فهرست مطالب

Iranian Journal of Radiology - Volume:8 Issue: 1, 2011
  • Volume:8 Issue: 1, 2011
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1390/03/18
  • تعداد عناوین: 9
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  • M. Goudarzi, J. Navabi, Gh. Salimi Page 7
    Background/
    Objective
    To evaluate the usefulness of abdominal sonography in the fasting state with no hypotonic agents in the detection and exclusion of gastric lesions.Patients and
    Methods
    One-hundred patients with normal upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, 94 patients with a major gastric abnormality (including 59 intraluminal tumors, three submucosal masses, 29 ulcers, two polyps and one hypertrophied gastric mucosa) and 75 patients with minor gastric abnormalities (mainly gastritis) were enrolled into the study.
    Results
    Of the 100 normal patients, ultrasound showed four false positive results with 96% specificity of the examination. Within the major gastric lesion group, ultrasound was true positive in 55 of 59 tumors, 15 of 29 ulcers, three of three submucosal masses and the case of giant gastric mucosa. It was negative in the detection of gastric polyps. It could detect only 8% of minor gastric abnormalities.
    Conclusion
    Abdominal sonography in the fasting state, if carefully performed, is sufficiently accurate in detection and exclusion of major gastric lesions. Therefore, although it cannot replace endoscopic and barium studies of the stomach, careful evaluation of the stomach is recommended in every sonographic evaluation of the abdominal cavity.
  • F. Ezoddini Ardakani, M. Zangouie Booshehri, B. Behniafar Page 15
    Background/
    Objective
    Panoramic and periapical radiographs are normally used in impacted third molar teeth surgeries. The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the distortion of the erupted third molar teeth on panoramic and periapical radiographs.Patients and
    Methods
    A total of 44 radiographs were obtained of 22 patients (age range, 18-24 years) referred to the faculty of dentistry for orthodontic treatment. A plaster cast was prepared and panoramic radiography was taken for all patients to plan the orthodontic treatment and periapical radiography was taken for investigation of tooth structure details. Therefore, a total of 66 views and samples were studied by two
    Methods
    1) Measuring the angle between the longitudinal plane of the third molar and occlusal plane. 2) Measuring the angle between the longitudinal plane of second and third molar. Finally, 132 records were evaluated by one individual.
    Results
    There was no significant statistical difference between the mean position of the third molar on panoramic, periapical radiographs and the casts. However, measurements of the third molars on periapical radiographs were slightly closer to the measurements of the casts compared to the panoramic radiographs.
    Conclusion
    Distortion does not have a specific effect on the diagnosis of the position of the third erupted molars by periapical or panoramic radiographs, though various studies have shown that these radiographs have an amount of distortion and periapical radiographical distortion is less than that in panoramic radiography.
  • M. Johari Khatoonabad, N. Aghamohammadzade, H. Taghilu, F. Esmaeili, H. Jabbari Khamnei Page 23
    Background/
    Objective
    Recent investigations have shown that panoramic radiography might be a useful tool in the early diagnosis of osteoporosis. In addition, bone turnover biochemical markers might be valuable in predicting osteoporosis and fracture risks in the elderly, especially in post-menopausal women. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship among the radiomorphometric indices of the mandible, biochemical markers of the bone turnover and hip BMD in a group of post-menopausal women.Patients and
    Methods
    Evaluations of mandibular cortical width (MCW), mandibular corticalindex (CI), panoramic index (PMI) and alveolar crest resorption ratio (M/M ratio) were carried out on panoramic radiographs of 140 post-menopausal women with an age range of 44-82 years.Hip BMD was measured by DEXA method. BMD values were divided into three groups of normal (T score>-1.0), osteopenic (T score, -2.5 to -1.0) and osteoporotic (T score<-2.5). Serum alkaline phosphatase and 25(OH) D3 were measured.
    Results
    A decrease in MCW by 1 mm increases the likelihood of osteopenia or osteoporosis up to 40%, having taken into consideration the effect of menopause duration. A 1 mm decrease in MCW increased the likelihood of moderate or severe erosion of the lower cortex of the mandible up to 28% by taking age into consideration. The results did not demonstrate a statistically significant relationship between bone turnover markers and mandibular radiomorphometric indices.
    Conclusion
    Panoramic radiography gives sufficient information to make an early diagnosisregarding osteoporosis in post-menopausal women. Panoramic radiographs may be valuable in the prevention of osteoporotic fractures in elderly women.
  • A. Sood, R.K. Seam, M. Gupta, D. Raj Sharma, P. Bhardwaj Page 29
    The ectopic thyroid gland is a rare entity which is mostly found along the line of descent of the thyroid gland. Most of the patients present with midline swelling and usually seek medical attention. Dual ectopic thyroid gland is even rarer. The clinical examination and different imaging modalities establish its diagnosis. Radionuclide studies are highly sensitive and specific in demonstrating the functional tissues in patients with ectopic thyroid, thereby guiding further management. The authors reported a case of ectopic thyroid gland in a girl with midline neck swelling initially, subsequently lost to follow-up. She again presented with enlarged swelling after a period of three years with dual ectopic thyroid in the neck region on thyroid scan. Thyroid scintigraphy demonstrated that progression in the size of ectopic glands was due to neglect in treatment.
  • S. Borna, M. Bandarian, A. Abdollahi, F. Bandarian, M. Malek Page 33
    Background/
    Objective
    To verify whether progesterone concentration is changed in the maternal serum of intra-uterine growth retardation (IUGR) pregnancies and to assess if there is a relationship between maternal progesterone and fetal Doppler velocimetry.Patients and
    Methods
    Thirty-five patients with intrauterine growth retardation infants and thirty-seven pregnant women with appropriate for gestational age (AGA) fetuses were enrolled in the study. Maternal progesterone serum was determined. Doppler velocimetry of umbilical and middle cerebral arteries (MCA) were obtained in all fetuses.
    Results
    Maternal progesterone level in IUGR infants (58.49±7.06 ng/ml) had no significant difference with AGA fetuses (58.13±7.87 ng/ml) (p=0.96). In the IUGR group, umbilical artery resistive index (RI), pulsatility index (PI) and systolic/diastolic (S/D) ratio were higher than the normal group (p<0.001), and MCA RI (p value=0.014) and PI (p=0.012) were significantly less than the IUGR group. Besides, RI C/U in the IUGR group was significantly less than the normal group (p<0.001). A negative significant correlation was detected between maternal progesterone level and MCA PI (r=-0.38) and RI (r=-0.38) in the AGA group.
    Conclusion
    It seems that progesterone has no effect on fetal placental circulation and serum progesterone can not discriminate IUGR infants from AGA infants. Progesterone is a poor marker for placental dysfunction.
  • Sh.M.I. Alhabshi, Z. Ismail, Sh.A. Arasaratnam Page 39
    Malignant breast lymphoma is a rare condition and primary breast lymphoma is extremely rare in the male population. We present a case of a 26-year-old man (transgender) who presented with a large palpable mass in the right breast. This mass was rapidly growing in size associated with right axillary lymphadenopathy. Ultrasound and MRI findings were consistent with BIRADS IV lesion which was suspicious of malignancy. Core biopsy was performed and histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of primary non Hodgkin B cell lymphoma of the breast.
  • M. Imanimoghaddam, A. Javadian Langaroody, S. Nemati, S. Ataei Azimi Page 43
    Despite their names, simple bone cysts are no longer categorized as cysts since they lack an epithelial lining. However, their nature remains controversial. The internal structure is totally radiolucent, sometimes showing multilocular appearance, although the lesion does not contain true septa and the ridges of bone is produced by the scalloping effect. We presented two cases of histopathologically confirmed simple bone cyst. Radiographic features such as multilocular appearance and significant buccal and lingual expansion are not usual findings for simple bone cyst, whereas evident in our presented cases.
  • P. Mittal Page 47
    Hemichorea-hemiballism (HCHB) syndrome, which is most commonly related to non-ketotichyperglycemia, is a rare type of chorea. Here, we present an unusual case of HCHB syndrome who was not a known case of diabetes. This case highlights the importance of recognising underlying non-ketotic hyperglycemia, as control of hyperglycemia is helpful in the quick relief of symptoms.
  • F. Sahin, P. Yildiz Page 50
    Accidental aspiration of liquid hydrocarbon mixture by animators who blow flamemayleadtoseverelipoid pneumonia.1-3 This situation that occurs due to accidental aspiration of liquid hydrocarbon mixture (gas oil, gas oil-cognac mix) during animation shows is called "Fire Eater's Pneumonia" in the literature, which has been presented in few cases.1,2,4,5 Different consequences may occur through the high and low viscosity products.5,6 In cases reported in the literature, the main clinical symptoms are cough, dyspnea, chest pain and fever; the subjects are generally referred to the emergency room with severe dyspnea.7-10 Hereby, we introduce two cases of fireeaterspneumonia.