فهرست مطالب

  • سال یازدهم شماره 3 (پیاپی 41، پاییز 1390)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1390/08/11
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Salar Faramarzi*, Said Habibollahi, Seyedreza Poorseyed Page 217
    Objective
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral group training of life skills on adjustment in people with vision loss in Isfahan.
    Method
    The 21 participants of this experimental study were all university students with vision loss. Bell Adjustment Inventory was used to measure the adjustment of students.
    Result
    After gathering and analyzing of the data with covariance statistical analysis, the following results were revealed a significant difference.
    Conclusion
    This study shows that life skills cognitive behavioral group training could have a positive effect on adjustment in university students with vision loss.
    Keywords: Vision loss, cognitive behavioral, life skills, Adjustmen
  • Diba Saf*, Laya Bashash Page 229
    Objective
    The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between goal orientation and motivational strategies among gifted students.
    Method
    For this purpose, 609 gifted first year high school students (359 girls and 250 boys) were selected utilizing Otis Intelligence Test. Also, Mathematics Goal Orientation Scale (MGOS) and Motivational Regulation Scale (MRS) were used as measuring instruments.
    Results
    Multiple regression analysis revealed that all of the five motivational regulation strategies were positively predicted by mastery goal orientation. Also, performance approach goal orientation predicted motivational regulation strategies, except, interest enhancement. None of the motivational regulation strategies were predicted by performance avoidance goal orientation. Results also indicated that a pattern of goal orientation could be used to explain gifted students, reported use of motivational regulation strategies. Findings were interpreted in light of motivational aspects of self-regulation theories.
    Conclusion
    Applications for gifted education were discussed.
    Keywords: Goal orientation, Motivational regulation strategies, Gifted, Mathematics instruction
  • Mahnaz Aliakbari Dehkordi*, Asghar Dadkhah, Fariba Mehrdadfar Taybe Mohtashami Davoud, Kordestani Page 245
    Objective
    This research evaluates the effectiveness of Dohsa-hou psycho-rehabilitation on social interaction in 7-15 year old children with cerebral palsy in Ghazvin.
    Method
    This research is quasiexperimental, pre-test and post-test designs with control group that for this purpose 20 children with cerebral palsy recognized eligible to participate in this study were randomly selected and divided into experimental and control groups. Pre-test was administered for both groups (social interaction questionnaire). The experimental group practiced Dohsa exercises three sessions a week for two weeks. No intervention was made for the control group. Then, post-test was administered for both groups. Dadkhah et al`s social interaction questionnaire (1998) was used.
    Results
    The results from covariance analysis indicated that Dohsa-hou psycho-rehabilitation was significantly effective on social interaction in children with cerebral palsy (p<0.01).
    Conclusion
    The study findings stress that through psychological methods and by making efforts in children with cerebral palsy, we can help to improve their social interaction.
    Keywords: Dohsa, hou Psycho, Rehabilitation, Social interaction, Cerebral palsy
  • Behrooz, Karimi*, Hamid Alizadeh., Nour Ali Farrokhi., Esmail, Sadipour Page 255
    Objective
    The purpose of the current paper is to compare the effectiveness of direct Instruction, phonological awareness and combined method on the Reduction of elementary students spelling problems.
    Method
    The target population in the present experimental study include all male and female third, to fifth grade elementary students. In Urumieh in 1388. Were selected from the population after it was determined they had learning disorders in their spelling. Simple random sampling and measurement instruments such as WISC-R and achievement test for spelling were used. both a pretest and a posttest were administered to the four groups. The data were analyzed by one – way ANOVA and scheffe post –hoc test.
    Results
    The results revealed that direct instruction and combined method at P<.01 and phonological awareness method at P<.05 were effective in the reduction of third, fourth and fifth grade elementary students spelling problems who had learning disorders.
    Conclusion
    According, it is concluded that all the three instructional methods are quite effective and helpful in reduction of elementary students spelling problems.
    Keywords: Spelling Learning Disorders, Direct Instruction, Phonological Awareness, Combined Method
  • Atoosa Rostambeik Tafreshi*, Ahmad Ramezani Vasookolaee Page 267
    Objective
    The present study was conducted to analyze and compare the written discourse of EMR students according to textual metafuntion introduceed in Halliday’s systemic functional grammar.
    Method
    The present research follows a descriptive method. The informants (311 students) were chosen among the primary, prevocational guidance school and vocational high school students in 2009. The informants were chosen according to multistratified cluster sampling. Four schools have been selected through random-sampling (two for boys and two for girls). A written test in the form of picture stories was administered to 311 students.
    Results
    At first, the data (consisted of 2407 clauses and 10861 words) were analyzed concerning the thematic structure in clauses. Concerning the textual metafunction, overt subject theme is the most frequent (61%) in all grades. Covert subject theme occurred in (34%), and textual theme in (23%) of the clauses. The frequency of covert subject theme increases as the grades increase. Complex theme happens in about 25% of the clauses. Additionally, 96% of complex themes consist of textual and topical themes. Interpersonal themes come after textual and before topical themes.
    Conclusion
    Nonparametric statistical test (x2 test) shows that the difference between EMR student's use of different theme (except object theme) in different grades is significant when P≤0/001. Moreover, the use of different themes in each grade is also significant. The frequency of complex theme (as a criterion of complex clause) increases as the grade increases.
    Keywords: Theme, Written discourse, Textual metafunction, Mentally retarded
  • Majid Ghadami*, Ali Asghar Kakoo Jouibari Page 283
    Objective
    This research was aimed to investigate and compare emotional attitudes of hearing disability and intellectually disabled students’ mothers towards their children.
    Method
    Among hearing disability and intellectually disabled students’ mothers in Tehran, 30 ones whose children were intellectually disabled and 30 whose were hearing disability were chosen through random sampling. The informants were asked about the rate of rejection, acceptance, expressed affection and giving freedom toward their children. The data gathered by means of questionnaire.
    Result
    According to the result, the difference of the rate of rejection, acceptance, expressed affection and giving freedom toward their children between the groups under study were not significant.
    Conclusion
    Both groups experience same attitudes toward their exceptional children. In other words children’s exceptionality does not affect mothers’ attitudes towards their children. We can conclude that these exceptionality have same effects on mothers.
    Keywords: Emotional Attitudes, Acceptance Rate, rejection Rates, Giving Freedom, hearing disability, Express Affection
  • Seyed Mostafa Nachvak*, Shida Ahani Kamangar Page 293
    Objective
    The study of stress oxidative as a pathogenic process in Down Syndrome (DS) patients is the goal of this paper.
    Methods
    Explaining the mechanism of oxidative stress in DS, describing radical reactions to determine the type of free radical that can cause major damage, and the incidence of injury and studying strategies for coping with oxidative stress in DS are the issues considered in this paper.
    Conclusion
    An increase in the expression of super oxide dismutase gene and mitochondrial dysfunction are the main factors in hydroxyl radical generation and oxidative stress in DS. Now, according to the studies done, a diet rich in fruit and vegetables based on taste desire of patient with DS along with regular physical activity are suggested as practical means to reduce oxidative stress in patients with DS.
    Keywords: Stress oxidative, Down Syndrome, Mechanisms, Managements