- Volume:1 Issue:1, 2012
- تاریخ انتشار: 1391/04/15
- تعداد عناوین: 6
By examining the political activities of people, and conduct of the Islamic society in the early Islam, we realize that because of the special customs and conditions of that time, the political activities of Muslim women were different from those of the women of modern society in terms of method and form. Some of the elements of the political activities of women in early Islam are the presence of women in Jihad, their Hijra (migration) to safeguard Islam, allegiance to Prophet Mohammad (S), support for Villaya (guardianship) and their protest against the rulers. Prophet Mohammad (S) and the Imams (S) approved of the presence of women in the political arena and this shows that Islam supports the participation of women in political and social activities; however, because of the changes in the social and political conditions and the social institutions, the form and method of social and political activities of women was different at that time. At the present time, the political participation of women, especially in the Islamic awakening can be analyzed from different aspects: their role in the continuation and fulfillment of the Islamic awakening, participation in elections, protest against despotic rulers, participation in political gatherings and social and political decision-makings and the like. The present article aims to answer the following questions: Is the political participation of women only a social right or a legal and religious duty as well? What is the viewpoint of Quran and Imams (S) about it.Keywords: participation, politics, the interaction of rightcentric, duty, centric approaches, right, duty
In the present study, while providing an analysis of the meaning of the Islamic awakening and rereading the sense of strategy, the authors have tried to explain the importance of the role played by and its model aspects in political positions and, inferring the main indicators of this strategy such as obedience to Wilayah, insight, patience, and resistance in the various fields such as armed, defensive, cultural, and ideological jihad and explaining the ways to employ these opportunities as well as noting historical examples, they have presented some models and strategies.Keywords: Islamic awakening, women, indicators, the earlier period of Islam, strategy, model
Islamic Awakening means the restoration of the Islamic values with the aim of establishing a global Islamic civilization in which wisdom and spirituality, power and morality, science and value, knowledge and practice come together and has different aspects including religious, Islamic, popular presence and planning for government establishment. During the past centuries, Muslims’ underdevelopment has been blamed on two factors; estern hegemony and exploitation in Islamic territories and tyranny and deviation of Muslim rulers. Both of these have resulted in distancing Muslims from genuine Islamic thoughts. Meanwhile, some people like Sayyed Jamaledin Assadabadi, Sayyed Qotb, Hassan al-Bana have made great attempts to wake up Muslims and let them know the reasons behind their defeats and underdevelopment. The emergence of the Islamic Revolution of Iran which conveyed divine messages and led to the expansion of religious values. And today, the values of Iran’s Islamic Revolution have been manifested in the revolutions in Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen, Bahrain, Libya,… that have concerned the West and especially the US, about the power of the Muslim world and the possible occurrence of Islamic Revolutions in Arab countries.Late Imam Khomeini played a major role in creating the new wave of Islamic Awakening in ontemporary times. As the leader of Iran’s Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Khamenei said: There is no doubt that a new Middle East will be formed based of the realities that the Almighty God has predestined and this Middle East will belong to Islam.”
The word Ezzat (Arabic for honor) has been used in the Quran as both transitive and intransitive verb. The word has many derivatives, whose meanings are different. Some of them have been used literally. And the others have been used figuratively. Dictionaries tell us about the literal meaning of the word: Ezzat refers to strength and power, that is, what guarantees overcoming. Since strength and powers are always associated with supremacy and invincibility, the word Ezzat has also come to mean untouchable. Allameh Tabatabei says about the meaning of the word: «Ezzat refers to rareness; for example when they say something is respectable, it means that one cannot find it easily. And the respectable person of a tribe is the one who cannot be defeated easily unlike other people in the same tribe. This is because the respectable person has a high place.» Ayatollah Javadi Amoli says: «Ezzat is the state of being imperious, which causes someone to become invincible». Respectability is one of the characteristics of Allah, the Almighty. In the holy Quran, Allah has been referred to by this name 92 times. When used for human beings, the word honor (or Ezzat) also originates from the same root and means personality and greatness, refusal to bow to the oppressive wealthy and the hypocrites. This is per se some type of invincibility. Psychologically speaking, honor is a source of energy. It›s a big umbrella under which there is self-confidence. Self-esteem and human honor is one of the pillars of faith and piety in Islam. If someone›s honor and honor are violated, his faith will be undermined and he will become vulnerable to abuse and defeat by the oppressors. Hence, Islam has emphasized a lot on self-esteem of the Muslims and on efforts to preserve it. Unfortunately, in recent centuries and due to different developments and unawareness on part of Muslims, their self-esteem has been gradually undermined and forgotten. In the meantime, the heinous plots and actions of the enemies of Islam and inattention to the teachings of Islam by Muslims have been the key factors.
Islam is a religion based upon the surrender to God who is One. The very name of the religion, ALISLAM in Arabic, means at once submission and peace, for it is in submitting to God›s Will that human beings gain peace in their lives in this world and in the hereafter. The message of Islam concerns God, who in Arabic is called Allah, and it addresses itself to humanity›s most profound nature. It concerns men and women as they were created by God—not as fallen beings. Islam therefore considers itself to be not an innovation but a reassertion of the universal truth of all revelation which is God›s Oneness.
Plots, Threats and Methods of Arrogant Powers and International Zionism for Tackling the Islamic AwakeningPage 133
Islamic awakening with the Arab Spring, which is called by most Arab satellite networks and elites, is facing the critical and real threats that can defuse the Arab revolutions in the buds and restore the situation to the previous and also enumerate new aspect of tyranny and dictatorship. In fact, the said issue is the new objective of the global arrogant powers especially the United States and Zionist regime. Despite many efforts done for safeguarding their mercenaries in the Arab countries, the arrogant powers know that they cannot count on them for the xpansion of their development in these countries, because, coordinating with the current developments is the nature of global arrogance. As of the late 18th century and early 19th century, the hegemonic powers have made their utmost efforts to dominate the Arab and Islamic world while the Muslims were in the weakest situation in that time and colonialism emperorship had dominated on all their regions.