فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:16 Issue:1, 2014
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1392/10/18
  • تعداد عناوین: 17
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  • Resolving Vitamin D Deficiency in the Preconception Period among High-Risk Reproductive Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial
    Mahshid Taheri, Azam Baheiraei, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Maryam Modarres Page 5
    Background
    Although vitamin D deficiency has been linked to potential complications in reproductive women, the recommended intake dosage of this vitamin in populations with high incidence of deficiency in preconception period has not been defined..
    Objectives
    The study investigated the effect of consuming a dosage of 2000 IU/day oral vitamin D for 105 days, on serum levels of this vitamin in reproductive women..
    Materials And Methods
    229 women with 18-35 years old, who were confirmed to be vitamin D deficient (vitamin D < 75 nmol/L), were randomized into the intervention and control groups and after 15 weeks consumption of the supplement and placebo, their serum samples were obtained..
    Results
    At baseline the mean serum levels of vitamin D in the control group was 23.34 ± 15.87 nmol/L and in intervention group was 25.13 ± 18.46 nmol/L, that these values didn’t have any significant difference (P = 0.43), while after intervention, significant differences between the two groups was noticed (P < 0.001). The affecting factors to achieve normal range of vitamin D in the intervention group included basal amounts of vitamin D and two underlying factors based on questionnaire data: use of oral supplements (except vitamin D and calcium) in daily life and perfect sun exposure..
    Conclusion
    This study showed positive effect of the 2000 IU/day oral vitamin D on the serum level elevation of this vitamin in reproductive women..
    Keywords: Vitamin D Deficiency, Dietary Supplements, Preconception
  • Elaheh Amini, Zahra Kasheh Farahani, Mehdi Rafiee Samani, Hamed Hamedi, Ali Zamani, Alireza Karimi Yazdi, Fatemeh Nayeri, Firoozeh Nili, Golnaz Rezaeizadeh Page 6812
    Background
    Severe birth asphyxia (apgar < 7 at the 5th minute of birth) is recognized as a hearing loss risk factor by the joint committee on infant hearing (JCIH). About half of the newborns with hearing loss do not indicate any sign and risk factor at birth. Accordingly, the joint committee recommended performance of hearing screening test in 2000, especially for babies born with risk factors..
    Objectives
    The aim of this study was to evaluate hearing loss in asphyxiated neonates. Early diagnosis would result in early treatment of these newborns..Patients and
    Methods
    We assessed the relationship between asphyxia and hearing impairment in newborns admitted to a referral hospital, Tehran, Iran within 3 years (2003 - 2006). Hearing problems were diagnosed and followed by otoacoustic emission (OAE) in the third and fifth days of birth. Asphyxiated neonates with abnormal OAE were referred to an ENT specialist; second OAE and tympanometry were carried out after 2 weeks. Based on the results, newborns underwent treatment or were discharged..
    Results
    Of 149 asphyxiated neonates, 80 had mean first minute apgar score of 4.01, and mean 5th minute score was 7.24. Two percent (3/149) of asphyxiated neonates had abnormal OAEs. No statistical correlation was found between the 5th minute apgar score and abnormal OAE (P value = 0.391). However, a significant relationship between the mean birth weight and abnormal OAE (P value = 0.0406) was found..
    Conclusions
    It seems that birth asphyxia is not correlated with hearing loss..
    Keywords: Hearing Loss, Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous, Asphyxia
  • Ali Keshtkaran, Alireza Mirahmadizadeh, Alireza Heidari, Mehdi Javanbakht Page 7801
    Background
    The increase in high-risk injections and unsafe sexual behaviors has led to increased HIV infection prevalence among Intravenous Drug Users (IDUs). The high costs of HIV/AIDS care and low financial resources necessitate an economic evaluation to make the best decision for the control of HIV/AIDS..
    Objectives
    This study was conducted to determine the cost-effectiveness of Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) centers in HIV infection prevention among drug users..
    Materials And Methods
    In this interventional study, we included all the seven MMT centers and the drug users registered there (n = 694). We calculated all the costs imposed on the government, i.e. Provider of case. Mathematical models were used to estimate the number of HIV cases averted from high-risk behaviors. Sensitivity analyses were performed to show the effects of uncertainty in parameters on the number of HIV cases averted and also Incremental Cost-Effectiveness Ratio (ICER)..
    Results
    Based on the averted models, the selected MMT centers could prevent 128 HIV cases during 1 year. The total cost was $ 547423 and that of HIV/AIDS care in the no intervention scenario was estimated $ 14171816. ICER was $ 106382 per HIV case averted. The results of the sensitivity analysis indicated that MMT intervention was cost-effective even in the worst scenario and ICER varied from $ 39149 to $ 290004 per HIV case averted..
    Conclusions
    With regard to the high prevalence of drug injection among drug users and considering the high effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of MMT centers in preventing HIV infection, establishment of MMT centers in regional and national levels seems reasonable..
    Keywords: Cost, Benefit Analysis, Methadone, Maintenance, Therapeutics, HIV
  • Bita Geramizadeh *, Fatemeh Asadian, Alireza Taghavi Page 7820
    Esophageal melanocytosis is a rare and benign condition, characterized by melanocytic proliferation of the esophageal squamous epithelium with heavy melanin deposition. The etiology and pathogenesis has not been exactly known but it seems to be a chronic stimulus such as gastroesophageal reflux. This condition is very rare and about 35 cases have been reported so far, most of which have been from India and Japan. Herein, we present a case of esophageal melanocytosis in a patient with long history of oral opium consumption. To the best of our knowledge, such a history has not been reported..
    Keywords: Melanosis, Opium, Mouth
  • Seyed Kamran Kamrava, Mohammad Farhadi, Maryam Jalessi, Babak Khosravian, Behzad Pousti, Ebrahim Amin Tehran, Mohsen Rezaee Hemami Page 7926
    Background
    University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) is one of the most common smell identification tests to assess olfactory function..
    Objective
    The study was conducted to assess the accuracy of University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) in Iranian population..
    Materials And Methods
    University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test was performed on 30 (50%) female and 30 (50%) male, who were healthy adult volunteers. The total mean score as well as mean scores according to the gender were assessed and compared to the UPSIT classification. Odors considered valid and accurate if its correct identification ability rate was more than 70% among study population..
    Results
    The test score was 25.04 ± 4.92 in female and 23.29 ± 4.23 in male volunteers that all were considered as microsmia according to UPSIT. Sixteen odorants were correctly identified by about 70% of the volunteers and the remains 24 odorants were identified by less than 70%; 7, 5 and 12 odors was identified by60%-70%, 50%-60% and less than 50% of the volunteers, respectively..
    Conclusions
    According to the results of the study, documented that even less than half of the odors (16 out of 40) were identified correctly by the volunteers, which indicating that the UPSIT is not a suitable test to evaluate olfactory function in Iranian population due to the high amount of unfamiliar smells that should be replaced with more familiar ones..
    Keywords: Smell, Odors, University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT)
  • Ghorban Mohammadzadeh, Mohammad, Ali Ghaffari Page 8742
    Background
    Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived hormone, is implicated in diabetes mellitus type 2 and atherosclerosis. The study was designed to investigate whether serum adiponectin levels in patients with both coronary artery disease (CAD) and diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM) are lower than in patients with CAD alone and control subjects..
    Objectives
    In this present study, we measured serum adiponectin levels in consecutive CAD patients with and without T2DM and investigated whether decreased adiponectin is associated with risk factors of CAD..
    Materials And Methods
    The study included 198 subjects, 138 patients with CAD (72 of whom had both CAD and T2DM), and 60 control subjects. We measured serum adiponectin, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and insulin by ELISA. In addition, Lipid profile, glucose and anthropometrical measurements were performed in all subjects..
    Results
    The results revealed significant difference in serum adiponectin levels between patients with CAD+T2DM and patients with CAD alone (3.80 ± 1.52 vs. 5.25 ± 2.35, P = 0.007), between patients with CAD and control (5.25 ± 2.35 vs. 7.04 ± 3.32, P = 0.001), and between patients with CAD + T2DM and control (3.80 ± 1.52 vs. 7.04 ± 3.32, P < 0.001). Serum adiponectin level was significantly higher in women in contrast to men (5.97 ± 3.15 vs. 4.62 ± 2.81 µg/ml, P = 0.002). Serum adiponectin levels were correlated significantly with insulin (r = -0.178, P = 0.013), total cholesterol (r = -0.313, P < 0.001), low density lipoprotein (r = -0.154, P = 0.016), body mass index (r = -0.171, P = 0.016), glucose (r = -0.202, P = 0.006), HOMA-IR (r= -0.251, P = 0.001), and IL-6 levels (r = -0.321,P = 0.001). Adiponectin was correlated positively only with high density lipoprotein (r = 0.389, P < 0.001)..
    Conclusions
    It is speculated that increased insulin resistance and increase in other adipokines such as IL-6 may contribute to the decreased serum levels of adiponectin in patients with both CAD and T2DM..
    Keywords: Coronary Artery Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Interleukin, 6
  • Mina Shabani, Minoosh Moghimi, Reza Eghdam Zamiri, Fatemeh Nazari, Nouraddin Mousavinasab, Zahra Shajari Page 8763
    Background
    Patients with breast cancer are predisposed to some psychiatric symptoms and mental disorders due to their life styles or disease conditions. These problems cause patients to deal with daily stress, feeling guilty, anxiety, dysphoric mood, and impaired social relations. Such problems would lead to serious mental disorders..
    Objectives
    Therefore, life skills training may help patients to cope better with their condition, and improve their mental health..
    Materials And Method
    In an experimental study, 50 patients with breast cancer were selected randomly and assigned to 2 experimental and control groups. The experimental group attended life skills training classes for 10 weeks continuously (each class lasting 2 hours). Participants in both the experimental and control groups completed a GHQ-28 questionnaire form before the commencement of classes, and again after 2 weeks to 2 months of the course completion. T-test was used as the statistical method..
    Results
    In life skills training group, depressive and anxiety symptoms, somatization disorders, sleep disorders and disorders of social functioning were significantly decreased (p<0.0001). These changes were not observed in the control group..
    Conclusions
    The results showed that life skills training is an effective method in reducing symptoms of depression, anxiety, sleep and somatic disorders. Also, it would be useful in reducing problems of social dysfunction..
    Keywords: Breast Neoplasms, Life, Skill, Education, Quality of Life
  • Amir Houshang Mehrparvar, Seyyed Jalil Mirmohammadi, Mohammad Hossein Davari, Mehrdad Mostaghaci, Abolfazl Mollasadeghi, Maryam Bahaloo, Seyyed Hesam Hashemi Page 9628
    Background
    Noise most frequently affects hearing system, as it may typically cause a bilateral, progressive sensorineural hearing loss at high frequencies..
    Objectives
    This study was designed to compare three different methods to evaluate noise-induced hearing loss (conventional audiometry, high-frequency audiometry, and distortion product otoacoustic emission)..
    Material And Methods
    This was a cross-sectional study. Data was analyzed by SPSS (ver. 19) using chi square, T test and repeated measures analysis. Study samples were workers from tile and ceramic industry..
    Results
    We found that conventional audiometry, extended high-frequency audiometry, low-tone distortion product otoacoustic emission and high-tone distortion product otoacoustic emission had abnormal findings in 29 %, 69 %, 22 %, and 52 % of participants. Most frequently affected frequencies were 4000 and 6000Hz in conventional audiometry, and 14000 and 16000 in extended high-frequency audiometry..
    Conclusions
    Extended high-frequency audiometry was the most sensitive test for detection of hearing loss in workers exposed to hazardous noise compared with conventional audiometry and distortion product otoacoustic..
    Keywords: Audiometry, Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous, Hearing Loss, Noise
  • Ghafar Eskandari, Abbas Jolodar, Masoud Reza Seyfiabad Shapouri, Ardeshir Bahmainmehr, Shahrokh Navidpour Page 9666
    Background
    Scorpion venom is important and rich source of peptides, most of which have been widely used as pharmacological tools for unraveling structure-function relationship of various ion channels. Naturally occurring toxins can be also considered as lead compounds in the development of novel drugs..
    Objectives
    In this context, the scorpion-derived peptide neurotoxins specific to sodium channels have shown promise as potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of various human diseases..
    Materials And Methods
    A cDNA library from the extracted RNA was constructed using RT-PCR and semi-nested RT-PCR. DNA sequencing followed by phylogenetic analysis was applied to screen the cDNA library clones. For molecular characterization of the BMK gene we used cloning and recombinant protein expression techniques based on E.coli systems. Then we performed mice immunization and Western blot and Immunodot analyses..
    Results
    A novel BMK neurotoxin has been cloned, expressed and characterized from the Iranian scorpion M. eupeus venom. We analyzed the recombinant BMK by immunoblotting with treated antiserum. The result showed that mice antiserum can react also with scorpion crude venom, so is able to recognize native BMK toxin..
    Conclusion
    The newly produced recombinant protein BMK revealed to be immunogenic. Moreover, anti-BMK antibodies produced in mice were able to recognize both the recombinant BMK neurotoxin and the one in M. eupeus crude venome. Taken together, the molecular characterization and recombinant production of the Iranian scorpion M. eupeus venom component can serve as a new probe for further studies of sodium channels function and physiology. This provides a promising perspective for the future design of selective drugs, as well as for research of antivenom production..
    Keywords: Venoms, Neurotoxin, Scorpion, Recombinant Protein
  • Ghobad Abangah, Atefeh Yousefi, Rouhangiz Asadollahi, Yousef Veisani, Paria Rahimifar, Sajjad Alizadeh Page 12669
    Background
    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common liver disease in the western population and expanding disease in the world. Pathological changes in fatty liver are like alcohol liver damage, which can lead to end-stage liver disease. The prevalence of NAFLD in obese or overweight people is higher than general population, and it seems that people with high Body Mass Index (BMI) or abnormality in some laboratory tests are more susceptible for severe fatty liver and high grade of NAFLD in ultrasonography (U.S)..
    Objectives
    This study aimed to evaluate the correlation of BMI and laboratory tests with NAFLD in ultrasonography..
    Materials And Methods
    During a multi-step process, we selected two-hundred and thirteen cases from four hundred and eighteen patients with NAFLD. Laboratory tests performed included: ALT, AST, FBS, Triglyceride and cholesterol levels, hepatitis B surface antigen, hepatitis C antibody, ceruloplasmin, serum iron, TIBC, transferrin saturation, ferritin, AMA, ANA, ANTI LKM1, serum protein electrophoresis, TSH, anti TTG (IgA). BMI and ultrasonography for 213 patients were performed, and then data was analyzed. These parameters and grades of ultrasonography were compared with the values obtained using one way ANOVA. An ordinal logistic regression model was used to estimate the probability of ultrasonography grade. The Statistical Package for the Social Science program (SPSS, version 16.0) was used for data analysis..
    Results
    Two-hundred and thirteen cases including 140 male and 73 female, were studied. In general, 72.3% of patients were overweight and obese. Post-hoc tests showed that only BMI (P < 0.001) and TG (P < 0.011) among variables had statistically significant associations with ultrasonography grade (USG), and ordinal logistic regression model showed that BMI and AST were the best predictors..
    Discussion
    Our results suggest that in patients with NAFLD, BMI and TG are most effective factors in severity of fatty liver disease and ultrasonography grade (USG). On the other hand, BMI as a predictor can be helpful. But, AST has not been a reliable finding, because it changes in many conditions..
    Keywords: Non, alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Ultrasonography, Body Mass Index, Aspartate Aminotransferase, Triglyceride
  • Hamid Reza Mohaddeshakkak, Mohammad Hossein Taghdisi, Davoud Shojaezadeh, Saharnaz Nedjat Nooshin Peyman, Ali Taghipour Page 12848
    Background
    Recent studies show that the prevalence of tobacco use among teens and students is increasing, and the initiation age of tobacco use has decreased..
    Objectives
    The current research aimed to signify the role of schools in the process in which student teenage boys became smokers in 2012 in Mashhad..
    Materials And Methods
    The current study was part of a qualitative research conducted by content analysis method and purposive sampling, performing 35 in-depth interviews, and 2 focused group discussions. The participants in this research included teenagers, teachers, students` parents, psychologists, and experts in the field of fighting against tobacco use, those who either had the experience of exposure to cigarettes at school, or were well-informed persons about tobacco use.After performing each interview, the interview was transcribed, and analyzed before the next interview. The data were under continuous consideration and comparative analysis in order to achieve data saturation..
    Results
    After analysis and codification of data, four concept categories were achieved to clarify the role of schools in student smoking: 1) School purity or impurity to high-risk behaviors; 2) Directive or nondirective schools for controlling tobacco; 3) Preventive or predisposing schools for smoking behavior, and 4) Perceived positive outcomes from smoking at school. Each main category was divided into three subordinate themes..
    Conclusions
    With regard to decrease of cigarette use initiation age and the great influence of schools on teenagers’ behavior, it is recommended to perform special screening programs based on the achieved themes in this research to reduce tobacco use. It is also suggested that school staff pay more attention to students’ communication networks and pressures that are imposed on a student for smoking cigarettes during the school time..
    Keywords: Smoking, Adolescent, Tobacco, Schools
  • Shahla Khosravan, Behnam Mazlom, Naiemeh Abdollahzade, Zeinab Jamali, Mohammad Reza Mansoorian Page 12868
    Background
    Few studies, especially in Iran, have assessed the status of family participation in the care of the hospitalized patients..
    Objectives
    This study was conducted to assess why family members partake in caregiving of their patients in hospitals, the type of care that family provide, and the outcomes of the participation in the opinions of nurses and family members..Patients and
    Methods
    In this comparative-descriptive study, data was collected by a two- version researcher-developed questionnaire, from 253 family members of patients by quota sampling method and 83 nurses by census sampling method from wards which had licensed for entering the families. Each questionnaire has three sections: the care needs of the patients which family participated to provide, the reasons to take part, and the outcomes of this collaborative care. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and also chi-squared test through SPSS software version 11.5..
    Results
    The patients received more unskilled and non- professional nursing care from their family members. Most of the nurses and families believed that family participation is both voluntary and compulsory. The shortage of personnel in different categories of nursing and speeding up the patient-related affairs were the most important outcome of the participation, from the nurses’ viewpoint was speeding up the patient-related affairs and from the side of the family members, it was the patients’ feeling of satisfaction from the presence of one of their relatives beside them..
    Conclusions
    Co understanding, skillfulness and competence of families and nurses in collaboration with each other were not good enough..
    Keywords: Family Nursing, Hospitalization, Nursing Care
  • Homeira Sajadi, Hossein Rahimy, Hassan Rafiey, Meroe Vameghi Page 13246
    Background
    Domestic violence appears to be a major social problem. Researches in the last 10 years have uncovered multiple effects of witnessing domestic violence on children, ranging in severity from little or no effect to sever psychological harm..
    Objectives
    This study aimed to measure the prevalence of exposure to domestic violence among high school students in Tehran..
    Materials And Methods
    A cross-sectional survey was conducted on high school students of Tehran in the school year 2011–2012. The “Children’s Exposure to Domestic Violence Scale” was administered to a total cohort of 1,212 students (615 males and 597 females) selected by the stratified sampling method..
    Results
    Approximately one-half of the participants (44.3%) had been exposed to their fathers’s violence against their mothers at least sometimes in their lives, the most common form of which was preventing the mother from doing something (28.5%) and the least common, hurting the mother with sharp or deadly tools (9.6%). A substantial proportion of the students (90.6%) had been exposed to violence in the community or at school, the most common kind would be being heard from someone calling another person names or making fun of them (81.7%) and the least common, being injured a child in the community or at school (31.8%)..
    Conclusions
    Exposure to violence is a widespread problem among children in Tehran. It encompasses a wide range and children were exposed to violence in different ways and forms..
    Keywords: Domestic Violence, Prevalence, Students
  • Mehdi Moghtadaei, Hossein Farahini, Seyed Hamid, Reza Faiz, Farzam Mokarami *, Saeid Safari Page 13247
    Background
    Pain is one of the major concerns of patients underwent Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA); appropriate pain management is a key factor in patient''s early physical fitness to move, physiotherapy, and most importantly, patient satisfaction..
    Objectives
    In this study the analgesic effect of single injection femoral nerve block (SFNB) was compared with local infiltration analgesia (LIA)..Patients and
    Methods
    Forty patients who underwent TKA under spinal anesthesia were randomized to receive single femoral nerve block (group F) or intra-periarticular infiltration (group I). Group F received single injection 20cc ropivacaine (10mg/cc) and in group I, a combination of 300mg ropivacaine, 30mg ketorolac and 0.5mg epinephrine diluted to a volume of 150cc and locally injected in and around the knee joint in 3 stages. Postoperative pain intensity measured by Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Morphine consumption, mobilization time and patients’ satisfaction evaluated as well..
    Results
    Group I had significantly lower morphine consumption in the first postoperative day (10 vs. 12.5mg, P-value < 0.05). Within 6 hours postoperatively, VAS score was statistically lower in group I compared to group F (3 vs. 4, P-value < 0.05). However, within 12 hours it was statistically higher in group I than group F (6 vs. 5, P-value < 0.05). Other parameters were not statistically different in two groups..
    Conclusions
    Both methods LIA and SFNB provided excellent pain relief and lower morphine consumption following TKA. LIA is a surgeon-controlled analgesic technique, which can be used to enhance patients’ satisfaction and reduce the pain in the very early postoperative period by surgeon independently..
    Keywords: Femoral Nerve Block, Analgesia, Morphine, Local Infiltration Analgesia
  • Tufan Cicek, Canan Cicek Demirg., Ouml, Kcen Coban, Ali Coner Page 13929
    Introduction
    Amiodarone is an effective drug for life-threatening arrhythmias like recurrent ventricular fibrillation and atrial fibrillation. Amiodarone creates rarely genitourinary side effects are seen. These are epididymitis, testicular dysfunction and impotance. Amiodarone aggregates and triggers inflammation in the head of the epididym..Case report: We present the case of a patient who developed epididymitis after 17 months of amiodarone therapy, using a low dose (100 mg per day). Although cessation of medication or dose lowering was not performed, remission of the patient only by analgesics is a distinct case reported in urological literature..
    Conclusion
    This case stresses the importance of considering an adverse effect of amiodarone treatment as a cause when making a differential diagnosis of epididymitis..
    Keywords: Amiodarone, Epididymitis, Sterile
  • Soheila Bani, Shirin Hasanpour, Zeinabalsadat Mousavi, Parvin Mostafa Garehbaghi, Morteza Gojazadeh Page 14643
    Background
    Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common types of cyclic pain that affects 50% of women and girls in their menstrual ages. Because of the side-effects and contraindications of chemical medicines, using herbs has been investigated in treating dysmenorrhea..
    Objectives
    The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Rosa damascena extract on primary dysmenorrhea among the students of Kowsar dormitory in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences..
    Materials And Methods
    This study was performed in Iran on 92 single 18-24 year old students with BMI: 19-25 and obtaining pain intensity score of 5-8 in Visual Analogue Scale that were randomly classified and included in two groups of 46 persons. The participants received two capsules of Mefenamic Acid and Rosa damascena with the similar physical properties in two consecutive cycles per 6 hours for 3 days in a cross-over form. The data were collected through the questionnaire of demographic characteristics and check-list of visual analogue scale. Descriptive statistics and repeated measurement test and independent samples t test by using SPSS (13/win) were used in order to determine and compare the effects of two drugs on dysmenorrheal pain intensity of the groups..
    Results
    There was a significant difference between the average of pain intensity at different hours of measurement in each group after the end of first cycle and second cycle (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference between the average of pain intensity in two groups in the first cycle (P = 0.35) and second cycle (P = 0.22)..
    Conclusions
    In this study¸ Rosa damascena and Mefenamic acid had similar effects on pain intensity of primary dysmenorrhea. With further studies, Rosa damascena which has no chemical side effects¸ can be suggested for treating primary dysmenorrhea..
    Keywords: Dysmenorrhea, Rosa, Mefenamic Acid
  • Zahra Sepehrmanesh, Afshin Ahmadvand, Goudarz Akasheh, Rezvan Saei Page 15205
    Background
    Prisoners are at risk of mental disorders. Therefore attention to mental health of prisoners is important..
    Objectives
    This study aimed determine to the prevalence of mental disorders among Kashan prisoners..Patients and
    Methods
    This cross sectional study was carried out in Kashan prison (Iran). 180 Subjects were selected by using stratified random sampling and evaluated with Symptoms Check List-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) questionnaire and clinical interview based on Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Disease-IV (DSM-IV) check list by two psychiatrists. Data were analyzed by SPSS-16 software and Chi square, Kolmogrov Smirnov, Mann-whiteny and Leven tests..
    Results
    The mean age of prisoners was 31.9 ± 8.96.The prevalence of psychiatric disorders in prisoners was 43.4 %. The most frequent disorders were major depressive disorders (27.9 %), Post traumatic Stress Disorder (17.4%) and substance use disorders (17.4 %).28.3% of prisoners had personality disorders, that the most prevalent were antisocial personality and borderline disorder. The comorbidity of psychiatric disorders was (36 %) in axis I. Suicidal thoughts there were in 44.6 % of prisoners. History of head trauma in Prisoners with psychiatric disorders was (52.2 %). There was significant difference between head trauma and psychiatric disorders (P = 0.05). Significant difference was between marital status and duration of imprisonment with psychiatric disorders P < 0.05.There was not significant difference between type of crime and educational level with psychiatric disorders..
    Conclusions
    About half of all prisoners suffered from psychiatric disorders; therefore treatment psychiatric disorder in this group is essential for prevention of crime..
    Keywords: Prevalence, Mental Disorders, Prisoners