فهرست مطالب

  • سال دوم شماره 4 (پیاپی 8، تابستان 1387)
  • بهای روی جلد: 10,000ريال
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1387/05/01
  • تعداد عناوین: 7
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  • Mohsen Shokoohi-Yekta , Akram Parand Ameneh Shahaeian Abbas Motevallipour, M.A Page 9
    Parents are those who interact with children more than others during the importantyears of their early childhood, and play a significant role in children’s cognitivedevelopment. Many recent studies have reported significant correlation betweenparents’ interactive style and children’s cognitive developmental level. In addition,intervention programs found to be positively effective in parent-child interactions.Related to these findings, many researchers have recommended interventionprograms focusing on teaching the problem solving skills for parents. Parenteducation could result in shaping appropriate behavior in children, correcting theirbehavioral problems, increasing parent-child interaction and consequentlyimproving family functions. The purpose of the present study was to investigate theeffects of teaching the problem solving skills to parents on parent-child interactions.Parents of 213 children aged 4 to 8 years old volunteered to participate in 9workshops. In these workshops, in addition to learning effective communicationstrategies, parents practiced to improve their reactions to children’s behavioralproblems. Workshops helped parents to use effective strategies such as problemsolving instead of using non-effective methods such as punishment. Theseworkshops were offered in ten sessions, two hours long per week. Twoquestionnaires were used to assess parenting styles and child’s behavioral problems.Parents completed the questionnaires two times, before and after the workshops.Results showed that parent’s problem solving education improved their interactivestyle and had positive effects on children’s challenging behavior.
  • Somayeh Sadat Sadati, Ahmad Beh-Pajooh Gholam-Ali Afrooz , Ghavam Moltafet Student Page 25
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between perfectionismdimensions with creativity among high school talented students in Shiraz, Iran. Thesample of the study included 203 high school students (103 males and 100 females).Two questionnaires were administered: Terry-Short et al. (1995), PerfectionismScale and Abedi (2002) Creativity Questionnaire. Then data were analyzed throughmultiple regression, two-way ANOVA and multivariate analysis of variance(MANOVA) methods. The results revealed that: 1. There is a significant relationshipbetween perfectionism and creativity among high school talented students, whereasperfectionism dimensions were predicted 20 percentages of variance of creativity.According to the results, creativity was positively predicted by positiveperfectionism and it was negatively predicted by negative perfectionism. 2. Girlsacquired high scores on variables of creativity and negative perfectionism, but boysacquired high scores on positive perfectionism.
  • Jamal Abdolmaleki, Majid Uosefi Afrashte, Zahra Rashidi Nooshiravan Mohammadi, Saber Abdolmaleki, Leyla Siyami Page 47
    The aim of the present study was to design and evaluate casual model of academicachievement based on the analysis of the relationship between parent's perceptionand also achievement motivation with student's academic achievement. 329 highschool students, who were chosen randomly, participated in this study. Data analysiswas done by statistical methods including mean and standard deviation and Pearsoncorrelation, confirmatory factor analysis, path analysis and also lisrel software. Theresult revealed that:1- Intrinsic motivation, self-determination, warmth andinvolvement variables have positive and significant effect on academic achievement,and amotivation and extrinsic motivation variables have significant negative effecton academic achievement. 2- self-determination, warmth, involvement, and intrinsicmotivation variables have significant effect on each other, and have significantnegative effect on amotivation and extrinsic motivation. With regards to the results,variables can be arranged on the basis of their importance. All independent variablescan predict %58 of all variance of academic achievement.
  • Abdolhamid Razavi , Mitra Mahmoodi Mahboobeh Rahimi Page 73
    The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between marital satisfactionas well as parenting styles with behavioral problems of children in primary schoolsof Arsanjan city. The statistical population included 930 students from 12 primaryschools in the 2005-2006 academic year. The sample of the research was about 250subjects according to Morgan table consisting 150 girls and 100 boys that all ofthem were selected randomly. Furthermore, 250 mothers and also 250 teachers haveparticipated in this study. The mothers were competel satis from marital satisfactionof Enrich and the parenting styles of Drowse and Tehan and were tested forbehavioral problems of Ratter. 5 hypotheses were considered in this study. Theresults of the analysis indicated significant and inverted relationship between maritalsatisfaction and responsible parenting styles children's behavioral problems. Andalso there was a meaningful relationship between irresponsible parenting styles withchildren's behavioral problems. By the difference between these styles, a meaningfuldifference was confirmed in 0.02 level. But in severe parenting style the results wasreversed and the hypothesis was not confirmed. As a result, we can say that marriageand family conflicts and the use of easy parenting methods are the cause of childsbehavioral problems. And the responsible parenting styles is the best educationalmethod that decrease the child's behavioral problems.
  • Mahin Chenari Page 91
    The family unit forms the basis for individual's personality, values and thinkingcriteria. Family has a key role in determination of individual's destiny and future.Individual's morals and the manners of lifestyle depend on family. Indeed, parentalattitude has a significant effect on individual's self-concept. This research is to studythe effect of the parental attitudes (parenting styles) on individual's self-concept. Themain questions of the study are as follows:1- Is there a relationship between parentalattitudes and individual's self-concept? 2- Is gender of the child an important factorin the development of self-concept? 3- Is there an interactional relationship betweenchild gender and parental attitudes and self-concept? Thus, 320 students (160 boysand 160 girls) were chosen randomly from four educational districts in Tehran. Theywere asked to participate in Tennesi self-concept test. The parents were asked tocomplete the Cooper-Smith test for evaluation of parental attitudes. The resultsshows that: 1- There is a significant relationship between parental attitudes and selfconcept.2- The gender of the child is an effective factor on individualt self-concept(notably, girls sense of self-concept is stronger than boys). 3- There are nointeractonal relationship between the gender of the child, parental attitudes and selfconcept.
  • Afsaneh Saneh , Zahra Salman Page 111
    The aim of this study is to identify the impact of physical activities and plays on thedevelopment of mental abilities of preschool girls. The participants were 60 Iranianpreschool and nursery children selected during the 2005-2006 school year, from thesecond education district of Tehran. They were divided into experimental (N=30)and control (N=30) groups on the basis of their age ranging from 4.3-4.9 and 5.3-5.9years old. First, a pre-test was administered for both experimental and controlgroups. After two months of treatments (organized physical activities and plays) tothe experimental group, a post-test was administered for both experimental andcontrol groups. In order to see if physical activities and plays could influence thedevelopment of mental abilities of preschool girls (space perception and bodyimage), three tests, including "draw a man test", "cumulative copied drawing andcumulative copied drawing", and "cumulative by heart drawings" were used. Thefindings show that the treatments have significantly increased the mental abilities ofthe experimental group. Thus, we can say that the physical activities and plays canfacilitate the development of mental abilities of preschool children.
  • Maryam Vaezi, Mehdi Khanbani, Mahgol Tavakoli, Maryam Khami Page 133
    Love is the essence of life and everybody needs it. Love manifestation leads tocreativity and restraining it leads to corruption and annihilation. All human beings,in spit of their racial, cultural and religious differences, share some common needsamong which is the need for love, affection, and friendship. Nothing as much as lovehas always been interesting to be researched. It is a search that lasts from cradle tograve. In this study, a lot has been done to explain the true love and to distinguishthe real love from unreal. Also, how to have such a successful marriage and theeffective factors in such a success have been investigated. In this study, the questionis to see if there is a relationship between lovemaking and the satisfaction of maritallife. Researching about the topic and its background, the research procedure is asfollows: 30 couples, aged 25 to 35 from Kashan city were selected as sample. Aquestionnaire on satisfaction of marital life (ENRICH) and the scale of SteinbergTriangular Love were taken as research tools. Finally, the relationship betweenlovemaking and the satisfaction from marital life was measured. t>12.13 was greaterthan the one in the table (1.98) at level of 95% and (2.617) at level of 99%. Theconception of Zero was rejected. Therefore, the research hypothesis is true. Thismeans that the relationship between lovemaking and satisfaction from marital life ismeaningful.