فهرست مطالب

  • سال سیزدهم شماره 2 (پیاپی 48، تابستان 1392)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1392/07/01
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Farnaz Holekian*, Masoud Gholamali Lavasani, Shiva Khalili Page 5
    Objective
    The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of group play therapy with cognitive behavioral approach on reformation the social maladjustment of girl adolescents with intellectual disabilities.
    Methods
    The present study, is an Quasi-experimental study design with pre-test and post-test, and with experimental and control groups. population of this study, including all girl adolescents with intellectual disabilities (13- 15 years), who attending in the special schools of Hamadan city. Among this population, 16 students were diagnosed higher than average of Rutter test. These participants were matched in experimental and control groups (8 subjects each). The experimental group received eleven sessions of play therapy with cognitive and behavioral approach and control group were placed in the waiting list. Also experimental Group in the three months since the last session were continuously monitored. Research instrument were Rutter's behavior questionnaire and Sociometry.
    Results
    Covariance analysis and t-test showed that play therapy with cognitive behavioral approach has caused to reduced social maladjustment of adolescents in experimental group and increased their social interactions.
    Conclusion
    The most important results of this study are effectiveness of group play therapy and usefulness of the cognitive - behavioral approach on reformation the social maladjustment. It can be argued that group play therapy with cognitive behavioral approach can reforms social maladjustment girl adolescents with intellectual disabilities.
    Keywords: group play therapy, cognitivebehavioral approach, social maladjustment, adolescents with Intellectual Disabilities
  • Narges Chimeh*, Karineh Tahmasian, Hamid Reza Pouretemad, Haleh Ofoghi, Zohreh Ahmadabadi Page 21
    Objective
    The purpose of this research was to provide a psycho-educational program “Living Adjusted with Autism” for parents with autistic children and evaluate its effectiveness on reducing the autistic symptoms in children and their mothers’ life quality.
    Method
    In this research 50 mothers of autistic children (24 in intervention group and 26 in the control group) were studied. The intervention group participated in ten two-hour training session, and control group received no intervention. The effectiveness of this intervention in pre-test and post-test by the “World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale” and the “Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist” were tested.
    Result
    This intervention significantly improved the children’s autistic symptoms (except health and physical behavior) and their mothers’ total score of Quality of Life Scale.
    Conclusion
    Program "Living Adjusted with Autism" by raising awareness, adaptation and offering adaptive solutions for the most common problems of mothers with autistic children, leads to the reduction of maternal complications and improve the quality of life and some symptoms of autism.
    Keywords: Intervention, Living Adjusted with Autism, Quality of Life
  • Maryam Arfa*, Ahmad Abedi Page 33
    Objective
    The aim of the Current meta-analysis was to determine the effectiveness of parenting styles education programs on behavioral disorders. This research specifies the effect size of parenting styles education programs by using meta-analysis technique and integrating the results of different studies.
    Method
    On the whole, 10 methodologically acceptable studies were selected and metaanalysis was done on them. Sources of data search were scientific documents in universities, Scientific Information Database (SID), noor specialized magazines database (noormags), Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology (IRANDOC). The research tool was meta-analysis checklist.
    Results
    Data analysis showed that the rate of effect size of education programs of parenting styles on behavioral disorders was high.
    Conclusion
    it seems that the education programs of parenting styles can be used as a method to prevent the behavioral disorders in the training centers.
    Keywords: Meta, analysis, Parenting Styles, behavioral Disorders, Educational Programs
  • Maryam Lotfi*, Jafar Mohamadi, Rassol Hemayat Talab, Mahdi Sohrabi Page 47
    Objective
    The aim of this research was investigated effectiveness of constant and variable practice on acquisition retention and transfer of motor skills in intellectual disability.
    Method
    In this quasi experimental study, 23 boys with age 8- 12 according to IQ (50-70) were randomly selected and participants were assigned after pre-test and a training session according to obtain score, age and IQ in two groups homogenous. These subjects were practice 3 sessions and each session 40 throw. Data using two-way analysis of variance with repeated measures were analyzed.
    Results
    results showed in Stage retention in two group in throwing increased accuracy (p<0/044) and variability decreased (p<0/07). Results showed in stage transfer variable practice group succeed in transfer skill to new qualification. Also variable practice group have little variability (p<0/006) and much accuracy (p< 0/02) than constant practice group.
    Conclusion
    According to the finding this research variable practice group was capable retention and transfer skill to new situations and also rules regarding schema Schmidt confirmed in people with intellectual disability.
    Keywords: acquisition, constant practice, intellectual disability, motor skill, retention, variable practice
  • Mohsen Jekan, Seyed Ali Hosseini*, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Masoud Salehi Page 61
    Objective
    The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of 4 weeks ball skills training on gross and fine motor development of 14 children (12 boys and 2 girls) aged 4-7 years old with high functioning autism.
    Method
    The study was designed in two phases: In the first 4 week (phase I), all of the children received their current treatments. The second 4 week (phase II) followed immediately and participants received 10 sessions of ball skills training. Current treatment in phase II was performed as well. Repeated measurement variance analysis and Bonferroni test were used for data analysis.
    Results
    Improvements were seen in fine and gross motor skills in phase II rather than phase I subsequent to ball skills training. Although ATEC scores decreased in both phases, but there was significant differences of motor skills mean between two phases, as mean score in phase II was significantly higher than phase I.
    Conclusion
    Results of the study indicate that the ball skills training along with current treatment improved motor skills and holds potential for reducing severity of autism symptoms.
    Keywords: Gross Motor, Fine Motor, High Functioning Autism, Ball Skills
  • Rahim Mollazadeh Esfanjani*, Golamhossein Javanmard, Hamid Arazi, Shirinyeganegi Page 71
    Objective
    The purpose of this research was to study and compare self-esteem and mental health in blind athletes and non-athletes.
    Method
    in this contextual study, 100 individuals (59 blind athletes and 41 non-athletes) from first national sport Olympiad of Mashhad female and male participants were selected randomly and GHQ and Rosenberg's Self- Esteem Scale were used. For data analyses, Mann-Whitney U, t-test, spearman correlation coefficient and regression analysis were used.
    Results
    there were significant differences between two groups in self-esteem and mental health (P>0.01). Also, there was significant relationship among mental health, social dysfunction and depression subscales of them negatively (P>0.01). But, physical symptoms and anxiety had no significant relationship to self-esteem. Also, there was not significant relationship in self-esteem and mental health of non-athlete group. Regression analysis indicated that social dysfunction could predict self-esteem significantly.
    Conclusion
    The results of this studyconfirmed the significant role of exercise on self-esteem and mental health promotion in blindathletes. Therefore, it seems important to encourage blind persons to physical activity for reinforcement of their psychological traits.
    Keywords: self, esteem, mental health, blind athletes
  • Hojatollah Ragheb Page 81
    Objective
    The aim of this study is to evaluate the communication skills (Social Skills, Language Learning Skills and Play Skills) of Autistic Preschool Students.
    Method
    This survey study was conducted on 54 autistic preschool students (39 boys and 15 girls) from 15 schools in Tehran. The subjects were selected randomly. The communication skills checklist which was used in this study was made according objects of Organization of Special Education has three subtests: Social Skills, Language Learning Skills and Play Skills.
    Results
    Research tools analysis showed that the validity and reliability of checklist is acceptable. Meanwhile analysis of checklist items revealed that autistic preschool students in social skills and language learning skills reach at percentage point 40, and in play skills, reach at percentage point 28.
    Conclusion
    More than half of the autistic preschool students have not achieved the maintained objects in social skills, language learning skills and play skills, so their curriculum needs to be reviewed in communication skills especially in the play skills.
    Keywords: Autistic preschool students, Communication Skills, Social skills, Language learning skills, Play skills, Evaluation