فهرست مطالب

Iranian Journal of Radiology - Volume:10 Issue: 2, 2013
  • Volume:10 Issue: 2, 2013
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1392/04/22
  • تعداد عناوین: 12
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  • Maryam Moradi, Kobra Ganji, Niloufar Teyfouri, Farzaneh Kolahdoozan Page 51
    Osteoma is a benign, slow-growing osteogenic tumor that sometimes arises from the craniomaxillofacial region, such as the sinus, temporal or jaw bones. Osteoma consists of compact or cancellous bone that may be peripheral, central or extraskeletal type. Peripheral osteoma arises from the periosteum and is commonly a unilateral, pedunculated mushroom-like mass. Peripheral osteoma of the mandible is relatively uncommon, and peripheral osteoma of the mandibular notch is extremely rare, although many cases arise from the mandibular body, angle, condyle, or coronoid process. We report here an unusual peripheral osteoma of the mandibular notch in a 78-year-old nonsyndromic female..
    Keywords: Tomography, X-ray Computed, Osteoma, Mandible
  • Esra Yazar, Funda SeÇik, Pi, Nar Yi, Ldi, Z Page 56
    Background
    Transthoracic fine needle aspiration biopsy is a well-established and safe technique for obtaining pulmonary tissue. However, there is very little data about repeating procedure..
    Objectives
    We aimed to investigate whether repeating CT-guided transthoracic fine needle aspiration (TFNA) increases diagnostic yield and complication rate..Patients and
    Methods
    Patients underwent TFNA and the final diagnoses achieved were included in the study. Consequently, 316 TFNA procedures performed in 240 patients were investigated retrospectively. A diagnosis was not reached in the first TFNA in 64 patients, then they underwent repeated TFNA. The factors that affected the diagnostic yield and complication rate were recorded..
    Results
    The final diagnoses of 199 (82.9%) patients were malignant and 41 patients were benign. One hundred seventy six patients underwent the TFNA procedure only once. Sixty-four patients underwent a second procedure, while 12 underwent a third one. The diagnosis rate in the first procedures (diagnosis obtained in 142 out of 240 patients) was 59%. With the repeated procedures, 30 other patients were diagnosed. The diagnosis rate increased to 72% (172 out of 240 patients) (P<0.001). Twenty-nine (9.2%) pneumothoraces in 26 patients were detected in 316 TFNA procedures. In the repeated TFNA group (64 patients) there were seven pneumothoraces (11%) in the first TFNA procedure and six pneumothoraces (9%) in the repeated TFNA procedures (P=0.41). In three patients, pneumothorax was detected in the first and repeated procedures. Pneumothorax was significantly associated with the maximum diameter of the lesion (P=0.003), distance to pleura (P=0.001), contact to the pleura (P=0.0001) and smoking history (pack/year) (P=0.04)..
    Conclusion
    This study demonstrated that repeating the TFNA procedure in pulmonary lesions improves the diagnostic yield without an increase in the rate of pneumothorax..
    Keywords: Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy, Invasive Procedure, Pneumothorax
  • Ali Akbari Sari, Hamid Ravaghi, Mohammadreza Mobinizadeh, Sima Sarvari Page 61
    Background
    PET scan is a non-invasive, complex and expensive medical imaging technology that is normally used for the diagnosis and treatment of various diseases including lung cancer..
    Objectives
    The purpose of this study is to assess the cost effectiveness of this technology in the diagnosis and treatment of non- small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) in Iran..
    Materials And Methods
    The main electronic databases including The Cochrane Library and Medline were searched to identify available evidence about the performance and effectiveness of technology. A standard decision tree model with seven strategies was used to perform the economic evaluation. Retrieved studies and expert opinion were used to estimate the cost of each treatment strategy in Iran. The costs were divided into three categories including capital costs (depreciation costs of buildings and equipment), staff costs and other expenses (including cost of consumables, running and maintenance costs). The costs were estimated in both IR-Rials and US-Dollars with an exchange rate of 10.000 IR Rials per one US Dollar according to the exchange rate in 2008..
    Results
    The total annual running cost of a PET scan was about 8850 to 13000 million Rials, (0.9 to 1.3 million US$). The average cost of performing a PET scan varied between 3 and 4.5 million Rials (300 to 450US$). The strategies 3 (mediastinoscopy alone) and 7 (mediastinoscopy after PET scan) were more cost-effective than other strategies, especially when the result of the CT-scan performed before PET scan was negative..
    Conclusion
    The technical performance of PET scan is significantly higher than similar technologies for staging and treatment of NSCLC. In addition, it might slightly improve the treatment process and lead to a small level of increase in the quality adjusted life year (QALY) gained by these patients making it cost-effective for the treatment of NSCLC..
    Keywords: Positron, Emission Tomography, Non, Small, Cell Lung Carcinoma, Economics
  • Raman Rajesh, Dhiman S. Dalip, Jhobta Anupam, Azad Jaisiram Page 68
    Background
    Hydatid disease of the liver is endemic in cattle rearing areas of the world. A variety of treatment options are available in its management. The common treatment options are medical therapy, surgery and puncture-aspiration-injection-reaspiration (PAIR) therapy..
    Objectives
    This study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of PAIR therapy in the treatment of hepatic hydatid disease..Patients and
    Methods
    This cross sectional study was carried out on 15 consecutive patients (Male: 2, Female: 13; Age group: 11-80 years) with hepatic hydatid disease and were treated by PAIR therapy and followed up for a period of 1 year. The cysts were punctured under local anesthesia with an 18G needle using sonographic guidance. Betadine (10% povidone iodine + 1% free iodine) was used as scolicidal agent and allowed to act for 30 min. Cysts larger than 5 cm (n = 5) were drained using an 8F pig tail catheter. The therapeutic response was studied by assessing the reduction in the cyst size, progressive solidification of the cyst, calcification of the wall and increase in the echogenicity of the cyst with pseudomass appearance on serial ultrasound examinations performed on the next day, after 1 month, at 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after the procedure..
    Results
    Ten patients (66.7%) had Gharbi type I cysts, two (13.3%) had type II and three (20%) had type III cysts. All the patients (100%) showed reduction in cyst size over a 3-6 month period. Pseudomass appearance with solidification was seen in 73% of the patients and calcification was seen in 46.6%. None of the patients developed anaphylaxis, recurrence or peritoneal seedlings. Pain at the injection site was the most common complication observed..
    Conclusion
    PAIR therapy is an effective minimally invasive treatment for Gharbi type I-III hepatic hydatid cysts. It is a cost effective and safe procedure with significant reduction in the duration of hospital stay..
    Keywords: Echinococcosis, Image, Guided Biopsy, Povidone Iodine
  • Toshinori Iwai, Toshiharu Izumi, Junichi Baba, Jiro Maegawa, Kenji Mitsudo, Iwai Tohnai Page 74
  • Payam Mehrian, Mohammad Ali Karimi, Shahram Kahkuee, Mehrdad Bakhshayeshkaram, Reza Ghasemikhah Page 77
  • Hadi Rokni Yazdi, Nematollah Rostami, Homa Hakimian, Mehdi Mohammadifar, Mahsa Ghajarzadeh Page 81
  • Farheen Badar, Shagufta Yasmeen, Nishat Afroz, Nazoora Khan, Shah F. Azfar Page 86
  • Na Yeon Han, Beom Jin Park, Deuk Jae Sung, Min Ju Kim, Sung Bum Cho, Dong Sik Kim, Jeong Hyeon Lee Page 90
    The patient is a previously healthy 52-year-old woman who presented with dyspepsia for two months. Multiple imaging modalities including ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed diffuse bile duct dilatation with an obstructive lesion of the distal extrahepatic biliary duct (EHD) as well as two masses in the peripancreatic area. The peripancreatic masses appeared cystic with posterior acoustic enhancement on ultrasound, low density on CT imaging, and high signal intensity on T2-weighted MRI. The lesion in the distal EHD exhibited similar characteristics on CT and MRI. A Whipple procedure was performed and histological specimens showed malignant cells with large mucin pools that was consistent with a diagnosis of colloid carcinoma of the EHD with metastatic lymphadenopathies.. Colloid carcinoma, also called mucinous carcinoma, is classified as a histologic variant of adenocarcinoma. Because the colloid carcinoma of the biliary tree is exceedingly rare, the imaging characteristics and the clinical features of colloid carcinoma remain relatively unknown. We report a case of colloid carcinoma of the common bile duct and its accompanied metastatic lymphadenopathies with characteristic imaging findings reflecting abundant intratumoral mucin pools..
    Keywords: Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous, Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic, Lymphatic Diseases, Ultrasonography
  • Mehdi Alehossein, Masoud Pourgholami, Kamyar Kamrani, Mohammad Soltani, Afshin Yazdi, Payman Salamati Page 94
    Cutis laxa (CL) is a rare congenital and acquired disorder characterized by loose and redundant skin with reduced elasticity. Three types of congenital cutis laxa have been recognized. Other findings are pulmonary emphysema, bronchiectasia, hernia and diverticulosis. We describe a female neonate involved by cutis laxa syndrome and a positive family history. We focus on the radiologic findings of this case such as multiple bladder diverticulosis, GI diverticulosis and very rare accompanying hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS)..
    Keywords: Cutis Laxa, Diverticulum, Pyloric Stenosis
  • Page 99
    Background
    Adequate diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) could lead to efficacious treatment. Due to the fact that DCIS lesions can progress to invasive carcinomas and that the sensitivity of the standard examination – mammography – is between 70 and 80%, use of a more sensitive diagnostic tool was needed. In detection of DCIS, contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CE-MRI) has the sensitivity up to 96%..
    Objectives
    Morphological features and kinetic parameters were evaluated to define the most regular morphological, kinetic and morpho-kinetic patterns on MRI assessment of breast ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)..Patients and
    Methods
    We retrospectively assessed eighteen patients with 23 histologically confirmed lesions (mean age, 52.4 ± 10.5 years). All patients were clinically and mammographically examined prior to MRI examination..
    Results
    DCIS appeared most frequently as non-mass-like lesions (12 lesions, 52.17%). The differences in the frequency of lesion types were statistically significant (P<0.05). The following morphological patterns were detected: A: no specific morphologic features, B: linear/branching enhancement, C: focal mass-like enhancement, D: segmental enhancement, E: segmental enhancement in triangular shape, F: diffuse enhancement, G: regional heterogeneous enhancement in one quadrant not conforming to duct distribution and H: dotted or granular type of enhancement with patchy distribution. The difference in the frequency of the proposed patterns was statistically significant (P<0.05). There were eight lesions with mass enhancement, and six with segmental lesions: regional and triangular. There was no statistically significant difference in the frequency of enhancement curve types (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the frequency of morpho-kinetic patterns..
    Conclusion
    Non-mass-like lesions, lesions with focal or segmental distribution, with a “plateau” enhancement curve type were the most frequent findings of DCIS lesions on MRI..
    Keywords: Carcinoma, Intraductal, Non infiltrating, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Breast Neoplasms, Image Enhancement, Gadolinium DTPA
  • Firoozeh Ahmadi, Leila Torbati, Farnaz Akhbari, Gholam Shahrzad Page 103
    Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is the radiographic evaluation of the uterus and fallopian tubes that is used predominantly in the assessment of infertility and evaluation of abnormalities of the uterus and fallopian tubes. Some of the abnormalities that can be detected by HSG include congenital anomalies, polyps, leiomyomas, synechiae and adenomyosis. HSG is also used to evaluate any scarring on the uterus and fallopian tubes..Cesarean section is the most commonly performed surgical procedure involving the uterus in fertile women. Cesarean section involves an incision made in the lower uterine segment or isthmus. Various changes in the site of the cesarean incision may be seen due to wall weakness and fibrosis. The scar may have various shapes; unilateral or bilateral, single or multiple, wedge-shaped or linear. Awareness of the appearance and locations of uterine defects due to previous cesarean section is necessary in order to differentiate them from normal variations and other pathologies mimicking it.. In this study, we demonstrate the appearance of anatomic defects of the uterine cavity on HSG after cesarian section. We define different shapes such as thin linear defect, focal saccular outpouching, unilateral or bilateral diverticula (dog-ear like) and fistula and different locations such as the uterine body, lower uterine segment, uterine isthmus and the upper endocervical canal..
    Keywords: Hysterosalpingography, Cesarean Section, Uterus