فهرست مطالب

Iranian Journal of Radiology - Volume:10 Issue: 4, 2013
  • Volume:10 Issue: 4, 2013
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1392/10/01
  • تعداد عناوین: 12
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  • Huseyin Ozkurt, Firat Keskiner, Ozan Karatag, Canan Alkim, Sukru Mehmet Erturk, Muzaffer Basak Page 3555
    Background
    Hepatic fibrosis is a typical complication of chronic liver diseases resulting in cirrhosis that remains a major public health problem worldwide. Liver biopsy is currently the gold standard for diagnosing and staging hepatic fibrosis. Percutaneous liver biopsy; however, is an invasive procedure with risks of complications. Therefore, there is need for alternative non-invasive techniques to assess liver fibrosis and chronic liver diseases. In recent years, MRI techniques, including diffusion weighted imaging (DWI), have been developed for in vivo quantification of liver fibrosis..
    Objectives
    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the utility of diffusion weighted MRI in the diagnosis and quantification of the degree of hepatic fibrosis and to investigate the influence of b-value..Patients and
    Methods
    Twenty-four patients (13 males, 11 females), with a mean age of 46 years (36-73 years) diagnosed as chronic hepatitis and histopathologically proven liver fibrosis and 22 other patients (8 males, 14 females) with no clinical or biochemical findings of liver disease, with a mean age of 51.2 years (32-75 years) were included in the study. All patients with chronic hepatitis underwent percutaneous liver biopsy by an experienced hepatologist without sonographic guidance. The Knodell histology activity index (HAI) for grading of necroinflammatory changes and Metavir scoring system for staging of the liver fibrosis were used to record the severity of the disease. All patients were examined with a 1.5 Tesla MRI system and the patients underwent diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) with a routine hepatic MRI protocol. Different b-values including 250, 500, 750, and 1000 sec/mm 2 were used to calculate apparent diffusion coefficients..
    Results
    We detected decreased apparent diffusion coefficient values in patients with hepatic fibrosis compared to patients without chronic hepatitis and there was a trend toward decrease in hepatic apparent diffusion coefficient values with an increasing degree of fibrosis..
    Conclusions
    Our findings suggest that hepatic apparent diffusion coefficient measurement with a b-value of 750 sec/mm 2 or greater is useful in accurate quantification of liver fibrosis and necroinflammation..
    Keywords: Liver Cirrhosis, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Mehmet Ilguy, Pinar Kursoglu, Dilhan Ilguy Page 4031
    Abnormal elongation of the mandibular coronoid process is rare and its etiology is not yet elucidated. The aim of this report is to demonstrate and discuss the relationship between elongated mandibular coronoid process and limitation of mouth opening with cone beam computed tomography. Although the clinical characteristic of elongation of the coronoid process is mandibular limitation, in this report, one case had problem with mouth opening. Axial scans revealed that the distance between the coronoid process and the inner face of the frontal part of the zygomatic bone may cause limitation in mouth opening. In conclusion, instead of the length, the distance between the coronoid process and the inner face of the frontal part of the zygomatic bone may be the actual reason for limitation of mouth opening. This may prevent misdiagnosis..
    Keywords: Mandible, Cone, Beam Computed Tomography, Mouth
  • Abdolrahman Rostamian, Hamed Mazoochy, Shafieh Movassaghi, Seyed Mohammad Javad Mortazavi, Elham Sadeghzadeh, Fatemeh Shahbazi, Hossein Ghanaati Page 4242
    Coexisting ankylosing spondylitis and hereditary multiple exostoses have rarely been reported (three patients) previously. A 27-year-old man with hereditary multiple exostoses is presented as a fourth report. At the age of 15 years, the patient had multiple exostoses around the knee, ankle and shoulder joints. He was diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis 3 years ago. The patient’s sister and his 3 brothers also have multiple exostoses without any family history of spondyloarthropathy or inflammatory arthritis. The aim of this report is to discuss an interesting coexistence of these two diseases. The increasing number of reported patients who have a coexistence of these two diseases might suggest that the association of these two diseases is stronger than a coincidence..
    Keywords: Spondylitis, Ankylosing, Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary
  • Atoosa Adibi, Ali Shahbazi Page 4617
    Background
    Bolus tracking can individualize time delay for the start of scans in spiral computed tomography (CT)..
    Objectives
    We compared automatic bolus tracking method with fixed time-delay technique in biphasic contrast enhancement during multidetector CT of abdomen..Patients and
    Methods
    Adult patients referred for spiral CT of the abdomen were randomized into two groups; in group 1, the arterial and portal phases of spiral scans were started 25 s and 55 s after the start of contrast material administration; in group 2, using the automatic bolus tracking software, repetitive monitoring scans were performed within the lumen of the descending aorta as the region of interest with the threshold of starting the diagnostic scans as 60 HU. The contrast enhancement of the aorta, liver, and spleen were compared between the groups..
    Results
    Forty-eight patients (23 male, 25 female, mean age=56.4±13.5 years) were included. The contrast enhancement of the aorta, liver, and spleen at the arterial phase was similar between the two groups (P > 0.05). Regarding the portal phase, the aorta and spleen were more enhanced in the bolus-tracking group (P<0.001). The bolus tracking provided more homogeneous contrast enhancement among different patients than the fixed time-delay technique in the liver at portal phase, but not at the arterial phase..
    Conclusions
    The automatic bolus-tracking method, results in higher contrast enhancement of the aorta and spleen at the portal phase, but has no effect on liver enhancement. However, bolus tracking is associated with reduced variability for liver enhancement among different patients..
    Keywords: Multidetector Computed Tomography, Tomography, Spiral Computed
  • Mahyar Ghafoori, Hasan Emami, Abdolrasoul Sedaghat, Mohammad Ghiasi, Madjid Shakiba, Manijeh Alavi Page 5050
    Background
    Recent technological developments in medicine, including modern radiology have promoted the impact of scientific researches on social life. The scientific outputs such as article and patents are products that show the scientists’ attempt to access these achievements..
    Objectives
    In the current study, we evaluate the current situation of Iranian scientists in the field of radiology and compare it with the selected countries in terms of scientific papers. For this purpose, we used scientometric tools to quantitatively assess the scientific papers in the field of radiology..
    Materials And Methods
    Radiology papers were evaluated in the context of medical field audit using retrospective model. We used the related databases of biomedical sciences for extraction of articles related to radiology. In the next step, the situation of radiology scientific products of the country were determined with respect to the under study regional countries..
    Results
    Results of the current study showed a ratio of 0.19% for Iranian papers in PubMed database published in 2009. In addition, in 2009, Iranian papers constituted 0.29% of the Scopus scientific database. The proportion of Iranian papers in the understudy region was 7.6%..
    Conclusion
    To diminish the gap between Iranian scientific radiology papers and other competitor countries in the region and achievement of document 2025 goals, multifold effort of the society of radiology is necessary..
    Keywords: Societies, Scientific, Radiology, Geographic Locations
  • Saeedeh Khajehahmadi, Amin Rahpeyma, Seyed Hosein Hoseini Zarch Page 6675
    Background
    Assessment of the lateral wall thickness of the maxillary sinus is very important in decision making for many surgical interventions. The association between the thickness of the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus and the dental status is not well identified..
    Objectives
    To compare the thickness of the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus in individuals with and without teeth to determine if extraction of the teeth can lead to a significant reduction in the thickness of the maxillary sinus lateral wall or not..Patients and
    Methods
    In a retrospective study on fifty patients with an edentulous space, the thickness of the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus,one centimeter above the sinus floor in the second premolar (P2), first molar (M1) and second molar (M2) areas was determined by cone beam computed tomography scans(CBCTs) and a digital ruler in Romexis F software (Planmeca Romexis 2.4.2.R) and it was compared with values measured in fifty dentated individuals. Three way analysis of variance was applied for comparison after confirmation of the normal distribution of data..
    Results
    The mean of the wall thickness in each of these points was lower in patients with edentulous spaces; however it was not significant. There was no association between gender and the thickness of the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus, but location was associated with different thicknesses..
    Conclusions
    The differences in the thickness based on the location and dental status necessitates assessment of the wall thickness of the maxillary sinus in addition to the current evaluation of bone thickness between the sinus floor and the edentulous crest before maxillary sinus surgery..
    Keywords: Cone, Beam Computed Tomography, Maxillary Sinus, Mouth, Edentulous
  • Gholamreza Mohajeri, Ali Hekmatnia, Hossein Ahrar *, Farzane Hekmatnia, Reza Basiratnia Page 7467
    Azygos vein aneurysm is a rare cause of a posterior or paratracheal mediastinal mass. Trauma or conditions causing elevated flow or pressure in the azygos system, such as cardiac failure or cirrhosis of the liver are secondary causes of aneurysm of the azygos vein. We report a case of asymptomatic saccular aneurysm of the azygos vein in a 45-year-old man with blunt minor chest trauma. The azygos vein aneurysm was managed by conservative treatment..
    Keywords: Azygos Vein, Aneurysm, Mediastinum, Tomography, X-ray Computed, Magnetic Resonance Angiography
  • Adineh Javadian Langaroodi *, Sima Sadat Lari, Abbas Shokri, Seyed Hossein Hoseini Zarch, Shokofeh Jamshidi, Peyman Akbari Page 7683
    Background
    Benign maxillo-mandibular tumors and cysts, which are relatively common findings on radiographs, namely the ubiquitous panoramic view, have to be dealt with by dentists on a daily basis..
    Objectives
    The aim of this study is to evaluate the panoramic radiographic findings pertaining to benign and tumoral lesions in the maxilla and mandible..Patients and
    Methods
    Applying a case series method, panoramic images of 61 patients with cysts, benign tumors and tumor-like lesions in the jaws who were referred to Hamedan dental school between 2009 and 2011 were evaluated by two radiologists. They were both blind to histopathological results as well as the objectives of our study. Lesions were assessed based on their location, periphery, internal structure and impaction on the surrounding structures. Then the obtained data were analyzed using descriptive tables..
    Results
    Cysts were mostly more common in men despite the equal propensity of both genders to benign tumors. In contrast, women showed a higher frequency of tumor-like lesions. The most common site of involvement was the posterior mandible, with peri-apical tooth lesions as the most prevalent dental association. Radiographically, what we most encountered was unilocular radiolucency pertaining to cysts and benign tumors; nevertheless, tumor-like lesions tended to present with a well-defined radiopacity..
    Conclusions
    Despite its known shortcomings, like every other diagnostic tool, panoramic radiography can contribute to the early detection of maxillary/mandibular lesions that in turn enable the dentist to devise an appropriate treatment plan..Keywords:
    Keywords: Panoramic Radiography, Cystic Lesions, Tumoral Lesions, Maxilla, Mandible
  • Jung, Hee Yoon, Ji, Yeon Kim Page 9269
    We report two cases of focal nodular hyperplasia in patients following gadoxetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging confirmed with histopathology. These cases showed an atypical pattern during the delayed-hepatobiliary phase after the injection of gadoxetic acid. One case showed a total defect, and the other showed a peripheral ring-like enhancement without a visible central scar, mimicking hepatocellular carcinoma. The pathologic examination demonstrated that the two lesions were focal nodular hyperplasia..
    Keywords: Liver Neoplasms, Focal Nodular Hyperplasia, DTPA
  • Alpaslan Yavuz, Kagan Ceken, Emel Alimoglu, Bahar Akkaya Page 11260
    Teratomas are rare germline tumors that originate from one or more embryonic germ cell layers. Teratoma of the kidney is extremely rare, and less than 30 cases of primary intrarenal teratomas have been published to date. We report the main radiologic features of an unusual case of mature cystic teratoma arising from the left kidney in a two-year-old boy. A left-sided abdominal mass was detected on physical examination and B-Mod Ultrasound (US) examination revealed a heterogeneous mass with central cystic component. Computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a lobulated, heterogeneous, hypodense mass extending craniocaudally from the splenic hilum to the level of the left iliac fossa. Nephrectomy was performed and a large, fatty mass arising from the left kidney was excised. The final pathologic diagnosis was confirmed as cystic renal teratoma.
    Keywords: Teratoma, Ultrasound, Computed Tomography, Cystic, Kidney
  • Erdogan Fisekcioglu, Semanur Dolekoglu, Mehmet Ilguy, Nilufer Ersan, Dilhan Ilguy Page 11485
    Background
    Since the diagnosis of non-displaced longitudinal fractures present difficulties for the dentist, three-dimensional evaluation is necessary..
    Objectives
    The aim of this study is to demonstrate the accuracy of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in detecting dental root fractures in vitro..
    Materials And Methods
    An in vitro model consisting of 210 recently extracted human mandibular teeth was used. Root fractures were created by mechanical force. The teeth were placed randomly in the empty dental alveoli of a dry human mandible and 15 different dental arcs were created. Images were taken with a unit Iluma ultra cone-beam CT scanner (Imtec Corporation, Germany). Three dental radiologists separately evaluated the images..
    Results
    According to the fracture types and fracture presence, there was an overall statistically significant agreement between the key and readings. Kappa values for intra observer agreement ranged between 0.705 and 0.804 indicating that each observer gave acceptable ratings for the type and presence of fractures..
    Conclusions
    Detailed information about root fractures may be obtained using CBCT..
    Keywords: Tooth Fractures, In Vitro, Cone, Beam Computed Tomography
  • Ahmad Enhesari, Saeid Mardpour, Zohreh Makki, Soura Mardpour Page 11492
    Background
    To date, there has been little agreement on the use of ultrasonographic parameters in predicting the long-term outcome after transplantation. This study evaluates whether ultrasonography of the graft performed in the early stage after transplantation is a valuable predictor for long-term-outcome..
    Objectives
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of ultrasonographic parameters (resistive index [RI], pulsatility index[PI], end diastolic velocity [EDV], graft length and graft parenchymal volume) measured within the first week after transplantation with 6 months graft function..Patients and
    Methods
    A cross-sectional study was performed on 91 (46 males and 45 females) living renal transplants between April 2011 and February 2013. All patients underwent an ultrasonography at the first week after transplantation. Intrarenal Doppler indices including RI, PI and EDV were measured at the interlobar artery level and the graft length and parenchymal volume were defined with gray scale ultrasonography. Graft function was estimated at 6months by glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Unpaired t-test and multivariate-linear and logistic regression analysis were used to estimate the relationship between ultrasonographic parameters and GFR..
    Results
    : Fourteen patients (15.4%) had impaired graft function after 6 months (GFR less than 60 ml/min/1.73m2). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed significant correlation between GFR at 6 months and RI, PI and EDV with a P value of 0.026, 0.016 and 0.015, respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that GFR<60 ml/min/1.73 m2 at 6 months was significantly associated with RI>0.7 (odds ratio=2.20, P value=0.004) and PI>1.3 (odds ratio=2.74, P value<0.001) and EDV<9 cm/Sec (odds ratio=1.83, P value=0.03)..
    Conclusions
    In this study, kidney transplant recipients with a lower RI and PI and a higher EDV at 1week showed better graft function at 6 months after transplantation..
    Keywords: Kidney Transplantation, Ultrasonography, Glomerular Filtration Rate