فهرست مطالب

  • پیاپی 9 (تابستان 1389)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1389/06/09
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Mohammad Ghorbani, Ali Delavar , Ahmad Borjali , Hassan Asadzadeh Page 9
    Mathematic is one of the important lessons that can affect all areas of life. The purpose of present article was to make research in order to compiling a model for explaining and predicting mathematics achievement based on motivational attitudes. Method of research was prediction type of correlation. After preparing measuring tools and determine its validity and reliability, among the statistical society of second year governmental male high school students, of Tehran, a sample of 120 students using multi-stage cluster were selected and the students completed the questionnaires. Also Mathematics scores were used as basis for mathematics achievement. SPSS software employed for analyzing data. Then the proposed model was tested by LISREL software and regression equation computed and hypothesizes were tested. Results of first the hypothesis showed that individual, familial and scholastic factors could formulate the regression equation and showed that these three factors, determine 98 percent of the variance on the mathematical progress. For the second hypothesis test path analysis was used and results revealed that proposed model had not fit index and this hypothesis did not confirmed. Results of testing the third hypothesis showed that all three factors partially predict mathematical achievement (I.F=. /67, F.F=. /61 and S.F=. /49). The forth hypothesis testing revealed that with respect to F.F, A.F can predict more variance of mathematical achievement. Although familial factors have significant effect on mathematic achievements.
    Keywords: motivational attitudes, mathematical achievement, model, regression, path analysis
  • Ali Reza Razeghi, Masood Hosseinchari Page 27
    The aim of this study was investigating the relationship between ego identity status and communication skills in tribal and urban high school students in Shiraz city. A sample of 371 tribal and urban boy and girl high school students of Shiraz city which were selected via multi-stage cluster sampling with class sample unit, completed two questioners on communication skills and identity conditions. Test-Revised Descriptive statistical methods and multiple regression analysis were used for organizing and analyzing data. General findings indicated that achieved identity status in all groups, positively predicts communication skills. Also, diffusion identity status predicts communication skills in urban students negatively but does not predict communication skills in tribal student. Furthermore, diffusion identity status negatively predicts communication skills in boys but does not predict communication skills in girls. Diffusion identity status negatively predict communication skills in urban girls while does not predict communication skills in tribal girls. Furthermore, the relationship of identity status on sub communication skills was investigated. The findings are discussed regarding research literature and suggestions for further investigation are set forth.
    Keywords: Identity, Adolescents, Communication Skills, Tribal Culture
  • Fariborz Bagheri, Eshrat Sasani Page 49
    This research is implemented for comparison of motivation structure in people (group) who are habituated to internet and people (group) who are not; with the age 15 up to 28. The sample of this research carry off 70 experienced, 35 individuals who are overdoing active and habituated to internet and 35 who are not habitual. These 70 experienced have selected as an available coincidence sampling in coffee nets of Tehran. Findings from analyzing motivation structure questionnaires, show that Personal Concern Inventory (PCI) and Internet Addiction Test (IAT), these results achieved that between people (group) who are habituated to internet and people (group) who are not, there are differences in: Control of the way to achievement of goals, quantity of disillusioned of the goals are not reached, quantity of commitment and affiliation to goals, importance of individual goals their other goals. But, there are not differences in: quantity of the importance of the goals, the way of achievement to goals, quantity of come to know of following the goals, quantity of satisfied in case of achievement to goals, Time-length which needed for achievement to goals, quantity of freedom for selection of goals.
    Keywords: internet, internet addiction, normal, motivation structure
  • Esmaeil Zaraii Zvaraki, Hossein Soleimani Azndryany, Fariba Dortaj Page 69
    Background
    community member mentally, physically, emotionally and socially have differences significant to their other peers. In the way that these tangible differences are not capable to do normal curriculum, which mainly based on features and capabilities which are most common in children of different ages, appropriately benefit
    Objective
    This study assessed the quality of learning centers of Exceptional Education Organization in Tehran in the human resources component, physical environment, media, materials and equipment.
    Method
    This study is descriptive and simple random sampling method was used to set sample. The study population included all specialists working in Exceptional Education Organization, and Exceptional Children Institute and Exceptional Students Learning Centers directors in Tehran.
    Findings
    The results show that 1 - Learning Centers of Exceptional Education Organization are weak in the human resources component 2 - Learning Centers existed in Exceptional Education Organization are weak in the physical environment component 3 - Learning Centers existed in Exceptional Education Organization are weak in the media components, materials and equipment.
    Conclusion
    The results showed that condition of the learning centers in the Exceptional Education Organization in the human resources component, physical environment, media, materials and equipment are weak.
  • Aboulghasem Yaghoobi Page 85
    Spirituality is one of the inner needs of human and some of the experts believe that it gives a security of superior level of predisposition of cognitive development, moral, affective and helps to people to answer the questions of "why in their life. Spiritual intelligence as individual beliefs infrastructure has an basic role in different ground specially in promotion and provide mental health; on the other hand the role of happiness in mental health, physical health, efficiency and social participation, is one of the most important priorities in psychology. So, the goal of this research is the investigation of relation between spiritual intelligence and rate of happiness in students. The research methods is descriptive and correlation. Statistical society is all of the Booalisina university students and they are selected in the light of population of faculty and also in the ration of sexual and different educational group. 380 persons (180 boys and 200 girls) were selected as a sample of research by multi- stage sampling. Also spiritual intelligence inventory with 14 choices and oxford happiness questionnaire with 29 choices are used as a research device. The analysis of result in correlated and independent variable in t- test and analysis of variance showed that there is a significant difference between different groups of students. It means that when the rate of their spiritual intelligence is increased, the rate of their happiness is increased too.
    Keywords: spiritual intelligence, happiness, mental health
  • Abdollah Motamedy Page 97
    Needs assessment is a study through which the data for estimating the needs of a group, a society or an organization would be collected and educational needs assessment could help the programming, recognition the individual difficulties, evaluation the learning of students, to responsive, improvement the activities, giving feedback to the people and educational interfering. In this research, some of the important techniques includes, Delphi Technique, face to face interview and Brain Storming and selecting people from teachers, experts and beginners in literacy society were applied to detect the priorities of educational needs of beginner women in literacy from cultural and social dimensions. In sum, 46 cultural and 54 social needs were offered by deferent groups. Analyzing the priorities of teachers, experts and beginners in literacy showed that there are significant differences of cultural and social dimensions between these three groups.
    Keywords: Needs assessment is a study through which the data for estimating the
  • Seyede Tayebe Motiee Langerodi, Narges Yaghobi, Ali Moghadam Zadeh Page 117
    This research aim is Meta-Analysis of the previous researches on martyrs’ children educational drop-out between the years 1994 and 2006. In order to do this, it tries to come to unified and harmonious findings from previous researches, and specify the real effects and significance level of each of the influential factors on educational drop-out i.e. personal, family, instructional and socio-environmental. Then, it specifies which variables have the most powerful effect on martyrs’ children educational fall. The population of this research included all of the researches carried out on martyrs’ children educational drop-out in Martyr Affair between the years 1994 and 2006. The influential variables in martyrs’ children educational drop-out were categorized to personal, family, instructional and socio-environmental factors. These factors were entered to the CMA program. In 11 researches, 26 personal variables; in 13 researches, 43 family variables; in 6 researches, 14 instructional variables, and in 5 researches, 6 socio-environmental variables were identified. The most influential variable in the personal factors determined as “future employment viewpoint”; in the family factors the most influential variables were “family management” and “permanent illness of the family members”. There was not a significant relation among the influence of the different variables (personal, family, instructional, and socio-environmental) on the basis of the educational level, statistical method and techniques utilized.
    Keywords: Meta, analysis, Drop, Out, personal, family, instructional, socio, environmental Factors, martyr's children
  • Ali Baygi, Rezvan Ghambari Page 145
    In sustainability vision, the most important capital of countries is human capitals. Therefore higher education as a promoter of human capital, and producer of knowledge, has a crucial responsibility in this regard and entitled a special place in achieving sustainable development. The purpose of this descriptive analytical study was to design a conceptual model for sustainable university. To achieve the purpose, the literature of sustainability in higher education, and the most popular activities, around the world, for integrating sustainability into all functions of universities were reviewed. Based on this review, the elementary model was designed. This model was revised by certain higher education experts. Eventually, the model of sustainable university was designed based on the principles of systems thinking, participatory planning, and sustainable development. Finally, the required changes in teaching learning process were explained to create a base for new academic culture. The formation of Sustainability Committee in universities to plan for integrating sustainability into education, research, and outreach is the most important part of the model. It is hoped that the designed model could help to develop higher education, on course of scientific power sustainability of the country.
    Keywords: Sustainable development, higher education, university, conceptual model