فهرست مطالب

Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine - Volume:5 Issue:1, 2013
  • Volume:5 Issue:1, 2013
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1392/09/29
  • تعداد عناوین: 14
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  • Seyed Mohammad Masood Hojjati *, Seyyed Ali Hojjati, Mobina Baes, Ali Bijani Pages 5-8
    Background
    Polysymptomatic or monosymptomatic patients of multiple sclerosis (MS) at the onset of the disease may influence the natural course of the disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic effect of the expanded disability status scale (EDSS) of patients with MS with polysymptomatic or monosymptomatic onset of the disease.
    Methods
    From 2001 to 2011, 263 patients with definitive diagnosis of MS were investigated in Shahid Beheshti Teaching Hospital in Babol, Iran. These patients were assessed regarding mono-or poly symptoms at the beginning of their disease. MRI of brain and spinal cord was done for all cases. These cases were evaluated every three months interval. EDSS of each patient at the beginning of their disease and then yearly were evaluated and registered.
    Results
    One hundred sixty-one subjects (61.2%) were monosymptomatic and 102 (38.8%) were polysymptomatic at the onset of their disease. The mean age of patients with monosymptomatic onset was 26.81+84 while in polysymptomatic was 26.35+7.7 years (P=0.656). Sex, place of residence and marriage statusbetween these two groups were equal. The mean EDSS in monosymptomatic and polysymptomatic patients were 1.37±0.64 and 2.16±0.714, respectively (P=0.0001). After the initiation of treatment, reduction of EDSS was seen in both groups but after the reduction in the first year, an increase of EDSS was seen in both groups. But there was no significant difference in the increase of EDSS in both groups.
    Conclusion
    The results showed that the mean EDSS in monosymptomatic was lower than the polysymptomatic patients before treatment, but after treatment, this value does not differ in the increase of EDSS.
    Keywords: Multiple sclerosis, Monosymptomatic, Polysymptomatic
  • Hassan Solhi, Ramin Ghahremani, Amir Mohammad Kazemifar *, Zahra Hoseini Yazdi Pages 9-12
    Abstract
    Background
    No pharmacologic agents have been approved for the treatment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) that is common in our region. The present study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of silymarin, a known herbal drug, in the treatment of NASH.
    Methods
    This clinical-trial study was conducted on 64 patients with NASH who were randomly divided as case group (33) and control group (31). Abdominal sonography and persistent elevation in levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) more than 1.2 times of the upper normal limit within the last six months were selected as inclusion criteria. They were advised to take low-fat, low carbohydrate diet, do regular sport activity to lose weight up to 4 Kg. Patients in the case group received 210 mg/day silymarin orally for 8 weeks and those in the control group received placebo. After 8 weeks, the patients were reevaluated and their AST and ALT levels were measured. This study was registered in the Iranian Registry of Clinical Trial (www.irct.ir) with registration number ID: IRCT201202159018N1.
    Results
    The mean age of patients in case and control groups was 43.6±8.3 and 39.4±10.5 years, respectively. Their BMI were 27.4±1.7 and 27.5±1.9, respectively. Their weights were also 79±9.2 and 76.9±9.5 kg, respectively. Serum concentrations of ALT were 91.3±21.3 and 38.4±11.8 in case group before and after the study respectively, whiles the figures were 84.6±23.3 and 52.3±29 in the control group (P=0.026). The same trend was seen for AST (P=0.038).
    Conclusion
    The patients who had taken silymarin experienced more notable fall in hepatic enzymes.
    Keywords: Silymarin, NAFLD, NASH, treatment, AST, ALT
  • Mohammadreza Khosoosi Niaki, Narges Abbaszade Marzbali, Mohammadtaghi Salehiomran * Pages 13-16
    Abstract
    Background
    Early diagnosis of right ventricle (RV) involvement in inferior myocardial infarction (Inf MI) is very critical. This study was performed to evaluate the clinical findings of Inf MI with or without RV infarction.
    Methods
    From September 2010 to September 2012, 195 patients with definite diagnosis of Inf MI were evaluated in the Department of Cardiology, in Babol, north of Iran. The presence or absence of right ventricular infarction was evaluated by ST elevation in preicordial V3R-V4R leads. Chest pain (CP), changes in electrocardiography (ECG), serum level of Troponin T (TnT), decreased level of consciousness, hypotension, and jugular vein prominence (JVP) in patients with and without RV involvement were noted.
    Results
    One hundred forty eight (95 males and 53 females) and 47 (31 males and 16 females) cases developed Inf MI without and with RV infarction, respectively. The mean age of the patients with and without RV infarction were 60.59±12.9 and 60.9±12.2 years, respectively (P=0.883). CP, decreased consciousness, hypotension, and JVP were seen in 147 (99.3%), 1 (0.7%), 1 (0.7%) and 1 (0.7%) patients without RV involvement and in 44 (93.6%), 9 (19.1%), 27 (54.4%) and 9 (19.1) in RV involvement, respectively (p<0.05). No significant differences were seen in ThT enzymes and ECG changes.
    Conclusion
    The results show that chest pain, decrease of consciousness, hypotension, JVP prominence are more frequent in inferior MI with RV involvement patients
    Keywords: Inferior Myocardial infarction, Right ventricle, Hypotension, Chest pain
  • Javad Kiani *, Zahra Habibi, Ali Tajziehchi, Abbas Moghimbeigi, Arash Dehghan, Homeyra Azizkhani Pages 17-21
    Abstract
    Background
    The role of uric acid is well known for the development of nephropathy and retinopathy in diabetic patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum uric acid levels in patients with or without diabetic neuropathy (DPN).
    Methods
    Forty-two patients with DPN (case group) and 42 patients without DPN (control group) matched with regard to age, gender, body mass index (BMI) and duration of their disease were entered into the study. The diagnosis of DPN was based on the nerve conduction studies on sural, peroneal and tibial nerves in lower limbs. Serum uric acid was measured in these two groups.
    Results
    The mean age of the patients in the case group was 54.6±6.9 and in the control group was 55.8±5.8 years (p=0.389). The demographic characteristics of the patients in these two groups were equal, but only the history of diabetic foot ulcer was higher in patients with DPN (p<0.05). The mean serum uric acid was 4.70±0.96 in diabetic patients with DPN and 4.36±0.89 mg/dl in patients without DPN (p=0.019).
    Conclusion
    The results show the higher level of serum uric acid level in diabetic patients with diabetic neuropathy. Further studies are required to determine the role of uric acid in the development and progression of DPN.
    Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Neuropathy, Uric Acid
  • Abbas Mesgarani, Narges Eshkevari, Maryam Ehsani *, Soraya Khafri, Shima Nafarzade, Zahra Damankesh Pages 22-25
    Abstract
    Background
    Diabetic patients are more prone to oral infections and periradicular lesions due to changes in their immune system and qualitative and quantitative changes in normal flora of their mouth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of periradicular lesions in diabetic patients in Babol, North of Iran.
    Methods
    From October 2011 to March 2012, 135 diabetic patients who referred to the Iranian Diabetes Society - Babol Branch and Endocrinology Clinic of Babol University of Medical Sciences were studied. The demographic features as well as the duration of the diagnosis of diabetes (> 48 months was called long term and < 48 months short term) is the quality of control of their diabetes. For all the patients, panoramic and periapical radiography were performed for the presence of any radicular radiolucent lesions. Vitality test has been done for the recorded teeth except for the root treated ones and periodontal involvement necrotic teeth. The data were collected and analyzed.
    Results
    Periradicular lesions were seen on 90.37% of the patients. The frequency of periradicular lesions in long term patients was 85 (94.4%) and in short term was 37 (82.2%) (p=0.023). The mean of teeth with periradicular lesions in long and short term diabetic patients was 2.63±2.23 and 2.11±1.79, respectively (p=0.174).
    Conclusion
    The results show that the frequency of periradicular lesions in diabetic patients is higher in long-term diabetic patients than the short-term diabetic patients.
    Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Periradicular lesions, Tooth pulp
  • Ozra Akha, Khadijeh Rabiei, Zahra Kashi, Adele Bahar, Elham Zaeif-Khorasani, Mehrnoush Kosaryan, Majid Saeedi, Mohammad Ali Ebrahimzadeh, Omid Emadian Pages 26-29
    Abstract
    Background
    Hirsutism is a common symptom presenting to primary care endocrinologists, gynecologists, and dermatologists. Management is usually a long and troublesome process. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of fennel topical gel on mild to moderate idiopathic hirsutism.
    Methods
    The randomized, double blind, placebo controlled clinical trial was carried out from 2009 to 2011, in Sari, Iran. Forty four women with mild to moderate idiopathic hirsutism were randomly divided to case and control groups, each group included 22 cases. The case group received fennel gel 3% and the control group received placebo. The effect of fennel gel 3% was defined as reduction of thickness of facial hair in micrometer by microscope in comparison with placebo. Measurements were performed at zero time and 24 weeks after treatment. This study was registered in the Iranian Registry of Clinical Trial (www.irct.ir) with registration number ID: IRCT138901213672N1.
    Results
    The mean age of patients was 26.9±6.7 and 25.6±4.3 years in case and control groups, respectively. Hair thickness was similar between the two groups before intervention. The hair thickness reduced from 97.9±31.5 to 75.6±26.7 micron in patients receiving fennel gel after 28 weeks (P<0.001). Four patients complained of itching (3 in case group) and 4 patients complained of irritation and itching (3 in case group). However, this difference was not statistically significant.
    Conclusion
    The study indicated that fennel gel 3% is effective in decreasing hair thickness in women with idiopathic mild to moderate hirsutism
    Keywords: Idiopathic, Hirsutism, Gel, Foeniculum vulgare (fennel), Hair thickness
  • Mohammad Reza Esmaeili Dooki *, Ramazan Rajabnia, Rahim Barari Sawadkohi, Zahra Mosaiebnia Gatabi, Mohammad Poornasrollah, Mohaddeseh Mirzapour Pages 30-34
    Abstract
    Background
    Infectious diarrhea is one of common cause of children diarrhea causing mortality and morbidity worldwide. This study was performed to identify the common bacteria and their antimicrobial susceptibility in children with diarrhea.
    Methods
    Children under 14 years old with acute diarrhea who referred to Amirkola Children’s Hospital, Mazandaran, North of Iran, were enrolled during the summer and fall of 2009. From each patient, two fecal specimens were collected. Samples were cultured and bacterial isolation was done by conventional methods. Antimicrobial susceptibility was identified by disk diffusion and micro dilution methods.
    Results
    One hundred-seventy two patients with the mean age of 41.8±37.6 months were evaluated. The bacteria were isolated in 48 (27.9%) cases. The most common isolated bacteria was E.coli and then shigella in both bloody and nonbloody diarrheal patients. There was a significant difference between bacteria positive specimens and WBC in stool smear (p=0.003). All isolated shigella were susceptible to Ceftizoxime and ciprofloxacin and were resistant to Cefixime. Resistant to Nalidixic acid was seen in 14% of them.
    Conclusion
    The results show that E.coli was the most frequently isolated pathogen in children with bloody and nonbloody diarrhea. Ceftizoxime is a good antibiotic for shigellosis in children in our area but Cefixime is not appropriate.
    Keywords: Diarrhea, Drug, Resistance, Antibiotic, Dysentery
  • Tanveer Mir, Gulam Nabi Dhobi, Ajaz Nabi Koul *, Tajamul Saleh Pages 35-39
    Abstract
    Background
    The etiology of fever of unknown origin (FUO) may differ from different countries. This study was conducted to evaluate the etiology of FUO in patients attending SKIMS, a tertiary care teaching hospital, at Srinagar, Kashmir, India.
    Methods
    From July 2010 to September 2012, this study was done to examine the profile of patients with FUO. The classic FUO was defined as three outpatient visits or three days in the hospital without elucidation of cause of fever. Infectious agents, collagen vascular diseases and hematological malignancies as well as other etiologies were investigated when appropriate. The data were collected and analyzed.
    Results
    A total of 91 cases (62 males and 29 females), with age ranging from 16 to 80 years were investigated. The mean duration of fever before hospitalization was 26±4 days. The etiology of FUO was delineated in (66%) of cases, whereas, (25%) remained undiagnosed. Most common group of FUO was that of infectious diseases (44%) followed by collagen vascular diseases and malignancies (12 % each). Amongst the infection group, brucellosis and salmonellosis comprised the majority of cases (25% each).
    Conclusion
    Infections are the most common cause of FUO followed by collagen vascular diseases in our region.
    Keywords: Fever of unknown origin, Classical, Infectious diseases, Collagen vascular diseases
  • Mohammad Ali Bayani *, Rogheyeh Akbari, Bahar Banasaz, Fayyaz Saeedi Pages 40-42
    Abstract
    Background
    Vitamin D (vit D) deficiency has been found to have an inverse relationship with the occurrence of type-2 diabetes mellitus (DM). The aim of this study was to assess the vit D level in type-2 diabetic patients.
    Methods
    One hundred-twenty DM patients selected as case group and 120 healthy individuals as control group were investigated in this study from October 2011 to September 2012 in Shahid Beheshti and Ayatollah Rouhani teaching hospital in Babol, North of Iran. Both groups were matched regarding age and gender. Serum levels of 25(OH)-vitamin D were measured in both groups. The data were collected and analyzed.
    Results
    The mean age of the case group was 51.2±7.98 and in control group was 50.6±7.73 years. The mean concentration of vit D in the case group was 18.7±10.2 and in the control group was 24.6±13.5 ng/dl (p=0.002). The mean concentration of vit D in male subjects in both groups were equal but in women with diabetes was lower than the healthy women (19.3±11.9 versus 27.03±10.28 ng/dl, respectively) (p=0.0001). In diabetic patient vit D level was deficient in 77 (64.2%), insufficient in 30 (25%) and sufficient in 13 (10.3%) patients. In the healthy group, these parameters were seen in 44 (36.6%), in 46 (38.4%) and in 30 (25%) patients.
    Conclusion
    The results show that vit D concentration was significantly lower in diabetic patients than the healthy individuals. Although the mean concentration of vit D in males in both groups was equal but in the women with diabetes was lower than the healthy women.
    Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Vitamin D, Deficiency, Male, Female
  • Shahla Yazdani, Abolhasan Alijanpoor, Majid Sharbatdaran, Zinatossadat Bouzari, Mohammad Abedisamakoosh *, Faranak Lakaieandi, Mehdi Mohammadpour Pages 43-45
    Abstract
    Background
    CA125 levels in Meig’s syndrome can increase or be normal which an unusual laboratory condition is. In this paper, we present a case of Meigs’ syndrome associated with increased CA125 level due to ovarian fibroma / thecoma.
    Case Presentation
    A 50-year old Iranian woman presented with fever, abdominal pain and distention and in imaging assessment, a 90×109 mm heterogeneous pelvic mass with free abdominopelvic fluid was reported. Pleural effusion was detected in CXR. Aspiration of ascetic fluid showed no evidence of malignancy. CA125 level was greater than 600 IU/mL. The patient went under laparotomy in which a 120×100 mm mass was detected in her left adnexa attached to colon, bowels and bottom of pelvis. Histology reported ovarian fibro/ thecoma. The mass was resected and after that, the symptoms disappeared and CA125 level reached to 15 IU/mL. The patient had no problem after 18 months of follow up.
    Conclusion
    Meigs’ syndrome should be considered at the differential diagnosis for a patient with pelvic mass, pleural effusion and ascites with normal cytology, increased CA125 levels.
  • Maryam Mobini * Pages 46-48
    Abstract
    Background
    Alendronate is a bisphosphonate that is approved to reduce bone loss in glucocorticoid treated patients. In this paper, we present a case of femoral fracture following the use of Alendronate.
    Case Presentation
    A- 46 year old woman who was a known case of hemolytic anemia has been treated by prednisolone (with different doses from 7.5 to 75 mg/day), calcium-D 500 mg/day and alendronate 70 mg/week for 3 years. Despite improvement of bone density, she experienced a low truama femoral shaft fracture.
    Conclusion
    This case shows a rare complication of treatment by alendronate. It may be needed to evaluate patients with long term usage of bisphosphonates for cortical thickness.
    Keywords: Alendronate, Bisphosphonate, Fracture, Prednisolon, Hemolytic anemia
  • Seyed Mohammad Alavi, Roohangiz Nashibi * Pages 49-51
    Abstract
    Background
    Nasal tuberculosis (NTB) is rare, but it can be caused by either a pulmonary disease or a retrograde involvement of the nose by lupus vulgaris of the facial skin. In this study, we present a case of NTB with an ulcerative lesion in her left nasal cavity.
    Case Presentation
    A 56 years old woman presented with an ulcerative lesion in her left nasal cavity. The patient exhibited no clinical evidence of any systemic diseases. Peripheral leucocyte count (CBC) was normal but erythrocyte sedimentation rate was elevated. Mantoux'' test elicited 25 mm reaction after 72 hr. Chest x-ray was normal. Pathological evaluation of the lesion revealed the caseating granulomas, epithelioid cells, lymphocytes, and a few giant cells. These findings suggested a diagnosis of tuberculosis. The patient was cured after 6 months treatment with standard regimen of tuberculosis.
    Conclusion
    Although, nasal tuberculosis is rare, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with chronic nasal symptoms and ulcerative lesions of the nose.
    Keywords: Tuberculosis, Nasal tuberculosis, Nasal cavity, Ulcerative lesion
  • Alijan Ahmadi-Ahangar, Leila Meskini, Mehdi Rostami Ghadi, Amin Zarghami * Pages 52-53
  • Simin Mouodi, Seyed Jalil Seyedi Andi *, Mostafa Javanian, Iman Jahanian, Rozita Rezaee, Ziba Shirkhani Kelagari, Neda Ghazinezhad Pages 54-55