فهرست مطالب

  • Volume:9 Issue:1, 2013
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1392/05/08
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Rabieh. M.M., Esfandiari .M., Seraj . A.A Pages 1-16
    The Noctuidae with more than 25,000 described species include numerous economic important crop pests worldwide. A faunistic study on this family was carried out in the years 2010 and 2011 in the Khorasan-e-Razavi province, NE Iran. A total of 33 species of the subfamilies Metoponiinae, Bryophilinae and Xyleninae belonging to 17 genera were collected. Among the collected species, two are recorded for the first time for the fauna of Iran; Haemerosia albicomma Ronkay, Varga and Hreblay, 1998 and Cryphia duskeimima Ronkay, Varga and Hreblay, 1998. Illustrations of adults and their genitalia are given with notes on the bionomy and distribution. Also, 13 species were recorded for the first time in Khorasan-e-Razavi province. An identification key for 11 collected Caradrina species is given, including a key to 11 collected species.
    Keywords: Bryophilinae, fauna, Iran, Khorasan, e, Razavi, Metoponiinae, Noctuidae
  • Azlina . Z.M., Daud . S.K., Siraj .S.S., Aliabadian. M., Moghaddam .F.Y Pages 17-28
    The molecular phylogenetic trees of 42 representative samples of Malaysian pangasiid were constructed using cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI). The topologies resulting from molecular analyses, Maximum Parsimony, Maximum Likelihood, and Bayesian Inference, revealed the paraphyly of Pangasius genus and monophyly of P. nasutus, P. bocourti, P. micronemus, and P. hypopthalmus with high support values. The results clearly showed that COI gene can be used to isolate the native species of Malaysian pangasiids, including P. nasutus, P. micronemus, P. bocourti and H. waandersii from P. hypopthalmus that has been introduced from Thailand.
    Keywords: Pangasiidae, catfishes, COI gene, phylogeny
  • Koshkholgh .M.R., Nazari .S., Pourkazemi. M Pages 29-39
    We estimated the genetic diversity and population structure of Persian Sturgeon across six regions of Caspian Sea along the coast of Iran using eight DNA microsatellite loci. Full genotypes were obtained for 195 individuals of Persian Sturgeon. Significant differences were detected between A. persicus specimens collected from Sefidrud River (P≤0.0001) and those collected from the southern fishery zones. According to the neighbor-joining tree A. persicus specimens collected from the Sefidrud River nested in one cluster and all other specimens placed in the second cluster. Mean diversity was greatest in the Sefidrud River (14 alleles per locus) collections, and lowest in the Kiashahr-Chaboksar (Zone 2) (8 alleles per locus). The average observed and expected heterozygosity indicated a high level of genetic variability in where regions. Pairwise FST values revealed genetic differentiation among the populations. Based on the results it might be concluded that two independent populations of A. persicus exist in the south coast of Caspian Sea which include the Sefidrud River population and zone 3 in which this calls for additional investigations on the genetic structure. These results and significant FST of genotypic differences between these pairs of collections support the existence of genetic structuring in this species along the south coast of Caspian Sea.
    Keywords: Acipenser persicus, Microsatellite DNA, Population structure, Caspian Sea
  • Moradi . N., Shafiei .S., Sehhatisabet .M.E Pages 41-55
    Khabr National Park and Ruchun Wildlife Refuge are situated in the southeast of Iran, Kerman Province. Although snakes are an important group in the studied area, little is known regarding their diversity. The present study was carried out from March 2009 to late summer 2010. In this study, 74 specimens were collected (or observed) and identified, belonging to four families, 14 genera, and 17 species, including Typhlopidae: Typhlops vermicularis; Colubridae: Boiga trigonatum melanocephala, Hemorrhois ravergieri, Lytorhynchus diadema gaddi, Lytorhynchus ridgewayi, Platyceps rhodorachis ladacensis, Platyceps ventromaculatus ventromaculatus, Psammophis schokari, Pseudocyclophis persicus, Spalerosophis diadema cliffordii, Spalerosophis microlepis, Telescopus rhinopoma, Eirenis punctatolineatus; Viperidae: Echis carinatus sochureki, Macrovipera lebetina cernovi, Pseudocerastes persicus; Elapidae: Walterinnesia morgani. The records of Spalerosophis microlepis, Lytorhynchus diadema gaddi, Pseudocyclophis persicus and Walterinnesia morgani are reported for the first time from southeast of Iran.
    Keywords: Diversity, Snake fauna, Khabr National Park, Conservation, Iran
  • Mohammadi . Z., Darvish . J., Ghorbani . F., Haddad. F Pages 57-72
    Cytogenetic approaches are used in systematic studies implying differences between species and variation between populations. In this study, morphology of chromosomes and chromosome number of 210 specimens of 23 rodent species from different localities of Iran were investigated. Specimens belong to five families comprising Dipodidae (Allactaga elater (2n=48, FNa=92); A. williamsi (2n=48, FNa=92); A. tuossi (2n=48, FNa=92); A. euphratica (2n=48, FNa=92); A. hotsoni (2n=48, FNa=92); Jaculus jaculus (2n=48, FNa=88 and 92); Pygeretmus pumilio (2n=48, FNa= 82 to 92)), family Cricetidae (Microtus socialis (2n=62, FNa=60); M. qazvinensis (2n=54, FNa=52); M. transcaspicus (2n=52, FNa=50); M. levis (2n=54, FNa=52); M. paradoxus (2n=62, FNa=60); Ellobius talpinus (2n=54, FNa=52); E. fuscocapillus (2n=36, FNa=54); Cricetulus migratorius (2n 22, FNa=38 and 40); Mesocricetus brandti (2n=42, FNa=78)), family Gliridae (Dryomys nitedula (2n=48, FNa=84 to 90)), family Scuridae (Funambulus pennantii (2n=54, FNa=72); Spermophilus fulvus (2n=36, FNa=66)) and family Calomyscidae (Calomyscus grandis (2n 44, FNa=64); C. hotsoni (2n=50, FNa=48); C. elburzensis (2n=44, FNa=68, 70, 72 and 76); C. urartensis (2n=28, FNa=44)). In spite of intraspecific variation within some species like Calomyscus elburzensis, Cricetulus migratorius, Pygeretmus pumilio, Jaculus jaculus and Dryomys nitedula the results indicated constant chromosome number and fundamental number of chromosomes in the genus Allactaga from Iran.
    Keywords: Karyology, Chromosome, Dipodidae, Cricetidae, Calomyscidae, Gliridae, Scuridae
  • Zarei .B., Darvish . J., Aliabadian .M., Moghaddam. F.Y Pages 73-81
    The brush-tailed mice of the genus Calomyscus are distributed in the mountains of central Asia and the Middle East. The genus Calomyscus represents five nominate species from Iran (C. bailwardi, C. grandis, C. hotsoni, C. urartensis and C. elburzensis). In total 64 specimens from four species of Calomyscus were studied for morphometric analyses The morphological differences among 10 populations of the genus Calomyscus were investigated using landmark-based geometric morphometrics of the left mandible and Fourier analysis of the first lower molar. The results suggested that four Iranian Calomyscus species, C. bailwardi, C. grandis, C. hotsoni, and C. elburzensis can be discriminated with a high probability based on their mandible and first lower molar shapes. Calomyscus grandis, however, was the most distinct species from others.
    Keywords: Calomyscus, Geometric morphometric, Mandible, Molar
  • Hosseinian Yousefkhani.S.S., Yousefi. M., Rastegar-Puoyani.E., Rastegar-Pouyani. N Pages 87-90