فهرست مطالب

  • سال سیزدهم شماره 3 (پیاپی 49، پاییز 1392)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1392/10/01
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Esmail Shiri, Vahid Nejati*, Hamidreza Poueetemad Page 5
    Objective
    The present study evaluates the effects of cognitive rehabilitation on remediation of recognition of emotional states in children with high-functioning autism disorder.
    Method
    In this single-subject design study، 4 children with highfunctioning autism participated with an intact sampling method، and receive 14 sessions of cognitive rehabilitation. Benton Face Recognition Test was administered in 6 series of time (2 week and immediately before intervention، after 4th، 10th and 14th session and 2 week after intervention as follow up). Data analysis was performed by visual analysis، and effect size was computed subsequently.
    Results
    The results showed that the subjects'' performance improved significantly. As well، the effect of the training program was effective in distinguishing emotional states.
    Conclusion
    This study showed that short-term intensive training could be helpful in remediation emotional states distinguishing ability in children with autism. This study supports the efficacy of “Persia Program” in improving the emotional states distinguishing skills in these children.
    Keywords: autism, cognitive rehabilitation, distinguish of emotional states, the Persia Program
  • Neda Mosadegh*, Baghere Ghobari, Bonab, Hojat Pirzadi, Nahid Shafiee Page 15
    Objective
    The aim of the current study was to investigate the relation between spiritual intelligence and mental health in mothers of children with and without intellectual disabilities (ID).
    Method
    In this correlational research, the population consisted of students with mild ID, and mothers of regular school students in Gorgan. Eighty mothers were sampled through a multistage sampling procedure and then Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and Spiritual Intelligence Self- Report Inventory (SISRI-42) were administered.
    Results
    Results of the study showed a significant relation between spiritual intelligence and mental health in mothers of students with mild ID and mothers of regular school children. In addition, results indicated that mental health of mothers can be predicted by their spiritual intelligence.
    Conclusion
    Based on the acquired findings from this research, it is possible to train the components of spiritual intelligence as a method to improve mental health in these mothers.
    Keywords: Spiritual intelligence, mental health, intellectual disabilities
  • Roya Shojaei*, Saeed Hasanzadeh, Mojgan Farahbod Page 23
    Objective
    This study compares visual- motor skills in school-age students with and without profound hearing loss.
    Methods
    The present research method was causal-comparative. Utilizing Test of Visual-Motor Skills-Revised (Gardner, 1995) standardized by Farahbod and Minaei, 2002, fortyone (20 males, 21 females) students with profound hearing impairment and the same number of normal students were selected. The students were selected from two different groups of boys and girls schools with 6 to 12 years old from Alborz province.
    Results
    The findings of this study revealed a significant difference between visual-motor skills of students with profound hearing loss and normal students (P<0/01). In addition, other variables including visual-spatial, visual analysis and visual motor integration skills were also significantly different in the two groups (P<0/01).
    Conclusion
    This study concludes that visual-motor skills are affected in children with profound hearing loss. Therefore, applying the evaluation of visual motor skills and appropriate rehabilitation programs for children with profound hearing impairment could be recommended.
    Keywords: school age children, visual, motor skills, profound hearing loss
  • Roghayeh Assady Gandomani*, Abbas Nesayan, Narges Adib Sershki, Masoud Karimlou Page 33
    Objective
    This research examined the effectiveness of theory of mind training on improving cooperation, self-control and assertive in autistic boys 7-12 years old in Tehran.
    Method
    Utilizing an experimental method with pre-post test design and control group, 12 subjects were selected and assigned randomly into experimental and control group. The research tool was 38 Theory of Mind Questionnaire and Gersham and Elliott social skill scale.
    Results
    t-test analysis indicated that theory of mind training promotes cooperation and self-control but it does not promote assertiveness in -the autistic children.
    Conclusion
    This study conclu des that theory of mind training may promote cooperation and self-control but cannot promote assertiveness.
    Keywords: theory of mind, social skills, autism
  • Leila Hooshyar Mahboob*, Fereydoon Yaryari, Pakdel Moghadam Page 45
    Objective
    This research examines the effect of training social initiation to children with Autism utilizing a video modeling.
    Method
    Using a multiple baseline design (single case), a video modeling procedure was implemented on seven autistic children who were selected using accessible sampling from a school in Karaj. In this study, after showing the produced film to subjects, the experimental sessions were filmed and the delayed time for social initiation was measured.
    Results
    The results indicated that the video modeling training enhanced the social initiation skills in all of children. In addition; they exhibited less vocal imitation than movement imitation in tasks. Social initiation in five children enhanced with changing the toy. These changes maintained after 3 weeks follow-up period.
    Conclusion
    Video modeling can be effective for social initiation in autistic children.
    Keywords: Autism, video modeling, social initiation
  • Reza Tavakol*, Shahla Hojat, Mahdi Kohandel Page 57
    Objective
    The aim of the present study is to find the effect of a slow running on static and dynamic balance training to students with Down syndrome
    Methods
    The statistical sample consisted of 24 children with Down syndrome (mean age 19.35+3.5, Height 157.33+12, Weight 63.92+27.49) randomly divided into two groups of 12 subjects in the experimental group and control group. There were 12 sessions for 45 minutes with slow exercise on treadmill which was considered for the experimental group. Stork balance test was used to assess the static balance and walking from heel to toe test was used to assess the dynamic balance
    Results
    The results showed that the difference between static and dynamic balance before and after exercise was significant.
    Conclusion
    The use of slow running on the treadmill can be used as a way to improve the dynamic and static balance in children with Down syndrome.
    Keywords: Down Syndrome, static Balance, Dynamic Balance
  • Seyed Mostafa Nachvak* Page 67
    Objective
    The aim of current study were to determine the frequency of fruits and vegetables consumption by children with Dwon sundrome (DS).
    Methods
    Fruits and vegetables consumption in children with DS was calculated through an interview with the children’s parents.
    Results
    Fruits and vegetables mean consumption was 4.6 servings/week for fruit and. 74 servings/week for vegetables. 65.9% of these children did not have consumption for any kind of vegetables and in 51% of these children’s fruit consumption were less than one serving per day.
    Conclusion
    Fruits and vegetables consumption as an essential part of healthy diet was very low in children with DS. Parents of children with DS should be encouraged to provide a diet with more fruits and vegetables for their children.
    Keywords: Down syndrome, fruits, vegetables, children