فهرست مطالب

  • سال سیزدهم شماره 4 (پیاپی 50، زمستان 1392)
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1392/12/25
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Akbar Darouie, Laya Gholami Tehrani, Abbas Pourshahbaz, Mehdi Rahgozar Page 5
    Objective
    this research was designed to study the effect of listeners’ experience on their judgment about speech intelligibility of hearing impaired (HI) children.
    Method
    Twenty-six 4 to 7 years HI children were selected with readily available sampling from a rehabilitation center in Karaj, Iran. Conversation speech sample of each child was recorded digitally. Four listeners group (mother, naive, less experienced and experienced) listened to these recordings. Listeners had to express whatever understood. Their sayings matched to children speech and children speech intelligibility calculated. Data were analyzed with repeated measures method.
    Results
    Analysis showed that judgment of four listener groups about speech intelligibility of HI children was significantly different. Paired comparison of speech intelligibility means showed that only judgment of naive and less experienced listeners were not significantly different.
    Conclusion
    In clinical setting, evaluation of HI speech intelligibility relates to familiarization of listener with this type of speech.
    Keywords: Speech intelligibility, hearing impaired children, listener, conversational speech
  • Rahimeh Roohparvar, Mahdiyeh Karami Page 13
    Objective
    This study compares phonetic, phonological, morphological and syntactic features of speech in boys with and without Autism.
    Method
    By recording the speech of 10 boys with Autism, their features of speech were compared with 10 typically developing boys. All these boys were 6 to 8 years old.
    Results
    Consonant deletion, substitution of phonemes, atypical stress and intonation were significantly different between boys with and without Autism boys, while epenthesis, metathesis, tense, subject-verb agreement, prepositions and negative form of the verbs were not.
    Conclusion
    Boys with Autism had more problems phonetic, phonologic, morphological and syntactic features of speech in comparison with their typically developing age-mates.
    Keywords: Autism, phonetic, phonological, morphological, syntactic features of speech
  • Mahnaz Aliakbari Dehkordi, Ahmad Alipour, Maryam Esmaeilzadeh Kiabani, Tayebeh Mohtashami Page 23
    Objective
    This study investigated the training effectiveness of positive parenting program on mothers’ stress with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
    Method
    In this study 24 mothers with ADHD children were chosen and were equally assigned to two control and experimental groups. In addition to common medical treatments for both groups, experiment group was presented with positive parenting training for 8 sessions of 2 hours per week. Instrument was parenting stress questionnaire with 101 questions in 3 stages. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance with repeated measure.
    Results
    The results show that the positive parenting program reduced stress of children’s mothers with ADHD.
    Conclusion
    It is suggested that this method could improve the parent’s mental health, be taught to mothers inconjunction with conventional methods.
    Keywords: Positive parenting program, parenting stress, ADHD
  • Nafiseh Vatandoost, Ahmad Abedi, Ahmad Yarmohammadian, Ebrahim Rezapour Page 33
    Objective
    The present study compared the effectiveness of audio-visual perception teaching on reading ability of 3rd grade dyslexic children at the schools of Khomeinishahr.
    Method
    It was experimental study with experimental-control group; therefore 30 primary school female students were selected through multi-stage cluster random sampling method from the town of Khomeinishahr, afterwards they were put into three groups of ten (two experimental and one control group). The applied instruments included: Wechsler intelligence reading aptitude test.
    Results
    The results of the study indicated audio-visual perception training was effectvie. Morevore the resutls of LSD test showed that there was not a significant difference between two methods of auditory and visual perception.
    Conclusion
    Teaching perceptual skills can be applied in concommitant with other teaching and medication methods.
    Keywords: Reading practice, education visual perception, auditory perception training, dyslexic
  • Talieh Zarifian, Yahya Modaresi, Mehdi Dastjerdi, Mahyar Salavati Page 45
    Objective
    This study aimed to introduce PCC scale in Persian speaking children and to investigate its validity and reliability.
    Methods
    This crosssectional, methodological study was conducted on 387 monolingual Persian speaking boys and girls aged between 3-6 years The instrument for measuring PCC was Phonological Picture naming test which it's Content Validity Ratio (CVR) were assessed by Speech Language Pathologists and linguists.
    Results
    Discriminative and construct validity was confirmed with a significant difference between PCC scores of Children with/without phonological disorders and different age groups
    Conclusion
    The result of this study show that probably the PCC Scale is a reliable and valid instrument for evaluating articulation competence of Persian speaking children in the clinical settings and research projects.
    Keywords: Assessment, validity, reliability, phonology, articulation, phonological disorder
  • Maryam Sadat Ghiasian, Homa Modiri Page 55
    Objectives
    The purpose of the present study was to compare deaf and hearing student's writing and describe the themes, based on Halliday & Matthiessen's Systemic Functional Grammar.
    Method
    The population was selected among deaf and hearing students in the fifth grade primary school in Tehran. Forty male students were recruited through available sampling and the writing sample was elicited. Then they were analyzed by the independent t test.
    Results
    Results showed a significant difference between deaf and hearing student's writing in terms of applying various types of themes.
    Conclusion
    The writing quality in deaf students in applying marked and complex themes is completely lower than their hearing peers'.
    Keywords: deaf, writing, Systemic Functional Grammar, textual metafunction, theme
  • Golnaz Ekhlasi, Dariush Farhud, Maryam Shalileh Page 67
    Objective
    This article is a review of research regarding attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and nutrition factors including essential fatty acids, micronutrients, refined sugars and food additives.
    Method
    A literature search was conducted using PubMed, Scopous, Sciencedirect, Google Scholar
    Results
    Nutritional factors such as food additives, refined sugars, fatty acids and micronutrients have all been correlated to ADHD. Recent trials with food additives suggest their removal from the diet may benefit susceptible children with hyperactivity disorders.
    Conclusions
    More suitable research such as longitudinal studies and the use of placebos within randomized controlled trials are needed. In general, diet modification plays a major role in the management of ADHD and should be considered as part of the treatment.
    Keywords: ADHD, nutritional deficiency, food additives, diet, artificial food coloring