based education, should allocate part of its research to society’s needs and priorities.

    Objective

    This study aims to evaluate the scientific and research products of reproductive health graduates in the field of social accountability in Iran.

    Materials and Methods

    The present study was conducted as an auditory study on all submitted dissertations in the field of reproductive health from 6 schools of midwifery nursing in Iran from 2010 to 2021. The first outcome of this study was the evaluation of scientific and research products of reproductive health graduates in the field of social accountability and the second one was the evaluation of these dissertations in three levels of responsibility, responsiveness, and accountability. The standardized and localized social accountability scale was used to evaluate the social responsiveness of the dissertations. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data.

    Results

    In this study, 235 PhD reproductive health dissertations were assessed. The obtained score for social accountability was 34.5 (range: 30-40). Regarding social responsiveness, the obtained score was 63.8 (range: 50-70), and regarding the social responsibility dimension, the obtained score was 90 (range: 70-100).

    Conclusion

    It is necessary to qualitatively evaluate the titles and objectives of the dissertations in this field before their approval and implementation. It is increasingly emphasized to achieve the research priorities of the field and, more importantly, the logic of this research to meet the health needs of the target community.

    Keywords: Reproductive health, Social accountability, Social responsibility, Academic dissertation