فهرست مطالب

پژوهشگران فرهنگ - پیاپی 28 (بهار و تابستان 1390)
  • پیاپی 28 (بهار و تابستان 1390)
  • 268 صفحه،
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1391/04/15
  • تعداد عناوین: 12
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  • Masoomeh Salari Rad, Javad Salehi Page 13
    Koran's language which its addressee is mankind's heart, has applied different languages to present the realities of creation. Occasionally, koran has applied symbolic language to present the importance of a subject and sometimes described the details, sand even a flaceed animal such as mosquito, about the realities of creation. This approach shows that koran's language doesnt have just one function but a combination of different languages. This research, tries to specify Koran's language and the different existent theories about this subject considering the new verbal subjects proposing in the philosophy scope of religion.
    Keywords: religion's language, Koran's languages, manifestation, realist cognitive, noncognitive
  • Dr Mahdi Lasani, Mahdi Najafian Page 39
    Today, few societies are not involved with the problem of sedition and it can be said that from the beginning of creation until now all societies and governments have been involved with this matter. Therefore, owning the knowledge of sedition management and having an appropriate pattern according to the cultural and religious values of the society has a significant importance. For this reason, in our religious and social culture, the presence of resources like the holy “Koran” and “Nahj Al Balaghah” and also religious leaders who were the government statesmen is very valuable. In Nahj Al Balaghah’s point of view, the most important factor in sedition management is to know the source, level, and the process of sedition in order to manage sedition in the lowest level with the least time and cost. Sedition from the “level” point of view is divided into the difference in thought, schism, and devilry. In the “process” point of view it is divided into the difference of ideas, difference of resources, and tough reaction. The first step in sedition management according to Islam is Unitarianism through raising people’s faith and unity and the use of intellection and wisdom according to time and environment which works for prevention and the last cure is sedition. Imam Ali’s method of sedition management involves intellectual management of sedition that is using faith power, thought, analysis, and planning power, then there was the modest sedition management level, that is, using authority conferment and discussion and finally the tough sedition level, that is, revelation and contrast.
    Keywords: Nahj Al Balaghah, Sedition, Difference of thought, Schism, Unity, Sedition cure, mental management of sedition, Modest sedition management, Tough sedition management
  • Solmaz Shokuhi Moghadam, Dr Abbas Ali Rostami Nasab, Mahmood Zivari Rahman Page 65
    Religious identity, is the most important and most comprehensive level of Identity in all social systems, which influences all areas of culture, society, politics and even economy. The present study, recognizing the importance of religious identity and the issue of hijab in society, investigates the destructive factors of religious identity and the inclination towards the lack of hijab, according to the university students. In this respect, factors such as satellites networks, internet websites, mobile phone messages and clips, national TV programs, Novels and stories, actors and movie stars, computer games, incorrect instruction and familie's weaknesses, problems and deficiencies of the educational system, inappropriate behavior of some institution in charge of religious issues and deficiency in some political activities of the country destroy national and religious identity and cause the inclination towards the lack of hijab, according to the university student. The research type is descriptive - evaluative and the statisticalpopulation consists of the students in Universities of Rafsanjan from which 506 students are selected as the statistical sample of the study,using simple random sampling. The data gathering tool is a researcher– made questionnaire with 47 items. The results show that about 68.8 percent of the students considered inappropriate behavior of some institution in charge of religious issues as the most important factor in destroying religions identity and 69/9 percent of the students consider, the weakness of the families as the most important factor causing the inclination towards the lack of hijab.
    Keywords: Destructive factors, Religious identity, Inclination to the lack of hijab
  • Mahdieh Eshaghi, Dr Azadeh Sharifi Moghadam Page 83
    The study of different words in Kermani dialect reveals that one of the salient features of this dialect is the changes happen in the pronunciation of glottal stops and glottal fricatives in words medial and final position. The purpose of the study is the identification of phonological environment of these changes. It is a field study. Firstly a list of basic words has been prepared and their pronunciation in real context has been recorded. Then they have been transcribed phonologically and compared with their standard forms. The changes are presentedin the form of phonological rules. The changes consist of glottal stops and glottal fricatives deletion in final position and the conversion of these voiceless phonemes to their weak voice counterparts in medial position, another point to be mentioned is the effect of these changes on the preceding vowels which is called compensatory length.
    Keywords: Kermani dialect, Phonological process, Glottal Stop consonant, ?, Glottal Fricative consonant, h, Medial position, Final position, Compensatory length
  • Dr Alireza Manzari Tavakoli, Maryam Kohandel Page 99
    The present study aims at investigating ‘the relationship betweenreligiousness and self-esteem of high school female students of district 2 of Kerman in 2009-10 academic year. The present study utilized correlation research method. The samples included 386 students who were selected through multi-level cluster sampling and were analyzed based on the objectives and hypotheses. The instruments used in this study include religiousness questionnaire comprised of two sections; the first section was allocated to individual variables and the second section included three parts for measuring: religious knowledge, religious outlook, and religious behavior. As for self-esteem, Cooper Smith’s Self-Esteem test (1967) was used. Pearson and Spearman’s statistical inferences and correlation coefficient were used for data analysis. The results showed that there is a meaningful relationship between the religiousness and self-esteem of high school female students.There is, as well, a positive and meaningful relationship between all the components of religiousness (religious knowledge, religious outlook, and religious behavior) and self-esteem. Finally, research limitations are pointed out and suggestions for further study are presented.
    Keywords: Religiousness, Religious Knowledge, Religious Outlook, Religious Behavior, Self, esteem
  • Page 123
    Biabanak which is located in the centre of Iran was the northest area of central deserts. According to Ptolemy it was among Karmania desert and he mentioned some camel drivers in this area. From overall considerations about central deserts of Iran in the old sources, it has been concluded that certainly people were living in these deserts including Biabanak. Until the end of Islamic period the presence of Zoroastrians in Biabanak desert is somewhat unquestionable. Gabriel quoted that in south of Khor there is Khor Mountain which was the cemetery of Zoroastrian inhabitants. He noted that until six hundred years ago the inhabitants of Khor were Zoroastrian and in Dehno there is a place named Atashkadeh1. There is more information about central deserts of Iran after the Arab's attack and in Islamic period. The author has studied Biabanak area in three pre-Islamic, Islamic and classic periods. Also, he has explained etymology, the inhabitant's lineage and their economical, religious, historical and geographical considerations in different periods and relied on the historian's writings and geographers with different nations.
    Keywords: Biabanak, Biaz, Mehrijan, Ardib, Iij, Iraj
  • Sedigheh Niktabe Page 145
    Resurrection believing is one of the assurances in shia religion and different from other Islamic sects, although it has been approved since the prophet time, but it faced with disagreements and denials that even some people believe it is impossible to happen and they niggle and reprove shia. This essay emphasizes on the importance of resurrection believing and answers to doubts of opponents by using philosophical, verbal,Interpretational and validity books and it proves with rational and traditional reasons that resurrection not only has mental decline and is not against the sage tradition of God in the world, the prophet and Imams but it has also rational necessity.
    Keywords: Resurrection, Metempsychosis, Absolute necessity, Rational feasibility
  • Abbas Taghi Zadeh Page 163
    Today, our life is so much depends on the media. High school students are the main addressees of media who their consumption is more than any other ages. Media consumption regime is one of the generative components of media literacy which should be programmed and thoughtful. Media literacy pertains to twenty first century which includes the ability to use the media, analysis of media transmission and critical thoughts towards the media transmission. The main subject is that how is the media consumption regime for high school girls and boys? and how is the relationship between having access or using the media and the economical base and gender? The present research has been done by survey method, questionnaire and selecting 400 students by cluster sampling method among high school student of fourth grade in Kerman city. The results show that school boys use the media more than school girls. Also, there is a meaningful relationship between the rate of using conteractive media. But it does not have and relationship with the rate of using the print media(newspaper and magazine).
    Keywords: Media consumption regime, Media literacy, Media training, The rate of having access, using the media, High school students
  • Farzin Salimi, Hossein Mousa Ali, Mahdieh Khanjari Page 193
    In this article the authors examine the reflective- theoretical study about the role of institutes and academies in the cultural development of the country. Cultural development is one of the development indexes. In this direction, it has been studied the role of institutes and academies in the cultural development's indexes such as education, communication and information, the rate of entertainment, library, the habit of reading and creativity nurture. Also, it has been tried to study the importance of institutes in the increase in the flowering, creativity and knowledge of the society. The purpose of this research is to present a picture of artistic and cultural talent, education, association, accepting the society, renovation, and create motivation and evolution in educational, artistic and cultural institutes. But there's one question that what's the role of institutes in the cultural development of the country? Considering the accomplished researches it shows that the function of institutes and academies reinforces the development of cooperative culture. In this article the artistic and cultural institutes as "independent" variable and cultural development as "dependent" variable have been studied. Finally the results show that the function of increasing institute's potency reinforces the cultural development in Iran.
    Keywords: institutes, academies, artistic, cultural co, operation cultural development, Iran
  • Mohammad Reza Tikdari Nejhad, Dr. Mansour Yoosefi Joolandan, Mahnoosh Arabnadvi Page 223
    In general, socialization means individual learns society manners and performs them in order to live proportional to the manners of the group and society in which he lives in. If the socialization current is performed and lasted intimately, people will participate in the joint life of their society, learn it's custom and become compatible with it and other members of the society. With a short glance to the history of people's life it can be noticed the similarities and differences between them. Rites of passage and particularly Sedreh pushi is a sample of these similarities which has preserved it's cultural and religious infrastructure during the history and come in to the present generation. Therefore, it can be claimed that Sedreh pushi as a cultural appearance from a kind of accepted religious custom has a deep root in history and considering the ideological and religious infrastructure it can be perceived and studied it's main executive principles in the offering of ceremonies. This article has been done with the purpose of anthropological study of Zoroastrian's Sedreh pushi ceremony by applying the qualitative methods. The results show that despite of different definitions which have been presented about the rites of passage it can be claimed that although these kind of ceremonies are dynamic and different from one culture or situation to the other one, the findings present a similarity in the essence of the ceremonies ' executive methods in different nations; so it can be concluded the cultural similarities preserve their survival in time passing and maintain their function by a few changes in the method.
    Keywords: Religion, Zoroastrians, Rites of passage, Sedreh pushi