فهرست مطالب

  • سال دوازدهم شماره 3 (پیاپی 45، پاییز 1391)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1391/07/01
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Bagher Ghobary Bonab*, Ali Akbar Haddadi Kuhsar, Abolfazl Rashidi, Saharaneh Javadi Page 5
    Objective
    The aim of the current study was to investigate relationship among image of God and attachment to God with mental health in parents of exceptional children in Tehran City.
    Method
    168 parents were selected in Tehran by accessible sampling procedure. The following scales were administered on them: Attachment to God Scale (Rowatt & Kirkpacrick, 2002); Image of God Inventory (Lawrence, 1997) and Symptom Checklist-90R(Derogatisy,1973).
    Results
    Analysis of data revealed that mental health in parents of exceptional children can be predicted by quality of attachement to God and image of God. Parents of exceptional children who were more secure in their attachment to God, were more healtheir than others. In addition, parents of exceptional children holding a more positive image of God, were having lower scores in their global index of mental distress.
    Conclusion
    Theoretical implica-tions as well as practical applications of these findings are illustracted in the original paper.
    Keywords: Attachment to God, Image of God, Mental Health, Exceptional Childeren, Parents
  • Hossein Zare., Farhad Shaghaghi, Mahtab Bazyari Meymand* Page 15
    Objective
    This study compares working memory and fluid intelligence in children with three ADHD subtypes.
    Method
    Forty ADHD children ageing 7 to 11 years old were recruited using a cluster random sampling method. CSI-4 symptoms questionnaire, Wechsler intelligence test for children, Cattell's intelligence Test were used to measure ADHD, working memory, and fluid intelligence respectively.
    Result
    The results of ANOVA, Tukey, and Kruskal-Wallis tests revealed a positive relationship between working memory and fluid intelligence, also there was a difference between the three children groups in working memory and fluid intelligence variables.
    Conclusion
    This research suggests that a relationship exists between working memory and fluid intelligence and ADHD.
    Keywords: ADHD, fluid intelligence, working memory
  • Fereydoon Yaryari, Fereshteh Baezzat, Ahmad Ahmadi Ghoozlogeh* Page 25
    The aim of this paper was to study of the effect of different levels of dyslexia on parental stress in mothers with children dyslexic. The method is descriptive and type of causal or ex post facto research. The study population included mothers with children dyslexic referred to Specific Learning Disorders Center of Shahid Beheshti University and Tohid Psychological Services Center were from which 72 people with stratified random sampling were selected. The data were collected through the Reading Disorder Test and Parental Stress Index (PSI) and then analyzed by one-variable analysis of variance (ANOVA), multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and scheffe test.
    Results
    The results indicated that general parental stress rate and in both child and parent subscale in mothers with dyslexic children was higher than the cutting score.
    Conclusion
    Difference of general parental stress among the mothers with dyslexic children of levels mild, moderate and severe was significant. Difference of parental stress in child subscale among the mothers with dyslexic children of levels mild, moderate and severe was significant. Difference of parental stress in parent subscale among the mothers with dyslexic children of levels mild with moderate and severe was significant. But the difference of parental stress in parent subscale among the mothers with dyslexic children of levels moderate with severe was not significant.
    Keywords: Parental stress, child subscale, parent subscale, dyslexia
  • Yahya Akbari Shaye*, Mahnaz Mehrabi Zadeh Honarmand, Bahman Zarezadegan, Ali Ahmadian, Majid Eydi Baygi Page 35
    Objective
    This study examines whether epilepsy can affect self-esteem, perfectionism and academic performance of students with epilepsy in compare with normal students.
    Method
    The sample included 22 students with epilepsy aged from 12 to 18 years and also 22 normal students were matched with them in school and high school students in the Ahvaz. The Rosenberg self-esteem scale and Ahvaz Perfectionism Scale in both groups were administered individually. The subject's average scores of the previous year in their academic performance were considered. For analyzing the data, MANOVA was used.
    Results
    The results showed there are significant differences between the students with epilepsy and non-epileptic students in the self-esteem scores and in academic performance (p<0/01). So students with epilepsy in terms of selfesteem and academic performance were poorer.
    Conclusion
    This study shows adolescents with epilepsy have poorer self-esteem and academic performance in comparison to adolescents without epilepsy.
    Keywords: Epilepsy, self, esteem, perfectionism, academic performance, adolescent
  • Hamid Alizadeh*, Manizheh Kaveh Ghahfarokhi, Majid Yoosefi Looyeh, Alireza Roohi Page 43
    Objective
    This study examines the development of a resilience fostering program, and its effectiveness on psychological well-being in adolescents with externalizing and internalizing behavioral disorders.
    Method
    In this developmental, and semiexperimental study, 58 adolescents (age mean = 12.77, SD = 0.88) participated. Neil & Dais’ Scale (2001), Achenbach’s Child Beha-vior Checklist (CBCL) - Persian version- (Minaei, 2004), Skehill’ General Well-being (2001), were respectively completed for resilience, behavioral disorders, and psychological well-being.
    Results
    Covariance analysis revealed that the program could increase psychological well-being in the post test stage (P<.05), but not in the follow-up. On the other hand, resilience was enhanced and kept both in post-test and follow-up stages (P<. 05).
    Conclusion
    Accordingly, we can suggest that this program could improve psychological well-being, resilience, and behavioral disorders in some aspects.
    Keywords: Resilience, Well, being, Externalizing, Internalizing Behavioral Disorders
  • Majid Alami, Hadi Bahrami Ehsan, Maryam Asadolah Tooyserkani* Page 61
    Objective
    Since behavior problems influence all dimensions of individual and social life in children, the aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of parental marital satisfaction and to explain the conduct disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorder in children.
    Methods
    This correlation study was conducted on 127 boy students and their parents and teachers in Tehran in 2010. They were selected through cluster random sampling. Relevant data were collected using three questionnaires: ENRICH Marital Inventory, Child behavior check list (CBCL) and Teacher report form (TRF). By using descriptive statistic and regression the data were analyzed.
    Results
    The findings revealed that the dimension of conflict can predict conduct disorder in CBCL based on DSM scale and CBCL based on experience scale. Dimension of communication can predict the Oppositional Defiant Disorder in CBCL based on experience scale.
    Conclusion
    Healthy relationship between parents has a determinant contribution in shaping the ability to adjust with others. Findings indicate that repetitive confrontation with parental conflict can result to conduct disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorder in children.
    Keywords: Dimensions of marital satisfaction, Conduct disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder
  • Mehrnaz Saadat*, Mahnaz Estaki, Yaser Amiri Page 69
    Objective
    The aim of this study was to compare motor skills in students with and without stuttering.
    Method
    In this ex post facto, 25 students (ageing 6-11 years old) with and 25 students without stuttering were selected through an accessible sampling method. Utilizing Oseretsky Motor- Development Test, the data were collected and analyzed.
    Findings
    A significant difference was found between the scores of the two groups. Also, the results showed some lower skills in children with stuttering.
    Conclusion
    The findings of this study support the idea that stuttering is frequently associated with some kind of motor problems. This study authenticates the need to pay more attention to motor skills in children with stuttering.
    Keywords: Stuttering, motor skill, Oserestky Motor Development Test