- پیاپی 1 (تابستان 1389)
- تاریخ انتشار: 1390/12/24
- تعداد عناوین: 11
Event of the absence of present Imam (Aj) has the Sharia edict, from the perspective of jurisprudence and is necessary for learning and its religious commandments to jurisprudence study the rule of absence, and although this issue is necessary has not been studied in the conventional sources of jurisprudence, but achieve to the Sharia edict is possible by search in consult communities religious speech (Hadith) and books. It is noteworthy that the occurrence of absence due causes to be difference between edicts, as the absence of Imam (Aj) be done by asked God. the obey from the Imam (Aj) is necessary and this necessity is divine and from obligatory sentences of Imam's (Aj) proprietary; and second that if people are wicked cause absenteeism and Imam (Aj) has given absence by this necessity of self-preservation, the absence of the Imam (Aj) has the defensive aspect of the operation mode and has been ordered by Shariah and his practice, like acts of men who are at risk. This article attempts to show the first view is preferable to existence and since the Imam (Aj) is a kind of occultation and his absence is by reason so they have not conflict and they can be collected.
The knowledge of how the descent of inspiration, its hearing and seeing Gabriel require to the exact explanation of hearing and seeing truth and also real audible and visible. So, in this paper the general principles of Mulla Sadra's religion in sensible and insensible hearing and seeing and also the basic role of vision based on the analogy between the prophetic revelation and dream is explained. The Prophet, with his ideal vision, finally sees the angel of prophetic revelation and hears his voice in sensible world in 5 stages. The receipt of revelation by the Prophet has many ranks and also Gabriel statue is in different visible forms. In this way, Sadra's Theory of Rhetoric seems different from his ancestors; the one theory which is unique in the philosophical explanation of receipt of revelation up to now.
One of the segmentation criterions about Quran comments is classification on them by method. Commentaries are divided by This exemplar in two kinds of comments: thematic and ordinal. Each of these comment techniques is based on presuppositions that a commentator glosses by acceptance them. In this article discuss theoretical bases and common presuppositions all of commentaries among: being inspiration Quran’s, trueness about that, being intelligible Quran’s. After that discuss about resolution and analysis of Quran as a commentator about itself, verses inner suitability, Quran efficiency and it’s efficient,having and subjectivism etcetera.
Contemporary age in which phenomenon of nudity extremely have been gripped of human society and the range of its social problems has been drawn into religious families and day to day it takes the more aspects under its control, should know that the most reason of these heavy disasters is non-submission of commands of the creator of the universe during the evolution of religions, which have been raised by their prophets and one of its most important rulings is veil that on the one hand has been said that it is specific for Islam and some escape its regulations on the other. But now there is a serious question whether is there really the issue of veil in other heavenly religions or not? Although it is obvious that one of the fundamental issues in Islam is the veil but based on religious beliefs religion has completed the process of religion since Adam (AS) until the age of the Prophet (PBUH), that also differences, and many common cases of various ways are found among religions and also veil wasnt separated from other orders and it can be said that veil seriously has been important among various religions. According to research on the Torah, has been important the issue of wear and shame of nudity since Adam and Eve, as a matter innate comes up and all the historians hardly believe to veil of Jewish women and also in Christianity, although the present Gospels dont have clear expression of the principle of veil and are silent, but some of these New Testament letters show that the Christian women have been required to cover the head on arrival in the holy places, as well as those images that the virgin Mary (AS) has had little and among the nuns of the church is visible and all show that there is a chain of Christian women to cover intangible. The present article tries to show the issue of veil among religions with studies in Jewish and Christian and Islamic sources.
One main subject matter as concern the philosophy of ethics is this question whether there is a position for ethics and on what it is founded on? In response to all these questions realistic and unrealistic schools of Ethics have risen different various views based on their ethical principles. The ethical conventionalistic school that is also an unrealistic one seeks to postulate its origin, plank and standard of its ethical commands In having parties accord and agreement passed and embraced. It considers the ethical descriptive and functional obligation of man such as truth and false, proper and improper and know that the roots of devoted to the ethical requirements of human verbs such as "Truth," "right and wrong" and "should and should not " are in the incident and clear presumption of people of one social group and dont believe originality for absolute moral judgments, rationality and moralitymetaphysic and its spiritual origin. Social conventionalism is a typical natural reason to despotism and dictatorship held by rulers who Ruled traditional communities due to fact that it lacked an absolute ethical doctrine in conventional communities it could gradually expand into the bodies of ethical doctrine and assumed different comments.And statements of course among all descriptions of ethical conventionalism it is only the traditional conventionalism that take into consideration a standard good code of conduct. from the modernconventionalism point of view a convention is only a method by which one can express a mutual interest pursuit and society stands only as a by-product (or an artificial product) of an agreement or a contract entered into by a pre-societal individuals of a society or community. conventionalism whether in its traditional or its modern statements has resulted in unfounded consequences such as relativism, pluralism and modification in ethical criteria the pursuit of these criteria has brought about a typical new ethical judgment that bears resemblance to social customs and a combination of both individuals and social codes
Social justice" and "governance", are from collection of the important issues of the political field study that theorists of different schools have tried to explain them and they have now also a great importance. One indicator of theorists of liberal school, called Hayek, believes that government basically must not consider to the issue as social justice in social and economic programs. In the first part of this paper, has been tried to criticize this theory from the perspective of practical life of Prophet (PBUH) and his honorable narratives after explaining. In the second part, has been proposed the views of liberalism and Marxism schools, after explain the kind of governments in Aristotle's perspective and has been tried to present the view of Islam based on the social and political life Prophet (PBUH) as an resuscitative achievement in the subject of government and how it be managed.
The role of scientific and philosophical texts of Islamic civilization are not covered by the Many of history of science and philosophy researchers in the awakening and development of scientific, rational, and the industrial West. between Eleventh and thirteenth centuries, were translated abundance of scientific and philosophical works and writings of the Muslims from Arabic into Latin and in the process were introduced even the scientific and philosophical texts and sources of Greek philosophy, especially Aristotle, by the Muslim to Latina West world; so far number of Western historians and scholars believe that if there wasnt this historical event, the movement of Arabic translation to the Latin, never West world had known the knowledge of the Greek. On the other hand, during this movement, in addition to Arabic translations of Greek to Latin, many of interpretations of Muslim entered scholars to the world West and by this way also were elevated many complexities of the scientific by efforts of Muslim thinkers. Details and minutes of this Science-Cultural great event still are not clear and this article mentions just the most spines of that.
The event of Karbala, because of its special place throughout Islamic history, has attracted the attention of many historians. But over time with the expansion of mourning ceremonies, influenced by social and political situations, different perceptions of this event or more focus on some of its aspects have resulted. One of the most important and most famous dimensions of Ashoora is its mournful dimension with regard to the presence of children and teenagers in the Karbala event. The importance of this dimension is such that rereading this event without taking its mournful dimension into account makes the narration of Ashoora uninteresting, dull, and emotionless. However due to numerous factors, with the passing of time this dimension has become the most prevalent and dominant reading in shiite mournful ceremonies. So, in this thesis besides the analysis of Taziya texts and using comparative approach, the image of Abdollah ibn Jafar has been compared with contemporary Taziyas using historical approach. Based on this method it has been revealed that due to the using merely emotional attitudes, taziyas, in comparison with historical resources, have provided a different image of children and adolescents of Karbala.
One of the problems which nowadays Islamic society confronts it in micro as well as macro levels is the less attention to productivity that its harmful consequences are obvious and noticeable in social and economic fields. This difficulty causes that our country could not obtain its suitable place within the developed countries in spite of possessing great potentials of production factors (natural resources, capital, labour, etc). Although productivity is a new phenomenon which originates from industrial societies, but it has a precedence of 1400 years old in Islam. Islamic jurisprudence resources are full of valuable contents which express the meaning of productivity in the viewpoint of Islam. In this research paper, the most important components of productivity in Islam including principles of productivity, factors influencing it and its barriers have been examined. In other words, this paper tries to introduce principles, effective factors as well as barriers of productivity from the viewpoint of Islam.
The traditions and narrations of the holy prophet (P.B.U.H) and imams may be so interpreted so far are against the meaning aimed at by those great men. Unawareness to matters such as indirect quotation, homonymy, and etymology and also inconsiderateness of reader to such matters as mental background and dogmatism can be counted as barriers to the correct understanding of traditions. The present research is but a step to the recognition of some of the barriers to the correct understanding of traditions so as to avoid misunderstandings.