فهرست مطالب

  • پیاپی -1 (تابستان 1389)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1390/12/23
  • تعداد عناوین: 9
|
  • سخن سردبیر
    صفحه 1
  • ژئوپولیتیک خلیج فارس، ایران و آمریکا
    دکتر قاسم فرج اللهی صفحه 3
  • روش شناسی جامعه شناسی تاریخی
    دکتر پرویز دلیرپور صفحه 23
  • تاثیر جهانی شدن بر برنامه های درسی رشته علوم سیاسی
    دکتر علی کریمی مله صفحه 47
  • تاثیر فنآوری های نوین اطلاعاتی و ارتباطاتی بر هویت ملی
    دکتر محمد لعل علیزاده صفحه 67
  • امنیت در خاورمیانه و ریشه های جنگ علیه تروریسم در ایالات متحده
    مصطفی الماسی صفحه 85
  • احزاب سیاسی در جمهوری اسلامی ایران؛ بررسی علل ناکارآمدی و حیات مقطعی
    محمدرضا ناظری صفحه 121
  • اسلام گرایی سیاسی در ترکیه
    فائز دین پرست صفحه 149
  • نظریه بازی ها در روابط بین الملل
    دکتر محمدرضا حاتمی صفحه 167
|
  • The Geopolitics of Persian Gulf: Iran and the United States
    Dr. Ghasem Farajollahi Page 3
    The sensitive and strategic position of Iran in the Middle East region, the crisis and political instability in neighboring countries and existence of political challenges with strategic neighbors lead to some threats against the Islamic Republic of Iran's security. One of the biggest ex-regional threats whom influence has been-expanded in this region is the United States of America. With keeping on to her presence in this region and through her relationships with neighboring countries of Iran in north, south, west and east of the Iranian borders, the U.S is going to dominate an environment characterized by horror and tension on the relationship of Iran with these countries. The rejection of American plans such as Big Middle East by Iran, avoiding from recognizing Israel and the danger which that regime sense from the Iranian side, the insistence of Iran on her national independence and also on pursuing her nuclear program have led the U.S and her allies to be worry about Iran. The above mentioned reasons, the strategic importance of Iran and the policies which Iran has chosen toward these governments have eventuated to a very intensive confrontation from America against Iran in the international environment. The main characteristics of this American strategy against Iran in the Middle East are limitation and isolation and above all erasing of Iran from the regional deals and in this way and also to expand their sovereignty on the economic resources and on the strategic of this region, the U.S. and her allied powers will not hesitate from using any diplomatic and even military tools.
  • The Methodology of Historical Sociology
    Dr. Parviz Dalirpour Page 23
    Historical sociology is a branch of sociology that focuses on the development of societies during the history. In recent age, the researchers of historical sociology have been discussing about the differences between the idea-seeker viewpoints and law-seeker viewpoints. The initial discussion is about these questions that what is the boarder between sociology and history? And, where does the difference between the generalization approach and characteristic approach lie? The second matter to be discussed is this question that shall historical sociologists test general theories of sociology or they must develop the matters of theoretical value? Trying to answer these questions, this paper sheds lights on historical sociology.
  • The effects of globalization on the syllabi of political science
    Dr. Ali Karimi Maleh Page 47
    The educational system of a country is the one which is most affected by globalization. This is because of the fact that the definition of the educational system is in accordance with the methodological paradigms prevailing in every period. Nowadays, the globalization has changed those paradigms and hence the reconsideration of the syllabi is a real must. Accepting the native approach, this paper believes that the globalization has changed the dominant paradigms of political science. Those dominant paradigms that are based on the traditional behavioral approach and positivist if their methodology, are considered. The emergence of new forces in the political arena, the culturalization of politics, the appearance of new values and the competition to produce new identities, have opened new ways in front of the political players and has caused their behavior to come up with change. Moreover, the formation of new areas for public, emergence of international civil society, the increase in the number of players, the broadening of the playing area form national to the international level, the presentation of different cultural views, prove that the paradigm of politics is changing. These changes would have inevitable effects on the syllabi of political science. In other words, these syllabi must change to understand the realities of the world and hence teach the students the ways to appropriate realization of the national changes in the view of international changes.
  • Evaluating the impact of modern information and communication technologies on national identity
    Dr. Mohammad Lal Alizadeh Page 67
    This paper examines the effects of modern information and communication technologies on national identity. An investigation into the literature shows that there are three different approaches regarding this topic. The advocates of first approach believe that the emergence and spared of modern information and communication technologies improve the national identity. On the other extreme, the supporters of the second approach believe in their negative effects. Unlike these two different approaches toward the effects of modern information and communication technologies on nationalidentity, the third approach takes a more realistic view and considers both the positive and the negative aspects of these technologies. Our hypothesis is based on the third approach. To evaluate and theoretically test the hypothesis, the definition and theories of globalization are presented and after that definition of modern information and communication technologies is given. Then, usingcontent analysis and backing third approach, the effects of these technologies on national identity is examined.
  • Security in Middle East and the roots of war against terrorism in the United States
    Mostafa Almassi Page 85
    With negligence, it is possible to say that after the 11th September 2001 symbolic event, the world condition, in national and international level, has gotten more severe considering political and security issues. The axis of government's policies, strategies, and guidelines was the terrorism phenomenon and the ways to combat it. In this regard, the war strategy against terrorism, chosen by the United States, has made the situation much worse in
  • Political parties in the Islamic Republic of Iran: Their inefficiency and temporary life
    Mohammad Reza Nazeri Page 121
    Political party is an organization that has been established some parts of society with similar mental and intellectual characteristics in order to play important role in gathering and setting demands. Despite of relatively long antiquity of political parties in the world, unfortunately this important base paves the way for mass participation and is less than one hundred years old in Iran. Indeed political parties in Iran have always confronted with numerous ups and downs. This historical antecedent and structural weakness can be considered as one of the causes for disfunction of political parties in our country. Studying political history of Iran, we understand that political parties have not done their role and functions such as participation, political socialization, political communications, political employment and so on. In other words political parties in Iran have not been institutionalized.
  • Political Islamism in Turkey
    Faez Din Parast Page 149
    Political Islamism in Turkey has a long-standing history and is specific to the Turkish society. This movement that was a reaction to the secular reforms of Atatürk, emerged mainly in two forms, namely Political and Radical Islamism. Considering the historical evolution and the political background of the Islamism movement in Turkey, this paper points to its endogenous dialectics and finds its relationships with the similar movements specially the Iranian Islamic revolution.
  • Game Theory in International Relations
    Dr. Mohammad Reza Hatami Page 167
    Game Theory is one of the latest theories in International Relations. This theory has come into existence in the era of behavioralism with indices like focusing on the political behavior of the human being and making use of the natural sciences techniques in social sciences. In this period, the main focus of political thinkers was to present the results of player’s behavior in the language of numbers. Because of the fact that Game Theory is based on confrontation, this theory comes meaningful only in the theory of conflict. Its distinguishing feature, however, lies in having (or not having) control on the behavior of the rival or rivals. Rules of the game, existence of players, characteristics of the game, having incomplete information, are some of the basic ideas and concepts of Game Theory. Another important feature of this theory is rationality, which is taken from economics. Maximization of profit and revenue are other important ideas, which require each player to seek to defeat the rivals or at least tries not to be defeated. Hence making use of individual or sequential actions (in the form of tactic or strategy) seems inevitable. In general, this theory helps governments in the international era, specifically when there is not complete information, to get their goal without violence. The main assumption of this theory is that the players make decision according to logic, accurate calculation and maximization strategy.