فهرست مطالب

  • پیاپی 7 (پاییز 1390)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1391/06/20
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
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  • Mohammad Lal Alizadeh Page 7

    Transition period from Qajar dynasty to Pahlavi dynasty is the period when Iranian Constitutional Revolution, shelling of the parliament, beginning of World War I and Iranian Constitutional closure is formed. With the closure of the Parliament, failure of Constitutional Revolution, creating chaos and insecurity and increase in the influence of the foreigners in the country, uprisings and movements began in reaction to the failure of constitutional revolution, corruption and incompetence, mismanagement of the country and foreign domination.Jangal (Jungle) movement, uprising of Khiābāni, Pessian and Lahouti are among the uprisings with such characteristics. There are two different perspectives for the reasons of the emergence of these uprisings and movements”1. Some people considered these uprisings and movements as separatism and ambitious2. Some others considered these uprisings somehow as the continuation of constitutional revolution and in line with patriotism and nationalism of their leaders.The main question of this research is that what was the main reason for the emergence and appearance of the movements of Jangal (Jungle), Khiābāni, Pessian and Lahouti? After mentioning the situation of the first decade of constitutional revolution and reviewing the four mentioned movements and looking at the historical context, the leadership personality of the each of the uprisings, the opinions of experts in this regard and the aims of these movements, the writer came to the conclusion that these movements occurred in reaction to the failure of the constitutional revolution, insecurity, incompetence, mismanagement of the country and domination of the foreigners.

    Keywords: Qajar, Pahlavi, constitutional revolution, parliament, uprising, patriotism
  • Ahmad Motaghi Zadeh Page 31

    Islamic Republic of Iran soft power from practical and theoretical dementions,has an objective and tangible effects on region and world political changes. In this research in addition of soft power definition, attempted to first of all Iran soft power indexes and then confirming indexes of soft power and finally threating factors of revolution soft power verified.Soft power components like national incorporation,the power of guardianship of the Islamic juristic,insight,culture of endurance,faith reinforcement, willpower for revolution protecting,preparing to react towards every threat, maintain and activating of the divine values,national defend,anti oppression,anti arrogance, supporting innocent and its threating indexes like university and district neglecting, Passover of the enemy deception especially universal arrogance,will be discussed.Soft power of Islamic revolution as a school motion, theoretically and practically regarding to universality of Islam school which has an especial and net soft power, also will be described and objectively its continuous quantitative and qualitative impact on around domains on region Islamic rouse and wide spirituality reflection and freedom in world level for revival of Mohamad pure Islam and answering to this question that why some scares of Iran Islamic revolution? And why some consider it as an opportunity and world perkies regards it as a menace for their benefits? all in this document will be described.

    Keywords: Soft power, Iran Islamic revolution, values, threat, Islamic rouse
  • Abdol Mahdie Irvas Page 53

    The terms of Despotism and freedom are of the famous terms of the history of political thought. In regard with despotism, the first thing that comes to the mind is that the ruling person dictates to the people under his command such that the people don’t have the feeling of security and freedom. Expressing the reasons for the emergence of despotism, Alexis de Tocqueville believes that people get dependent or adherent due to their interest to their personal affairs and as a result little interest and time remains for participating in the public affairs which follow particularly the public interest. From Tocqueville‘s point of view, the mass media is one of the factors creating despotism. The media drive people to isolation and when the society is driven to isolation it is only the central government who is active and therefore the government becomes the lone rider. Regarding the reasons for the emergence of despotism, John Stuart Mill is also of the opinion that customs and believes are very effective in restricting the minority. Going further to his points of view, he recognizes government’s authority as one of the other factors of despotism.

    Keywords: despotism, freedom, Wittfogel, authority
  • Hamed Faghizadeyegorgi, Saide Goodarzi Page 105

    The present research tries to investigate youths political participation of hamadan province. The research method which are used descriptive of kind survey and the used tools researcher's made questionnaire. The statistical populations of the research are youth (18-35 year) of Hamadan province, which 400 of them are selected through multi stage - cluster sampling method. The results of this research shows that significant meaningful relations between independent variables of age, sexuality, education, martial status, social class, rate of using mass media, Political legitimacy, attitude about politics world, Political information volume, Political efficiency with Political participation. But there is no relationship between independent variables of the job status and sense of Political security with Political participation. Also results shows that independent variables of research explanation ٪54 variance of dependent variable. The statistical method used in the research includes Frequency distribution table, bar chart Student’s t-test, simple linear regression analysis and multiple linear regression analysis.

    Keywords: Political efficiency, Political legitimacy, Social class, Political Participation
  • Dr.Mohammad Taghizadeh Ansari, Dr.Reza Simbor, Associate Professor Page 115

    The last two decades have witnessed widespread changes and developments in the nature and essence of tensions in the international arena. As a result, the area of the operation of protecting peace and development has significantly increased. Presently, obligations of the wide variety of responsibilities such as improving the status of human security, supporting the coordination related to the distribution of power, providing the right for election cover strengthening the rule of law, monitoring respect and reverence for human rights and improving economic and social development. It is clear that men, women, boys and girls experience the violence differently before, after and during the tensions and get vulnerabilities, insecurity and different and various interaction mechanisms. Moreover, these tensions effect on gender relations and roles, because the people are often forced to play roles which are not possible to assume them in times of peace.It can be said that the system of democratic sustainable commitments and the peace development process have become complicated more than ever. This matter have ever been emphasized; Therefore, it seems necessary to adopt a gender approach for meeting the requirements of women, men, boys, and girls who have been affected by the tensions caused by quarrels and violence. Gender integrating on the subject of sustainable peace has involved two different approaches so far: placing the women in taking the authority, policies and actions for peace development and increasing the number of employed women in peacekeeping operation. In 2008, only two percent of military personnel in UN peacekeeping forces were women.This article aims to improve better understanding of the challenges that there are in the way of the realization of the aims for achieving a balance gender in the peace development, the effect of women forces in protecting and keeping the peace and the training and capacity building activities related to them.

    Keywords: guardian, international, womens
  • Mehdi Zolfaghari, Ghasem Farajollahi Page 135

    Sayyid Jamal-ad-Din Asadabadi known to Afghāni is among the prominent figures in the history of the two recent century of the Muslim World. He founded the thesis of Islamic Unity with his thoughts in the modern world. The name and reputation of Jamal-ad-Din was expanded rapidly after the victory of the Islamic Revolution and the foreign policies of the country, in particular, with regard to Islamic counties were affected by the attitude of Sayyid Jamal-ad-Din to the necessity of having unity of understanding among the Islamic governments. Regarding the importance of Sayyid Jamal-ad-Din as an intellectual, political and international figure, this article attempts to deal with some parts of turbulent times during his life and his role in the development of Muslim World as well as with some rumors and quotations claiming that he was related to freemasonry.

    Keywords: Sayyid Jamal, ad, Din Asadabadi, pan, Islamism, freemasonry, Islamic countries