فهرست مطالب

Preventive Counselling - Volume:4 Issue: 2, Jul 2023

Journal of Preventive Counselling
Volume:4 Issue: 2, Jul 2023

  • تاریخ انتشار: 1402/03/20
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
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  • Yasaman Sarmadi, Anahita Khodabakhshi-Koolaee * Pages 1-34
    Introduction

    Awareness of the consequences of divorce can contribute to conducting effective interventions to reduce the extent of harm to couples taking divorce. To this end, the present study aimed to discover the consequences of divorce based on children well-being through a systematic review of previous studies in the literature.

    Data sources

     Articles addressing the consequences of divorce during the last decade (2011 to 2021) were reviewed in SID, Noormags, Magiran, Ensani, Elsevier, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar databases.Study selection: All articles published in Persian and English on the consequences of divorce were reviewed. Out of 159 retrieved articles, 38 articles that met the inclusion criteria were analyzed in this study.

    Results

    Divorce consequences were classified into three categories: individual, family, and socio-cultural consequences. Individual consequences of divorce include physical and psychological consequences such as hypochondriasis, depression, anxiety, psychological distress, and aggression, and behavioral consequences are taking sedatives, alcohol and drugs, suppression of sexual instinct, and sexual marginalization. Furthermore, from a familial perspective, children, and paternal family members suffer many consequences. Poor academic achievement, aggression, anxiety, depression, and isolation in children and increased tension and conflict, blame and protest, involvement of others in the paternal family are among the family consequences of divorce. Socio-cultural consequences of divorce include the public negative attitudes, reduction of social relations, and feelings of alienation and financial problems were identified as economic consequences of divorce.

    Conclusion

    Counseling and psychotherapy with couples and child's after divorce helping these them to reducing the negative prosocial consequences.

    Keywords: psycho-social, divorce, Children, Well-being, systematic review
  • Fahimeh Shadabmehr *, Masoumeh Esmaeily, Ebrahim Naimi, Yasser Rezapour-Mirsaleh Pages 35-55
    Objective

    Adolescence is associated with significant psychological and physical changes, and the parent-adolescent relationship is mainly faced with increased conflicts, while the parents' behavior seems to be a critical factor for the quality of this relationship. Therefore, the present study was conducted with the aim of designing a parental self-harmonization model based on the sahmgozari approach in conflict management with adolescents in Tehran.

    Methodology

    In this qualitative research, data was collected through grounded theory using semi-structured interviews. Through the purposeful sampling method, 12 parents in Tehran city in 2022 were selected among those with low conflict with their adolescents based on the inclusion criteria of until the theoretical saturation was reached. The data were analyzed using Strauss and Corbin's coding method based on grounded theory.

    Findings

    In the coding process, a central category under the general title of "Parent's sahm-based self-harmonization in parent-adolescent relationship" was selected. The code "Parent's sahm-based attitudinal indicators" as a contextual factor, the code "Matrix-based parent's self-harmonization" as a causal factor, and the code "Parent's productive strategies in parent-adolescent relationship" as strategies were identified in this model.

    Conclusion

    Given the experiences of sahmgozar parents with low conflict with their adolescents, sahme-based attitude of the parent may give the parent an opportunity to create self-harmonization in different dimensions and manage conflicts in the parent-adolescent relationship by using productive strategies. This provides both the parent and adolescent a formative, soothing and satisfying relationship.

    Keywords: parent-adolescent conflict, self-harmonization, sahmgozari
  • Zahra Jahanbakhshi, Hossein Keshavarz Afshar, Zynab Shakoury *, Elham Fathi, Seyedeh Hoda Naji Pages 56-72
    Introduction

    This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the Covid-19 Outcomes with family processes and domestic violence.

    Methods

    937 participants were recruited through available and snowball sampling and completed the questionnaires.

    Results

    The results indicated that people who feel they are less likely to develop COVID-19 and probably will get recovered if they get infected are more likely to have general and physical violence. Violence was lower in people who thought they were less likely to recover from the disease and those who had a little pleasant experience of quarantine than in others. families who thought they are not likely to have COVID-19 infection and thought they were more likely to recover, had higher communication and problem-solving skills than others. Coping skills, cohesion, respect, and religious orientation were also higher in families with moderate risk of COVID-19 disease than in families with low risk. Families who consider the likelihood of getting infected and recovering from COVID-19 as a medium had higher coping skills, were more cohesive, respected each other, and had a higher religious orientation than families who considered the possibility of getting infected low and recovering to be high. Communication skills and problem-solving skills were higher in families who had a pleasant experience from quarantine Coping skills and cohesion/respect were higher in families who worked together for less than 2 hours. Religious orientation was higher in families with doctoral and master's degrees.

    Discussion

    The results can be used in epidemics to keep health in families.

    Keywords: Infection, Recovery, Quarantine, family process, Domestic Violence
  • Hossein Moradi * Pages 73-84

    This paper illustrated the new state of memory in terms of the act of representation through the notion of "récit" as the non-narrative entity outside of narratology in Maurice Blanchot, French literary theorist and novelist. This study used the argumentative method through theoretical and analytical design to move from Freud to Blanchot through discussing the notion of memory. For the present study, Freud ideas on memory was theoretically were analyzed in order to prove how Blanchot goes beyond Freud and propose the new state of memory. It was proved the récit happens outside memory completely in the sense that memory is no longer perceived as the place of past experience. For Blanchot, it is because what is called the present does not pass and we live always in this present in which there is neither presence nor absence. The new term 'the extended present' was coined to imply the absence of a being in a unified entity passing from the past to present and going into the future. Being does not come to presence. Therefore, it is illusory that the past is filled with events in associative chains of meaning or narrative organization. The récit neither narrates the past nor the present; it actually illustrates the impossibility of narration. Blanchot's view of memory is an empty space in the sense that the occurrence of events lingers from the past to the present and continues in future. An event does not begin and end in a specific period of time

    Keywords: ré cit, extended present, empty memory
  • Hamed Salari, Mehdi Savadi *, Hamidreza Saybani Pages 85-104

    Applying supportive policies by the organization towards human resources can provide a suitable basis for creating mutual benefits. On one hand, this issue will affect their behavioral and functional approaches, and on the other hand, it will determine the type of their perceptions towards the job. Accordingly, in this research, the impact of social support on the job performance of employees by considering the role of job enrichment and innovative work behaviors has been investigated. The statistical population of this research included physical education managers of Iranian universities which 333 people participated in it according to the rule of at least five times the number of statements and with the convenience sampling method. The data collection tool was a standard questionnaire taken from reliable sources including innovative work behaviors scale by De Jong & Den Hartog, (2010), job performance scale by Chirumbolo & Areni, (2010), perceived social support by scale Mack & Rhineberger-Dunn, (2019) and job enrichment scale by Vijay & Indradevi, (2015) and data analysis and hypothesis testing has been done by using the structural equation modeling technique with the partial least squares approach in the PLS software. The research findings indicate that social support has a significant and positive effect on innovative work behaviors, job enrichment and job performance. There is a positive and significant relationship between innovative work behaviors and job enrichment with job performance. Job enrichment and innovative work behaviors play a mediating role in the relationship between social support and job performance.

    Keywords: social support, Innovative work behavior, Job performance, Job enrichment
  • Ivet Mahmoud, Ezatallah Ghadampour *, Nasrin Bagheri, Zahra Tanha Pages 105-119

    This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of mindfulness-based therapy and cognitive-emotional therapy on the cognitive fusion of autoimmune patients. In this study, the research method was experimental with a pre-test-post-test design and a control group. The statistical population included all autoimmune patients in Tehran who were referred to medical centers in Tehran in 2019, and 45 autoimmune patients using the purposive sampling method were selected. This number of samples was randomly divided into two experimental groups (15 people in experimental group 1 and 15 people in experimental group 2) and a control group (15 people). The experimental groups were then trained in mindfulness-based therapy and cognitive-emotional therapy (for each therapy, seven weeks and sessions in two hours). But the control group did not receive any training. The instrument used was the revised Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire (Gillanders, Bolderston, Bond, Dempster, Flaxman, et al., 2014). Data were analyzed using a multivariate analysis of covariance. Finally, the findings showed that the effectiveness of both mindfulness and cognitive-emotional therapies on cognitive fusion components are desirable, but according to the mean, cognitive-emotional therapy was more effective than mindfulness therapy on the component of cognitive fusion. In conclusion, these therapies will help to decrease cognitive fusion and improve cognitive defusion in autoimmune patients.

    Keywords: mindfulness, Cognitive-Emotional Therapy, Cognitive fusion, Autoimmune Patients