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مطالعات تاریخی - نظامی - پیاپی 3 (تابستان 1388)

فصلنامه مطالعات تاریخی - نظامی
پیاپی 3 (تابستان 1388)

  • تاریخ انتشار: 1388/05/05
  • تعداد عناوین: 6
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  • Hojjatollah Izadi Page 3
    The researcher has tried to review the position and social relations of the armed forces in Pahlavi era. Although there are not enoughinformation to cover the issue, and sufficient sources have not been developed based on military documents, the present information seem to be adequate for reviewing the position of the army and its interaction with people. In this article the following issues are discussed: process of conscription, logistic system, financial state of the army, functions of the Cossack, negative attitude of people towards Russian Cossack, formation of gendarmerie, the position and social state of gendarmerie, the role of Cossack and some gendarmerie officers in the coup of 1299 solar year, the higher situation of the Cossack in forming modern military, the effect of this issue on the nature and functions of military forces in Pahlavi era, financial state of the noncommissioned officers and the conscripts in this era, and the social effects of the activities by armed forces in Pahlavi era.
    Keywords: armed forces, Cossack, gendarmerie, social position of the armed forces, social relations of the armed forces
  • Rahim Babazadeh Page 23
    This article is intended to explain and evaluate the effect of reformation plans of Shah, "the State and Provincial Councils Bill", in a short period of 54 days struggle. Although it covered a short period of time, it paved the way for great campaign in future, containing the rise of people, religious activities of the clergymen against the evil, atheism and secularism. The movement of 15th of Khordad, the starting point of the Islamic movement, can be regarded as another result of that general movement. The question is why and how the Shah's regime revived a bill which had been forgotten for years. The role of the clergymen and the external situation relating to the Bill and its convergent outcomes, which caused dissatisfaction and reaction by opposing forces, especially by the religious people under the leadership of Imam Khomeini, are also discussed in this piece of research.
  • Kazem Sam Daliri Page 49
    Relative deprivation is a theory that tries to explain revolutions from a psychological perspective. This theory is based on deprivationaggression indicating that when people are dissatisfied with their governments, they get angry with it and resort to aggressiveness. Why people become dissatisfied with their governments takes root from the differences between what they want and what they really have. If the gap between these two cases is deep, the result will be deprivation and aggression against the government. Relying on this theory, this research is trying to investigate deprivation, the gap between what people had and what they really desired, before the Islamic revolution. Reviewing the literature related to the active groups, the researcher will try to identify the values concurrent in the era of Pahlavi and how much people could enjoy them.
    Keywords: relative deprivation, value expectations, value abilities, increasing deprivation, decreasing deprivation, whish deprivation
  • Ali Mohammad Naeeni, Sayyed Bahram Faraj Page 79
    As stated in part one, a significant outcome of the effective influence of Imam Khomeini was management of propaganda. Reviewing the speeches of Imam Khomeini reveals parts of his propaganda strategy during the holy defense. In this piece of research the role of formal and informal institutes, the effect of Basij and Ashoora culture as well as propaganda tools during the imposed war are reviewed with regard to three main axes of the main functions of propaganda: motivating people for supporting the war, motivating and promoting combat motivation of the combatants, and psychological warfare against the enemy. This article studies the role of the means of propaganda and tries to find out how much the Islamic Republic of Iran has been able to achieve its goals in the imposed war in spite of having few propaganda institutes inside and outside the country and the vast international propaganda against Iran.
    Keywords: means of propaganda, Ashoora culture, art, literature, frontline propaganda, holy defense
  • Iraj Nikkhoo Page 111
    Various objection uprising took place during Omayyad dynasty, each of which contained its own beliefs and thought characteristics. The uprising by Abdurrahman-Ibn-Ashas came about in 80 AH in the era of Abdul-Malek-Ibn-Marvan. Hajjaj, the ruler of Iraq, had dispatched him to Sistan to fight against its ruler, Rotail. However, the Iraqi corps, especially the Mawali group, was dissatisfied and rose against Hajjaj. The main objective of the upheaval was to overthrow Hajjaj and banish him from Iraq and place Abdurrahman-Ibn-Ashas as the ruler. Abdul-Malek agreed with the rising people and suggested that Abdurrahman, as the leader of the movement, becomes the ruler, but people did not accept this because of not having a unified aim. Then, Abdul-Malek equipped Hajjaj's corps and defeated Abdurrahman's corps through three battles. Abdurrahman's failure was due to weak leadership, lack of efficient ideology, effective management power of Hajjaj, and the fact that the Iraqi soldiers had a wrong estimation of the Caliph's military power.
    Keywords: Abdul, Malek, Ibn, Marvan, Hajjaj, Ibn, Yousef, Abdurrahman, Ibn, Ashas, Deiruljamajem, the uprising of Asha