فهرست مطالب

ادبیات پایداری - پیاپی 7 (پاییز و زمستان 1391)
  • پیاپی 7 (پاییز و زمستان 1391)
  • 216 صفحه، بهای روی جلد: 20,000ريال
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1392/07/15
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Page 1
    Along with introducing the style of the poet, investigating the poems of the revolution poets leads to a better understanding of the current literary trend. This study is on imagery in “Forsat Nayab (The Rare Opportunity)”. Forsat Nayab is a collection of poems by Abdul Jabbar Kakaii. He started composing poems since the victory of the Islamic revolution, and became one of poets of the Islamic Revolution and the Holy Defense. Kakaii manifests his innovative look at elements and phenomena andalso in the realm of eloquence and rhetoric, and provokes ecstasy and delight in the audience by creating the poetic images. Varieties of metaphor, simile, eloquence and distinction are the most significant types of imagery used in "The Rare Opportunity". Kakaii’s intense and concise language is significant and evident in the field of imagination. Considerable frequency of the usage of metaphor and simile shows the application of compactness of imagery in his poems. Applying new metaphors and innovative combinations, manifested in the heart of imagery, and also considerable frequency of personification can be considered asthe outstanding features of imagery in Kakaii’s poems and literary accentuation.
    Keywords: Imagery(Sovar, e Khial), Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Abdul Jabber Kakaii
  • Page 29
    Man, because of his idealism and perfectionism, is receptive and open to accept role models. When he encounters a role model in who he sees his perfection, he feels the harmony and closeness which causes the adherence of the follower to the role model. The poets of the Sacred Defense alongside with the whole nation are devoted to defend their values when they find their land and faith boundaries under invasion. These poets are at the forefront with the support they have from their rich Islamic culture. They purposefully shape the religious role models into a modern character who is in harmony with the social issues and on the right path to the goals and this very act encourages the audience to imitate these characters. The main question of this study is that which religious figure has been mostly used as the themes of the poetry of the Holy Defense. Thus, this study is an effort to identify the most frequent religious figures in this poetry who have been introduced as role models so that the readers would familiarize themselves to the worldviews and thoughts of the Holy Defense poets.
    Keywords: Role model, Poetry, Holy Defense
  • Page 59
    Ashura event is one of the most important historical events thathas gained a great deal of attention not only from Muslim scholars but also from many non-Muslims as well. Considering historical-cultural relation betweenIranand Arabs, especially inIraq, Ashura has emerged as a common element in culture of both nations. This helps us to make comparative studies on the two cultures. In addition, there are many cases of common features regarding Ashura in literature of both nations, especially poetry, considering common cultural aspects especially regarding common religious and linguistic roots. Taking into account political differences, evolutions in Iranian and Iraqi societies, geographical environment, tribal issues, etc. there are plenty of differences in themes and illustration. This article compares and contrasts the works of two poets about Ashura and their approach to illustrate this even, one Iranian Shahriar and one Arab Mohammad Mehdi Javaheri. This study acknowledges that Shiite Arab poets and, particularly Javaheri, tend to adopt epic, historical and narrating viewpoint and Iranian poets especially Shahriar mainly focuses on narration
    Keywords: Ashura poetry, Javaheri, Shahriari, Karbala, Elegy, Epic poetry
  • Page 95
    Although Seyyed Qotb – a romantic poet and one of the most prominent contemporary Egyptian literary figures – is recognized as a religious figure due to his works and writings in the area of Islam and Quran;he is the author of invaluable literary works and poems. His poetry is adorned with human emotions and melody of resistance that has invited the Egyptians to stand in front of any cruelty and injustice. He also emphasized the issue ofPalestineand recognized jihad and martyrdom as the only guarantee to gain the independence of that country. The outstanding feature of his poetry is the manifestation and illustration of spiritual and religious values. In his view, the best advantage that a committed man can get in this life is whether martyrdom for god, or reaching the summits of victory. He sacrificed himself by insisting on his grand aspiration. This paper will analyze and study the themes of resistance in his poetry.
    Keywords: Seyyed Qotb, Egyptian contemporary poetry, Palestine, Poetry of Resistance
  • Page 121
    Thinking simultaneously of humor and battlefield is hardly expectable; however, the most genuine jokes can be seen in this very battlefield verbal culture in a simple and sensitive form which has rarely been paid attention to. This witticism can be categorized into four classes; namely, devotional, fight and martyrdom, drinking and eating, and social interactions which have the most similitude to humor creating techniques. Although the warriors lacked the theoretical principles in creating humor, they have employed all three kinds of humor; verbal, visual, and textual. However, the wit from a worldview point and the application of language, description, and image is under the influence of war and battlefield atmosphere. The present study with a qualitative and an inductive generalization method and a content analysis approach tries to investigate the book “Battlefield Culture (Witticism)” to analyze the methods of creating humor in battlefield.
    Keywords: Re, analysis, Battlefield, Witticism, Humor
  • Page 139
    Literature is the reflection of a poet's mind and feelings affected by the world around him. The poet experiences and feels the incidents and expresses them in a language so as to make the reader share those feelings with him. A great part of Persian literature is devoted to poet's resistance against attacks on national, human and cultural values. This study aims at examining Tahereh Safarzadeh's approach to resistance literature and the elements reflected in her poetry. It was concluded that resistance against foreign threats as reflected by measures such as desire for freedom, anti-colonialism, love of peace, poetry of revolution, and hope frequent her poetry. Resistance against internal enemies abounds her poetry as well, as depicted by factors like seeking justice, fighting social corruption, poverty, etc. Resistance against sensuality is also of great importance to her.
    Keywords: Literature, Resistance, Commitment, Safarzadeh
  • Page 177
    Similarity between cultures, languages and arts is natural. Literary genres are also related to each other. It is obvious that if literary works are to be concerned with a subject or particular theme, this convergence will be further and clearer. The Sacred Defense Literature, which is a Spiritual literature, came to the fore both in poetry and prose more than other literary types. Due to its conceptual overlapping viewpoint, there are similarities between these works. The present article, surveying the poems and stories of the Holy Defense in detail, investigates these aspects of convergence, considering various illustrations, and in divisions such as religious and mystical themes, commemoration of revolutionaries, comparative history, protest and intimidation. Moreover, before the major discussion, as well as the introduction, it studies the status of the poetry and prose of the Sacred Defense Literature. Indicating religion as a greatest source of inspiration for Holy Defense Literature, and correcting some of the illusions and inappropriate beliefs of ritual literature through the Sacred Defense Literature are among the findings of this article
    Keywords: Semantic convergence, Poetry, Prose, Holy Defense Literature, Interpretive literature