فهرست مطالب

  • سال یازدهم شماره 2 (پیاپی 40، تابستان 1390)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1390/06/16
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Yahya Maroofi*, Yadollah Khoramabadi, Zinab Molavali Page 101
    Objective
    This study examines the effectiveness of the traditional teaching and deductive thinking skills teaching methods on academic achievement in students with intellectual disabilities.
    Method
    A pretest-posttest control group design was chosen for study and follow up data was gathered. The sample consisted of 54 male and female students with intellectual disabilities in 4th and 5th grades of exceptional elementary school in Hamedan. This sample was divided into two groups of experimental and control, and treatment was assigned randomly to one of this groups. Analysis of data was accomplished by Covariance test.
    Results
    Data analyses indicated that training by deductive thinking skills method was significantly more effective.
    Conclusion
    Accordingly, we can suggest that teaching deductive thinking skills to students with intellectual disabilities can be a helpful teaching method.
    Keywords: Deductive thinking skills. Intellectual disabilities, Academic achievement
  • Manijeh Kaveh, Hamid Alizadeh*, Ali Delavar, Ahmad Borjali Page 119
    Objective
    Present research was conducted to develop a resilience fostering program, and examining its impact on quality of life components in parents of children with mild intellectual disability.
    Method
    A semi-experimental design with pretest-post test and one group repeated measure was applied. Thirty four parents from 16 district of Tehran were recruited and assigned for experimental and control groups randomly. Norem, Malia & Garrison Family Health Status Inventory, Diener Satisfaction with Life Scale and Furman Parent Child Relationship Questionnaire were utilized to evaluate parental health, life satisfaction, and parent-child relationship respectively. Covariance analysis revealed that training developed resilience program could change parent–child interaction components. On the other hand, no significant difference was observed between the two groups about parental health. Satisfaction of life was enhanced in posttest, but did not change in the follow up stage.
    Conclusion
    Accordingly, this study concluded that the resilience program could promote quality of life in parents of children with mild intellectual disability.
    Discussion
    Improvement in parent-child relationship and life satisfaction maybe due to decreased parental stress and change in schema and attitude toward disability and improvement in skills and their behavior.
    Keywords: Intellectual disability, Resilience, Parents, Quality of life, Stress
  • Kaveh Moghadam*, Mahnaz Estaki, Mehrnaz Saadat, Shirin Koshki Page 141
    Objective
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of painting and clay education on improvement of visual- spatial perception and visual memory skills in dyscalculic students who were studying at primary schools in Tehran.
    Method
    utilizing an applied research method and with semi- experimental pretest – posttest control group design 30 dyscalculic students were selected who were studying at primary school and the research instrument used was Andre Rey test.
    Results
    data of research were analyzed by descriptive statistic method and research covariance analysis model and showed that there is meaningful difference between painting, clay and control groups.
    Conclusion
    the Painting and Clay educations can be effective on improvement of visual – Spatial perception and Visual Memory skills in dyscalculic students.
    Keywords: Painting, Clay Educations, Visualspatial perception, Visual Memory, Dyscalculia
  • Zahra Ossanlou*, Massoumeh Pour Mohammad Rezayetajrishi, Mohammad Hossein Sorouri Page 151
    Objective
    This study examines the effectiveness of training emotional intelligence management on stress in mothers of children with intellectual disabilities.
    Method
    Fifty mothers were multiphase randomly selected and randomly assigned into experimental and control groups. The experimental group received 15 session of emotional intelligence management program. Questionnaire of stress syndromes were administrated to both groups before and after intervention.
    Results
    The results showed that emotional intelligence training reduced significantly the stress syndromes in the experimental group as compared with the control group.
    Conclusion
    According, we can conclude that this method could be helpful for mothers with children with intellectual disabilities.
    Keywords: Emotional Intelligence, Management, Stress, symptoms Mothers, Intellectual disabilities
  • Abdoulreza Akbari Bayatiani, Massoumeh Pour Mohammad Rezaye Tajrishi, Nahid Gangalivand*, Mahmood Mirzamani, Masood Salehi Page 163
    Objective
    The aim of this research was to evaluate the relationship between social network and quality of life in parents of students with intellectual disabilities in Dezful city.
    Method
    In this correlation study, 113 parents (total 226 mothers and fathers) of students with intellectual disabilities from elementary and guidance schools in Dezful city were selected randomly. Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire for testing of social network and survey short form-36 health for testing quality of life utilized. Data were collected from parents.
    Results
    Pearson and Spearman correlation Coefficients revealed a significant relationship between social network and quality of life and it's scales in parents (P<0.05). In the other side, no significant relationship was observed between social network and vitality in fathers and mothers.
    Conclusion
    This study stresses that increase in social relation network, would lead to quality of life of parents.
    Keywords: Social network, Quality of life, Students with intellectual disabilities, Parents
  • Maghsod Amin Khandaghi*, Sedighe Kazemi Page 175
    Objective
    This study aimed to evaluate Evaluation of Fabric Sewing Curriculum of Students with Intellectual Disabilities in Secondary Schools in Mashhad.
    Method
    Four groups including students, vocational training Hammond's objective-oriented model and various checklists, observation forms, interviews and academic achievement tests were used for answering the research questions. These questions regarded the organization quality of workplace environment, teacher's teaching quality and the amount of achieving predicted and expected training goals. Resultss: The means of findings related to workplace facilities and material showed a weak environment organization, but optimal facilities and material organization. ANOVA of various components of teachers’ learning quality revealed no significant difference between 3 grades. The evaluation of general and special cognitive and practical abilities showed different results according to the grades.
    Conclusion
    The implemented curriculum in fabric sewing practice was successful in achieving some expected objectives and not in some others. These need deeper thinking and considerable program for optimizing the situation.
    Keywords: Fabric Sewing Curriculum, Vocational, Hammond's model
  • Nazila Akbar Fahimi*, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Asghare Minaee, Masoude Gharib, Maryam Mahmoudi Rad Page 191
    Objective
    The aim of this study was to investigate the behavior effects specially emotional problems in and after using constraint induced movement (CIMT) in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy.
    Method
    A Randomized, controlled clinical trial of CIMT in which 24 children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (3-8 years old) were randomly assigned to received conventional treatment (control group) and either conventional treatment with CIMT (using shaping): 6 hours/day for 8 weeks consecutive days with propylene rest splint (case group). Subjects were assessed by Strengths & Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) assessment weekly and followed for 3 months after intervention. Data were gathered and analyzed by repeated measured and two ways ANOVA methods.
    Result
    Children receiving CIMT and conventional treatment compared with control group. Statistical analysis showed no significant difference in total score and subscales scores of SDQ between two groups (p>0/05).
    Conclusion
    Our findings suggest that using CIMT in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy could result in more usage of affected limb without any Behavior problems especially emotional problems.
    Keywords: Children, Hemiplegic cerebral palsy, Constraint induced movement therapy, Emotional problems